Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
United Arab Emirates 20.8 21.0 20.3 19.6 24.3
Brunei Darussalam 40.3 53.5 42.9 32.7 28.9
Lao PDR 41.0 42.5 44.1 40.4 36.8
Angola 35.3 35.8 37.1 37.6 37.5
Ghana 36.3 35.9 39.1 40.0 40.9
Nigeria 32.4 34.6 36.1 36.8 41.9
China 36.9 37.3 39.3 41.4 42.7
Belize 39.5 38.8 40.4 44.8 43.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 35.7 38.2 41.6 43.9 43.2
Nicaragua 53.1 49.2 47.5 43.8 43.4
Malaysia 33.8 37.4 40.0 41.2 44.8
Vietnam 40.4 40.9 42.5 42.6 44.9
Benin 40.7 40.9 43.0 37.7 45.1
Niger 33.9 34.7 38.6 35.5 45.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 39.3 42.1 46.5 46.6 45.2
Myanmar 46.9 48.1 48.3 47.1 45.9
Costa Rica 40.6 41.9 43.2 44.6 46.1
Tunisia 49.9 59.1 56.0 60.6 46.4
Cambodia 27.7 35.6 39.6 36.9 47.0
Algeria 39.3 48.1 48.7 49.2 47.5
Guatemala 41.8 43.4 43.9 45.9 47.9
Sudan 37.5 45.1 44.3 40.9 48.0
American Samoa 54.2 53.0 54.1 45.7 48.1
Ecuador 38.5 42.4 44.1 46.0 49.3
Malawi 46.4 46.0 48.6 48.0 49.8
Jordan 37.0 44.0 41.0 44.6 49.8
Chile 42.7 42.6 44.5 47.0 50.4
Oman 46.3 45.1 48.8 49.0 50.5
Qatar 40.3 41.8 45.6 47.2 50.7
Burkina Faso 34.3 42.6 47.9 44.2 51.1
Brazil 42.9 46.2 45.0 49.0 51.4
Cameroon 48.1 52.2 55.7 50.5 52.2
Bolivia 43.9 48.0 48.3 50.3 52.6
Guinea 51.8 52.1 52.2 53.1 53.9
Guinea-Bissau 51.7 51.3 55.3 55.1 54.1
Paraguay 45.5 49.4 44.9 48.4 54.2
Pakistan 46.1 47.7 51.9 53.9 54.6
Sao Tome and Principe 49.1 51.6 54.2 53.4 54.9
Peru 46.7 46.8 47.9 52.8 55.8
Sierra Leone 53.0 51.1 56.2 54.5 55.9
Indonesia 48.8 49.9 52.9 53.7 56.8
Yemen, Rep. 43.4 45.3 52.3 51.6 57.7
Mali 45.0 47.7 51.3 49.5 57.8
Bangladesh 54.3 56.2 56.8 57.0 57.9
Mozambique 57.3 57.5 58.6 57.5 58.0
Chad 41.8 50.1 51.2 51.3 58.0
Tanzania 54.6 57.4 58.7 58.4 58.3
Togo 51.2 53.8 55.9 54.9 58.4
Nepal 48.9 50.3 48.5 54.2 58.7
Bhutan 64.1 61.1 61.7 68.5 58.7
Solomon Islands 70.4 72.7 70.7 56.4 58.8
Philippines 55.6 55.8 59.9 58.5 58.9
Uganda 52.9 54.0 53.4 56.2 59.6
Central African Republic 50.8 51.5 56.3 56.4 59.7
Syrian Arab Republic 44.7 47.2 51.8 44.5 59.8
Uruguay 53.0 56.1 55.9 53.2 59.9
Canada 62.7 65.1 70.1 67.6 60.2
Guyana 70.6 67.5 70.4 64.6 60.4
Argentina 59.5 60.4 62.0 58.9 60.7
Kenya 44.9 51.3 57.0 57.1 61.9
Albania 62.7 61.7 61.4 64.0 62.1
Israel 64.3 64.6 62.1 66.5 62.3
Cote d'Ivoire 54.5 54.0 56.3 58.2 62.4
Colombia 54.6 55.3 57.1 58.8 62.7
Mexico 60.5 62.4 65.3 64.9 63.1
Honduras 56.2 58.2 57.3 62.5 63.5
Congo, Rep. 58.6 61.0 60.4 61.9 63.6
Afghanistan 74.1 69.3 63.2 65.5 64.6
India 58.0 59.2 60.2 59.7 65.4
Saudi Arabia 44.8 51.6 55.3 60.6 65.4
Equatorial Guinea 59.4 57.5 59.3 65.8 65.7
Tuvalu 77.0 81.2 76.3 69.5 66.8
Rwanda 63.6 75.8 69.4 69.2 66.9
Morocco 45.3 48.9 59.3 56.0 66.9
Macao SAR, China 64.9 65.8 71.1 70.5 67.3
Papua New Guinea 63.0 64.6 64.9 66.5 67.4
Libya 62.6 65.1 67.4 65.3 67.6
Kuwait 42.9 53.9 60.6 66.7 68.8
United States 73.7 77.9 73.7 73.2 69.1
Bahamas, The 67.3 66.9 64.7 68.1 69.3
New Zealand 64.2 69.1 67.2 66.8 69.3
Thailand 64.9 67.5 63.6 64.0 69.6
Cabo Verde 39.8 40.5 45.9 67.7 69.7
Mauritania 61.4 66.2 66.6 68.2 70.0
El Salvador 68.5 69.2 69.7 65.9 70.1
Venezuela, RB 58.2 62.9 65.0 64.9 70.4
Gambia, The 71.1 63.5 74.0 76.3 71.2
Australia 69.0 68.6 70.3 69.2 72.0
Portugal 79.8 80.8 83.8 91.0 72.2
Lebanon 56.8 59.7 64.4 72.7 73.0
Comoros 60.3 62.9 65.7 71.0 73.5
Senegal 52.4 70.2 78.6 86.0 74.0
Spain 76.6 72.9 72.6 81.5 74.0
New Caledonia 80.8 89.5 84.7 76.8 75.7
South Africa 66.5 70.7 70.5 74.5 75.7
Dominican Republic 74.8 72.0 72.6 75.4 76.5
Zambia 54.0 60.0 62.5 62.7 77.5
Malta 70.6 75.0 76.1 76.4 77.5
Korea, Rep. 66.3 69.3 72.3 73.5 78.3
Madagascar 75.8 76.1 77.6 77.1 78.4
Turkey 67.2 67.5 75.5 73.8 78.9
Djibouti 58.4 68.7 74.1 76.2 79.3
Namibia 66.0 71.1 74.1 80.0 80.3
Jamaica 82.0 76.8 78.2 80.7 80.5
Guam 70.8 71.1 73.8 76.1 81.2
Sri Lanka 85.3 89.3 88.9 76.9 81.8
French Polynesia 69.5 90.3 90.0 90.3 83.4
Trinidad and Tobago 81.1 82.2 82.0 82.6 84.1
Gabon 76.9 77.4 81.0 81.9 85.0
Mauritius 77.3 85.2 91.6 94.4 86.4
Botswana 95.1 92.3 90.7 81.3 86.8
Kiribati 71.9 72.4 77.3 82.2 87.3
Denmark 89.8 88.4 87.7 85.1 87.3
Iceland 101.9 104.9 105.5 101.0 87.7
Panama 85.7 87.0 82.1 92.1 87.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 79.1 81.3 85.9 87.3 87.9
Timor-Leste 84.8 87.4 87.8 88.7 88.2
Fiji 104.4 87.9 105.9 86.2 89.4
Swaziland 84.3 86.3 94.0 92.3 89.9
Ireland 91.0 92.9 95.1 93.2 90.1
Tonga 101.7 100.8 110.7 98.7 90.7
Liberia 86.1 88.2 88.2 90.9 92.8
Italy 95.0 95.8 95.5 100.2 93.3
Greece 93.4 98.0 90.1 88.3 94.9
Liechtenstein 88.7 95.0 100.2 99.8 96.7
Austria 94.0 89.8 92.3 90.7 96.9
Somalia 82.5 88.5 87.8 93.8 97.2
Finland 108.8 104.9 105.3 95.1 97.3
Sweden 119.0 111.1 107.0 94.3 97.4
Cyprus 92.2 90.4 87.9 90.7 98.3
Vanuatu 109.2 101.1 105.1 106.7 98.5
Romania 120.9 111.7 110.0 97.7 98.7
Faeroe Islands 95.2 96.1 96.9 98.7 99.1
France 102.4 99.6 98.6 101.2 99.1
Zimbabwe 70.9 95.8 91.8 77.0 99.3
Netherlands 97.1 97.1 101.0 99.9 99.5
Iraq 90.5 109.1 103.8 96.7 101.6
Haiti 106.0 106.8 105.6 104.4 101.6
Burundi 80.5 91.3 96.2 98.7 101.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 138.5 132.3 133.9 84.1 102.4
Bermuda 96.0 97.0 93.6 98.1 102.4
United Kingdom 110.3 106.8 107.2 106.1 104.0
Lesotho 93.1 89.3 87.3 90.6 104.0
Greenland 106.4 103.1 103.1 104.2 104.2
Norway 105.9 103.6 101.2 105.5 105.3
Samoa 106.6 111.9 112.8 109.0 106.0
Poland 101.5 103.1 108.9 102.3 106.4
Antigua and Barbuda 86.7 100.4 101.5 103.8 106.7
Switzerland 109.2 106.2 108.7 101.6 107.4
Barbados 109.8 105.6 116.5 107.0 108.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 96.8 100.4 103.0 105.5 108.7
Germany 107.5 107.0 111.4 107.1 108.9
Maldives 107.2 109.3 110.7 107.7 109.2
Bahrain 101.3 115.3 103.6 134.4 109.3
Seychelles 124.5 140.4 148.5 121.3 111.1
Japan 111.5 114.3 115.6 115.7 113.7
Cayman Islands 236.1 237.4 174.8 212.7 124.8
Hungary 123.8 117.8 120.6 119.7 126.6
Mongolia 126.7 128.1 136.8 131.7 128.6
Suriname 143.6 148.4 142.8 133.0 134.6
Grenada 148.2 135.6 143.5 159.5 140.9
Puerto Rico 124.3 123.9 131.0 140.3 141.0
Cuba 154.2 148.7 150.7 147.7 154.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 130.7 149.8 143.5 119.9 166.5
Bulgaria 199.9 174.1 191.1 181.7 181.7
Dominica 117.8 123.0 149.9 166.1 184.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 200.3 183.9 181.0 180.3 186.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 214.6 222.9 205.7 210.7 213.2
St. Lucia 203.1 216.1 268.3 229.5 308.3
Singapore 996.2 857.2 774.4 684.9 519.9
Slovenia
Uzbekistan
Ethiopia
Monaco
Ukraine
Moldova
Kosovo
South Sudan
Eritrea
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Montenegro
Georgia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Armenia
Luxembourg
Andorra
Belarus
Serbia
Turkmenistan
Belgium
St. Martin (French part)
Lithuania
Palau
Latvia
Curacao
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
Isle of Man
Kyrgyz Republic
Azerbaijan
Marshall Islands
Estonia
Aruba
Croatia
Northern Mariana Islands
Russian Federation
Czech Republic
Tajikistan
West Bank and Gaza
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Kazakhstan
Macedonia, FYR

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