Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Kuwait 58.2 4.3 16.9 37.3 54.6
Brunei Darussalam 20.0 23.6 37.7 37.0 40.0
Myanmar 25.4 26.1 27.3 28.2 31.2
Vietnam 38.6 38.2 42.5 43.9 47.1
Guyana 37.1 38.2 48.4 51.2 55.8
Nicaragua 44.8 40.1 44.4 51.8 50.6
Oman 40.2 40.2 40.0 46.7 53.7
China 40.1 44.2 48.0 53.0 59.3
Mauritius 45.5 45.4 51.4 55.1 58.8
United Arab Emirates 42.9 45.4 47.1 50.1 57.5
Guinea 43.1 45.6 48.7 52.5 55.8
Mozambique 44.7 46.3 46.9 48.4 48.1
Sudan 43.8 46.4 49.2 51.6 56.2
Niger 46.3 47.2 51.0 53.5 55.0
Brazil 44.9 49.0 51.6 53.4 56.5
Lao PDR 49.9 49.4 55.8 62.4 61.2
Congo, Rep. 51.5 52.3 53.6 55.0 56.0
Belize 52.1 52.7 58.5 57.0 55.8
Sao Tome and Principe 45.5 53.3 64.6 61.2 61.6
Yemen, Rep. 50.5 53.4 56.3 60.4 62.5
Bahamas, The 64.0 53.5 59.6 58.5 50.7
Honduras 52.2 53.9 55.5 54.6 70.3
Cabo Verde 50.8 53.9 81.5 83.3 66.7
Ecuador 51.1 53.9 55.5 59.2 64.2
Albania 55.5 54.0 60.6 65.4 77.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 50.7 54.1 55.8 58.0 59.6
Syrian Arab Republic 52.5 54.6 52.7 45.3 49.1
Philippines 48.2 54.7 55.5 59.5 61.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 52.5 55.1 59.0 62.3 66.2
Guatemala 59.7 55.3 54.8 59.8 63.6
Uganda 53.2 55.4 56.6 59.1 57.2
Jordan 44.5 55.6 68.1 78.8 73.8
Cambodia 53.7 56.1 65.7 68.7 67.6
Chile 55.7 56.4 58.1 63.9 69.3
Trinidad and Tobago 54.6 57.0 53.9 61.3 55.5
Central African Republic 54.4 57.0 60.4 62.4 63.1
Burkina Faso 54.8 57.1 57.9 60.1 64.9
Peru 55.1 57.3 59.0 57.8 58.5
Lebanon 54.4 57.7 58.5 59.7 60.1
Bangladesh 57.0 58.4 60.7 63.8 67.7
Pakistan 55.9 58.6 61.9 66.0 69.8
Israel 56.7 59.8 62.0 64.5 69.1
Nigeria 60.3 59.9 60.8 66.9 72.7
Saudi Arabia 56.9 60.6 62.2 60.8 62.6
Rwanda 59.1 61.0 59.8 57.4 54.4
Tunisia 58.5 61.2 63.8 68.6 71.3
Mali 62.9 61.2 56.6 57.5 58.5
Bolivia 64.7 61.4 58.7 60.6 65.5
India 60.9 61.7 63.9 66.1 68.4
Haiti 59.5 61.8 65.6 68.1 69.4
Dominican Republic 58.5 62.2 65.0 68.8 68.3
Mexico 59.8 62.9 64.9 69.4 70.8
Kenya 63.5 63.6 63.0 62.0 62.3
Togo 65.5 64.1 61.3 61.8 61.0
Korea, Rep. 62.1 64.2 77.3 81.5 83.6
Kiribati 64.5 65.1 65.7 66.3 66.5
El Salvador 62.0 65.5 66.6 69.2 70.8
Tuvalu 39.8 66.2 81.2 67.5 73.5
Indonesia 62.8 66.7 71.3 76.8 82.4
Canada 68.1 67.0 70.7 69.6 71.4
Malaysia 58.7 67.2 74.2 82.1 86.7
Djibouti 95.6 67.6 71.9 66.3 71.5
Papua New Guinea 66.8 68.1 70.0 72.2 74.2
Panama 64.9 68.3 66.4 71.9 71.2
Benin 70.3 69.2 71.1 73.0 78.4
Algeria 69.6 69.3 73.0 75.5 77.2
Uruguay 70.3 69.6 72.3 70.2 80.5
Angola 69.2 69.7 72.0 75.5 73.4
Cyprus 69.7 70.0 72.5 81.2 86.1
Venezuela, RB 71.5 70.6 76.1 81.7 77.2
Colombia 68.7 71.0 67.0 69.2 73.1
Malawi 67.8 71.3 72.5 72.3 67.5
Morocco 70.8 71.4 73.2 71.1 68.9
Macao SAR, China 71.4 71.4 71.4 72.5 68.9
Nepal 70.7 72.0 72.2 72.8 76.3
New Zealand 68.0 72.4 73.3 74.5 77.4
Afghanistan 70.8 72.5 72.5 77.3 85.3
Libya 72.3 72.7 71.1 70.7 75.9
Guinea-Bissau 70.7 73.4 75.9 77.8 79.0
Somalia 86.4 73.4 65.4 73.5 82.0
Tanzania 70.8 73.5 75.7 78.6 78.3
Equatorial Guinea 72.0 73.5 75.0 76.5 78.1
Cameroon 73.2 73.8 74.4 76.3 74.3
Zimbabwe 75.6 74.0 79.9 70.4 69.7
Costa Rica 70.9 75.8 72.8 72.9 80.8
Iraq 168.6 75.9 77.8 89.9 93.3
Paraguay 69.4 76.2 80.9 80.8 74.8
Spain 72.5 76.4 75.7 76.8 77.3
Guam 44.6 76.4 79.0 83.1 84.1
Chad 74.3 77.1 79.2 75.5 75.7
Qatar 71.3 77.8 86.7 87.2 88.6
Gambia, The 76.2 78.7 80.7 82.3 84.3
Senegal 74.9 79.1 77.9 79.8 81.4
Liberia 79.4 79.5 80.0 83.3 86.3
Sri Lanka 75.3 79.5 88.2 92.0 98.9
New Caledonia 74.0 79.6 86.0 92.1 98.5
Mauritania 79.3 80.4 77.2 71.1 70.4
United States 78.8 80.4 82.9 83.2 87.0
Jamaica 80.2 80.5 82.2 75.5 73.3
Ghana 78.5 80.5 81.2 87.0 84.2
St. Lucia 78.8 80.7 82.6 83.1 86.3
South Africa 79.8 81.3 82.4 81.7 78.6
Zambia 78.3 81.8 81.2 81.9 82.2
Cote d'Ivoire 80.9 82.2 85.1 92.2 94.0
Argentina 84.3 82.4 81.1 85.7 89.5
Solomon Islands 77.8 83.5 83.8 86.4 85.4
Lesotho 84.7 83.7 94.6 97.8 91.2
Denmark 82.0 84.1 86.9 91.1 91.2
Malta 81.1 84.2 84.2 85.1 89.5
Turkey 83.2 84.4 83.2 85.0 88.2
Gabon 86.6 87.0 90.7 92.4 93.1
Grenada 89.5 87.2 83.4 74.9 81.0
Portugal 84.9 87.5 89.7 91.6 90.4
Australia 86.4 88.1 87.8 89.9 92.2
Thailand 80.8 89.5 99.6 101.1 102.7
Iceland 88.9 89.8 88.8 84.9 87.0
Antigua and Barbuda 93.0 90.0 98.2 97.4 99.1
Sierra Leone 89.8 91.2 92.7 96.0 99.1
Tonga 93.5 92.4 92.6 90.8 90.2
French Polynesia 91.5 93.2 92.7 90.8 93.6
Dominica 99.3 93.6 98.6 99.1 101.8
Fiji 91.5 93.8 92.7 88.1 93.4
Comoros 92.5 94.2 95.9 98.2 100.2
Barbados 97.4 95.3 83.3 80.3 84.6
Namibia 89.2 95.6 100.2 100.7 105.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 99.5 96.3 100.3 101.3 102.6
Sweden 103.4 96.3 95.5 101.4 104.0
Samoa 102.2 96.3 92.8 89.2 97.0
Liechtenstein 97.7 97.6 95.6 92.8 93.6
Vanuatu 87.3 97.7 96.4 103.9 111.2
Faeroe Islands 97.3 98.0 99.0 100.0 99.9
Bhutan 98.0 98.2 88.0 87.0 90.7
Ireland 96.4 98.3 100.9 103.1 97.2
Italy 98.3 98.9 100.8 99.8 100.7
American Samoa 98.7 98.9 99.1 99.2 99.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 97.9 99.0 79.5 71.1 65.4
Cayman Islands 210.5 99.0 108.3 99.0 108.3
Austria 97.3 99.1 101.7 99.1 104.8
Norway 101.0 99.2 101.2 100.9 103.5
Timor-Leste 103.8 99.4 108.4 106.3 100.1
Greece 99.7 99.6 98.8 98.6 98.7
Madagascar 99.5 100.6 101.3 102.3 103.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 93.3 101.1 96.8 95.4 94.2
Finland 107.5 101.7 98.8 96.0 98.0
France 100.1 103.3 103.7 102.5 102.4
Maldives 102.9 105.5 110.9 109.4 114.6
Switzerland 103.8 105.8 103.9 103.7 99.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 109.7 105.8 104.9 106.1 108.7
Netherlands 106.3 105.9 111.7 110.2 109.5
Botswana 98.1 106.0 106.3 102.9 92.6
Japan 107.4 107.2 108.6 108.4 105.9
Poland 115.5 108.2 101.1 94.3 88.1
Germany 115.4 108.8 98.7 96.9 94.3
United Kingdom 107.3 108.8 108.1 107.2 110.5
Greenland 106.2 111.4 111.7 111.4 105.0
Swaziland 87.0 111.8 112.4 118.7 109.9
Burundi 110.8 114.9 110.8 112.0 104.0
Romania 113.8 114.9 105.7 104.6 108.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 149.9 121.3 77.9 90.0 49.7
Bermuda 130.2 122.4 119.4 110.9 103.0
Seychelles 125.0 125.0 118.8 128.1 148.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 124.2 128.1 127.3 121.5 125.7
Puerto Rico 132.8 134.3 127.5 124.2 122.1
Mongolia 132.7 144.2 127.5 113.3 109.5
Bahrain 137.1 144.3 161.1 146.1 144.5
Hungary 169.1 152.4 135.4 122.5 114.6
Cuba 185.9 152.9 120.5 114.0 119.5
Suriname 163.3 156.3 147.3 136.7 107.8
Bulgaria 238.1 201.8 197.0 167.7 143.6
Singapore 565.7 483.8 392.9 254.6 187.6
Georgia 78.0 73.7 79.8
Croatia 106.2 96.8 89.5
Belarus 126.2 114.6 109.1
South Sudan
Palau
Slovenia 77.0 93.0 98.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Montenegro
Estonia 156.6 131.1 115.2
Kyrgyz Republic 108.6 106.0 95.2
Luxembourg
Serbia 109.1 105.7 105.7
Turkmenistan 36.8 45.9 46.0
St. Martin (French part)
Ukraine 170.6 152.1 148.8
Curacao
Kazakhstan 146.4 154.7 143.8
Russian Federation 158.8 150.8 137.7
Ethiopia 53.5 53.9
Marshall Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Isle of Man
Belgium
Macedonia, FYR 97.9 98.0 99.9
Lithuania 160.6 124.5 108.0
Eritrea 63.5 69.8
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina 95.6 88.8 76.1
Moldova 208.8 174.3 156.2
Taiwan, China
Azerbaijan 72.4 62.6 58.6
Tajikistan 113.8 86.6 83.8
Monaco
Aruba
Uzbekistan 77.5 80.6 80.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 138.9 126.9
Armenia 82.3 72.3 72.6
San Marino
West Bank and Gaza 69.5
Latvia 246.6 195.7 145.2
Andorra
Czech Republic 132.1 110.7

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