Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Turkmenistan 45.9 46.2 54.9 59.6 65.9
Angola 49.1 49.3 56.9 54.0 62.5
Brunei Darussalam 40.9 50.8 58.6 74.1 85.1
American Samoa 55.8 55.9 84.9 69.5 75.0
Niger 64.3 56.2 77.8 72.4 70.6
Lao PDR 51.6 58.2 60.4 72.9 81.9
Malawi 61.2 58.2 70.4 83.6 99.9
Myanmar 58.7 58.8 59.8 66.5 72.8
Azerbaijan 61.3 59.4 63.6 70.1 75.7
Sierra Leone 56.8 59.5 53.4 47.8 43.6
Nicaragua 59.7 59.7 64.1 70.6 81.8
Rwanda 59.0 60.1 67.8 72.8 82.1
Syrian Arab Republic 70.6 61.5 79.2 66.0 77.7
Namibia 98.1 62.1 87.6 86.4 83.8
Cabo Verde 56.7 62.5 71.0 81.6 92.4
Algeria 76.4 62.8 69.8 73.7 69.8
Cambodia 62.1 63.7 64.5 72.8 74.5
Tajikistan 63.7 64.0 58.0 60.9 72.0
Armenia 75.1 65.4 70.5 69.6 67.5
Burkina Faso 71.0 65.6 77.2 78.8 69.2
Gambia, The 53.4 65.9 64.4 90.4 99.0
Kuwait 60.9 66.0 72.7 77.8 80.1
Tanzania 69.3 66.3 72.6 75.2 73.1
Mali 66.1 67.2 72.8 78.9 72.4
Kenya 64.1 67.3 71.2 77.7 71.9
Vietnam 64.4 67.8 70.5 75.4 77.0
Ethiopia 66.7 67.9 62.5 67.5 69.6
Ghana 69.4 68.2 74.1 79.2 78.1
Macao SAR, China 68.4 68.3 80.1 90.6 103.3
Cameroon 71.2 68.8 72.2 75.5 77.3
Brazil 65.9 69.1 69.9 75.1 76.8
Sudan 67.5 69.1 73.9 75.4 79.1
Yemen, Rep. 64.5 69.1 74.8 75.3 82.6
Tunisia 101.5 69.6 88.8 98.4 84.4
Jordan 68.1 70.4 76.3 66.4 80.7
Uzbekistan 70.2 71.0 72.7 74.7 79.0
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 70.1 71.3 82.9 84.5 83.1
Bangladesh 70.6 71.5 74.1 84.3 89.5
Uganda 69.9 71.6 78.7 83.2 86.1
China 69.7 72.1 76.4 79.5 83.3
Malaysia 69.5 72.2 68.3 76.6 78.0
Oman 69.9 72.2 83.2 93.3 91.5
Nigeria 69.5 72.3 76.6 80.0 80.7
Peru 67.8 72.8 71.6 81.1 85.4
Benin 67.3 73.0 74.9 80.7 84.5
Morocco 83.9 73.3 82.8 77.6 72.4
Kiribati 74.7 74.4 78.9 78.8 74.6
Belize 71.7 74.5 71.9 77.3 85.3
Djibouti 71.7 74.9 76.9 78.2 84.9
Eritrea 74.5 75.1 108.5 96.7 79.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 73.1 75.2 78.6 80.3 77.8
Indonesia 78.0 75.3 75.1 75.5 78.3
Bolivia 73.2 75.3 77.3 77.6 81.9
Congo, Rep. 75.5 76.1 75.9 81.2 82.6
Israel 77.2 76.2 77.5 79.4 87.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 73.5 76.2 76.5 81.3 85.2
Guinea-Bissau 70.8 76.3 79.1 83.4 87.0
Senegal 80.8 76.3 75.0 104.6 106.6
Argentina 74.2 76.6 82.2 86.5 85.9
Paraguay 70.6 76.7 79.4 80.8 79.1
Honduras 79.9 77.1 76.1 65.2 71.2
Guatemala 76.0 77.6 80.7 79.7 81.3
Zambia 82.4 77.7 74.9 84.5 84.5
Chad 69.7 78.0 89.3 82.1 77.3
Nepal 76.1 78.7 79.7 82.9 87.2
Saudi Arabia 70.1 78.7 80.9 77.2 81.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 63.2 78.9 85.8 81.9 64.2
Costa Rica 77.9 79.1 83.1 87.2 87.2
Bhutan 76.8 79.3 78.1 89.3 68.6
Mexico 76.1 79.4 82.1 87.1 88.4
Albania 84.5 79.5 83.2 82.5 86.4
Chile 79.5 79.5 81.7 81.2 83.3
Kazakhstan 80.5 79.8 65.5 87.0 79.3
Dominican Republic 78.4 80.5 78.2 78.7 84.0
Pakistan 79.0 80.7 84.5 86.7 88.3
Guinea 77.8 80.7 78.3 81.2 83.7
Philippines 80.1 80.8 74.9 81.1 84.0
Central African Republic 81.6 80.8 83.6 82.3 91.4
Mauritania 82.4 81.4 83.9 86.1 88.9
Colombia 79.1 81.8 80.9 86.1 87.4
Solomon Islands 78.3 81.9 83.8 77.7 81.6
Kyrgyz Republic 76.6 82.0 85.1 91.6 95.4
Papua New Guinea 81.8 82.4 84.3 87.6 90.4
Canada 83.7 82.8 87.1 93.4 91.6
Belarus 89.1 84.1 87.0 81.8 79.8
New Zealand 79.8 84.3 85.1 80.7 86.7
Turkey 87.4 84.6 94.3 89.8 94.2
Iceland 83.8 84.9 87.4 91.6 94.7
Uruguay 79.6 84.9 84.9 88.1 83.4
Swaziland 86.9 85.1 84.7 90.9 87.1
Equatorial Guinea 85.0 85.2 83.1 90.1 89.8
Thailand 83.0 85.3 81.9 85.9 93.2
Bahamas, The 91.2 85.7 106.8 110.8 85.1
India 84.6 85.7 88.1 92.2 91.7
Cote d'Ivoire 85.3 86.1 87.8 89.0 94.9
Sao Tome and Principe 73.7 86.6 90.1 93.5 96.1
Sri Lanka 85.1 86.7 89.3 93.4 95.3
Togo 83.6 87.0 84.6 89.6 83.7
Haiti 86.4 87.1 89.0 92.1 98.3
Liberia 73.1 87.1 95.7 96.0 100.4
South Africa 85.5 87.2 81.4 86.6 96.1
Venezuela, RB 82.0 87.8 87.0 91.5 97.0
French Polynesia 99.6 87.9 73.4 81.3 89.1
Mozambique 82.8 88.0 93.5 94.2 87.7
Comoros 89.8 88.1 92.7 94.5 95.4
Trinidad and Tobago 93.9 88.5 78.5 85.8 98.0
West Bank and Gaza 79.3 88.5 80.4 98.8 88.2
Tuvalu 84.3 88.8 91.7 92.2 94.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 86.2 89.6 98.3 109.1 109.2
Maldives 101.6 90.0 89.8 84.9 89.4
Madagascar 88.6 90.4 89.0 90.5 88.4
United Arab Emirates 72.8 90.5 94.4 144.2 173.8
United States 87.8 91.2 92.0 93.7 96.0
Macedonia, FYR 92.1 91.6 93.8 96.2 98.4
Somalia 88.4 92.4 89.2 89.1 89.6
El Salvador 86.5 92.4 92.6 95.3 95.3
Poland 96.3 92.6 97.5 93.0 92.3
Estonia 95.8 92.9 94.3 87.5 88.8
Gabon 91.7 93.2 96.8 96.2 99.2
Panama 92.1 93.3 94.0 97.7 96.5
New Caledonia 94.8 93.6 95.2 95.5 93.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 116.6 93.6 102.9 101.2 103.8
Portugal 99.8 93.9 92.7 104.1 99.4
Greenland 102.2 94.1 92.8 93.1 90.8
Samoa 88.8 94.4 92.9 88.4 92.4
Ecuador 82.4 94.5 82.0 92.1 92.8
Guam 94.0 94.7 94.8 95.7 98.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 95.3 95.2 97.3 93.4 94.1
Spain 88.6 95.4 91.2 92.6 100.0
Botswana 102.7 95.5 90.7 81.1 89.0
Australia 95.0 95.5 100.8 107.3 105.0
Germany 95.5 95.7 97.2 101.6 102.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 96.1 95.8 95.7 87.3 88.5
Timor-Leste 88.6 96.2 86.1 83.6 89.0
Afghanistan 88.8 96.2 103.2 102.2 85.6
Liechtenstein 96.4 96.6 98.4 94.6 96.2
Italy 98.4 96.6 97.1 103.7 100.7
Austria 95.6 97.0 101.5 106.0 99.9
Hungary 93.7 97.0 96.2 91.3 91.3
Denmark 95.9 97.4 99.3 98.1 98.5
Switzerland 102.2 97.4 105.8 98.0 101.3
Tonga 95.8 97.5 97.1 96.3 94.5
Burundi 96.7 97.6 91.4 94.6 90.8
Ukraine 97.0 97.7 83.9 82.3 88.1
Libya 95.9 98.1 101.9 103.4 94.2
Netherlands 107.1 98.1 100.2 106.0 104.7
Ireland 101.0 98.2 103.0 110.3 106.0
Romania 91.5 98.3 84.1 90.3 81.5
Greece 102.6 98.4 97.3 106.3 106.4
Cuba 105.1 98.8 94.4 110.6 123.5
Korea, Rep. 96.6 98.8 97.6 102.3 103.3
Antigua and Barbuda 106.9 99.2 94.3 101.9 104.9
Finland 96.2 99.7 88.9 92.1 98.7
Slovenia 103.7 99.8 100.8 98.1 98.7
Russian Federation 97.4 99.8 85.5 85.8 88.9
Zimbabwe 96.1 100.0 92.6 97.8 110.5
Iraq 104.3 100.1 109.5 104.0 100.4
Fiji 105.4 100.3 82.4 101.3 101.4
Cyprus 106.6 100.5 106.1 108.2 108.3
Mauritius 92.9 100.7 98.2 76.4 94.9
Croatia 100.4 101.4 111.5 111.4 96.2
Lithuania 99.1 102.0 96.8 87.5 91.4
Malta 112.2 102.3 111.7 110.7 107.1
Czech Republic 105.6 102.5 104.4 104.1 99.5
Moldova 108.5 102.9 85.4 80.7 84.9
Norway 104.1 103.2 102.3 104.7 98.8
Faroe Islands 103.4 103.2 101.9 102.5 102.3
Jamaica 111.7 103.9 102.4 106.5 99.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 106.6 104.0 106.4 104.0 101.9
Lebanon 116.6 104.3 98.8 97.8 99.0
Bermuda 97.9 104.3 101.3 103.9 102.9
Lesotho 104.0 104.7 93.6 107.4 103.3
Sweden 102.7 104.8 104.2 100.3 102.0
France 104.9 105.0 105.3 106.4 104.2
Serbia 109.9 105.7 107.0 93.6 90.7
Barbados 111.6 105.9 98.2 105.0 102.3
Guyana 102.8 106.6 94.9 106.7 97.5
Latvia 97.0 107.1 98.0 87.6 86.4
United Kingdom 107.8 107.3 107.1 106.9 104.1
Japan 107.3 107.7 103.0 104.1 103.5
Puerto Rico 112.5 110.8 112.7 99.5 110.8
Slovak Republic 110.0 113.7 108.8 103.2 89.8
Bahrain 117.7 114.2 127.6 118.8 121.9
Suriname 114.2 116.5 99.2 103.0 97.4
Bulgaria 110.8 116.5 117.4 121.6 114.8
Qatar 105.5 117.9 95.8 103.0 110.8
Georgia 115.3 120.1 106.9 108.7 97.1
Vanuatu 104.1 120.5 125.5 105.7 100.8
Mongolia 128.2 123.0 136.7 149.7 144.9
Grenada 130.3 124.4 117.6 124.5 123.6
Marshall Islands 146.1 135.8 96.7 76.1 19.1
Cayman Islands 135.3 136.4 141.0 144.2 153.1
Dominica 142.2 138.7 130.3 124.3 123.8
Seychelles 148.7 161.9 149.5 150.0 150.0
Singapore 131.7 181.4 159.6 170.9 70.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 152.6 205.7 173.0 146.6 140.8
St. Lucia 260.4 224.5 188.5 160.1 130.4
Isle of Man
San Marino
South Sudan
St. Martin (French part)
Monaco
Aruba
Palau
Northern Mariana Islands
Montenegro
Curacao
Belgium 107.4
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Luxembourg 109.7
Andorra

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