Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
United Arab Emirates 20.6 20.0 24.7 29.1 30.5
Brunei Darussalam 42.3 32.2 28.5 32.5 27.3
Niger 38.6 35.5 45.2 42.9 47.0
Nigeria 36.1 36.8 41.9 45.8 48.2
Cambodia 39.8 37.1 47.2 49.4 47.4
Benin 43.0 37.7 45.1 46.8 48.2
Angola 37.5 38.0 37.9 37.9 38.0
Ghana 38.5 39.3 40.2 44.6 36.8
Lao PDR 44.2 40.4 36.8 46.4 49.0
Sudan 44.3 40.9 48.0 41.6 40.8
China 38.9 41.0 42.3 43.9 48.1
Malaysia 40.0 41.2 44.8 51.3 53.6
Vietnam 42.4 42.6 44.9 48.3 49.3
Nicaragua 47.3 43.6 43.3 47.9 50.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 41.7 44.0 43.4 44.5 53.8
Burkina Faso 47.9 44.2 51.1 49.4 50.9
Syrian Arab Republic 51.8 44.5 59.9 43.7 50.7
Jordan 41.0 44.6 49.8 43.6 57.9
Costa Rica 43.4 44.8 46.3 53.9 59.1
Belize 40.5 44.9 43.3 44.3 50.6
American Samoa 54.1 45.7 48.1 48.4 52.9
Guatemala 44.0 46.0 48.1 52.0 56.4
Ecuador 45.7 46.6 51.4 53.5 56.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 46.5 46.6 45.2 46.0 54.1
Chile 44.6 47.0 50.4 54.5 58.2
Myanmar 48.2 47.1 45.9 43.6 43.0
Qatar 45.6 47.2 50.7 60.1 65.3
Malawi 48.6 48.0 49.8 48.6 46.8
Paraguay 44.9 48.4 54.2 60.3 62.7
Brazil 45.1 49.0 51.4 53.5 51.4
Oman 48.8 49.0 50.5 52.5 54.0
Algeria 48.7 49.2 47.5 51.8 50.7
Mali 51.4 49.5 57.8 57.1 57.1
Bolivia 48.3 50.3 52.6 54.8 58.7
Cameroon 55.7 50.5 52.2 54.3 56.9
Chad 51.2 51.3 58.0 57.5 56.4
Yemen, Rep. 52.3 51.6 57.7 60.4 56.7
Peru 47.8 52.7 55.7 53.7 49.5
Guinea 52.2 53.1 53.9 56.6 59.4
Uruguay 56.0 53.4 60.0 65.6 60.1
Pakistan 51.6 53.7 54.4 58.5 60.4
Indonesia 52.9 53.7 56.8 60.1 62.3
Sao Tome and Principe 55.0 54.2 55.7 51.0 47.4
Sierra Leone 56.2 54.5 55.9 57.7 57.6
Nepal 49.0 54.8 59.3 62.2 65.3
Togo 55.9 54.9 58.4 61.5 63.7
Guinea-Bissau 55.4 55.1 54.2 59.8 62.1
Morocco 59.2 56.0 66.9 74.5 69.4
Uganda 53.4 56.2 59.6 64.0 67.6
Cabo Verde 38.2 56.4 58.1 59.3 54.9
Central African Republic 56.3 56.4 59.7 60.9 61.5
Solomon Islands 70.7 56.4 58.8 61.9 62.2
Bangladesh 56.8 57.0 57.9 63.6 64.3
Kenya 57.0 57.1 61.9 65.5 64.0
Mozambique 58.6 57.5 58.0 59.6 62.5
Cote d'Ivoire 55.9 57.7 62.0 62.2 66.3
Colombia 56.6 58.3 62.1 67.1 70.0
Philippines 60.1 58.8 59.2 62.2 68.5
Argentina 62.0 58.9 60.7 55.8 63.4
India 60.2 59.7 65.4 69.1 70.3
Tanzania 60.3 60.0 59.9 63.8 65.1
Saudi Arabia 55.1 60.3 65.0 66.0 70.6
Tunisia 56.2 60.9 46.6 57.6 69.4
Congo, Rep. 60.4 61.9 63.6 62.5 62.7
Honduras 57.3 62.5 63.5 64.4 66.4
Albania 60.0 62.5 60.4 67.5 67.0
Zambia 62.5 62.7 77.5 78.4 73.8
Thailand 63.5 64.0 69.5 72.9 69.1
Guyana 70.1 64.3 60.1 57.8 49.3
Mexico 65.3 64.9 63.1 60.9 65.9
Libya 67.6 65.1 67.4 71.9 75.7
Venezuela, RB 65.3 65.2 70.7 68.9 73.1
El Salvador 69.2 65.4 69.6 70.7 75.3
Afghanistan 63.2 65.5 64.5 64.2 69.2
Equatorial Guinea 59.3 65.8 65.7 61.2 85.4
Papua New Guinea 64.9 66.5 67.4 68.4 69.3
Israel 62.1 66.5 62.4 64.5 72.2
Kuwait 60.6 66.7 68.8 66.5 50.4
New Zealand 67.8 67.4 69.8 67.5 65.4
Canada 70.2 67.7 60.3 66.9 73.9
Bahamas, The 64.7 68.1 69.3 73.6 73.1
Mauritania 66.6 68.2 70.0 74.3 77.2
Bhutan 61.7 68.5 58.7 59.8 69.1
Rwanda 69.4 69.3 66.9 75.9 72.4
Australia 70.5 69.3 72.1 71.3 74.4
Tuvalu 76.3 69.5 66.8 69.9 62.3
Macao SAR, China 71.1 70.5 67.3 68.3 67.8
Comoros 65.7 71.0 73.5 73.7 79.7
Lebanon 64.4 72.7 73.0 77.9 84.0
United States 73.8 73.2 69.1 76.0 78.0
Korea, Rep. 72.3 73.5 78.3 79.7 79.0
Turkey 75.5 73.8 78.9 74.8 79.6
South Africa 71.0 74.9 76.0 79.8 79.6
Dominican Republic 72.6 75.3 75.6 78.6 69.4
Guam 73.8 76.1 81.2 69.6 70.4
Malta 75.9 76.2 77.3 79.7 79.4
Djibouti 74.1 76.2 79.3 95.6 93.7
Gambia, The 74.0 76.3 71.2 82.2 60.5
New Caledonia 84.0 76.4 75.4 75.2 77.5
Sri Lanka 88.9 76.9 81.8 77.9 85.7
Zimbabwe 91.7 76.9 99.2 91.7 93.2
Madagascar 77.6 77.1 78.3 80.5 81.3
Namibia 73.2 79.0 79.3 85.7 81.5
Jamaica 78.2 80.7 80.5 74.8 90.7
Botswana 90.7 81.3 86.8 90.0 96.7
Spain 72.7 81.5 74.1 79.5 83.4
Gabon 81.0 81.9 85.0 86.4 87.3
Kiribati 77.3 82.2 87.3 62.4 52.7
Trinidad and Tobago 82.0 82.6 84.1 81.4 88.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 133.9 84.1 102.4 104.6 93.3
Denmark 87.8 85.2 87.4 89.9 94.7
Senegal 78.6 86.0 74.0 84.5 77.1
Fiji 105.9 86.2 89.4 105.5 108.5
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 85.9 87.3 87.9 90.3 90.8
Timor-Leste 87.8 88.7 88.2 86.8 93.8
Greece 90.9 88.7 95.3 101.1 86.7
Cyprus 86.9 89.7 97.2 103.5 98.1
French Polynesia 90.0 90.3 83.4 85.9 93.0
Lesotho 87.3 90.6 104.0 99.6 100.4
Liberia 88.2 90.9 92.8 92.0 77.1
Portugal 83.8 91.0 72.2 91.4 98.7
Panama 82.1 92.1 87.8 90.8 92.3
Swaziland 94.0 92.3 89.9 89.9 91.3
Ireland 94.6 92.7 89.6 88.4 97.2
Somalia 87.8 93.8 97.1 98.1 91.0
Austria 94.9 93.9 98.0 94.1 94.4
Mauritius 91.6 94.4 86.4 86.4 89.6
Sweden 107.2 94.6 97.7 106.0 110.4
Finland 105.5 95.3 97.5 104.5 108.6
Iraq 103.8 96.7 101.6 110.1 117.7
Tonga 108.8 96.9 89.0 90.1 89.4
Romania 109.7 98.0 99.3 97.3 92.5
Bermuda 93.6 98.1 102.4 111.8 118.5
Burundi 95.9 98.4 101.5 95.7 102.4
Liechtenstein 99.0 98.5 95.5 98.6 97.2
Faroe Islands 96.9 98.7 99.1 99.1 99.7
Netherlands 101.2 100.2 99.9 98.5 103.4
Italy 96.2 100.8 94.0 96.7 90.0
Iceland 105.6 100.9 89.7 84.9 86.1
France 99.0 101.7 99.7 98.9 100.0
Switzerland 108.2 101.9 106.7 106.5 105.6
Haiti 103.8 102.6 99.9 99.8 94.4
Poland 109.4 102.8 106.9 109.5 111.0
Norway 99.7 103.9 103.6 103.5 108.0
Greenland 103.1 104.2 104.2 105.8 105.3
Antigua and Barbuda 101.9 104.3 107.2 90.7 95.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 102.9 105.5 108.6 112.4 117.4
United Kingdom 106.8 105.7 103.6 105.6 107.4
Vanuatu 105.1 106.7 98.5 88.2 114.0
Barbados 116.5 107.0 108.2 107.4 110.1
Germany 111.5 107.5 109.2 108.9 108.6
Maldives 110.7 107.7 109.2 105.2 76.5
Samoa 113.6 109.8 106.8 101.8 91.2
Japan 116.4 116.1 113.8 114.8 114.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 143.5 119.9 166.5 152.1 166.3
Hungary 122.2 121.1 128.2 124.7 121.8
Seychelles 148.5 121.3 111.1 121.4 119.5
Mongolia 136.5 131.5 127.5 136.6 134.9
Suriname 142.5 132.8 135.9 134.7 121.6
Bahrain 103.6 134.4 109.3 115.1 90.7
Puerto Rico 131.0 140.3 141.0 140.6 133.8
Cuba 150.7 147.7 154.2 158.4 158.1
Grenada 143.5 159.5 140.9 137.4 141.3
Dominica 149.9 166.1 184.0 158.2 159.6
Bulgaria 187.8 178.6 178.6 186.8 175.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 181.0 180.3 186.1 173.1 126.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 205.7 210.7 213.2 191.7 165.4
Cayman Islands 174.8 212.7 124.8 224.1 125.7
St. Lucia 268.3 229.5 308.3 279.1 301.4
Singapore 774.4 684.9 519.9 511.2 495.1
Estonia
Belarus
Marshall Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
South Sudan
Montenegro
Georgia
Eritrea
Slovenia
Latvia
Slovak Republic
Turkmenistan
Andorra
Ukraine
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kazakhstan
West Bank and Gaza
Armenia
Serbia
Moldova
Monaco
Kyrgyz Republic
Croatia
Curacao
Macedonia, FYR
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
Ethiopia
Luxembourg
Azerbaijan
Tajikistan
Czech Republic
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Uzbekistan
Lithuania
Aruba
Russian Federation
Northern Mariana Islands
Belgium
Palau
St. Martin (French part)
Isle of Man

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