Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Myanmar 33.4 36.2 37.9 41.0 43.9
Brunei Darussalam 41.4 32.7 48.3 59.4 76.3
Nicaragua 48.0 48.6 51.4 50.8 64.8
Rwanda 49.1 53.7 56.4 65.2 72.8
Vietnam 49.5 51.4 56.3 59.0 63.6
Niger 54.9 67.0 67.6 70.9 74.0
Ethiopia 55.0 60.1 61.0 62.3 64.7
Guyana 55.8 70.1 70.8 68.1 69.0
Togo 56.1 60.4 68.3 72.1 75.9
Belize 56.2 58.6 60.4 58.7 63.3
Oman 56.3 53.9 55.4 65.2 68.3
Ecuador 56.6 63.7 66.1 63.3 66.7
Syrian Arab Republic 56.9 59.6 63.6 70.1 70.6
Armenia 57.0 68.0 67.5 71.0 72.4
Congo, Rep. 57.1 58.1 60.0 65.4 67.9
Turkmenistan 57.4 56.9 61.4 66.2 70.3
Uganda 58.6 59.6 60.5 62.8 64.8
Mauritius 59.9 62.4 62.4 56.1 71.1
United Arab Emirates 60.0 68.8 70.6 71.2 75.6
Lebanon 60.2 64.0 74.0 78.1 80.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 60.3 55.3 45.9 54.8 65.5
Azerbaijan 60.3 61.8 69.8 74.5 77.7
Sudan 60.4 61.4 65.1 71.2 77.5
Kuwait 60.4 69.6 73.2 79.9 85.9
Mali 60.5 61.9 63.5 66.3 68.9
Yemen, Rep. 60.9 65.6 68.7 70.2 72.7
Guinea 61.0 64.0 67.0 70.4 73.9
Trinidad and Tobago 61.2 61.5 56.7 55.1 60.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 62.1 69.1 77.3 78.8 79.0
Sao Tome and Principe 62.2 67.7 70.5 72.9 77.0
Brazil 62.2 66.5 67.0 68.4 74.1
Peru 62.3 66.1 72.3 73.5 78.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 62.8 69.9 74.8 88.1 103.6
Kenya 63.0 63.3 66.3 66.2 71.8
Saudi Arabia 63.8 65.3 75.8 82.3 80.3
Philippines 64.0 69.0 73.4 76.5 80.4
Haiti 64.5 70.1 71.9 78.1 78.5
China 65.0 68.5 70.8 76.3 79.3
Burkina Faso 65.4 67.2 69.0 70.4 72.0
Central African Republic 65.9 77.9 70.7 72.1 73.0
Kiribati 66.5 69.0 69.1 69.4 69.0
Guatemala 66.8 69.4 72.7 71.8 71.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 67.2 45.1 61.1 77.9 72.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 67.4 71.3 73.5 76.0 77.3
Israel 68.6 69.7 70.8 68.1 71.5
Honduras 68.9 76.6 75.0 77.2 76.4
Macao SAR, China 69.1 66.8 66.8 79.7 94.7
El Salvador 69.3 70.8 80.6 79.8 81.0
Bolivia 69.7 72.4 75.1 77.3 79.2
Cambodia 69.8 72.7 77.7 79.1 82.7
Dominican Republic 69.9 72.2 73.3 74.0 73.6
Angola 70.2 81.3 87.5 91.3 91.8
Eritrea 70.6 77.9 78.5 85.3 86.5
Bangladesh 70.8 74.6 79.1 78.4 80.4
Zimbabwe 71.6 72.9 74.3 83.6 89.1
Tuvalu 71.7 74.7 88.4 90.3 90.8
Paraguay 71.7 77.3 86.5 90.5 87.8
India 71.8 74.3 76.4 79.1 82.5
Malawi 72.1 86.7 76.1 80.7 82.8
Morocco 72.4 70.1 82.7 78.1 87.5
Lao PDR 72.9 67.7 71.9 74.2 87.2
Mauritania 73.3 78.0 77.7 80.5 82.7
Chile 73.4 75.6 79.2 82.1 80.4
Djibouti 73.7 68.8 72.0 73.8 74.4
South Africa 74.0 73.9 77.7 75.9 78.7
Pakistan 74.0 75.9 79.6 80.6 83.1
Nigeria 74.3 76.1 78.5 85.4 88.8
Jamaica 74.7 79.4 80.9 84.2 90.4
Canada 74.7 79.6 81.8 86.0 88.0
West Bank and Gaza 74.9 72.3 76.4 80.4 92.7
Tanzania 75.9 66.5 67.3 70.3 82.0
Tunisia 76.1 78.2 81.1 88.5 95.9
Papua New Guinea 76.2 77.8 79.6 81.3 82.6
Zambia 76.3 76.8 83.2 87.2 91.8
Mexico 76.3 69.9 73.4 77.8 82.8
Cameroon 76.4 80.0 76.8 80.9 87.3
Venezuela, RB 76.4 81.8 87.6 86.5 90.2
Benin 76.7 79.3 80.3 84.5 82.7
Nepal 78.1 79.3 83.5 86.0 88.1
Panama 78.1 80.7 89.4 97.0 92.5
Jordan 78.2 81.0 84.3 81.6 84.8
New Zealand 78.3 80.0 85.0 85.9 81.0
Uruguay 78.6 84.1 91.7 92.3 90.6
Colombia 78.8 78.9 80.5 84.0 81.4
Indonesia 79.5 83.4 83.1 72.8 68.7
Chad 79.7 81.3 91.0 91.1 91.3
Spain 79.8 82.9 85.0 92.5 94.8
Algeria 79.9 80.7 79.4 84.0 84.3
Equatorial Guinea 80.1 83.1 83.8 89.3 91.5
Senegal 80.1 79.5 81.7 81.4 86.3
Guinea-Bissau 80.4 82.9 85.6 87.0 88.8
Ghana 82.7 82.7 83.9 80.8 84.5
Grenada 82.8 79.4 78.4 75.9 83.1
Samoa 83.0 90.9 91.6 90.8 91.3
Uzbekistan 83.5 78.8 80.3 85.5 81.4
Gambia, The 83.5 81.5 83.7 82.8 83.3
Iraq 83.7 85.9 94.5 95.1 106.9
Guam 84.0 83.9 85.5 83.2 86.3
Croatia 85.1 83.7 82.9 84.3 88.5
St. Lucia 85.2 80.9 80.8 80.9 88.6
Turkey 85.6 86.5 90.3 90.6 92.2
Korea, Rep. 86.1 93.1 98.4 101.4 106.1
Libya 86.2 90.6 91.1 96.4 94.4
Costa Rica 86.4 86.1 83.5 85.2 91.4
Solomon Islands 86.7 87.6 83.7 90.1 89.5
Iceland 86.7 84.5 86.4 86.8 92.0
Malta 86.8 104.7 109.0 115.5 115.1
Liberia 86.9 90.0 92.4 93.8 95.5
Kyrgyz Republic 87.5 89.5 89.8 92.5 96.4
Bahamas, The 87.6 117.2 96.3 145.7 143.6
Georgia 87.9 93.5 99.0 93.7 93.6
Somalia 88.1 89.8 93.8 92.1 90.5
Lithuania 88.3 87.0 87.5 89.1 80.8
Malaysia 88.3 88.3 88.8 89.2 80.0
Tajikistan 88.6 65.0 55.6 58.0 63.2
United States 88.7 89.7 90.8 92.3 95.8
Poland 88.7 92.2 92.0 97.1 95.9
Burundi 89.4 84.5 78.9 84.2 101.7
Albania 89.6 93.9 82.8 81.2 84.8
Barbados 89.6 96.1 89.1 88.4 92.2
Argentina 89.9 88.6 89.7 86.7 95.0
Cyprus 90.9 93.4 99.6 97.3 101.0
Gabon 91.3 94.1 97.6 100.2 102.1
Denmark 91.5 91.5 92.4 95.8 96.1
Tonga 91.6 93.8 86.2 92.3 96.2
Cabo Verde 91.7 63.6 75.7 88.0 89.8
New Caledonia 91.7 102.1 101.0 102.2 104.6
Australia 91.8 92.8 97.5 99.3 103.7
Afghanistan 91.9 101.2 110.6 118.3 124.2
Portugal 92.5 93.6 96.3 99.3 101.0
Thailand 93.4 95.1 96.2 94.2 88.9
Belarus 93.8 92.0 92.0 98.8 90.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 94.2 95.3 95.2 97.3 93.4
Slovenia 94.4 102.7 102.8 101.3 99.7
Timor-Leste 94.4 79.2 101.4 103.4 89.3
Fiji 94.5 96.2 95.7 94.3 91.9
Finland 94.9 94.8 97.1 96.8 95.4
Lesotho 95.3 81.0 88.2 80.5 98.0
Germany 95.4 96.3 96.4 97.1 98.9
Cote d'Ivoire 95.7 95.1 102.8 85.9 86.9
Macedonia, FYR 95.7 92.7 90.6 88.5 92.3
Liechtenstein 95.8 94.0 92.2 92.2 90.3
Bermuda 96.9 92.3 93.9 96.5 97.8
Mozambique 97.1 100.7 102.2 103.7 105.0
Bhutan 97.6 101.3 102.1 103.4 109.3
Sierra Leone 98.1 94.2 91.3 91.1 89.1
French Polynesia 98.3 87.3 87.2 88.1 97.6
Ireland 98.4 99.2 98.2 101.8 108.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 98.5 99.6 98.5 98.5 100.1
Comoros 98.6 98.5 93.9 99.1 102.9
Qatar 99.2 101.3 94.5 80.8 87.7
Antigua and Barbuda 99.3 95.9 94.8 94.1 93.8
Swaziland 99.7 97.2 79.9 80.3 74.6
American Samoa 99.8 99.8 99.8 99.6 99.6
Italy 99.8 102.0 101.7 100.2 102.9
Faeroe Islands 100.0 99.4 100.0 100.0 99.8
Greenland 100.1 101.2 93.2 91.8 93.5
Greece 100.5 99.6 95.7 95.6 94.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 100.6 102.0 104.3 104.9 103.0
Norway 100.9 104.6 103.0 102.0 108.9
Austria 100.9 104.3 105.0 106.9 107.2
Dominica 101.1 103.7 103.7 105.5 105.3
Sri Lanka 101.6 99.4 99.5 82.2 80.8
Switzerland 101.6 98.9 97.7 101.4 97.8
Namibia 101.7 110.1 58.2 95.9 93.4
Sweden 102.7 102.3 105.2 104.3 105.4
Romania 103.2 100.3 100.2 95.0 96.5
Suriname 103.7 97.0 106.5 92.3 97.6
France 103.9 105.3 106.1 106.0 104.9
Japan 104.0 102.9 102.5 101.7 101.5
Madagascar 106.0 107.2 108.6 106.1 104.7
Hungary 106.3 111.7 106.9 109.5 110.3
Vanuatu 107.7 105.6 109.3 104.2 111.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 107.9 104.4 107.0 104.0 106.1
Netherlands 108.4 109.9 97.8 106.0 107.6
United Kingdom 111.3 104.1 104.9 106.9 105.8
Czech Republic 112.0 109.8 107.3 110.0 105.8
Estonia 113.5 103.1 97.6 92.3 99.5
Botswana 113.8 101.1 96.0 94.2 80.2
Russian Federation 113.9 107.9 99.4 99.7 94.9
Mongolia 115.7 131.3 124.1 138.0 151.1
Serbia 117.1 122.5 116.9 117.9 109.9
Cayman Islands 117.6 108.3 145.4 117.6 126.9
Cuba 118.3 121.8 111.0 118.9 125.9
Kazakhstan 119.0 102.2 89.4 82.5 81.1
Maldives 119.9 106.1 111.9 115.8 128.7
Slovak Republic 120.6 122.5 123.2 117.9 113.8
Puerto Rico 122.7 116.8 116.2 117.0 108.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 126.8 128.2 129.9 135.4 140.4
Ukraine 131.5 116.5 102.6 97.6 96.6
Bahrain 134.9 127.8 124.6 124.5 126.4
Latvia 136.4 112.4 110.0 104.8 89.7
Moldova 140.7 126.4 119.8 105.9 103.7
Bulgaria 151.9 157.8 145.7 152.4 158.0
Seychelles 171.5 156.6 185.0 167.8 170.6
Singapore 184.7 146.6 204.1 177.8 190.1
Monaco
Aruba
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
South Sudan
Palau
Belgium
Andorra
Marshall Islands
Kosovo
St. Martin (French part)
Isle of Man
Montenegro
Curacao
Luxembourg
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands

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