Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Brunei Darussalam 44.9 46.1 41.5 51.5 59.4
Turkmenistan 57.5 56.4 48.1 51.7 60.9
Angola 47.0 45.6 48.6 48.9 56.3
Lao PDR 54.8 51.9 51.6 58.1 60.3
Gambia, The 66.1 63.5 53.4 65.9 64.4
American Samoa 50.1 51.2 55.8 55.9 84.9
Sierra Leone 55.1 52.1 56.8 59.5 53.4
Myanmar 55.2 57.3 58.7 58.8 59.8
Rwanda 43.9 52.7 59.0 60.1 67.8
Nicaragua 55.3 57.4 59.9 60.0 64.4
Kuwait 47.0 53.5 60.9 66.0 72.7
Malawi 43.5 51.6 61.2 58.2 70.4
Azerbaijan 62.1 58.6 61.7 60.0 64.3
Cambodia 47.0 61.3 61.8 63.4 64.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 71.6 69.6 63.2 80.2 87.1
Kenya 68.4 68.6 64.1 67.3 71.2
Niger 57.9 52.1 64.3 56.2 77.8
Vietnam 58.4 61.4 64.4 67.8 70.6
Yemen, Rep. 63.5 64.9 64.5 69.1 74.8
Tajikistan 84.5 79.5 65.8 65.9 59.9
Brazil 61.9 66.2 65.9 69.1 69.9
Mali 63.5 63.0 66.0 67.2 72.7
Ethiopia 51.5 57.0 66.7 67.9 62.5
Benin 57.9 61.4 67.3 73.0 74.9
Tanzania 62.2 66.9 67.4 64.5 70.6
Sudan 60.3 61.7 67.4 69.0 73.8
Peru 58.9 63.1 67.9 72.9 71.7
Oman 66.9 68.2 68.0 70.0 81.5
Jordan 76.3 78.6 68.1 70.4 76.3
Cabo Verde 64.1 79.7 68.1 75.0 85.2
Macao SAR, China 69.1 68.1 68.4 68.3 80.1
Malaysia 64.5 67.0 69.4 72.1 68.2
Nigeria 64.7 66.6 69.5 72.3 76.6
Chad 67.3 67.9 69.7 78.0 89.3
Uganda 70.6 74.0 69.9 71.6 78.7
Saudi Arabia 72.1 71.5 70.0 78.6 80.8
China 60.2 65.3 70.1 72.4 76.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 96.8 75.2 70.1 71.3 82.9
Syrian Arab Republic 58.2 62.0 70.5 61.5 79.2
Bangladesh 64.0 66.8 70.6 71.5 74.1
Ghana 56.6 64.9 70.6 69.4 75.4
Paraguay 62.9 69.4 70.6 76.7 79.4
Guinea-Bissau 65.4 68.4 70.7 76.2 79.0
Burkina Faso 64.9 65.2 71.0 65.6 77.2
Cameroon 64.6 67.8 71.2 68.8 72.2
Belize 59.8 64.4 71.5 74.3 71.7
Djibouti 73.3 78.9 71.7 74.9 76.9
United Arab Emirates 54.3 64.9 71.7 89.0 94.9
Armenia 71.9 66.3 72.0 61.2 66.9
Uzbekistan 77.0 76.8 72.2 73.3 75.3
Sao Tome and Principe 68.8 63.6 72.7 85.4 88.8
Liberia 65.1 64.1 73.1 87.1 95.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 68.2 69.3 73.1 75.2 78.6
Bolivia 65.2 71.1 73.2 75.3 77.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 61.7 67.2 73.4 76.1 76.4
Argentina 69.3 72.6 74.2 76.6 82.2
Eritrea 83.8 77.8 74.5 75.1 108.5
Kiribati 64.6 63.4 74.7 74.4 78.9
Nepal 70.2 75.8 75.3 77.9 78.8
Guatemala 64.3 71.9 75.4 77.0 80.5
Congo, Rep. 67.3 72.8 75.5 76.1 75.9
Mexico 73.7 78.4 76.1 79.4 82.1
Algeria 57.8 64.8 76.4 62.8 69.8
Bhutan 70.2 73.1 76.8 79.3 78.1
Kyrgyz Republic 71.3 68.9 76.8 82.3 85.1
Israel 71.0 76.9 77.2 76.1 77.5
Costa Rica 71.6 74.8 77.7 78.8 83.2
Guinea 73.8 73.7 77.8 80.7 78.3
Indonesia 70.8 77.8 78.0 75.3 75.1
Solomon Islands 71.6 76.8 78.3 81.9 83.8
Dominican Republic 74.9 75.5 78.4 80.5 78.2
Colombia 74.2 78.4 78.9 81.3 80.3
Pakistan 71.8 77.6 79.1 80.7 84.6
Ecuador 71.3 72.6 79.1 88.4 74.7
West Bank and Gaza 48.8 49.0 79.3 88.5 80.4
Chile 72.2 76.6 79.4 79.4 81.6
Uruguay 70.2 71.4 79.5 84.9 84.8
New Zealand 76.1 77.7 79.6 84.2 84.9
Honduras 72.1 72.2 79.9 77.1 76.1
Philippines 74.1 74.6 79.9 80.6 74.8
Senegal 79.3 87.5 80.8 76.3 75.0
Kazakhstan 106.3 86.7 81.5 80.9 66.0
Venezuela, RB 76.9 77.7 81.6 87.4 86.5
Central African Republic 68.9 72.7 81.6 80.8 83.6
Thailand 79.0 79.2 81.7 83.9 80.6
Papua New Guinea 76.4 77.1 81.8 82.4 84.3
Mauritania 74.2 77.6 82.4 81.4 83.9
Zambia 76.9 69.1 82.4 77.7 74.9
Mozambique 53.9 74.4 82.8 88.0 93.5
Canada 75.8 78.3 83.6 82.7 87.1
Iceland 85.8 85.0 83.6 84.9 86.0
Togo 74.3 73.3 83.6 87.0 84.6
Morocco 78.6 55.5 84.2 73.1 83.0
Tuvalu 77.2 78.1 84.3 88.8 91.7
India 79.2 81.2 84.6 85.7 88.1
South Africa 83.5 71.3 84.9 86.6 80.7
Equatorial Guinea 80.6 84.4 85.0 85.2 83.1
Sri Lanka 94.6 97.4 85.1 86.7 89.3
Cote d'Ivoire 73.3 81.0 85.9 86.8 88.4
Albania 79.4 85.3 86.0 81.7 84.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 74.2 83.9 86.2 89.6 98.3
El Salvador 83.5 83.4 86.3 92.2 92.3
Swaziland 89.0 82.6 86.9 85.1 84.7
Turkey 82.5 81.9 87.4 84.6 94.3
United States 89.0 83.9 87.7 91.1 92.0
Haiti 88.9 85.1 87.9 88.6 90.5
Belarus 87.2 86.4 88.1 81.2 86.4
Samoa 73.7 79.8 88.2 93.7 92.2
Somalia 82.5 87.1 88.4 92.4 89.2
Spain 76.0 70.6 88.6 95.3 91.2
Timor-Leste 102.1 98.4 88.6 96.2 86.1
Madagascar 83.9 86.9 88.6 90.5 89.0
Afghanistan 79.0 83.2 88.9 96.3 103.2
Comoros 87.1 87.5 89.8 88.1 92.7
Romania 91.7 95.0 91.0 98.1 83.9
Bahamas, The 63.0 80.0 91.2 85.7 106.8
Gabon 92.2 87.9 91.7 93.2 96.8
Panama 91.9 90.9 92.1 93.3 94.0
Macedonia, FYR 87.5 87.9 92.3 91.8 94.0
Hungary 86.8 85.3 92.5 94.8 94.7
Mauritius 85.1 92.1 92.9 100.7 98.2
Ukraine 102.3 105.3 93.4 95.0 80.9
Trinidad and Tobago 90.5 90.5 93.9 88.5 78.5
Russian Federation 98.9 94.3 93.9 96.1 83.3
Guam 75.8 77.9 94.0 94.7 94.8
Liechtenstein 91.8 95.5 94.0 92.2 92.0
Germany 90.0 92.1 94.5 95.2 96.5
Australia 78.0 85.8 94.9 95.4 100.6
New Caledonia 94.8 90.3 95.1 93.9 95.6
Lithuania 87.0 87.1 95.2 95.2 91.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 94.2 94.2 95.3 95.2 97.3
Poland 84.6 90.5 95.7 92.0 96.9
Denmark 93.9 96.9 95.8 97.3 99.2
Finland 97.9 94.9 96.0 99.6 88.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 85.5 96.1 95.8 95.7
Libya 81.7 89.9 96.2 98.4 102.1
Zimbabwe 92.4 69.4 96.2 100.1 92.7
Korea, Rep. 87.2 91.8 96.6 98.8 97.6
Burundi 90.8 95.3 97.1 97.9 91.7
Italy 96.8 94.8 97.3 95.4 96.0
Tonga 101.8 92.7 97.5 99.3 98.9
Latvia 119.8 113.5 97.6 105.3 94.3
Bermuda 108.7 104.2 97.9 104.3 101.3
Austria 98.9 97.8 98.9 100.4 103.2
Namibia 94.9 91.0 99.3 62.9 88.7
French Polynesia 85.3 90.0 99.6 87.9 73.4
Portugal 90.5 96.3 99.7 93.8 92.6
Croatia 95.8 98.3 99.8 100.6 110.7
Ireland 97.0 98.2 101.1 98.4 102.7
Estonia 121.1 111.3 101.4 93.5 87.8
Maldives 98.0 97.2 101.6 90.0 89.8
Tunisia 60.2 59.0 101.6 69.8 89.0
Switzerland 99.7 100.9 102.0 97.1 106.1
Greece 103.2 103.2 102.1 98.0 97.1
Greenland 105.6 100.8 102.2 94.1 92.8
Slovenia 95.4 94.4 102.4 98.4 101.0
Sweden 97.5 98.0 102.7 104.7 104.1
Botswana 93.0 109.9 102.7 95.5 90.7
Guyana 84.9 98.8 103.2 107.1 95.3
Norway 99.1 100.6 103.3 101.4 101.8
Faeroe Islands 101.9 102.2 103.4 103.2 101.9
Czech Republic 102.2 104.2 103.9 101.7 104.7
Lesotho 101.3 84.7 104.0 104.7 93.6
Vanuatu 99.3 102.2 104.1 120.5 125.5
Iraq 101.2 101.7 104.3 100.5 110.0
France 96.4 99.1 104.3 104.4 104.9
Cuba 93.6 88.2 105.1 98.8 94.4
Fiji 105.0 107.4 105.4 100.3 82.4
Qatar 88.3 100.3 105.5 117.9 95.8
Antigua and Barbuda 116.9 103.2 106.1 98.7 93.9
Netherlands 105.3 105.3 106.5 97.5 99.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 129.0 107.0 106.6 104.1 106.3
Japan 111.9 109.1 106.9 107.3 102.9
Cyprus 93.6 109.8 106.9 100.8 106.5
United Kingdom 107.8 109.1 108.1 107.5 107.4
Moldova 113.2 125.9 109.3 103.1 85.5
Slovak Republic 110.5 104.5 109.7 113.3 108.5
Serbia 97.1 99.9 109.9 105.7 107.0
Barbados 92.7 97.0 111.6 105.9 98.2
Jamaica 102.9 105.4 111.7 103.9 102.4
Puerto Rico 121.6 117.0 112.5 110.8 112.7
Malta 89.9 91.6 112.7 102.7 112.2
Bulgaria 123.2 137.3 113.4 118.9 118.7
Suriname 122.8 130.5 114.2 116.5 99.2
Georgia 101.6 114.8 115.2 120.2 107.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 96.3 124.4 116.6 93.6 102.9
Lebanon 104.2 112.0 116.9 104.5 99.1
Bahrain 112.3 119.3 117.7 114.2 127.6
Mongolia 106.3 110.5 126.6 121.7 135.0
Grenada 143.1 133.3 130.3 124.4 117.6
Singapore 165.4 163.7 131.7 181.4 159.6
Cayman Islands 122.6 139.4 135.3 136.4 141.0
Dominica 132.1 120.5 142.2 138.7 130.3
Marshall Islands 109.1 172.8 146.1 135.8 96.7
Seychelles 134.6 155.2 148.7 161.9 149.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 138.6 138.7 152.6 205.7 173.1
St. Lucia 242.9 272.4 260.4 224.5 188.5
Kosovo
South Sudan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
San Marino
Palau
Luxembourg
Turks and Caicos Islands
Isle of Man
Northern Mariana Islands
Montenegro
Curacao
Aruba
Belgium
St. Martin (French part)
Monaco
Andorra

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