Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
China 18.6 19.3 20.6 21.5 24.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 20.4 21.7 23.7 25.5 26.7
Qatar 23.2 23.6 23.9 32.5 35.7
United Arab Emirates 19.0 20.9 24.0 28.5 30.0
Vietnam 18.6 22.6 25.1 28.3 29.8
Jordan 23.5 24.3 25.4 32.3 39.5
Saudi Arabia 20.0 19.9 25.7 34.4 39.6
Burkina Faso 25.5 25.7 27.0 29.8 30.5
Malaysia 24.2 25.5 27.4 29.9 31.6
Cambodia 15.2 18.3 28.1 31.0 35.8
Mauritius 28.0 27.1 28.9 29.0 27.9
Cabo Verde 19.1 22.1 30.2 23.2 22.8
Tuvalu 27.8 28.7 30.5 29.1 39.9
Ecuador 28.3 28.5 31.0 31.3 32.5
Myanmar 27.0 29.3 31.3 33.3 35.7
Brunei Darussalam 25.4 28.5 31.7 32.7 34.8
Lao PDR 29.0 31.1 31.8 33.6 36.0
Oman 25.8 26.8 32.6 35.1 33.2
Korea, Rep. 31.9 31.3 32.7 36.9 42.8
Brazil 31.9 32.9 33.3 34.4 35.0
Central African Republic 29.5 31.5 33.8 37.2 37.9
Pakistan 33.0 34.0 35.2 36.4 38.8
Kuwait 49.2 41.0 35.4 51.4 62.5
Belize 33.6 34.8 35.8 44.8 46.5
Indonesia 32.7 34.4 36.3 40.8 43.8
Philippines 38.4 38.6 37.1 39.3 40.1
Yemen, Rep. 36.7 37.1 38.2 39.7 42.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 35.0 36.5 38.5 39.7 40.9
Sao Tome and Principe 32.9 37.0 38.8 39.7 41.0
Tunisia 35.4 38.7 39.1 42.5 43.2
Guinea 38.9 39.2 39.4 40.2 39.9
Togo 36.0 36.9 39.8 38.6 41.2
Honduras 45.3 47.5 41.1 36.3 37.5
Sudan 39.4 42.5 41.2 41.1 37.2
Dominican Republic 42.1 41.5 41.9 44.7 45.5
Uganda 41.4 41.3 42.3 43.2 44.3
Bangladesh 40.7 41.7 43.0 44.2 44.2
Kenya 40.4 38.1 43.0 46.3 47.5
India 38.8 41.2 43.7 46.4 48.7
Algeria 37.2 38.6 43.9 46.8 48.8
Paraguay 43.4 44.3 43.9 46.2 47.8
Chile 40.2 44.7 43.9 42.3 40.6
Nicaragua 51.7 38.2 44.0 42.7 44.0
Congo, Rep. 42.3 43.6 44.9 46.0 46.3
Albania 42.9 44.9 45.1 45.6 44.4
Syrian Arab Republic 36.5 42.0 45.4 46.8 44.8
Cyprus 38.9 41.7 45.4 48.9 53.8
Djibouti 47.7 45.7 45.5 54.4 59.4
Tanzania 41.4 44.2 45.8 46.8 48.7
Guatemala 44.9 44.8 45.8 49.5 51.1
Cameroon 45.8 44.7 46.4 47.4 53.8
Jamaica 48.7 47.7 46.6 52.4 57.3
Morocco 41.2 46.9 47.0 44.0 43.8
Niger 46.2 46.6 47.2 47.4 42.0
Bahamas, The 36.5 52.8 47.2 45.8 48.4
El Salvador 56.4 49.9 47.5 44.4 48.9
Bolivia 49.0 47.5 47.8 49.3 46.9
Costa Rica 51.8 53.3 47.8 50.1 53.3
Peru 42.4 46.0 48.0 50.0 47.0
Israel 44.4 45.0 48.1 50.1 53.9
Guyana 61.5 60.5 49.0 36.5 35.1
Colombia 47.5 50.5 50.6 47.6 50.2
Rwanda 49.1 51.0 52.3 51.6 51.0
Mozambique 51.4 52.6 52.3 51.9 53.4
Panama 45.5 49.7 54.3 56.1 58.0
Mexico 51.0 53.9 55.3 58.6 56.5
Nigeria 54.5 51.6 55.4 60.2 62.1
Papua New Guinea 52.6 54.1 55.4 56.9 58.2
Libya 50.4 48.5 55.6 58.7 57.8
Malta 57.1 59.5 56.5 64.2 69.6
Lebanon 54.3 54.5 56.7 54.1 51.6
Venezuela, RB 53.9 56.3 57.7 62.0 60.7
Nepal 51.2 54.1 58.5 61.0 60.9
Zambia 56.4 55.6 58.5 54.8 51.6
Guinea-Bissau 55.3 57.1 58.7 59.7 61.0
Thailand 54.8 57.9 59.0 59.8 61.3
Kiribati 57.9 58.8 59.4 60.0 60.7
Senegal 53.9 58.8 60.2 58.3 57.2
Angola 57.2 58.3 60.8 61.7 62.7
Equatorial Guinea 56.1 59.0 60.9 61.3 62.5
New Caledonia 61.0 59.8 61.3 60.8 65.3
Dominica 55.9 58.2 61.6 64.4 66.0
Canada 60.2 60.6 62.6 62.1 63.6
Malawi 51.7 61.4 64.0 60.0 60.2
French Polynesia 70.3 68.2 64.3 63.1 74.2
Zimbabwe 63.9 59.5 64.4 65.9 70.1
Samoa 61.9 58.7 64.6 67.6 73.7
Haiti 60.3 60.0 64.6 66.6 68.1
Portugal 59.9 64.0 65.2 62.8 59.7
Cote d'Ivoire 58.4 63.2 65.4 67.7 69.4
Spain 62.0 64.0 65.8 66.1 66.7
Vanuatu 66.4 67.4 66.7 74.7 74.4
Mali 57.6 64.8 66.9 62.3 59.2
Fiji 67.4 70.2 68.0 68.7 69.0
Ghana 61.4 64.1 68.2 73.9 73.4
New Zealand 65.5 68.2 68.7 70.7 70.4
Trinidad and Tobago 50.1 52.4 68.9 65.6 65.7
South Africa 67.3 63.7 69.7 71.6 72.4
Turkey 66.3 71.2 69.7 68.3 80.2
Mauritania 69.9 71.6 69.8 67.4 64.7
Sri Lanka 70.1 73.4 69.9 73.6 78.3
Chad 67.2 68.6 70.1 67.7 53.3
Liberia 65.8 68.1 70.6 72.2 73.9
United States 70.4 71.8 71.3 73.6 73.3
Benin 65.7 67.3 71.6 79.4 84.5
Macao SAR, China 72.7 73.0 72.1 67.2 64.5
Uruguay 61.6 70.9 72.5 79.2 61.0
Gambia, The 73.6 72.7 72.7 72.7 71.3
Australia 73.3 71.6 72.7 73.5 69.4
Seychelles 80.2 87.1 73.4 83.0 92.1
Afghanistan 71.0 73.1 73.5 72.1 68.3
Liechtenstein 67.9 69.8 74.0 79.4 89.6
Argentina 79.8 81.7 74.5 72.5 74.6
St. Lucia 70.8 73.2 74.6 77.7 81.7
Gabon 77.0 77.1 77.1 77.7 79.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 73.5 76.5 77.4 81.6 83.0
Bhutan 73.7 75.5 78.0 81.0 83.9
Barbados 72.1 75.4 78.4 72.4 73.7
Ireland 84.7 73.9 78.7 84.9 89.2
Denmark 78.7 78.3 79.0 82.7 81.4
Solomon Islands 78.2 77.1 80.1 79.7 80.5
Namibia 106.9 109.5 81.7 67.7 69.9
Timor-Leste 81.0 81.6 82.8 84.7 88.2
Sierra Leone 76.7 79.9 83.2 81.3 78.4
Maldives 77.2 78.5 83.6 90.1 93.9
Antigua and Barbuda 93.6 85.9 83.8 87.1 85.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 82.5 83.5 84.5 86.0 87.7
Somalia 81.0 82.1 84.6 82.3 80.4
Tonga 80.9 87.3 84.7 79.0 78.6
Madagascar 86.9 89.5 88.5 88.0 90.3
Grenada 89.4 93.4 89.8 88.7 84.1
Italy 90.0 89.6 90.1 93.1 95.0
Austria 90.3 90.5 91.9 92.9 95.6
Faeroe Islands 92.8 92.8 92.8 87.3 93.3
Comoros 95.4 94.3 94.2 93.5 94.0
Japan 91.6 91.8 94.6 97.0 99.2
Swaziland 100.3 93.6 96.1 101.5 85.3
American Samoa 117.6 98.2 96.2 96.0 96.3
Botswana 69.4 89.7 97.3 90.5 102.1
Greece 99.6 98.3 98.3 97.3 97.8
Netherlands 93.1 97.0 99.3 102.6 104.7
France 98.2 99.8 99.8 100.4 102.7
Poland 112.8 97.5 99.9 101.4 104.5
Lesotho 83.0 94.4 99.9 100.1 103.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 91.1 95.6 100.1 105.8 111.9
Norway 97.0 99.7 103.0 101.0 100.4
Switzerland 104.0 102.4 103.5 104.0 105.4
Burundi 117.7 102.5 104.8 109.4 111.5
United Kingdom 105.6 104.0 105.7 108.9 107.2
Iceland 105.7 107.0 106.0 105.4 103.9
Romania 116.9 115.1 107.0 108.3 116.6
Sweden 105.0 106.4 110.0 110.5 111.6
Puerto Rico 115.5 113.2 110.1 108.7 109.3
Germany 111.5 112.3 110.5 115.3 117.1
Bermuda 107.4 108.8 110.7 114.0 109.1
Suriname 106.4 107.7 110.8 113.1 118.4
Finland 112.7 113.7 112.9 114.9 115.5
Greenland 97.5 109.7 117.0 101.9 106.2
Mongolia 124.0 126.3 126.5 126.1 127.0
Bahrain 126.9 86.8 130.1 113.4 141.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 133.6 135.4 138.5 138.5 138.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 143.0 148.7 139.6 140.9 123.7
Guam 168.6 170.0 140.7 116.9 120.5
Iraq 121.1 120.2 146.1 131.9 145.8
Hungary 153.0 154.1 163.1 167.7 170.7
Cuba 165.8 176.6 170.8 177.3 182.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 97.5 212.4 207.2 204.8 192.8
Bulgaria 229.9 234.7 242.4 250.4 255.8
Cayman Islands 258.0 261.0 261.0 261.0 184.3
Singapore 1,232.7 1,159.4 1,112.4 1,125.8 1,119.5
Isle of Man
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovenia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 101.8
Serbia
Bosnia and Herzegovina 122.0
Aruba
Slovak Republic
Macedonia, FYR
Belgium 82.0
Belarus 132.5
Tajikistan
Russian Federation 118.7
South Sudan
Croatia 98.4
Georgia 76.9
Montenegro 102.1
Marshall Islands
Palau
Curacao
Turks and Caicos Islands
Czech Republic 91.9
Lithuania 102.1
Armenia 120.5
San Marino
Turkmenistan
Kyrgyz Republic 108.2
Luxembourg 94.5
Uzbekistan
Ukraine
St. Martin (French part)
Latvia 118.1
Monaco
Kosovo
Azerbaijan 150.9
Eritrea 130.5
Estonia 115.7
Andorra
Ethiopia 114.7
West Bank and Gaza 90.7
Moldova 99.2
Kazakhstan 119.0
Northern Mariana Islands

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