Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Myanmar 36.2 37.9 41.0 43.9 50.2
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 55.3 45.9 54.8 65.5 77.7
Brunei Darussalam 31.5 46.4 57.1 73.3 83.4
Tajikistan 56.5 48.3 50.4 54.9 55.6
Turkmenistan 49.8 49.4 53.9 58.2 64.5
Nicaragua 48.2 51.0 50.4 64.8 78.6
Oman 53.3 54.8 64.5 67.6 61.6
Vietnam 51.4 56.3 59.0 63.6 68.2
Rwanda 53.7 56.4 65.2 72.8 72.4
Trinidad and Tobago 61.5 56.7 55.1 60.2 75.0
Namibia 110.1 58.2 95.9 93.4 87.0
Congo, Rep. 58.1 60.0 65.4 67.9 67.2
Belize 58.6 60.4 58.7 63.3 64.5
Uganda 59.6 60.5 62.8 64.8 66.6
Ethiopia 60.1 61.0 62.3 64.7 64.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 45.8 61.0 77.2 71.3 74.2
Mauritius 62.4 62.4 56.1 71.1 72.7
Mali 61.8 63.5 66.2 68.8 71.8
Syrian Arab Republic 59.6 63.6 70.1 70.6 74.9
Sudan 61.5 65.1 71.3 77.6 82.8
Kenya 63.3 66.3 66.2 71.8 69.4
Azerbaijan 61.8 66.7 72.0 76.2 78.6
Macao SAR, China 66.8 66.8 79.7 94.7 106.4
Guinea 64.0 67.0 70.4 73.9 77.9
Brazil 66.5 67.0 68.4 74.1 77.6
Niger 67.0 67.6 70.9 74.0 79.6
Togo 60.4 68.3 72.1 75.9 82.3
Yemen, Rep. 65.6 68.7 70.2 72.7 80.5
Burkina Faso 67.2 69.0 70.4 72.0 75.8
Kiribati 69.0 69.1 69.4 69.0 77.3
Guyana 69.4 70.1 67.4 68.3 67.8
Sao Tome and Principe 67.7 70.5 72.9 77.0 85.2
United Arab Emirates 68.8 70.6 71.2 75.6 79.8
Central African Republic 77.9 70.7 72.1 73.0 88.3
Israel 69.8 70.8 68.1 71.6 87.2
China 68.5 70.8 76.3 79.3 84.0
Lao PDR 67.8 71.9 74.3 87.3 83.1
Haiti 70.1 71.9 78.1 78.5 92.8
Djibouti 68.8 72.0 73.8 74.4 81.9
Peru 66.1 72.2 73.6 78.9 83.8
Guatemala 69.4 72.7 71.7 71.9 73.1
Kuwait 69.6 73.2 79.9 85.9 84.4
Dominican Republic 72.2 73.3 74.0 73.6 80.5
Mexico 69.9 73.4 77.8 82.8 86.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 71.3 73.6 76.0 77.3 81.2
Philippines 69.4 73.8 76.8 80.6 84.2
Lebanon 64.0 74.0 78.1 80.2 86.6
Zimbabwe 72.9 74.3 83.6 89.1 96.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 69.9 74.8 88.1 103.6 107.0
Honduras 76.6 75.0 77.2 76.4 77.6
Bolivia 72.4 75.1 77.3 79.2 80.1
Uzbekistan 73.8 75.2 79.2 76.1 78.7
Cabo Verde 63.6 75.7 88.0 89.8 83.7
Saudi Arabia 65.3 75.8 82.3 80.3 88.7
Malawi 86.7 76.1 80.7 82.8 93.1
India 74.3 76.4 79.1 82.5 84.5
West Bank and Gaza 72.3 76.4 80.4 92.7 91.4
Armenia 75.7 76.5 78.9 78.8 79.9
Cameroon 80.0 76.8 80.9 87.3 86.5
Burundi 82.3 76.9 82.0 99.0 89.9
Tanzania 76.2 77.1 80.5 93.9 88.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 69.1 77.3 78.8 79.0 81.7
Cambodia 72.7 77.7 79.1 82.7 91.1
Mauritania 78.0 77.7 80.5 82.7 86.5
Grenada 79.4 78.4 75.9 83.1 83.1
Nigeria 76.1 78.5 85.4 88.8 86.3
Eritrea 77.9 78.5 85.3 86.5 87.5
Albania 90.0 78.9 80.0 84.5 89.1
South Africa 75.1 78.9 77.4 80.0 89.6
Bangladesh 74.6 79.1 78.4 80.4 82.4
Algeria 80.7 79.4 84.0 84.3 89.8
Chile 76.0 79.5 82.3 80.6 83.1
Pakistan 76.0 79.6 80.6 83.1 85.6
Papua New Guinea 77.8 79.6 81.3 82.6 84.0
Swaziland 97.2 79.9 80.3 74.6 88.3
Benin 79.3 80.3 84.5 82.7 82.8
El Salvador 70.8 80.6 79.8 81.0 90.1
St. Lucia 80.9 80.8 80.9 88.6 77.9
Jamaica 79.4 80.9 84.2 90.4 91.4
Tunisia 78.2 81.1 88.5 95.9 101.0
Colombia 79.7 81.2 84.8 82.2 86.1
Senegal 79.5 81.7 81.4 86.3 92.3
Canada 79.7 81.9 86.1 88.1 89.1
Croatia 83.7 82.9 84.3 88.5 77.2
Morocco 69.7 82.9 77.9 87.2 87.7
Indonesia 83.3 83.0 72.8 68.7 74.4
Zambia 76.8 83.2 87.2 91.8 90.7
Nepal 79.3 83.5 86.0 88.1 89.2
Costa Rica 86.1 83.5 85.2 91.4 91.4
Solomon Islands 87.6 83.7 90.1 89.5 90.2
Gambia, The 81.5 83.7 82.8 83.3 84.6
Ecuador 73.9 83.8 81.6 85.1 90.5
Equatorial Guinea 83.1 83.8 89.3 91.5 92.6
Ghana 82.7 83.9 80.8 84.5 92.4
Jordan 81.0 84.3 81.6 84.8 86.5
Spain 83.1 85.1 92.4 94.8 95.3
New Zealand 80.2 85.2 86.1 81.0 86.7
Guam 83.9 85.5 83.2 86.3 92.0
Guinea-Bissau 82.9 85.6 87.0 88.8 89.8
Tonga 93.8 86.2 92.3 96.2 99.4
Iceland 84.7 86.3 88.2 92.9 96.5
Paraguay 77.3 86.5 90.5 87.8 91.2
Kazakhstan 99.4 87.0 80.6 80.6 80.9
French Polynesia 87.3 87.2 88.1 97.6 96.7
Angola 81.5 87.7 91.6 92.1 97.1
Venezuela, RB 82.2 88.0 86.9 90.7 97.0
Lesotho 81.0 88.2 80.5 98.0 95.3
Tuvalu 74.7 88.4 90.3 90.8 90.8
Malaysia 88.2 88.7 89.1 79.9 78.1
Barbados 96.1 89.1 88.4 92.2 85.3
Panama 80.7 89.4 97.0 92.5 95.1
Kyrgyz Republic 89.0 89.5 92.6 97.4 99.3
Argentina 88.6 89.7 86.7 95.0 93.9
Libya 89.2 89.7 95.0 93.0 90.9
Macedonia, FYR 92.0 90.0 88.0 90.5 94.2
Turkey 86.5 90.3 90.6 92.2 91.5
United States 89.8 90.8 92.3 95.8 97.5
Chad 81.3 91.0 91.1 91.3 90.1
Sierra Leone 94.2 91.3 91.1 89.1 76.7
Uruguay 84.0 91.6 92.4 90.7 89.5
Liberia 90.0 92.4 93.8 95.5 100.8
Denmark 91.5 92.5 95.9 96.1 95.3
Poland 93.3 93.0 98.1 96.8 93.7
Greenland 101.2 93.2 91.8 93.5 91.2
Somalia 89.8 93.8 92.1 90.5 89.9
Comoros 98.5 93.9 99.1 102.9 99.0
Bermuda 92.3 93.9 96.5 97.8 99.2
Qatar 101.3 94.5 80.8 87.7 99.0
Belarus 92.9 94.7 98.1 92.0 84.9
Samoa 94.1 94.8 94.0 94.4 97.0
Iraq 86.2 94.9 95.7 107.5 123.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 95.3 95.2 97.3 93.4 94.1
Fiji 96.2 95.7 94.3 91.9 92.3
Greece 99.6 95.7 95.7 94.4 93.4
Antigua and Barbuda 97.5 95.8 95.0 95.4 98.4
Botswana 101.1 96.0 94.2 80.2 88.7
Bahamas, The 117.2 96.3 145.7 143.6 80.0
Portugal 93.6 96.3 99.3 101.0 101.4
Liechtenstein 96.4 96.8 98.7 94.7 96.3
Germany 97.1 97.0 97.7 99.4 98.5
Finland 95.1 97.3 96.9 95.4 95.3
Australia 92.8 97.5 99.3 103.7 104.2
Gabon 94.1 97.6 100.2 102.1 102.1
Estonia 97.2 97.6 101.0 93.4 88.6
Switzerland 99.2 97.8 101.3 98.4 96.6
Ireland 99.1 97.9 102.2 110.4 105.5
Lithuania 93.6 98.2 96.8 88.8 88.4
Korea, Rep. 93.1 98.4 101.4 106.1 101.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 99.6 98.5 98.5 100.1 99.3
Netherlands 110.6 98.6 106.5 107.7 107.4
Georgia 93.8 98.9 93.5 93.4 94.9
Cyprus 93.4 99.2 97.0 100.5 103.8
Sri Lanka 99.4 99.5 82.2 80.8 88.2
American Samoa 99.8 99.8 99.6 99.6 99.6
Faroe Islands 99.4 100.0 100.0 99.8 100.0
Austria 99.8 100.5 104.9 106.5 100.9
Romania 101.3 100.9 95.3 94.9 89.2
Timor-Leste 79.2 101.4 103.4 89.3 90.8
New Caledonia 103.1 101.9 103.1 105.4 101.0
Bhutan 101.3 102.1 103.4 109.3 98.7
Mozambique 100.7 102.2 103.7 105.0 107.2
Japan 102.9 102.5 101.7 101.5 100.7
Thailand 101.2 102.6 99.8 94.4 95.5
Cote d'Ivoire 95.1 102.8 85.9 86.9 89.5
Dominica 103.7 103.7 105.5 105.3 106.5
Slovenia 104.0 104.1 100.4 100.0 92.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 102.0 104.3 104.9 103.0 101.4
Norway 105.5 105.0 102.6 109.1 101.2
United Kingdom 104.2 105.0 107.0 105.9 102.1
Italy 105.1 105.2 103.5 105.3 104.6
Sweden 102.4 105.3 104.4 105.5 102.9
Russian Federation 113.0 105.6 102.3 96.0 97.0
Suriname 97.1 106.4 92.2 97.5 89.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 104.4 107.0 104.0 106.1 103.3
France 106.4 107.1 106.8 106.0 104.7
Ukraine 122.5 107.9 102.6 101.1 97.2
Malta 104.0 108.2 114.6 114.7 110.1
Czech Republic 112.4 108.4 109.5 106.1 102.2
Madagascar 107.2 108.6 106.1 104.7 102.1
Vanuatu 105.6 109.3 104.2 111.2 109.6
Afghanistan 101.1 110.5 118.3 124.1 104.9
Cuba 121.8 111.0 118.9 125.9 124.8
Maldives 106.1 111.9 115.8 128.6 115.8
Hungary 114.7 112.4 113.2 112.8 121.5
Latvia 110.0 112.5 109.7 93.8 94.1
Puerto Rico 116.8 116.2 117.0 108.5 113.4
Serbia 122.5 116.9 117.9 109.9 108.3
Moldova 126.7 118.4 103.8 101.3 93.9
Slovak Republic 122.4 123.1 117.8 113.6 103.1
Bahrain 127.8 124.6 124.5 126.4 141.2
Mongolia 132.8 125.4 139.7 154.5 150.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 128.2 129.9 135.4 140.4 128.3
Bulgaria 148.3 137.8 146.7 155.6 152.8
Cayman Islands 108.3 145.4 117.6 126.9 136.1
Seychelles 156.5 185.0 167.8 170.6 174.9
Singapore 146.6 204.1 177.8 190.1 72.0
Isle of Man
Montenegro
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
St. Martin (French part)
San Marino
Belgium 109.9
Luxembourg 113.0
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Palau
South Sudan
Aruba
Monaco
Curacao

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