Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
United Arab Emirates 21.0 20.3 19.6 24.3 28.6
Brunei Darussalam 53.5 42.9 32.7 28.9 33.0
Lao PDR 42.5 44.1 40.4 36.8 46.4
Angola 35.8 37.1 37.6 37.5 37.5
Ghana 35.9 39.1 40.0 40.9 45.3
Nigeria 34.6 36.1 36.8 41.9 45.8
China 37.3 39.3 41.4 42.7 44.3
Belize 38.8 40.4 44.8 43.1 44.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 38.2 41.6 43.9 43.2 44.4
Nicaragua 49.2 47.5 43.8 43.4 48.1
Malaysia 37.4 40.0 41.2 44.8 51.2
Vietnam 40.9 42.5 42.6 44.9 48.4
Benin 40.9 43.0 37.7 45.1 46.8
Niger 34.7 38.6 35.5 45.2 42.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 42.1 46.5 46.6 45.2 46.0
Myanmar 48.1 48.3 47.1 45.9 43.6
Costa Rica 41.9 43.2 44.6 46.1 53.5
Tunisia 59.1 56.0 60.6 46.4 57.4
Cambodia 35.6 39.6 36.9 47.0 49.1
Algeria 48.1 48.7 49.2 47.5 51.8
Guatemala 43.4 43.9 45.9 47.9 51.8
Sudan 45.1 44.3 40.9 48.0 41.5
American Samoa 53.0 54.1 45.7 48.1 48.4
Ecuador 42.4 44.1 46.0 49.3 50.1
Malawi 46.0 48.6 48.0 49.8 48.6
Jordan 44.0 41.0 44.6 49.8 43.6
Chile 42.6 44.5 47.0 50.4 54.4
Oman 45.1 48.8 49.0 50.5 52.4
Qatar 41.8 45.6 47.2 50.7 60.1
Burkina Faso 42.6 47.9 44.2 51.1 49.4
Brazil 46.2 45.0 49.0 51.4 53.5
Cameroon 52.2 55.7 50.5 52.2 54.3
Bolivia 48.0 48.3 50.3 52.6 54.8
Guinea 52.1 52.2 53.1 53.9 56.6
Guinea-Bissau 51.3 55.3 55.1 54.1 59.7
Paraguay 49.4 44.9 48.4 54.2 60.3
Pakistan 47.7 51.9 53.9 54.6 58.8
Sao Tome and Principe 51.6 54.2 53.4 54.9 50.3
Peru 46.8 47.9 52.8 55.8 53.8
Sierra Leone 51.1 56.2 54.5 55.9 57.7
Indonesia 49.9 52.9 53.7 56.8 60.1
Yemen, Rep. 45.3 52.3 51.6 57.7 60.4
Mali 47.7 51.3 49.5 57.8 57.1
Bangladesh 56.2 56.8 57.0 57.9 63.6
Mozambique 57.5 58.6 57.5 58.0 59.6
Chad 50.1 51.2 51.3 58.0 57.5
Tanzania 57.4 58.7 58.4 58.3 62.1
Togo 53.8 55.9 54.9 58.4 61.5
Nepal 50.3 48.5 54.2 58.7 61.5
Bhutan 61.1 61.7 68.5 58.7 59.8
Solomon Islands 72.7 70.7 56.4 58.8 61.9
Philippines 55.8 59.9 58.5 58.9 61.7
Uganda 54.0 53.4 56.2 59.6 64.0
Central African Republic 51.5 56.3 56.4 59.7 60.9
Syrian Arab Republic 47.2 51.8 44.5 59.8 43.6
Uruguay 56.1 55.9 53.2 59.9 65.7
Canada 65.1 70.1 67.6 60.2 66.8
Guyana 67.5 70.4 64.6 60.4 58.1
Argentina 60.4 62.0 58.9 60.7 55.8
Kenya 51.3 57.0 57.1 61.9 65.5
Albania 61.7 61.4 64.0 62.1 69.5
Israel 64.6 62.1 66.5 62.3 64.4
Cote d'Ivoire 54.0 56.3 58.2 62.4 62.7
Colombia 55.3 57.1 58.8 62.7 67.7
Mexico 62.4 65.3 64.9 63.1 60.9
Honduras 58.2 57.3 62.5 63.5 64.4
Congo, Rep. 61.0 60.4 61.9 63.6 62.5
Afghanistan 69.3 63.2 65.5 64.6 64.2
India 59.2 60.2 59.7 65.4 69.1
Saudi Arabia 51.6 55.3 60.6 65.4 66.5
Equatorial Guinea 57.5 59.3 65.8 65.7 61.2
Tuvalu 81.2 76.3 69.5 66.8 69.9
Rwanda 75.8 69.4 69.2 66.9 75.9
Morocco 48.9 59.3 56.0 66.9 74.7
Macao SAR, China 65.8 71.1 70.5 67.3 68.3
Papua New Guinea 64.6 64.9 66.5 67.4 68.4
Libya 65.1 67.4 65.3 67.6 72.1
Kuwait 53.9 60.6 66.7 68.8 66.5
United States 77.9 73.7 73.2 69.1 75.9
Bahamas, The 66.9 64.7 68.1 69.3 73.6
New Zealand 69.1 67.2 66.8 69.3 67.1
Thailand 67.5 63.6 64.0 69.6 72.9
Cabo Verde 40.5 45.9 67.7 69.7 71.1
Mauritania 66.2 66.6 68.2 70.0 74.3
El Salvador 69.2 69.7 65.9 70.1 71.9
Venezuela, RB 62.9 65.0 64.9 70.4 68.6
Gambia, The 63.5 74.0 76.3 71.2 82.2
Australia 68.6 70.3 69.2 72.0 71.1
Portugal 80.8 83.8 91.0 72.2 91.4
Lebanon 59.7 64.4 72.7 73.0 77.9
Comoros 62.9 65.7 71.0 73.5 73.7
Senegal 70.2 78.6 86.0 74.0 84.5
Spain 72.9 72.6 81.5 74.0 79.4
New Caledonia 89.5 84.7 76.8 75.7 75.6
South Africa 70.7 70.5 74.5 75.7 79.9
Dominican Republic 72.0 72.6 75.4 76.5 79.5
Zambia 60.0 62.5 62.7 77.5 78.4
Malta 75.0 76.1 76.4 77.5 79.9
Korea, Rep. 69.3 72.3 73.5 78.3 79.7
Madagascar 76.1 77.6 77.1 78.4 80.5
Turkey 67.5 75.5 73.8 78.9 74.8
Djibouti 68.7 74.1 76.2 79.3 95.6
Namibia 71.1 74.1 80.0 80.3 86.8
Jamaica 76.8 78.2 80.7 80.5 74.8
Guam 71.1 73.8 76.1 81.2 69.6
Sri Lanka 89.3 88.9 76.9 81.8 77.9
French Polynesia 90.3 90.0 90.3 83.4 85.9
Trinidad and Tobago 82.2 82.0 82.6 84.1 81.4
Gabon 77.4 81.0 81.9 85.0 86.4
Mauritius 85.2 91.6 94.4 86.4 86.4
Botswana 92.3 90.7 81.3 86.8 90.0
Kiribati 72.4 77.3 82.2 87.3 62.4
Denmark 88.4 87.7 85.1 87.3 89.8
Iceland 104.9 105.5 101.0 87.7 84.9
Panama 87.0 82.1 92.1 87.8 90.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 81.3 85.9 87.3 87.9 90.3
Timor-Leste 87.4 87.8 88.7 88.2 86.8
Fiji 87.9 105.9 86.2 89.4 105.5
Swaziland 86.3 94.0 92.3 89.9 89.9
Ireland 92.9 95.1 93.2 90.1 88.9
Tonga 100.8 110.7 98.7 90.7 91.8
Liberia 88.2 88.2 90.9 92.8 92.1
Italy 95.8 95.5 100.2 93.3 96.1
Greece 98.0 90.1 88.3 94.9 100.6
Liechtenstein 95.0 100.2 99.8 96.7 99.9
Austria 89.8 92.3 90.7 96.9 92.7
Somalia 88.5 87.8 93.8 97.2 98.1
Finland 104.9 105.3 95.1 97.3 104.4
Sweden 111.1 107.0 94.3 97.4 105.8
Cyprus 90.4 87.9 90.7 98.3 104.5
Vanuatu 101.1 105.1 106.7 98.5 88.2
Romania 111.7 110.0 97.7 98.7 97.9
Faeroe Islands 96.1 96.9 98.7 99.1 99.1
France 99.6 98.6 101.2 99.1 98.3
Zimbabwe 95.8 91.8 77.0 99.3 91.7
Netherlands 97.1 101.0 99.9 99.5 98.1
Iraq 109.1 103.8 96.7 101.6 110.1
Haiti 106.8 105.6 104.4 101.6 101.5
Burundi 91.3 96.2 98.7 101.8 96.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 132.3 133.9 84.1 102.4 104.6
Bermuda 97.0 93.6 98.1 102.4 111.8
United Kingdom 106.8 107.2 106.1 104.0 105.7
Lesotho 89.3 87.3 90.6 104.0 99.6
Greenland 103.1 103.1 104.2 104.2 105.8
Norway 103.6 101.2 105.5 105.3 105.2
Samoa 111.9 112.8 109.0 106.0 101.0
Poland 103.1 108.9 102.3 106.4 109.0
Antigua and Barbuda 100.4 101.5 103.8 106.7 90.3
Switzerland 106.2 108.7 101.6 107.4 106.6
Barbados 105.6 116.5 107.0 108.2 107.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 100.4 103.0 105.5 108.7 112.4
Germany 107.0 111.4 107.1 108.9 108.5
Maldives 109.3 110.7 107.7 109.2 105.2
Bahrain 115.3 103.6 134.4 109.3 115.1
Seychelles 140.4 148.5 121.3 111.1 121.4
Japan 114.3 115.6 115.7 113.7 114.6
Cayman Islands 237.4 174.8 212.7 124.8 224.1
Hungary 117.8 120.6 119.7 126.6 124.0
Mongolia 128.1 136.8 131.7 128.6 136.7
Suriname 148.4 142.8 133.0 134.6 133.4
Grenada 135.6 143.5 159.5 140.9 137.4
Puerto Rico 123.9 131.0 140.3 141.0 140.6
Cuba 148.7 150.7 147.7 154.2 158.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 149.8 143.5 119.9 166.5 152.1
Bulgaria 174.1 191.1 181.7 181.7 190.2
Dominica 123.0 149.9 166.1 184.0 158.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 183.9 181.0 180.3 186.1 173.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 222.9 205.7 210.7 213.2 191.7
St. Lucia 216.1 268.3 229.5 308.3 279.1
Singapore 857.2 774.4 684.9 519.9 511.2
Slovenia
Uzbekistan
Ethiopia
Monaco
Ukraine
Moldova
Kosovo
South Sudan
Eritrea
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Montenegro
Georgia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Armenia
Luxembourg
Andorra
Belarus
Serbia
Turkmenistan
Belgium
St. Martin (French part)
Lithuania
Palau
Latvia
Curacao
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
Isle of Man
Kyrgyz Republic
Azerbaijan
Marshall Islands
Estonia
Aruba
Croatia
Northern Mariana Islands
Russian Federation
Czech Republic
Tajikistan
West Bank and Gaza
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Kazakhstan
Macedonia, FYR

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