Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Brunei Darussalam 45.5 40.9 50.8 58.6 74.1
Angola 46.1 49.1 49.3 56.9 54.0
West Bank and Gaza 49.0 79.3 88.5 80.4 98.8
Turkmenistan 51.2 45.9 46.2 54.9 59.6
American Samoa 51.2 55.8 55.9 84.9 69.5
Malawi 51.6 61.2 58.2 70.4 83.6
Lao PDR 52.0 51.6 58.2 60.4 72.9
Sierra Leone 52.1 56.8 59.5 53.4 47.8
Niger 52.1 64.3 56.2 77.8 72.4
Rwanda 52.7 59.0 60.1 67.8 72.8
Kuwait 53.5 60.9 66.0 72.7 77.8
Morocco 55.6 83.9 73.3 82.8 77.6
Ethiopia 57.0 66.7 67.9 62.5 67.5
Nicaragua 57.2 59.7 59.7 64.1 70.6
Myanmar 57.3 58.7 58.8 59.8 66.5
Azerbaijan 58.0 61.3 59.4 63.6 70.1
Tunisia 58.9 101.5 69.6 88.8 98.4
Vietnam 61.3 64.4 67.8 70.5 75.4
Benin 61.4 67.3 73.0 74.9 80.7
Cambodia 61.7 62.1 63.7 64.5 72.8
Sudan 61.7 67.5 69.1 73.9 75.4
Syrian Arab Republic 62.0 70.6 61.5 79.2 66.0
Peru 62.9 67.8 72.8 71.6 81.1
Mali 63.1 66.1 67.2 72.8 78.9
Kiribati 63.4 74.7 74.4 78.9 78.8
Gambia, The 63.5 53.4 65.9 64.4 90.4
Ghana 63.7 69.4 68.2 74.1 79.2
Liberia 64.1 73.1 87.1 95.7 96.0
Sao Tome and Principe 64.5 73.7 86.6 90.1 93.5
Belize 64.6 71.7 74.5 71.9 77.3
Algeria 64.8 76.4 62.8 69.8 73.7
Yemen, Rep. 64.9 64.5 69.1 74.8 75.3
China 65.0 69.7 72.1 76.4 79.5
Burkina Faso 65.2 71.0 65.6 77.2 78.8
United Arab Emirates 65.9 72.8 90.5 94.4 144.2
Brazil 66.2 65.9 69.1 69.9 75.1
Cabo Verde 66.4 56.7 62.5 71.0 81.6
Nigeria 66.6 69.5 72.3 76.6 80.0
Bangladesh 66.8 70.6 71.5 74.1 84.3
Malaysia 67.1 69.5 72.2 68.3 76.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 67.3 73.5 76.2 76.5 81.3
Cameroon 67.8 71.2 68.8 72.2 75.5
Chad 67.9 69.7 78.0 89.3 82.1
Macao SAR, China 68.1 68.4 68.3 80.1 90.6
Guinea-Bissau 68.5 70.8 76.3 79.1 83.4
Kenya 68.6 64.1 67.3 71.2 77.7
Tanzania 68.8 69.3 66.3 72.6 75.2
Zambia 69.1 82.4 77.7 74.9 84.5
Kyrgyz Republic 69.2 76.6 82.0 85.1 91.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 69.3 73.1 75.2 78.6 80.3
Zimbabwe 69.4 96.1 100.0 92.6 97.8
Paraguay 69.4 70.6 76.7 79.4 80.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 69.5 63.2 78.9 85.8 81.9
Oman 70.1 69.9 72.2 83.2 93.3
Spain 70.7 88.6 95.4 91.2 92.6
Bolivia 71.1 73.2 75.3 77.3 77.6
Uruguay 71.5 79.6 84.9 84.9 88.1
Saudi Arabia 71.5 70.1 78.7 80.9 77.2
South Africa 72.1 85.5 87.2 81.4 86.6
Honduras 72.2 79.9 77.1 76.1 65.2
Guatemala 72.6 76.0 77.6 80.7 79.7
Argentina 72.6 74.2 76.6 82.2 86.5
Central African Republic 72.7 81.6 80.8 83.6 82.3
Congo, Rep. 72.8 75.5 76.1 75.9 81.2
Bhutan 73.1 76.8 79.3 78.1 89.3
Togo 73.3 83.6 87.0 84.6 89.6
Armenia 73.5 75.1 65.4 70.5 69.6
Guinea 73.7 77.8 80.7 78.3 81.2
Uganda 74.0 69.9 71.6 78.7 83.2
Mozambique 74.4 82.8 88.0 93.5 94.2
Costa Rica 74.5 77.9 79.1 83.1 87.2
Philippines 74.7 80.1 80.8 74.9 81.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 75.1 70.1 71.3 82.9 84.5
Uzbekistan 75.3 70.2 71.0 72.7 74.7
Dominican Republic 75.5 78.4 80.5 78.2 78.7
Nepal 76.6 76.1 78.7 79.7 82.9
Chile 76.7 79.5 79.5 81.7 81.2
Solomon Islands 76.8 78.3 81.9 83.8 77.7
Ecuador 76.8 82.4 94.5 82.0 92.1
Israel 77.0 77.2 76.2 77.5 79.4
Papua New Guinea 77.1 81.8 82.4 84.3 87.6
Tajikistan 77.2 63.7 64.0 58.0 60.9
Pakistan 77.3 79.0 80.7 84.5 86.7
Mauritania 77.5 82.4 81.4 83.9 86.1
Indonesia 77.8 78.0 75.3 75.1 75.5
Eritrea 77.8 74.5 75.1 108.5 96.7
New Zealand 77.9 79.8 84.3 85.1 80.7
Guam 77.9 94.0 94.7 94.8 95.7
Tuvalu 78.1 84.3 88.8 91.7 92.2
Venezuela, RB 78.1 82.0 87.8 87.0 91.5
Canada 78.3 83.7 82.8 87.1 93.4
Mexico 78.4 76.1 79.4 82.1 87.1
Colombia 78.5 79.1 81.8 80.9 86.1
Jordan 78.6 68.1 70.4 76.3 66.4
Djibouti 78.9 71.7 74.9 76.9 78.2
Bahamas, The 79.9 91.2 85.7 106.8 110.8
Samoa 80.4 88.8 94.4 92.9 88.4
Cote d'Ivoire 80.4 85.3 86.1 87.8 89.0
Thailand 80.4 83.0 85.3 81.9 85.9
India 81.2 84.6 85.7 88.1 92.2
Turkey 81.9 87.4 84.6 94.3 89.8
Swaziland 82.6 86.9 85.1 84.7 90.9
Afghanistan 83.2 88.8 96.2 103.2 102.2
El Salvador 83.5 86.5 92.4 92.6 95.3
Haiti 83.7 86.4 87.1 89.0 92.1
United States 83.8 87.8 91.2 92.0 93.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 83.9 86.2 89.6 98.3 109.1
Equatorial Guinea 84.4 85.0 85.2 83.1 90.1
Lesotho 84.7 104.0 104.7 93.6 107.4
Albania 84.9 84.5 79.5 83.2 82.5
Iceland 85.1 83.8 84.9 87.4 91.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 85.5 96.1 95.8 95.7 87.3
Australia 85.9 95.0 95.5 100.8 107.3
Madagascar 86.9 88.6 90.4 89.0 90.5
Somalia 87.1 88.4 92.4 89.2 89.1
Senegal 87.5 80.8 76.3 75.0 104.6
Comoros 87.5 89.8 88.1 92.7 94.5
Gabon 87.9 91.7 93.2 96.8 96.2
Hungary 87.9 93.7 97.0 96.2 91.3
Cuba 88.2 105.1 98.8 94.4 110.6
Macedonia, FYR 88.5 92.1 91.6 93.8 96.2
Kazakhstan 88.8 80.5 79.8 65.5 87.0
Libya 89.7 95.9 98.1 101.9 103.4
Belarus 89.7 89.1 84.1 87.0 81.8
Namibia 89.9 98.1 62.1 87.6 86.4
French Polynesia 90.0 99.6 87.9 73.4 81.3
New Caledonia 90.0 94.8 93.6 95.2 95.5
Trinidad and Tobago 90.5 93.9 88.5 78.5 85.8
Panama 90.9 92.1 93.3 94.0 97.7
Tonga 91.1 95.8 97.5 97.1 96.3
Poland 91.2 96.3 92.6 97.5 93.0
Malta 91.3 112.2 102.3 111.7 110.7
Korea, Rep. 91.8 96.6 98.8 97.6 102.3
Lithuania 92.1 99.1 102.0 96.8 87.5
Mauritius 92.1 92.9 100.7 98.2 76.4
Germany 93.0 95.5 95.7 97.2 101.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 94.2 95.3 95.2 97.3 93.4
Liechtenstein 94.3 96.4 96.6 98.4 94.6
Burundi 95.0 96.7 97.6 91.4 94.6
Finland 95.1 96.2 99.7 88.9 92.1
Austria 95.3 95.6 97.0 101.5 106.0
Romania 95.5 91.5 98.3 84.1 90.3
Italy 95.7 98.4 96.6 97.1 103.7
Portugal 96.3 99.8 93.9 92.7 104.1
Slovenia 96.8 103.7 99.8 100.8 98.1
Denmark 97.0 95.9 97.4 99.3 98.1
Barbados 97.0 111.6 105.9 98.2 105.0
Maldives 97.2 101.6 90.0 89.8 84.9
Sri Lanka 97.4 85.1 86.7 89.3 93.4
Ireland 97.7 101.0 98.2 103.0 110.3
Sweden 98.0 102.7 104.8 104.2 100.3
Timor-Leste 98.3 88.6 96.2 86.1 83.6
Guyana 98.4 102.8 106.6 94.9 106.7
Croatia 98.8 100.4 101.4 111.5 111.4
France 99.5 104.9 105.0 105.3 106.4
Serbia 99.9 109.9 105.7 107.0 93.6
Russian Federation 100.0 97.4 99.8 85.5 85.8
Qatar 100.3 105.5 117.9 95.8 103.0
Greenland 100.8 102.2 94.1 92.8 93.1
Switzerland 101.2 102.2 97.4 105.8 98.0
Iraq 101.6 104.3 100.1 109.5 104.0
Faeroe Islands 102.2 103.4 103.2 101.9 102.5
Vanuatu 102.2 104.1 120.5 125.5 105.7
Norway 102.7 104.1 103.2 102.3 104.7
Greece 103.7 102.6 98.4 97.3 106.3
Antigua and Barbuda 104.1 106.9 99.2 94.3 101.9
Bermuda 104.2 97.9 104.3 101.3 103.9
Slovak Republic 104.7 110.0 113.7 108.8 103.2
Estonia 105.0 95.8 92.9 94.3 87.5
Czech Republic 105.2 105.6 102.5 104.4 104.1
Jamaica 105.4 111.7 103.9 102.4 106.5
Netherlands 105.9 107.1 98.1 100.2 106.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 107.0 106.6 104.0 106.4 104.0
Fiji 107.4 105.4 100.3 82.4 101.3
Ukraine 107.7 97.0 97.7 83.9 82.3
United Kingdom 108.7 107.8 107.3 107.1 106.9
Cyprus 109.5 106.6 100.5 106.1 108.2
Japan 109.6 107.3 107.7 103.0 104.1
Botswana 109.9 102.7 95.5 90.7 81.1
Lebanon 111.7 116.6 104.3 98.8 97.8
Mongolia 112.1 128.2 123.0 136.7 149.7
Latvia 113.3 97.0 107.1 98.0 87.6
Georgia 114.8 115.3 120.1 106.9 108.7
Puerto Rico 117.0 112.5 110.8 112.7 99.5
Bahrain 119.3 117.7 114.2 127.6 118.8
Dominica 120.5 142.2 138.7 130.3 124.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 124.4 116.6 93.6 102.9 101.2
Moldova 125.4 108.5 102.9 85.4 80.7
Suriname 130.4 114.2 116.5 99.2 103.0
Grenada 133.3 130.3 124.4 117.6 124.5
Bulgaria 134.0 110.8 116.5 117.4 121.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 138.7 152.6 205.7 173.0 146.6
Cayman Islands 139.4 135.3 136.4 141.0 144.2
Seychelles 155.2 148.7 161.9 149.5 150.0
Singapore 163.7 131.7 181.4 159.6 170.9
Marshall Islands 172.8 146.1 135.8 96.7 76.1
St. Lucia 272.4 260.4 224.5 188.5 160.1
Northern Mariana Islands
Monaco
Turks and Caicos Islands
Palau
Montenegro
Isle of Man
San Marino
Curacao
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Belgium
Andorra
Aruba
South Sudan
Taiwan, China
Luxembourg

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