Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
United Arab Emirates 28.6 30.1 37.4 46.8 50.4
Brunei Darussalam 33.0 27.7 30.6 41.5 42.1
Angola 37.5 37.6 39.2 41.4 41.5
Sudan 41.5 40.8 49.3 54.8 51.5
Niger 42.9 47.0 50.1 53.1 48.4
Myanmar 43.6 43.0 42.5 46.6 52.2
Jordan 43.6 57.9 54.7 70.9 64.7
Syrian Arab Republic 43.6 50.7 49.7 58.4 54.1
Belize 44.2 50.4 48.2 58.6 65.8
China 44.3 48.5 49.9 52.6 56.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 44.4 53.7 54.8 58.9 61.0
Ghana 45.3 37.5 56.0 55.4 59.9
Nigeria 45.8 48.2 54.9 59.1 62.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 46.0 54.1 55.0 62.1 65.7
Lao PDR 46.4 49.0 43.0 50.6 47.6
Benin 46.8 48.2 52.0 52.5 55.1
Nicaragua 48.1 51.1 49.3 51.2 54.3
Vietnam 48.4 49.3 49.5 53.5 56.0
American Samoa 48.4 52.9 47.3 47.5 49.9
Malawi 48.6 46.8 50.5 38.8 51.7
Cambodia 49.1 47.1 46.6 47.0 48.9
Burkina Faso 49.4 50.9 61.3 63.6 65.6
Ecuador 50.1 53.4 56.3 60.8 64.6
Sao Tome and Principe 50.3 46.7 49.5 62.7 64.9
Malaysia 51.2 53.5 55.1 57.8 64.6
Guatemala 51.8 56.2 57.3 57.8 61.3
Algeria 51.8 50.7 59.5 64.9 62.4
Oman 52.4 52.4 54.4 57.2 62.8
Brazil 53.5 51.4 53.6 56.7 57.3
Costa Rica 53.5 58.9 63.1 65.8 66.6
Peru 53.8 49.6 51.9 49.2 52.5
Cameroon 54.3 56.9 58.0 59.0 62.1
Chile 54.4 58.2 59.9 62.7 66.7
Bolivia 54.8 58.7 59.7 57.1 59.9
Argentina 55.8 63.4 64.5 64.9 64.3
Guinea 56.6 59.4 62.3 67.0 68.5
Mali 57.1 57.0 63.6 56.1 58.5
Tunisia 57.4 69.5 87.2 72.5 81.4
Chad 57.5 56.4 66.0 66.4 57.0
Sierra Leone 57.7 57.6 57.9 54.3 55.0
Guyana 58.1 49.5 60.1 71.9 78.0
Pakistan 58.8 60.6 63.3 64.7 69.3
Mozambique 59.6 62.5 55.3 48.4 54.6
Guinea-Bissau 59.7 62.1 60.0 63.6 66.9
Bhutan 59.8 69.1 69.3 68.6 70.6
Qatar 60.1 65.3 78.7 86.9 85.9
Indonesia 60.1 62.3 63.1 68.6 69.6
Paraguay 60.3 62.7 62.1 64.5 66.2
Yemen, Rep. 60.4 56.7 52.9 60.7 64.4
Mexico 60.9 65.9 68.7 68.9 71.8
Central African Republic 60.9 61.5 62.8 65.9 67.0
Equatorial Guinea 61.2 85.4 83.9 81.3 78.5
Togo 61.5 63.7 61.0 61.9 74.2
Nepal 61.5 64.7 67.8 64.6 71.6
Philippines 61.7 68.4 69.1 70.7 71.9
Solomon Islands 61.9 62.2 66.4 71.3 69.9
Tanzania 62.1 63.3 64.2 62.5 63.7
Kiribati 62.4 52.7 63.2 63.7 66.2
Congo, Rep. 62.5 62.7 60.7 62.1 63.4
Cote d'Ivoire 62.7 66.8 66.7 69.6 70.7
Bangladesh 63.6 64.3 65.7 66.6 66.5
Uganda 64.0 67.6 68.8 68.6 72.4
Afghanistan 64.2 69.2 70.5 68.3 73.3
Israel 64.4 72.2 65.1 68.5 69.3
Honduras 64.4 66.5 67.1 67.7 68.7
Kenya 65.5 64.0 65.9 69.8 66.8
Uruguay 65.7 60.1 59.7 64.4 63.0
Saudi Arabia 66.5 71.0 72.6 76.1 73.7
Kuwait 66.5 50.5 6.9 18.7 34.7
Canada 66.8 73.9 73.3 73.1 72.6
New Zealand 67.1 65.0 69.0 70.9 72.7
Colombia 67.7 70.7 71.8 69.9 72.1
Macao SAR, China 68.3 67.8 66.6 70.1 70.3
Papua New Guinea 68.4 69.3 71.0 74.0 76.3
Venezuela, RB 68.6 71.4 72.6 74.9 77.6
India 69.1 70.3 71.3 74.3 77.0
Albania 69.5 68.7 58.3 63.4 72.3
Guam 69.6 70.4 75.5 76.7 79.4
Tuvalu 69.9 62.3 96.1 107.9 76.7
Cabo Verde 71.1 65.9 61.8 74.1 74.9
Australia 71.1 74.3 73.5 79.2 83.0
El Salvador 71.9 75.2 80.6 85.0 82.8
Libya 72.1 75.9 77.0 75.8 77.8
Thailand 72.9 67.7 74.9 77.4 77.3
Bahamas, The 73.6 73.1 65.5 65.3 65.1
Comoros 73.7 79.7 81.8 83.7 86.9
Mauritania 74.3 77.2 78.1 75.6 73.0
Morocco 74.7 69.5 79.1 62.9 63.2
Turkey 74.8 79.6 80.6 81.0 80.8
Jamaica 74.8 90.7 92.9 98.6 99.8
New Caledonia 75.6 77.8 80.8 85.8 90.2
Rwanda 75.9 72.4 82.2 86.0 62.2
United States 75.9 77.8 77.0 84.1 76.9
Lebanon 77.9 84.0 96.5 101.5 99.6
Sri Lanka 77.9 85.7 81.9 82.8 88.3
Zambia 78.4 73.8 76.6 64.6 85.9
Spain 79.4 83.3 80.0 83.2 80.0
Dominican Republic 79.5 69.4 73.2 74.8 76.9
Korea, Rep. 79.7 79.0 78.2 86.2 86.7
South Africa 79.9 79.7 81.0 69.4 78.3
Malta 79.9 79.6 82.3 84.7 85.1
Madagascar 80.5 81.3 82.4 83.7 87.2
Trinidad and Tobago 81.4 88.4 88.3 87.6 89.0
Gambia, The 82.2 60.5 67.8 55.1 62.9
Senegal 84.5 77.1 79.2 72.2 79.2
Iceland 84.9 85.6 87.0 85.6 83.3
French Polynesia 85.9 93.0 85.2 82.7 82.8
Gabon 86.4 87.3 96.0 93.2 90.9
Mauritius 86.4 89.6 90.1 94.5 91.7
Namibia 86.8 82.5 88.2 87.5 89.2
Timor-Leste 86.8 93.8 100.4 102.0 103.9
Vanuatu 88.2 114.0 99.1 96.8 100.1
Ireland 88.9 97.7 98.8 99.8 99.9
Denmark 89.8 94.6 94.2 91.0 97.6
Swaziland 89.9 91.3 94.1 93.9 88.4
Botswana 90.0 96.7 103.6 100.5 100.1
Antigua and Barbuda 90.3 95.1 97.2 111.2 117.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 90.3 90.8 108.6 103.5 102.0
Panama 90.8 92.3 85.5 87.2 88.8
Portugal 91.4 98.7 102.7 91.1 87.9
Zimbabwe 91.7 93.2 87.7 56.5 81.0
Tonga 91.8 91.0 91.5 89.3 130.4
Liberia 92.1 77.1 66.9 69.2 65.5
Austria 92.7 93.3 93.7 92.7 93.0
Djibouti 95.6 93.7 70.0 74.0 70.7
Burundi 96.0 102.7 105.6 107.8 105.8
Italy 96.1 89.6 99.7 100.6 96.7
Romania 97.9 93.7 94.3 80.9 98.3
Somalia 98.1 91.0 74.5 66.4 72.7
Netherlands 98.1 103.1 101.6 107.4 107.4
France 98.3 99.5 98.0 105.0 97.5
Faeroe Islands 99.1 99.7 99.5 103.1 104.0
Lesotho 99.6 100.4 75.8 83.4 94.2
Liechtenstein 99.9 98.5 98.3 96.5 93.9
Greece 100.6 86.4 102.3 100.4 98.1
Samoa 101.0 90.5 77.6 72.4 74.4
Haiti 101.5 96.1 94.2 90.9 82.9
Finland 104.4 108.4 98.4 92.5 96.1
Cyprus 104.5 98.9 85.7 96.1 103.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 104.6 93.3 101.1 96.8 95.4
Norway 105.2 109.8 98.2 98.2 99.7
Maldives 105.2 76.5 73.5 75.7 90.3
Fiji 105.5 108.5 96.7 99.3 99.0
United Kingdom 105.7 107.8 109.8 111.1 107.8
Greenland 105.8 105.3 110.1 112.1 112.0
Sweden 105.8 110.2 93.0 90.1 102.3
Switzerland 106.6 104.8 102.4 108.1 104.0
Barbados 107.4 110.1 108.2 97.0 90.3
Germany 108.5 108.2 101.4 95.2 92.8
Poland 109.0 110.1 102.9 92.7 99.6
Iraq 110.1 117.8 78.9 85.6 102.8
Bermuda 111.8 118.5 115.7 114.0 111.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 112.4 117.4 121.6 125.0 125.8
Japan 114.6 113.7 110.1 113.6 109.8
Bahrain 115.1 90.7 95.8 107.9 105.7
Seychelles 121.4 119.5 122.1 111.0 116.5
Hungary 124.0 118.7 120.7 95.5 86.8
Suriname 133.4 121.7 130.3 138.6 124.3
Mongolia 136.7 135.0 146.1 126.9 111.5
Grenada 137.4 141.3 137.3 135.4 140.0
Puerto Rico 140.6 133.8 138.9 132.2 128.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 152.1 166.3 143.1 167.1 148.9
Dominica 158.2 159.6 153.2 148.0 151.7
Cuba 158.4 158.1 146.8 127.5 93.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 173.1 126.7 146.4 189.4 156.4
Bulgaria 190.2 178.8 150.8 150.2 119.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 191.7 165.4 140.3 98.3 106.6
Cayman Islands 224.1 125.7 100.6 118.9 111.5
St. Lucia 279.1 301.4 255.1 295.0 300.7
Singapore 511.2 495.1 420.5 342.4 222.8
Turks and Caicos Islands
Slovak Republic 115.8
Aruba
Russian Federation 121.0 115.1
Czech Republic 127.9
Azerbaijan 82.7 68.4
South Sudan
Kyrgyz Republic 77.8 73.9
Curacao
Slovenia 76.7 88.0
Palau
Luxembourg
San Marino
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Latvia 192.8 173.7
Marshall Islands 94.7 131.7 102.9
West Bank and Gaza
Belarus 107.8 112.4
Moldova 136.4 161.3
St. Martin (French part)
Georgia 104.8 100.0
Serbia 99.6 93.9
Belgium
Eritrea 62.5
Turkmenistan 48.7 53.0
Northern Mariana Islands
Macedonia, FYR 101.9 77.9
Estonia 160.1 140.7
Ukraine 127.5 124.8
Ethiopia 51.6
Lithuania 132.3 116.1
Montenegro
Isle of Man
Uzbekistan 77.0 74.9
Croatia 104.2 104.4
Armenia 76.0 57.6
Monaco
Kosovo
Bosnia and Herzegovina 91.8 84.3
Andorra
Tajikistan 93.9 84.6
Kazakhstan 142.6 126.0

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