Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Brunei Darussalam 28.7 20.8 24.6 39.2 38.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 29.2 50.7 54.1 55.8 58.0
Myanmar 31.4 25.4 26.1 27.3 28.2
Belize 33.1 52.1 52.7 58.5 57.0
China 37.1 40.1 44.2 48.0 53.0
Vietnam 37.6 38.6 38.3 42.5 43.9
Jordan 37.8 44.5 55.6 68.1 78.8
Ecuador 38.8 41.4 44.5 45.4 48.1
Guyana 38.9 37.5 38.6 48.9 51.7
Burkina Faso 39.6 54.8 57.1 57.9 60.1
United Arab Emirates 40.0 42.9 45.4 47.1 50.1
Guinea 40.1 43.1 45.6 48.7 52.5
Oman 41.2 40.6 40.6 40.4 47.2
Mauritius 42.1 45.5 45.4 51.4 55.1
Sudan 42.2 43.7 46.3 49.2 51.5
Nicaragua 42.7 45.2 40.4 44.7 52.3
Niger 42.7 46.3 47.2 51.0 53.5
Tuvalu 44.1 39.8 66.2 81.2 67.5
Brazil 44.2 44.9 49.0 51.6 53.4
Sao Tome and Principe 45.1 45.5 53.3 64.6 61.2
Uganda 46.6 53.2 55.4 56.6 59.1
Philippines 47.5 48.3 54.7 55.6 59.0
Cabo Verde 48.4 50.8 53.9 81.5 83.3
Honduras 48.4 52.2 53.9 55.5 54.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 49.1 52.5 55.1 59.0 62.3
Congo, Rep. 50.1 51.5 52.3 53.6 55.0
Lao PDR 50.3 49.8 49.3 55.6 62.2
Syrian Arab Republic 50.3 52.5 54.6 52.7 45.3
Chile 50.7 55.5 56.1 57.8 63.6
Malaysia 51.3 58.7 67.3 74.3 82.2
Jamaica 51.5 80.2 80.5 82.2 75.5
Saudi Arabia 51.6 56.9 60.6 62.2 60.8
Lebanon 52.1 54.4 57.7 58.5 59.7
Peru 52.4 55.2 57.3 59.1 57.8
Trinidad and Tobago 52.5 54.6 57.0 53.9 61.3
Albania 52.9 58.2 56.6 63.2 67.5
Pakistan 53.4 56.1 58.8 62.2 66.3
Mozambique 53.4 44.7 46.3 46.9 48.4
Central African Republic 53.5 54.4 57.0 60.4 62.4
Bangladesh 53.9 57.0 58.4 60.7 63.8
Guam 54.7 44.6 76.4 79.0 83.1
Mexico 54.9 59.8 62.9 64.9 69.4
Cambodia 55.6 53.7 56.1 65.7 68.7
Israel 55.7 56.5 59.7 61.9 64.4
Yemen, Rep. 55.9 50.5 53.4 56.3 60.4
Bolivia 56.7 64.7 61.4 58.7 60.6
Dominican Republic 57.0 58.5 62.2 65.0 68.8
Tunisia 57.2 58.5 61.2 63.8 68.5
Guatemala 57.5 59.7 55.3 54.8 59.8
Korea, Rep. 58.3 62.1 64.2 77.3 81.5
Rwanda 58.6 59.1 61.0 59.8 57.4
Indonesia 58.7 62.8 66.7 71.3 76.9
India 58.8 60.9 61.8 63.9 66.1
Nigeria 59.2 60.3 59.9 60.8 66.9
Panama 59.3 64.9 68.3 66.4 71.9
Tanzania 60.1 61.8 64.1 66.0 68.6
Mali 60.3 63.0 61.3 56.6 57.6
Afghanistan 60.4 70.9 72.5 72.6 77.4
Togo 61.8 65.5 64.1 61.3 61.8
El Salvador 62.3 62.0 65.5 66.6 69.2
Zambia 62.4 78.3 81.8 81.2 81.9
New Caledonia 62.8 73.1 78.7 85.1 91.1
Haiti 62.9 59.5 61.8 65.6 68.1
Colombia 63.3 68.2 70.4 66.4 68.6
Kiribati 63.9 64.5 65.1 65.7 66.3
Qatar 63.9 71.3 77.8 86.7 87.2
Bahamas, The 64.2 64.0 53.5 59.6 58.5
Venezuela, RB 64.4 71.2 70.3 75.8 81.4
Algeria 64.5 69.6 69.3 73.0 75.5
Paraguay 64.7 69.4 76.2 80.9 80.8
Kenya 64.8 63.5 63.6 63.1 62.0
Papua New Guinea 65.3 66.8 68.1 70.1 72.2
Malawi 65.6 67.8 71.3 72.5 72.3
Costa Rica 66.3 70.9 75.8 72.8 72.9
Canada 66.9 68.0 66.9 70.6 69.5
Angola 67.1 69.1 69.5 71.9 75.3
Libya 67.4 73.4 73.8 72.2 71.8
Nepal 67.6 70.7 72.0 72.2 72.8
Guinea-Bissau 68.8 70.7 73.4 75.9 77.8
Benin 68.9 70.3 69.2 71.1 73.0
Cyprus 68.9 69.8 70.0 72.6 81.2
Sri Lanka 69.2 75.3 79.5 88.2 92.0
Spain 69.4 72.3 76.0 75.4 76.6
Equatorial Guinea 69.7 72.0 73.5 75.0 76.5
Cameroon 70.0 73.2 73.8 74.4 76.3
South Africa 70.0 80.0 80.9 82.1 80.6
Thailand 70.1 74.3 84.7 94.4 95.7
Zimbabwe 70.1 75.6 74.0 79.9 70.4
Morocco 71.0 71.3 71.7 73.6 71.8
Macao SAR, China 71.1 71.4 71.4 71.4 72.5
New Zealand 71.6 67.6 72.0 73.0 74.3
Chad 72.6 74.3 77.1 79.2 75.5
Mauritania 73.1 79.3 80.4 77.2 71.1
Senegal 73.3 74.9 79.1 77.9 79.8
Uruguay 74.4 70.5 69.8 72.3 70.2
Argentina 76.8 84.3 82.4 81.1 85.7
Solomon Islands 76.8 77.8 83.5 83.8 86.4
Vanuatu 77.2 87.3 97.7 96.4 103.9
Cote d'Ivoire 77.3 80.9 82.2 85.1 92.2
Ghana 77.3 78.5 80.5 81.2 87.0
Kuwait 77.5 58.2 3.7 16.9 37.3
Gambia, The 77.8 76.2 78.7 80.7 82.3
United States 78.1 78.7 80.3 82.9 83.1
St. Lucia 78.2 78.8 80.7 82.6 83.1
Portugal 79.2 84.9 87.5 89.7 91.6
Australia 79.9 86.4 88.1 87.8 89.9
Liberia 80.3 79.4 79.5 80.0 83.3
Denmark 80.6 81.9 84.0 86.8 91.0
Malta 82.5 81.6 84.6 84.6 85.6
Turkey 83.7 83.2 84.4 83.2 85.0
Gabon 84.6 86.6 87.0 90.7 92.4
Grenada 84.7 89.5 87.2 83.4 74.9
Fiji 86.0 91.5 93.8 92.7 88.1
Ireland 87.7 96.9 98.0 98.4 100.3
Iceland 88.0 88.4 88.9 87.7 85.1
Antigua and Barbuda 88.3 92.0 89.0 95.8 93.7
Sierra Leone 88.4 89.8 91.2 92.7 96.0
Swaziland 88.6 87.0 111.8 112.4 118.7
Botswana 89.0 98.1 106.0 106.3 102.9
French Polynesia 89.4 91.5 93.2 92.7 90.8
Lesotho 89.9 84.7 83.7 94.6 97.8
Bhutan 91.8 98.0 98.2 88.0 87.0
Italy 92.9 97.0 97.5 98.6 97.4
Somalia 93.3 86.4 73.4 65.4 73.5
Austria 94.0 95.1 96.8 100.4 98.2
Namibia 95.0 89.2 95.6 100.2 100.7
Comoros 96.1 92.5 94.2 95.9 98.2
Samoa 96.4 98.8 93.1 89.7 86.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 96.8 97.9 99.0 79.5 71.1
Tonga 97.1 93.5 92.4 92.6 90.8
Faeroe Islands 97.2 97.3 98.0 99.0 100.0
Madagascar 97.3 99.5 100.6 101.3 102.3
France 97.7 99.0 102.3 102.5 101.4
Barbados 98.1 97.4 95.3 83.3 80.3
Timor-Leste 98.4 103.8 99.4 108.4 106.3
American Samoa 98.5 98.7 98.9 99.1 99.2
Greece 99.2 99.7 99.6 98.9 98.6
Dominica 99.4 99.3 93.6 98.6 99.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 100.0 99.5 96.3 100.3 101.3
Liechtenstein 100.6 99.0 98.9 96.8 94.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 101.0 93.3 101.1 96.8 95.4
Norway 101.4 103.0 97.8 99.7 100.0
Djibouti 101.5 95.6 67.6 71.9 66.3
Netherlands 101.5 105.9 105.6 109.5 109.9
Maldives 101.6 102.9 105.5 110.9 109.4
Sweden 103.4 103.1 96.0 95.2 100.9
Switzerland 104.2 102.9 105.6 103.3 103.7
Finland 104.5 107.3 101.3 98.6 95.6
United Kingdom 105.1 107.3 108.8 108.0 107.1
Romania 105.6 116.9 118.4 108.8 107.7
Greenland 105.8 106.2 111.4 111.7 111.4
Japan 108.0 107.4 107.2 108.6 108.3
Poland 113.0 114.0 106.6 99.5 92.6
Germany 114.9 114.5 107.5 97.3 95.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 115.5 109.7 105.8 104.9 106.1
Bermuda 116.1 130.2 122.4 119.4 110.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 122.1 124.2 128.1 127.3 121.5
Seychelles 123.9 125.0 125.0 118.8 128.1
Mongolia 130.8 132.8 145.5 128.1 113.3
Puerto Rico 131.4 132.8 134.3 127.5 124.2
Burundi 132.6 113.8 118.0 113.8 115.1
Bahrain 142.2 137.1 144.3 161.1 146.1
Suriname 153.6 163.7 156.6 147.5 136.9
Hungary 166.8 161.9 146.5 129.0 116.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 170.3 149.9 121.3 77.9 90.0
Cuba 189.1 185.9 152.9 120.5 114.0
Iraq 191.1 168.9 75.7 78.0 90.0
Bulgaria 261.5 250.9 211.9 207.6 176.8
Cayman Islands 343.7 210.5 99.0 108.3 99.0
Singapore 585.1 565.7 483.8 392.9 254.6
Azerbaijan 79.8 68.9
Serbia 109.1 105.7
Slovak Republic 139.1
Monaco
Bosnia and Herzegovina 92.2 89.6
Montenegro
South Sudan
Uzbekistan 83.7 87.2
Estonia 175.2 147.0
Curacao
Armenia 88.6 55.8
Lithuania 153.1 118.8
Belgium
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Isle of Man
Kazakhstan 147.6 153.6
St. Martin (French part)
Latvia 253.9 206.0
Aruba
Slovenia 75.2 90.2
Macedonia, FYR 97.6 98.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Croatia 106.2 96.8
Turks and Caicos Islands
Turkmenistan 49.0 56.4
Ethiopia 53.5
Andorra
Russian Federation 149.0 142.4
Ukraine 163.8 142.8
Kosovo
Moldova 198.8 163.1
Tajikistan 131.2 99.7
Belarus 122.7 113.7
Luxembourg
Kyrgyz Republic 108.5 104.5
Czech Republic 132.1
Georgia 77.9 73.3
Eritrea 63.5
West Bank and Gaza
Marshall Islands
San Marino
Palau

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