Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Cambodia 15.2 18.3 28.1 31.0 35.8
Vietnam 18.6 22.6 25.1 28.3 29.8
China 18.6 19.3 20.7 21.5 24.9
United Arab Emirates 19.0 20.9 24.0 28.5 30.0
Cabo Verde 19.1 22.1 30.2 23.2 22.8
Saudi Arabia 20.0 19.9 25.7 34.4 39.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 20.4 21.7 23.7 25.5 26.7
Qatar 23.2 23.6 23.9 32.5 35.7
Jordan 23.5 24.3 25.4 32.3 39.5
Malaysia 24.2 25.5 27.4 29.9 31.6
Ecuador 24.3 24.6 45.2 40.6 42.7
Brunei Darussalam 24.4 27.4 30.5 31.4 33.5
Burkina Faso 25.5 25.7 27.0 29.8 30.5
Oman 25.6 26.5 32.2 34.8 32.9
Myanmar 27.0 29.3 31.3 33.3 35.7
Tuvalu 27.8 28.7 30.5 29.1 39.9
Mauritius 28.0 27.1 28.9 29.0 27.9
Lao PDR 29.1 31.2 31.9 33.7 36.1
Central African Republic 29.5 31.5 33.8 37.2 37.9
Korea, Rep. 31.9 31.3 32.7 36.9 42.8
Brazil 31.9 32.9 33.3 34.4 35.0
Indonesia 32.7 34.3 36.3 40.8 43.7
Belize 32.8 34.1 33.9 43.9 45.5
Sao Tome and Principe 32.9 37.0 38.8 39.7 41.0
Pakistan 32.9 33.9 35.1 36.3 38.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 35.0 36.5 38.5 39.7 41.0
Tunisia 35.4 38.7 39.1 42.5 43.2
Togo 36.0 36.9 39.8 38.6 41.2
Syrian Arab Republic 36.5 42.0 45.4 46.8 44.8
Bahamas, The 36.5 52.8 47.2 45.8 48.4
Yemen, Rep. 36.7 37.1 38.2 39.7 42.9
Algeria 37.2 38.6 43.9 46.8 48.8
Cyprus 38.3 41.1 44.8 48.4 53.2
India 38.7 41.2 43.7 46.4 48.7
Guinea 38.9 39.2 39.4 40.2 39.9
Philippines 38.9 39.0 37.5 39.8 40.6
Sudan 39.5 42.7 41.3 41.3 37.3
Kenya 40.4 38.1 43.0 46.3 47.5
Chile 40.5 45.1 44.2 42.4 40.6
Bangladesh 40.7 41.7 43.0 44.2 44.2
Albania 40.9 42.8 43.0 43.5 42.3
Uganda 41.4 41.3 42.3 43.2 44.3
Dominican Republic 41.6 41.2 41.8 44.7 45.4
Morocco 41.7 47.3 47.4 44.6 44.1
Congo, Rep. 42.3 43.6 44.9 46.0 46.3
Peru 42.4 45.9 47.9 49.9 46.9
Paraguay 43.4 44.3 43.9 46.2 47.8
Israel 44.5 45.1 48.2 50.2 54.0
Guatemala 44.9 44.8 45.8 49.5 51.1
Honduras 45.3 47.5 41.1 36.3 37.5
Panama 45.5 49.7 54.3 56.1 58.0
Cameroon 45.8 44.7 46.4 47.4 53.8
Niger 46.2 46.6 47.2 47.4 42.0
Tanzania 47.4 50.6 52.5 53.6 55.7
Djibouti 47.7 45.7 45.5 54.4 59.4
Colombia 47.7 50.8 50.9 48.0 50.6
Jamaica 48.7 47.7 46.6 52.4 57.3
Bolivia 49.0 47.5 47.8 49.3 46.9
Rwanda 49.1 51.0 52.3 51.6 51.0
Kuwait 49.2 41.0 35.4 51.4 62.5
Libya 49.7 47.8 54.7 57.8 56.9
Trinidad and Tobago 50.1 52.4 68.9 65.6 65.7
Mexico 51.0 53.9 55.3 58.6 56.5
Nepal 51.2 54.1 58.5 61.0 60.9
Nicaragua 51.3 37.9 43.7 42.4 43.7
Mozambique 51.4 52.6 52.3 51.9 53.4
Malawi 51.7 61.4 64.0 60.0 60.2
Costa Rica 51.8 53.3 47.8 50.1 53.3
Papua New Guinea 52.6 54.1 55.4 56.9 58.2
Senegal 53.9 58.8 60.2 58.3 57.2
Venezuela, RB 54.2 56.6 58.0 62.3 61.0
Lebanon 54.3 54.5 56.7 54.1 51.6
Nigeria 54.5 51.6 55.4 60.2 62.1
Thailand 54.6 57.7 58.7 59.6 61.0
Guinea-Bissau 55.3 57.1 58.7 59.7 61.0
Dominica 55.9 58.2 61.6 64.4 66.0
Equatorial Guinea 56.1 59.0 60.9 61.3 62.5
Zambia 56.4 55.6 58.5 54.8 51.6
El Salvador 56.4 49.9 47.5 44.4 48.9
Malta 56.9 59.2 56.2 64.0 69.2
Angola 57.4 58.5 60.9 61.8 62.8
Mali 57.5 64.8 66.9 62.2 59.2
Kiribati 57.9 58.8 59.4 60.0 60.7
Cote d'Ivoire 58.4 63.2 65.4 67.7 69.4
Portugal 59.9 64.0 65.2 62.8 59.7
Haiti 60.3 60.0 64.6 66.6 68.1
Canada 60.3 60.7 62.7 62.2 63.7
Guyana 60.8 59.9 48.5 36.2 34.7
Ghana 61.4 64.1 68.2 73.9 73.4
Uruguay 61.4 70.5 72.1 78.7 60.8
New Caledonia 61.6 60.5 61.9 61.4 66.0
Spain 62.4 64.4 66.2 66.5 66.9
Zimbabwe 63.9 59.5 64.4 65.9 70.1
Samoa 64.0 60.7 66.8 69.9 76.3
Benin 65.7 67.3 71.6 79.4 84.5
Liberia 65.8 68.1 70.6 72.2 73.9
New Zealand 65.9 68.5 69.0 71.2 70.9
Turkey 66.3 71.2 69.7 68.3 80.2
Vanuatu 66.4 67.4 66.7 74.7 74.4
Liechtenstein 67.0 68.9 73.1 78.4 88.5
Chad 67.2 68.6 70.1 67.7 53.3
Fiji 67.4 70.2 68.0 68.7 69.0
South Africa 68.3 65.0 70.6 72.6 73.3
Botswana 69.4 89.7 97.3 90.5 102.1
Mauritania 69.9 71.6 69.8 67.4 64.7
Sri Lanka 70.1 73.4 69.9 73.6 78.3
French Polynesia 70.3 68.2 64.3 63.1 74.2
United States 70.5 71.9 71.4 73.7 73.5
St. Lucia 70.8 73.2 74.6 77.7 81.7
Afghanistan 71.0 73.0 73.5 72.0 68.2
Barbados 72.1 75.4 78.4 72.4 73.7
Macao SAR, China 72.7 73.0 72.1 67.2 64.4
Australia 73.3 71.6 72.7 73.5 69.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 73.5 76.5 77.4 81.6 83.0
Gambia, The 73.6 72.7 72.7 72.7 71.3
Bhutan 73.7 75.5 78.0 81.0 83.9
Sierra Leone 76.7 79.9 83.2 81.3 78.4
Georgia 76.9
Gabon 77.0 77.1 77.1 77.7 79.1
Maldives 77.2 78.5 83.6 90.1 93.9
Solomon Islands 78.2 77.1 80.1 79.7 80.5
Denmark 78.9 78.5 79.2 82.8 81.6
Argentina 79.8 81.7 74.5 72.5 74.6
Seychelles 80.2 87.1 73.4 83.0 92.1
Tonga 80.9 87.3 84.7 79.0 78.6
Timor-Leste 81.0 81.6 82.8 84.7 88.2
Somalia 81.0 82.1 84.6 82.3 80.4
Belgium 82.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 82.5 83.5 84.5 86.0 87.7
Lesotho 83.0 94.4 99.9 100.1 103.3
Ireland 84.2 73.5 78.2 84.5 88.8
Madagascar 86.9 89.5 88.5 88.0 90.3
Grenada 89.4 93.4 89.8 88.7 84.1
West Bank and Gaza 90.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 91.1 95.6 100.1 105.8 111.9
Japan 91.8 92.0 94.6 97.0 99.2
Czech Republic 91.9
Italy 92.0 91.7 92.1 95.1 96.9
Faeroe Islands 92.8 92.8 92.8 87.3 93.3
Netherlands 93.0 96.8 99.1 102.4 104.6
Austria 93.1 94.1 95.5 95.7 100.2
Luxembourg 94.5
Antigua and Barbuda 94.8 87.0 84.6 87.8 86.6
Norway 94.9 97.6 100.9 99.0 98.6
Comoros 95.4 94.3 94.2 93.5 94.0
Suriname 97.2 95.5 103.2 106.4 118.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 97.5 212.4 207.2 204.8 192.8
Greenland 97.5 109.7 117.0 101.9 106.2
France 98.4 100.0 100.0 100.8 103.1
Croatia 98.4
Moldova 99.2
Greece 99.4 98.1 98.2 97.3 97.7
Swaziland 100.3 93.6 96.1 101.5 85.3
Switzerland 101.7 99.5 101.5 101.4 103.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 101.8
Lithuania 102.1
Montenegro 102.1
United Kingdom 105.4 103.8 105.5 108.7 106.9
Sweden 105.6 107.0 110.6 111.0 111.8
Iceland 106.9 107.9 106.8 106.4 104.9
Namibia 106.9 109.5 81.7 67.7 69.9
Bermuda 107.4 108.8 110.7 114.0 109.1
Kyrgyz Republic 108.2
Germany 112.4 112.9 111.1 115.2 117.1
Finland 112.5 113.6 112.9 114.8 115.6
Poland 114.0 98.7 100.8 102.3 105.4
Burundi 114.7 99.8 102.0 106.5 108.6
Ethiopia 114.7
Romania 114.9 111.8 104.7 108.4 117.3
Puerto Rico 115.5 113.2 110.1 108.7 109.3
Estonia 115.7
American Samoa 117.6 98.2 96.2 96.0 96.3
Latvia 118.1
Russian Federation 118.7
Kazakhstan 119.0
Armenia 120.5
Iraq 121.3 120.4 146.1 132.0 145.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina 122.0
Mongolia 123.6 125.7 126.0 125.7 126.7
Bahrain 126.9 86.8 130.1 113.4 141.3
Eritrea 130.5
Belarus 132.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 133.6 135.4 138.4 138.5 138.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 143.0 148.7 139.6 140.9 123.7
Azerbaijan 150.9
Hungary 154.7 156.5 166.1 170.7 173.8
Cuba 165.8 176.5 170.8 177.3 182.0
Guam 168.6 170.0 140.7 116.9 120.5
Bulgaria 218.3 222.6 230.0 237.7 243.2
Cayman Islands 258.0 261.0 261.0 261.0 184.3
Singapore 1,232.7 1,159.4 1,112.4 1,125.8 1,119.5
Tajikistan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Slovenia
Aruba
Palau
Macedonia, FYR
Serbia
South Sudan
Curacao
Turkmenistan
Slovak Republic
Turks and Caicos Islands
Uzbekistan
Isle of Man
Andorra
Marshall Islands
Monaco
Ukraine
San Marino
Middle East (developing only)
St. Martin (French part)

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