Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Brunei Darussalam 20.0 23.6 37.7 37.0 40.0
Myanmar 25.4 26.1 27.3 28.2 31.2
Guyana 37.1 38.2 48.4 51.2 55.8
Vietnam 38.6 38.2 42.5 43.9 47.1
Tuvalu 39.8 66.2 81.2 67.5 73.5
China 40.1 44.2 48.0 53.0 59.3
Oman 40.2 40.2 40.0 46.7 53.7
United Arab Emirates 42.9 45.4 47.1 50.1 57.5
Guinea 43.1 45.6 48.7 52.5 55.8
Sudan 43.8 46.4 49.2 51.6 56.2
Jordan 44.5 55.6 68.1 78.8 73.8
Guam 44.6 76.4 79.0 83.1 84.1
Mozambique 44.7 46.3 46.9 48.4 48.1
Nicaragua 44.8 40.1 44.4 51.8 50.6
Brazil 44.9 49.0 51.6 53.4 56.5
Sao Tome and Principe 45.5 53.3 64.6 61.2 61.6
Mauritius 45.5 45.4 51.4 55.1 58.8
Niger 46.3 47.2 51.0 53.5 55.0
Philippines 48.2 54.7 55.5 59.5 61.1
Lao PDR 49.9 49.4 55.8 62.4 61.2
Yemen, Rep. 50.5 53.4 56.3 60.4 62.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 50.7 54.1 55.8 58.0 59.6
Cabo Verde 50.8 53.9 81.5 83.3 66.7
Ecuador 51.1 53.9 55.5 59.2 64.2
Congo, Rep. 51.5 52.3 53.6 55.0 56.0
Belize 52.1 52.7 58.5 57.0 55.8
Honduras 52.2 53.9 55.5 54.6 70.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 52.5 55.1 59.0 62.3 66.2
Syrian Arab Republic 52.5 54.6 52.7 45.3 49.1
Uganda 53.2 55.4 56.6 59.1 57.2
Cambodia 53.7 56.1 65.7 68.7 67.6
Central African Republic 54.4 57.0 60.4 62.4 63.1
Lebanon 54.4 57.7 58.5 59.7 60.1
Trinidad and Tobago 54.6 57.0 53.9 61.3 55.5
Burkina Faso 54.8 57.1 57.9 60.1 64.9
Peru 55.1 57.3 59.0 57.8 58.5
Albania 55.5 54.0 60.6 65.4 77.1
Chile 55.7 56.4 58.1 63.9 69.3
Pakistan 55.9 58.6 61.9 66.0 69.8
Israel 56.7 59.8 62.0 64.5 69.1
Saudi Arabia 56.9 60.6 62.2 60.8 62.6
Bangladesh 57.0 58.4 60.7 63.8 67.7
Kuwait 58.2 4.3 16.9 37.3 54.6
Tunisia 58.5 61.2 63.8 68.6 71.3
Dominican Republic 58.5 62.2 65.0 68.8 68.3
Malaysia 58.7 67.2 74.2 82.1 86.7
Rwanda 59.1 61.0 59.8 57.4 54.4
Haiti 59.5 61.8 65.6 68.1 69.4
Guatemala 59.7 55.3 54.8 59.8 63.6
Mexico 59.8 62.9 64.9 69.4 70.8
Nigeria 60.3 59.9 60.8 66.9 72.7
India 60.9 61.7 63.9 66.1 68.4
El Salvador 62.0 65.5 66.6 69.2 70.8
Korea, Rep. 62.1 64.2 77.3 81.5 83.6
Indonesia 62.8 66.7 71.3 76.8 82.4
Mali 62.9 61.2 56.6 57.5 58.5
Kenya 63.5 63.6 63.0 62.0 62.3
Bahamas, The 64.0 53.5 59.6 58.5 50.7
Kiribati 64.5 65.1 65.7 66.3 66.5
Bolivia 64.7 61.4 58.7 60.6 65.5
Panama 64.9 68.3 66.4 71.9 71.2
Togo 65.5 64.1 61.3 61.8 61.0
Papua New Guinea 66.8 68.1 70.0 72.2 74.2
Malawi 67.8 71.3 72.5 72.3 67.5
New Zealand 68.0 72.4 73.3 74.5 77.4
Canada 68.1 67.0 70.7 69.6 71.4
Colombia 68.7 71.0 67.0 69.2 73.1
Angola 69.2 69.7 72.0 75.5 73.4
Paraguay 69.4 76.2 80.9 80.8 74.8
Algeria 69.6 69.3 73.0 75.5 77.2
Cyprus 69.7 70.0 72.5 81.2 86.1
Uruguay 70.3 69.6 72.3 70.2 80.5
Benin 70.3 69.2 71.1 73.0 78.4
Nepal 70.7 72.0 72.2 72.8 76.3
Guinea-Bissau 70.7 73.4 75.9 77.8 79.0
Tanzania 70.8 73.5 75.7 78.6 78.3
Afghanistan 70.8 72.5 72.5 77.3 85.3
Morocco 70.8 71.4 73.2 71.1 68.9
Costa Rica 70.9 75.8 72.8 72.9 80.8
Qatar 71.3 77.8 86.7 87.2 88.6
Macao SAR, China 71.4 71.4 71.4 72.5 68.9
Venezuela, RB 71.5 70.6 76.1 81.7 77.2
Equatorial Guinea 72.0 73.5 75.0 76.5 78.1
Libya 72.3 72.7 71.1 70.7 75.9
Spain 72.5 76.4 75.7 76.8 77.3
Cameroon 73.2 73.8 74.4 76.3 74.3
New Caledonia 74.0 79.6 86.0 92.1 98.5
Chad 74.3 77.1 79.2 75.5 75.7
Senegal 74.9 79.1 77.9 79.8 81.4
Sri Lanka 75.3 79.5 88.2 92.0 98.9
Zimbabwe 75.6 74.0 79.9 70.4 69.7
Gambia, The 76.2 78.7 80.7 82.3 84.3
Solomon Islands 77.8 83.5 83.8 86.4 85.4
Zambia 78.3 81.8 81.2 81.9 82.2
Ghana 78.5 80.5 81.2 87.0 84.2
St. Lucia 78.8 80.7 82.6 83.1 86.3
United States 78.8 80.4 82.9 83.2 87.0
Mauritania 79.3 80.4 77.2 71.1 70.4
Liberia 79.4 79.5 80.0 83.3 86.3
South Africa 79.8 81.3 82.4 81.7 78.6
Jamaica 80.2 80.5 82.2 75.5 73.3
Thailand 80.8 89.5 99.6 101.1 102.7
Cote d'Ivoire 80.9 82.2 85.1 92.2 94.0
Malta 81.1 84.2 84.2 85.1 89.5
Denmark 82.0 84.1 86.9 91.1 91.2
Turkey 83.2 84.4 83.2 85.0 88.2
Argentina 84.3 82.4 81.1 85.7 89.5
Lesotho 84.7 83.7 94.6 97.8 91.2
Portugal 84.9 87.5 89.7 91.6 90.4
Somalia 86.4 73.4 65.4 73.5 82.0
Australia 86.4 88.1 87.8 89.9 92.2
Gabon 86.6 87.0 90.7 92.4 93.1
Swaziland 87.0 111.8 112.4 118.7 109.9
Vanuatu 87.3 97.7 96.4 103.9 111.2
Iceland 88.9 89.8 88.8 84.9 87.0
Namibia 89.2 95.6 100.2 100.7 105.5
Grenada 89.5 87.2 83.4 74.9 81.0
Sierra Leone 89.8 91.2 92.7 96.0 99.1
French Polynesia 91.5 93.2 92.7 90.8 93.6
Fiji 91.5 93.8 92.7 88.1 93.4
Comoros 92.5 94.2 95.9 98.2 100.2
Antigua and Barbuda 93.0 90.0 98.2 97.4 99.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.) 93.3 101.1 96.8 95.4 94.2
Tonga 93.5 92.4 92.6 90.8 90.2
Djibouti 95.6 67.6 71.9 66.3 71.5
Ireland 96.4 98.3 100.9 103.1 97.2
Faeroe Islands 97.3 98.0 99.0 100.0 99.9
Austria 97.3 99.1 101.7 99.1 104.8
Barbados 97.4 95.3 83.3 80.3 84.6
Liechtenstein 97.7 97.6 95.6 92.8 93.6
Korea, Dem. Rep. 97.9 99.0 79.5 71.1 65.4
Bhutan 98.0 98.2 88.0 87.0 90.7
Botswana 98.1 106.0 106.3 102.9 92.6
Italy 98.3 98.9 100.8 99.8 100.7
American Samoa 98.7 98.9 99.1 99.2 99.7
Dominica 99.3 93.6 98.6 99.1 101.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 99.5 96.3 100.3 101.3 102.6
Madagascar 99.5 100.6 101.3 102.3 103.3
Greece 99.7 99.6 98.8 98.6 98.7
France 100.1 103.3 103.7 102.5 102.4
Norway 101.0 99.2 101.2 100.9 103.5
Samoa 102.2 96.3 92.8 89.2 97.0
Maldives 102.9 105.5 110.9 109.4 114.6
Sweden 103.4 96.3 95.5 101.4 104.0
Switzerland 103.8 105.8 103.9 103.7 99.5
Timor-Leste 103.8 99.4 108.4 106.3 100.1
Greenland 106.2 111.4 111.7 111.4 105.0
Netherlands 106.3 105.9 111.7 110.2 109.5
United Kingdom 107.3 108.8 108.1 107.2 110.5
Japan 107.4 107.2 108.6 108.4 105.9
Finland 107.5 101.7 98.8 96.0 98.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 109.7 105.8 104.9 106.1 108.7
Burundi 110.8 114.9 110.8 112.0 104.0
Romania 113.8 114.9 105.7 104.6 108.8
Germany 115.4 108.8 98.7 96.9 94.3
Poland 115.5 108.2 101.1 94.3 88.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 124.2 128.1 127.3 121.5 125.7
Seychelles 125.0 125.0 118.8 128.1 148.7
Bermuda 130.2 122.4 119.4 110.9 103.0
Mongolia 132.7 144.2 127.5 113.3 109.5
Puerto Rico 132.8 134.3 127.5 124.2 122.1
Bahrain 137.1 144.3 161.1 146.1 144.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 149.9 121.3 77.9 90.0 49.7
Suriname 163.3 156.3 147.3 136.7 107.8
Iraq 168.6 75.9 77.8 89.9 93.3
Hungary 169.1 152.4 135.4 122.5 114.6
Cuba 185.9 152.9 120.5 114.0 119.5
Cayman Islands 210.5 99.0 108.3 99.0 108.3
Bulgaria 238.1 201.8 197.0 167.7 143.6
Singapore 565.7 483.8 392.9 254.6 187.6
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Palau
Macedonia, FYR 97.9 98.0 99.9
Slovak Republic 138.9 126.9
Slovenia 77.0 93.0 98.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Eritrea 63.5 69.8
Czech Republic 132.1 110.7
Georgia 78.0 73.7 79.8
Turkmenistan 36.8 45.9 46.0
Northern Mariana Islands
South Sudan
San Marino
Bosnia and Herzegovina 95.6 88.8 76.1
Ethiopia 53.5 53.9
Aruba
Armenia 82.3 72.3 72.6
Marshall Islands
Estonia 156.6 131.1 115.2
Russian Federation 158.8 150.8 137.7
Azerbaijan 72.4 62.6 58.6
Belgium
St. Martin (French part)
Curacao
Serbia 109.1 105.7 105.7
Andorra
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kazakhstan 146.4 154.7 143.8
Croatia 106.2 96.8 89.5
Ukraine 170.6 152.1 148.8
Uzbekistan 77.5 80.6 80.7
Isle of Man
Montenegro
Luxembourg
Kyrgyz Republic 108.6 106.0 95.2
Lithuania 160.6 124.5 108.0
Kosovo
Latvia 246.6 195.7 145.2
Monaco
West Bank and Gaza 69.5
Moldova 208.8 174.3 156.2
Belarus 126.2 114.6 109.1
Tajikistan 113.8 86.6 83.8

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