Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Brunei Darussalam 20.8 24.6 39.2 38.5 41.6
Myanmar 25.4 26.1 27.3 28.2 31.2
Guyana 37.5 38.6 48.9 51.7 56.4
Vietnam 38.6 38.3 42.5 43.9 47.1
Tuvalu 39.8 66.2 81.2 67.5 73.5
China 40.1 44.2 48.0 53.0 59.3
Oman 40.6 40.6 40.4 47.2 54.3
Ecuador 41.4 44.5 45.4 48.1 51.7
United Arab Emirates 42.9 45.4 47.1 50.1 57.5
Guinea 43.1 45.6 48.7 52.5 55.8
Sudan 43.7 46.3 49.2 51.5 56.1
Jordan 44.5 55.6 68.1 78.8 73.8
Guam 44.6 76.4 79.0 83.1 84.1
Mozambique 44.7 46.3 46.9 48.4 48.1
Brazil 44.9 49.0 51.6 53.4 56.5
Nicaragua 45.2 40.4 44.7 52.3 51.0
Sao Tome and Principe 45.5 53.3 64.6 61.2 61.6
Mauritius 45.5 45.4 51.4 55.1 58.8
Niger 46.3 47.2 51.0 53.5 55.0
Philippines 48.3 54.7 55.6 59.0 60.8
Lao PDR 49.8 49.3 55.6 62.2 61.1
Yemen, Rep. 50.5 53.4 56.3 60.4 62.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 50.7 54.1 55.8 58.0 59.6
Cabo Verde 50.8 53.9 81.5 83.3 66.7
Congo, Rep. 51.5 52.3 53.6 55.0 56.0
Belize 52.1 52.7 58.5 57.0 55.8
Honduras 52.2 53.9 55.5 54.6 70.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 52.5 55.1 59.0 62.3 66.2
Syrian Arab Republic 52.5 54.6 52.7 45.3 49.1
Uganda 53.2 55.4 56.6 59.1 57.2
Cambodia 53.7 56.1 65.7 68.7 67.6
Central African Republic 54.4 57.0 60.4 62.4 63.1
Lebanon 54.4 57.7 58.5 59.7 60.1
Trinidad and Tobago 54.6 57.0 53.9 61.3 55.5
Burkina Faso 54.8 57.1 57.9 60.1 64.9
Peru 55.2 57.3 59.1 57.8 58.6
Chile 55.5 56.1 57.8 63.6 69.0
Pakistan 56.1 58.8 62.2 66.3 70.1
Israel 56.5 59.7 61.9 64.4 69.0
Saudi Arabia 56.9 60.6 62.2 60.8 62.6
Bangladesh 57.0 58.4 60.7 63.8 67.7
Albania 58.2 56.6 63.2 67.5 79.6
Kuwait 58.2 3.7 16.9 37.3 54.6
Tunisia 58.5 61.2 63.8 68.5 71.3
Dominican Republic 58.5 62.2 65.0 68.8 68.3
Malaysia 58.7 67.3 74.3 82.2 86.8
Rwanda 59.1 61.0 59.8 57.4 54.4
Haiti 59.5 61.8 65.6 68.1 69.4
Guatemala 59.7 55.3 54.8 59.8 63.6
Mexico 59.8 62.9 64.9 69.4 70.8
Nigeria 60.3 59.9 60.8 66.9 72.7
India 60.9 61.8 63.9 66.1 68.4
Tanzania 61.8 64.1 66.0 68.6 68.4
El Salvador 62.0 65.5 66.6 69.2 70.8
Korea, Rep. 62.1 64.2 77.3 81.5 83.6
Indonesia 62.8 66.7 71.3 76.9 82.5
Mali 63.0 61.3 56.6 57.6 58.6
Kenya 63.5 63.6 63.1 62.0 62.3
Bahamas, The 64.0 53.5 59.6 58.5 50.7
Kiribati 64.5 65.1 65.7 66.3 66.5
Bolivia 64.7 61.4 58.7 60.6 65.5
Panama 64.9 68.3 66.4 71.9 71.2
Togo 65.5 64.1 61.3 61.8 61.0
Papua New Guinea 66.8 68.1 70.1 72.2 74.2
New Zealand 67.6 72.0 73.0 74.3 77.2
Malawi 67.8 71.3 72.5 72.3 67.5
Canada 68.0 66.9 70.6 69.5 71.2
Colombia 68.2 70.4 66.4 68.6 72.4
Angola 69.1 69.5 71.9 75.3 73.3
Paraguay 69.4 76.2 80.9 80.8 74.8
Algeria 69.6 69.3 73.0 75.5 77.2
Cyprus 69.8 70.0 72.6 81.2 86.1
Benin 70.3 69.2 71.1 73.0 78.4
Uruguay 70.5 69.8 72.3 70.2 80.6
Nepal 70.7 72.0 72.2 72.8 76.3
Guinea-Bissau 70.7 73.4 75.9 77.8 79.0
Afghanistan 70.9 72.5 72.6 77.4 85.3
Costa Rica 70.9 75.8 72.8 72.9 80.8
Venezuela, RB 71.2 70.3 75.8 81.4 76.8
Morocco 71.3 71.7 73.6 71.8 69.4
Qatar 71.3 77.8 86.7 87.2 88.6
Macao SAR, China 71.4 71.4 71.4 72.5 68.9
Equatorial Guinea 72.0 73.5 75.0 76.5 78.1
Spain 72.3 76.0 75.4 76.6 77.2
New Caledonia 73.1 78.7 85.1 91.1 97.4
Cameroon 73.2 73.8 74.4 76.3 74.3
Libya 73.4 73.8 72.2 71.8 77.0
Thailand 74.3 84.7 94.4 95.7 96.9
Chad 74.3 77.1 79.2 75.5 75.7
Senegal 74.9 79.1 77.9 79.8 81.4
Sri Lanka 75.3 79.5 88.2 92.0 98.9
Zimbabwe 75.6 74.0 79.9 70.4 69.7
Gambia, The 76.2 78.7 80.7 82.3 84.3
Solomon Islands 77.8 83.5 83.8 86.4 85.4
Zambia 78.3 81.8 81.2 81.9 82.2
Ghana 78.5 80.5 81.2 87.0 84.2
United States 78.7 80.3 82.9 83.1 87.0
St. Lucia 78.8 80.7 82.6 83.1 86.3
Mauritania 79.3 80.4 77.2 71.1 70.4
Liberia 79.4 79.5 80.0 83.3 86.3
South Africa 80.0 80.9 82.1 80.6 78.3
Jamaica 80.2 80.5 82.2 75.5 73.3
Cote d'Ivoire 80.9 82.2 85.1 92.2 94.0
Malta 81.6 84.6 84.6 85.6 90.0
Denmark 81.9 84.0 86.8 91.0 91.1
Turkey 83.2 84.4 83.2 85.0 88.2
Argentina 84.3 82.4 81.1 85.7 89.5
Lesotho 84.7 83.7 94.6 97.8 91.2
Portugal 84.9 87.5 89.7 91.6 90.4
Somalia 86.4 73.4 65.4 73.5 82.0
Australia 86.4 88.1 87.8 89.9 92.2
Gabon 86.6 87.0 90.7 92.4 93.1
Swaziland 87.0 111.8 112.4 118.7 109.9
Vanuatu 87.3 97.7 96.4 103.9 111.2
Iceland 88.4 88.9 87.7 85.1 87.1
Namibia 89.2 95.6 100.2 100.7 105.5
Grenada 89.5 87.2 83.4 74.9 81.0
Sierra Leone 89.8 91.2 92.7 96.0 99.1
French Polynesia 91.5 93.2 92.7 90.8 93.6
Fiji 91.5 93.8 92.7 88.1 93.4
Antigua and Barbuda 92.0 89.0 95.8 93.7 94.3
Comoros 92.5 94.2 95.9 98.2 100.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 93.3 101.1 96.8 95.4 94.2
Tonga 93.5 92.4 92.6 90.8 90.2
Austria 95.1 96.8 100.4 98.2 105.9
Djibouti 95.6 67.6 71.9 66.3 71.5
Ireland 96.9 98.0 98.4 100.3 97.0
Italy 97.0 97.5 98.6 97.4 98.4
Faeroe Islands 97.3 98.0 99.0 100.0 99.9
Barbados 97.4 95.3 83.3 80.3 84.6
Korea, Dem. Rep. 97.9 99.0 79.5 71.1 65.4
Bhutan 98.0 98.2 88.0 87.0 90.7
Botswana 98.1 106.0 106.3 102.9 92.6
American Samoa 98.7 98.9 99.1 99.2 99.7
Samoa 98.8 93.1 89.7 86.2 93.8
Liechtenstein 99.0 98.9 96.8 94.0 92.0
France 99.0 102.3 102.5 101.4 101.2
Dominica 99.3 93.6 98.6 99.1 101.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 99.5 96.3 100.3 101.3 102.6
Madagascar 99.5 100.6 101.3 102.3 103.3
Greece 99.7 99.6 98.9 98.6 98.7
Switzerland 102.9 105.6 103.3 103.7 99.4
Maldives 102.9 105.5 110.9 109.4 114.6
Norway 103.0 97.8 99.7 100.0 101.1
Sweden 103.1 96.0 95.2 100.9 103.6
Timor-Leste 103.8 99.4 108.4 106.3 100.1
Netherlands 105.9 105.6 109.5 109.9 109.1
Greenland 106.2 111.4 111.7 111.4 105.0
United Kingdom 107.3 108.8 108.0 107.1 110.4
Finland 107.3 101.3 98.6 95.6 97.7
Japan 107.4 107.2 108.6 108.3 105.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 109.7 105.8 104.9 106.1 108.7
Burundi 113.8 118.0 113.8 115.1 106.8
Poland 114.0 106.6 99.5 92.6 86.5
Germany 114.5 107.5 97.3 95.9 93.3
Romania 116.9 118.4 108.8 107.7 108.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 124.2 128.1 127.3 121.5 125.7
Seychelles 125.0 125.0 118.8 128.1 148.7
Bermuda 130.2 122.4 119.4 110.9 103.0
Mongolia 132.8 145.5 128.1 113.3 109.8
Puerto Rico 132.8 134.3 127.5 124.2 122.1
Bahrain 137.1 144.3 161.1 146.1 144.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 149.9 121.3 77.9 90.0 49.7
Hungary 161.9 146.5 129.0 116.1 107.7
Suriname 163.7 156.6 147.5 136.9 107.8
Iraq 168.9 75.7 78.0 90.0 93.3
Cuba 185.9 152.9 120.5 114.0 119.5
Cayman Islands 210.5 99.0 108.3 99.0 108.3
Bulgaria 250.9 211.9 207.6 176.8 152.9
Singapore 565.7 483.8 392.9 254.6 187.6
Croatia 106.2 96.8 89.5
Estonia 175.2 147.0 128.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Serbia 109.1 105.7 105.7
Azerbaijan 79.8 68.9 64.3
Andorra
South Sudan
Slovenia 75.2 90.2 95.0
Eritrea 63.5 69.8
Marshall Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina 92.2 89.6 76.9
Turks and Caicos Islands
Aruba
Macedonia, FYR 97.6 98.6 99.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Uzbekistan 83.7 87.2 87.0
St. Martin (French part)
Slovak Republic 139.1 127.0
Czech Republic 132.1 110.3
Belgium
Isle of Man
Ethiopia 53.5 54.0
Palau
Curacao
San Marino
Turkmenistan 49.0 56.4 58.2
Montenegro
Georgia 77.9 73.3 79.3
Belarus 122.7 113.7 107.3
Ukraine 163.8 142.8 141.8
Kosovo
Luxembourg
Armenia 88.6 55.8 70.9
Lithuania 153.1 118.8 103.2
Tajikistan 131.2 99.7 96.6
Latvia 253.9 206.0 147.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Kyrgyz Republic 108.5 104.5 95.8
Russian Federation 149.0 142.4 128.1
West Bank and Gaza 69.5
Moldova 198.8 163.1 147.3
Kazakhstan 147.6 153.6 141.8
Monaco

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