Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
United Arab Emirates 21.3 20.6 20.0 24.7 29.1
Brunei Darussalam 52.8 42.3 32.2 28.5 32.5
Niger 34.7 38.6 35.5 45.2 42.9
Nigeria 34.6 36.1 36.8 41.9 45.8
Cambodia 35.8 39.8 37.1 47.2 49.4
Benin 40.9 43.0 37.7 45.1 46.8
Angola 36.1 37.5 38.0 37.9 37.9
Ghana 35.3 38.5 39.3 40.2 44.6
Lao PDR 42.5 44.2 40.4 36.8 46.4
Sudan 45.1 44.3 40.9 48.0 41.6
China 37.0 38.9 41.0 42.3 43.9
Malaysia 37.4 40.0 41.2 44.8 51.3
Vietnam 40.8 42.4 42.6 44.9 48.3
Nicaragua 49.0 47.3 43.6 43.3 47.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 38.3 41.7 44.0 43.4 44.5
Burkina Faso 42.6 47.9 44.2 51.1 49.4
Syrian Arab Republic 47.2 51.8 44.5 59.9 43.7
Jordan 44.0 41.0 44.6 49.8 43.6
Costa Rica 42.1 43.4 44.8 46.3 53.9
Belize 38.9 40.5 44.9 43.3 44.3
American Samoa 53.0 54.1 45.7 48.1 48.4
Guatemala 43.6 44.0 46.0 48.1 52.0
Ecuador 43.9 45.7 46.6 51.4 53.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 42.1 46.5 46.6 45.2 46.0
Chile 42.7 44.6 47.0 50.4 54.5
Myanmar 48.1 48.2 47.1 45.9 43.6
Qatar 41.8 45.6 47.2 50.7 60.1
Malawi 46.0 48.6 48.0 49.8 48.6
Paraguay 49.4 44.9 48.4 54.2 60.3
Brazil 46.2 45.1 49.0 51.4 53.5
Oman 45.1 48.8 49.0 50.5 52.5
Algeria 48.1 48.7 49.2 47.5 51.8
Mali 47.7 51.4 49.5 57.8 57.1
Bolivia 48.0 48.3 50.3 52.6 54.8
Cameroon 52.2 55.7 50.5 52.2 54.3
Chad 50.1 51.2 51.3 58.0 57.5
Yemen, Rep. 45.3 52.3 51.6 57.7 60.4
Peru 46.7 47.8 52.7 55.7 53.7
Guinea 52.1 52.2 53.1 53.9 56.6
Uruguay 56.1 56.0 53.4 60.0 65.6
Pakistan 47.5 51.6 53.7 54.4 58.5
Indonesia 49.9 52.9 53.7 56.8 60.1
Sao Tome and Principe 52.3 55.0 54.2 55.7 51.0
Sierra Leone 51.1 56.2 54.5 55.9 57.7
Nepal 50.8 49.0 54.8 59.3 62.2
Togo 53.8 55.9 54.9 58.4 61.5
Guinea-Bissau 51.3 55.4 55.1 54.2 59.8
Morocco 48.9 59.2 56.0 66.9 74.5
Uganda 54.0 53.4 56.2 59.6 64.0
Cabo Verde 33.7 38.2 56.4 58.1 59.3
Central African Republic 51.5 56.3 56.4 59.7 60.9
Solomon Islands 72.7 70.7 56.4 58.8 61.9
Bangladesh 56.2 56.8 57.0 57.9 63.6
Kenya 51.3 57.0 57.1 61.9 65.5
Mozambique 57.5 58.6 57.5 58.0 59.6
Cote d'Ivoire 53.6 55.9 57.7 62.0 62.2
Colombia 54.8 56.6 58.3 62.1 67.1
Philippines 56.0 60.1 58.8 59.2 62.2
Argentina 60.4 62.0 58.9 60.7 55.8
India 59.2 60.2 59.7 65.4 69.1
Tanzania 59.0 60.3 60.0 59.9 63.8
Saudi Arabia 51.4 55.1 60.3 65.0 66.0
Tunisia 59.3 56.2 60.9 46.6 57.6
Congo, Rep. 61.0 60.4 61.9 63.6 62.5
Honduras 58.2 57.3 62.5 63.5 64.4
Albania 60.3 60.0 62.5 60.4 67.5
Zambia 60.0 62.5 62.7 77.5 78.4
Thailand 67.4 63.5 64.0 69.5 72.9
Guyana 67.2 70.1 64.3 60.1 57.8
Mexico 62.4 65.3 64.9 63.1 60.9
Libya 66.7 67.6 65.1 67.4 71.9
Venezuela, RB 63.2 65.3 65.2 70.7 68.9
El Salvador 68.8 69.2 65.4 69.6 70.7
Afghanistan 69.2 63.2 65.5 64.5 64.2
Equatorial Guinea 57.5 59.3 65.8 65.7 61.2
Papua New Guinea 64.6 64.9 66.5 67.4 68.4
Israel 64.7 62.1 66.5 62.4 64.5
Kuwait 53.9 60.6 66.7 68.8 66.5
New Zealand 69.8 67.8 67.4 69.8 67.5
Canada 65.1 70.2 67.7 60.3 66.9
Bahamas, The 66.9 64.7 68.1 69.3 73.6
Mauritania 66.2 66.6 68.2 70.0 74.3
Bhutan 61.1 61.7 68.5 58.7 59.8
Rwanda 75.8 69.4 69.3 66.9 75.9
Australia 68.8 70.5 69.3 72.1 71.3
Tuvalu 81.2 76.3 69.5 66.8 69.9
Macao SAR, China 65.8 71.1 70.5 67.3 68.3
Comoros 62.9 65.7 71.0 73.5 73.7
Lebanon 59.7 64.4 72.7 73.0 77.9
United States 77.9 73.8 73.2 69.1 76.0
Korea, Rep. 69.3 72.3 73.5 78.3 79.7
Turkey 67.5 75.5 73.8 78.9 74.8
South Africa 70.9 71.0 74.9 76.0 79.8
Dominican Republic 72.0 72.6 75.3 75.6 78.6
Guam 71.1 73.8 76.1 81.2 69.6
Malta 74.8 75.9 76.2 77.3 79.7
Djibouti 68.7 74.1 76.2 79.3 95.6
Gambia, The 63.5 74.0 76.3 71.2 82.2
New Caledonia 88.9 84.0 76.4 75.4 75.2
Sri Lanka 89.3 88.9 76.9 81.8 77.9
Zimbabwe 95.7 91.7 76.9 99.2 91.7
Madagascar 76.1 77.6 77.1 78.3 80.5
Namibia 70.3 73.2 79.0 79.3 85.7
Jamaica 76.8 78.2 80.7 80.5 74.8
Botswana 92.3 90.7 81.3 86.8 90.0
Spain 72.9 72.7 81.5 74.1 79.5
Gabon 77.4 81.0 81.9 85.0 86.4
Kiribati 72.4 77.3 82.2 87.3 62.4
Trinidad and Tobago 82.2 82.0 82.6 84.1 81.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 132.3 133.9 84.1 102.4 104.6
Denmark 88.5 87.8 85.2 87.4 89.9
Senegal 70.2 78.6 86.0 74.0 84.5
Fiji 87.9 105.9 86.2 89.4 105.5
Korea, Dem. Rep. 81.3 85.9 87.3 87.9 90.3
Timor-Leste 87.4 87.8 88.7 88.2 86.8
Greece 98.5 90.9 88.7 95.3 101.1
Cyprus 89.3 86.9 89.7 97.2 103.5
French Polynesia 90.3 90.0 90.3 83.4 85.9
Lesotho 89.3 87.3 90.6 104.0 99.6
Liberia 88.2 88.2 90.9 92.8 92.0
Portugal 80.8 83.8 91.0 72.2 91.4
Panama 87.0 82.1 92.1 87.8 90.8
Swaziland 86.3 94.0 92.3 89.9 89.9
Ireland 92.4 94.6 92.7 89.6 88.4
Somalia 88.5 87.8 93.8 97.1 98.1
Austria 93.1 94.9 93.9 98.0 94.1
Mauritius 85.2 91.6 94.4 86.4 86.4
Sweden 111.3 107.2 94.6 97.7 106.0
Finland 105.1 105.5 95.3 97.5 104.5
Iraq 109.0 103.8 96.7 101.6 110.1
Tonga 99.0 108.8 96.9 89.0 90.1
Romania 110.4 109.7 98.0 99.3 97.3
Bermuda 97.0 93.6 98.1 102.4 111.8
Burundi 91.0 95.9 98.4 101.5 95.7
Liechtenstein 93.8 99.0 98.5 95.5 98.6
Faeroe Islands 96.1 96.9 98.7 99.1 99.1
Netherlands 97.2 101.2 100.2 99.9 98.5
Italy 96.4 96.2 100.8 94.0 96.7
Iceland 105.2 105.6 100.9 89.7 84.9
France 99.9 99.0 101.7 99.7 98.9
Switzerland 105.9 108.2 101.9 106.7 106.5
Haiti 105.0 103.8 102.6 99.9 99.8
Poland 103.6 109.4 102.8 106.9 109.5
Norway 101.8 99.7 103.9 103.6 103.5
Greenland 103.1 103.1 104.2 104.2 105.8
Antigua and Barbuda 100.9 101.9 104.3 107.2 90.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 100.3 102.9 105.5 108.6 112.4
United Kingdom 106.5 106.8 105.7 103.6 105.6
Vanuatu 101.1 105.1 106.7 98.5 88.2
Barbados 105.6 116.5 107.0 108.2 107.4
Germany 107.1 111.5 107.5 109.2 108.9
Maldives 109.3 110.7 107.7 109.2 105.2
Samoa 112.7 113.6 109.8 106.8 101.8
Japan 115.1 116.4 116.1 113.8 114.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 149.8 143.5 119.9 166.5 152.1
Hungary 119.3 122.2 121.1 128.2 124.7
Seychelles 140.4 148.5 121.3 111.1 121.4
Mongolia 127.8 136.5 131.5 127.5 136.6
Suriname 148.2 142.5 132.8 135.9 134.7
Bahrain 115.3 103.6 134.4 109.3 115.1
Puerto Rico 123.9 131.0 140.3 141.0 140.6
Cuba 148.7 150.7 147.7 154.2 158.4
Grenada 135.6 143.5 159.5 140.9 137.4
Dominica 123.0 149.9 166.1 184.0 158.2
Bulgaria 171.3 187.8 178.6 178.6 186.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 183.9 181.0 180.3 186.1 173.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 222.9 205.7 210.7 213.2 191.7
Cayman Islands 237.4 174.8 212.7 124.8 224.1
St. Lucia 216.1 268.3 229.5 308.3 279.1
Singapore 857.2 774.4 684.9 519.9 511.2
Slovenia
Latvia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Palau
Ukraine
Kyrgyz Republic
Ethiopia
South Sudan
Kazakhstan
Slovak Republic
Monaco
Kosovo
Moldova
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Serbia
Lithuania
Tajikistan
Belarus
Curacao
Turkmenistan
Belgium
St. Martin (French part)
Montenegro
Czech Republic
Russian Federation
Luxembourg
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
Croatia
San Marino
Azerbaijan
Andorra
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Armenia
Uzbekistan
West Bank and Gaza
Aruba
Northern Mariana Islands
Macedonia, FYR
Eritrea
Georgia
Estonia
Isle of Man

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