Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Brunei Darussalam 28.7 20.8 24.6 39.2 38.5
Myanmar 31.4 25.4 26.1 27.3 28.2
Guyana 38.9 37.5 38.6 48.9 51.7
Vietnam 37.6 38.6 38.3 42.5 43.9
Tuvalu 44.1 39.8 66.2 81.2 67.5
China 37.1 40.1 44.2 48.0 53.0
Oman 41.2 40.6 40.6 40.4 47.2
Ecuador 38.8 41.4 44.5 45.4 48.1
United Arab Emirates 40.0 42.9 45.4 47.1 50.1
Guinea 40.1 43.1 45.6 48.7 52.5
Sudan 42.2 43.7 46.3 49.2 51.5
Jordan 37.8 44.5 55.6 68.1 78.8
Guam 54.7 44.6 76.4 79.0 83.1
Mozambique 53.4 44.7 46.3 46.9 48.4
Brazil 44.2 44.9 49.0 51.6 53.4
Nicaragua 42.7 45.2 40.4 44.7 52.3
Sao Tome and Principe 45.1 45.5 53.3 64.6 61.2
Mauritius 42.1 45.5 45.4 51.4 55.1
Niger 42.7 46.3 47.2 51.0 53.5
Philippines 47.5 48.3 54.7 55.6 59.0
Lao PDR 50.3 49.8 49.3 55.6 62.2
Yemen, Rep. 55.9 50.5 53.4 56.3 60.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 29.2 50.7 54.1 55.8 58.0
Cabo Verde 48.4 50.8 53.9 81.5 83.3
Congo, Rep. 50.1 51.5 52.3 53.6 55.0
Belize 33.1 52.1 52.7 58.5 57.0
Honduras 48.4 52.2 53.9 55.5 54.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 49.1 52.5 55.1 59.0 62.3
Syrian Arab Republic 50.3 52.5 54.6 52.7 45.3
Uganda 46.6 53.2 55.4 56.6 59.1
Cambodia 55.6 53.7 56.1 65.7 68.7
Central African Republic 53.5 54.4 57.0 60.4 62.4
Lebanon 52.1 54.4 57.7 58.5 59.7
Trinidad and Tobago 52.5 54.6 57.0 53.9 61.3
Burkina Faso 39.6 54.8 57.1 57.9 60.1
Peru 52.4 55.2 57.3 59.1 57.8
Chile 50.7 55.5 56.1 57.8 63.6
Pakistan 53.4 56.1 58.8 62.2 66.3
Israel 55.7 56.5 59.7 61.9 64.4
Saudi Arabia 51.6 56.9 60.6 62.2 60.8
Bangladesh 53.9 57.0 58.4 60.7 63.8
Albania 52.9 58.2 56.6 63.2 67.5
Kuwait 77.5 58.2 3.7 16.9 37.3
Tunisia 57.2 58.5 61.2 63.8 68.5
Dominican Republic 57.0 58.5 62.2 65.0 68.8
Malaysia 51.3 58.7 67.3 74.3 82.2
Rwanda 58.6 59.1 61.0 59.8 57.4
Haiti 62.9 59.5 61.8 65.6 68.1
Guatemala 57.5 59.7 55.3 54.8 59.8
Mexico 54.9 59.8 62.9 64.9 69.4
Nigeria 59.2 60.3 59.9 60.8 66.9
India 58.8 60.9 61.8 63.9 66.1
Tanzania 60.1 61.8 64.1 66.0 68.6
El Salvador 62.3 62.0 65.5 66.6 69.2
Korea, Rep. 58.3 62.1 64.2 77.3 81.5
Indonesia 58.7 62.8 66.7 71.3 76.9
Mali 60.3 63.0 61.3 56.6 57.6
Kenya 64.8 63.5 63.6 63.1 62.0
Bahamas, The 64.2 64.0 53.5 59.6 58.5
Kiribati 63.9 64.5 65.1 65.7 66.3
Bolivia 56.7 64.7 61.4 58.7 60.6
Panama 59.3 64.9 68.3 66.4 71.9
Togo 61.8 65.5 64.1 61.3 61.8
Papua New Guinea 65.3 66.8 68.1 70.1 72.2
New Zealand 71.6 67.6 72.0 73.0 74.3
Malawi 65.6 67.8 71.3 72.5 72.3
Canada 66.9 68.0 66.9 70.6 69.5
Colombia 63.3 68.2 70.4 66.4 68.6
Angola 67.1 69.1 69.5 71.9 75.3
Paraguay 64.7 69.4 76.2 80.9 80.8
Algeria 64.5 69.6 69.3 73.0 75.5
Cyprus 68.9 69.8 70.0 72.6 81.2
Benin 68.9 70.3 69.2 71.1 73.0
Uruguay 74.4 70.5 69.8 72.3 70.2
Nepal 67.6 70.7 72.0 72.2 72.8
Guinea-Bissau 68.8 70.7 73.4 75.9 77.8
Afghanistan 60.4 70.9 72.5 72.6 77.4
Costa Rica 66.3 70.9 75.8 72.8 72.9
Venezuela, RB 64.4 71.2 70.3 75.8 81.4
Morocco 71.0 71.3 71.7 73.6 71.8
Qatar 63.9 71.3 77.8 86.7 87.2
Macao SAR, China 71.1 71.4 71.4 71.4 72.5
Equatorial Guinea 69.7 72.0 73.5 75.0 76.5
Spain 69.4 72.3 76.0 75.4 76.6
New Caledonia 62.8 73.1 78.7 85.1 91.1
Cameroon 70.0 73.2 73.8 74.4 76.3
Libya 67.4 73.4 73.8 72.2 71.8
Thailand 70.1 74.3 84.7 94.4 95.7
Chad 72.6 74.3 77.1 79.2 75.5
Senegal 73.3 74.9 79.1 77.9 79.8
Sri Lanka 69.2 75.3 79.5 88.2 92.0
Zimbabwe 70.1 75.6 74.0 79.9 70.4
Gambia, The 77.8 76.2 78.7 80.7 82.3
Solomon Islands 76.8 77.8 83.5 83.8 86.4
Zambia 62.4 78.3 81.8 81.2 81.9
Ghana 77.3 78.5 80.5 81.2 87.0
United States 78.1 78.7 80.3 82.9 83.1
St. Lucia 78.2 78.8 80.7 82.6 83.1
Mauritania 73.1 79.3 80.4 77.2 71.1
Liberia 80.3 79.4 79.5 80.0 83.3
South Africa 70.0 80.0 80.9 82.1 80.6
Jamaica 51.5 80.2 80.5 82.2 75.5
Cote d'Ivoire 77.3 80.9 82.2 85.1 92.2
Malta 82.5 81.6 84.6 84.6 85.6
Denmark 80.6 81.9 84.0 86.8 91.0
Turkey 83.7 83.2 84.4 83.2 85.0
Argentina 76.8 84.3 82.4 81.1 85.7
Lesotho 89.9 84.7 83.7 94.6 97.8
Portugal 79.2 84.9 87.5 89.7 91.6
Somalia 93.3 86.4 73.4 65.4 73.5
Australia 79.9 86.4 88.1 87.8 89.9
Gabon 84.6 86.6 87.0 90.7 92.4
Swaziland 88.6 87.0 111.8 112.4 118.7
Vanuatu 77.2 87.3 97.7 96.4 103.9
Iceland 88.0 88.4 88.9 87.7 85.1
Namibia 95.0 89.2 95.6 100.2 100.7
Grenada 84.7 89.5 87.2 83.4 74.9
Sierra Leone 88.4 89.8 91.2 92.7 96.0
French Polynesia 89.4 91.5 93.2 92.7 90.8
Fiji 86.0 91.5 93.8 92.7 88.1
Antigua and Barbuda 88.3 92.0 89.0 95.8 93.7
Comoros 96.1 92.5 94.2 95.9 98.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 101.0 93.3 101.1 96.8 95.4
Tonga 97.1 93.5 92.4 92.6 90.8
Austria 94.0 95.1 96.8 100.4 98.2
Djibouti 101.5 95.6 67.6 71.9 66.3
Ireland 87.7 96.9 98.0 98.4 100.3
Italy 92.9 97.0 97.5 98.6 97.4
Faeroe Islands 97.2 97.3 98.0 99.0 100.0
Barbados 98.1 97.4 95.3 83.3 80.3
Korea, Dem. Rep. 96.8 97.9 99.0 79.5 71.1
Bhutan 91.8 98.0 98.2 88.0 87.0
Botswana 89.0 98.1 106.0 106.3 102.9
American Samoa 98.5 98.7 98.9 99.1 99.2
Samoa 96.4 98.8 93.1 89.7 86.2
Liechtenstein 100.6 99.0 98.9 96.8 94.0
France 97.7 99.0 102.3 102.5 101.4
Dominica 99.4 99.3 93.6 98.6 99.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 100.0 99.5 96.3 100.3 101.3
Madagascar 97.3 99.5 100.6 101.3 102.3
Greece 99.2 99.7 99.6 98.9 98.6
Switzerland 104.2 102.9 105.6 103.3 103.7
Maldives 101.6 102.9 105.5 110.9 109.4
Norway 101.4 103.0 97.8 99.7 100.0
Sweden 103.4 103.1 96.0 95.2 100.9
Timor-Leste 98.4 103.8 99.4 108.4 106.3
Netherlands 101.5 105.9 105.6 109.5 109.9
Greenland 105.8 106.2 111.4 111.7 111.4
United Kingdom 105.1 107.3 108.8 108.0 107.1
Finland 104.5 107.3 101.3 98.6 95.6
Japan 108.0 107.4 107.2 108.6 108.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 115.5 109.7 105.8 104.9 106.1
Burundi 132.6 113.8 118.0 113.8 115.1
Poland 113.0 114.0 106.6 99.5 92.6
Germany 114.9 114.5 107.5 97.3 95.9
Romania 105.6 116.9 118.4 108.8 107.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 122.1 124.2 128.1 127.3 121.5
Seychelles 123.9 125.0 125.0 118.8 128.1
Bermuda 116.1 130.2 122.4 119.4 110.9
Mongolia 130.8 132.8 145.5 128.1 113.3
Puerto Rico 131.4 132.8 134.3 127.5 124.2
Bahrain 142.2 137.1 144.3 161.1 146.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 170.3 149.9 121.3 77.9 90.0
Hungary 166.8 161.9 146.5 129.0 116.1
Suriname 153.6 163.7 156.6 147.5 136.9
Iraq 191.1 168.9 75.7 78.0 90.0
Cuba 189.1 185.9 152.9 120.5 114.0
Cayman Islands 343.7 210.5 99.0 108.3 99.0
Bulgaria 261.5 250.9 211.9 207.6 176.8
Singapore 585.1 565.7 483.8 392.9 254.6
Croatia 106.2 96.8
Estonia 175.2 147.0
Northern Mariana Islands
Serbia 109.1 105.7
Azerbaijan 79.8 68.9
Andorra
South Sudan
Slovenia 75.2 90.2
Eritrea 63.5
Marshall Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina 92.2 89.6
Turks and Caicos Islands
Aruba
Macedonia, FYR 97.6 98.6
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Uzbekistan 83.7 87.2
St. Martin (French part)
Slovak Republic 139.1
Czech Republic 132.1
Belgium
Isle of Man
Ethiopia 53.5
Palau
Curacao
San Marino
Turkmenistan 49.0 56.4
Montenegro
Georgia 77.9 73.3
Belarus 122.7 113.7
Ukraine 163.8 142.8
Kosovo
Luxembourg
Armenia 88.6 55.8
Lithuania 153.1 118.8
Tajikistan 131.2 99.7
Latvia 253.9 206.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Kyrgyz Republic 108.5 104.5
Russian Federation 149.0 142.4
West Bank and Gaza
Moldova 198.8 163.1
Kazakhstan 147.6 153.6
Monaco

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