Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria 3.0 3.6 4.0 3.7 4.0
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 0.5
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 5.2 6.4 19.0 17.1 16.3
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The
Bahrain
Bangladesh 10.0 9.9 10.0 11.3 13.5
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 23.6 24.4 23.2 21.3 22.6
Benin 6.1 6.9 7.5 7.5 7.3
Bermuda
Bhutan 18.1 16.0 16.8 15.1 18.6
Bolivia 17.1 18.2 18.7 22.0 28.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 49.6 52.7 55.0 53.5 53.2
Brazil 9.7 13.9 16.1 12.0 12.3
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 13.4 11.3 10.1 8.5 5.3
Burkina Faso 8.4 11.4 11.8 12.3 16.1
Burundi 20.5 21.3 22.7 22.4 20.8
Cabo Verde 18.9 19.6 19.8 17.8 16.4
Cambodia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cameroon 16.9 18.3 21.3 19.2 17.0
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 14.1 15.6 14.6 13.8 16.8
Chad 18.6 19.3 18.3 18.0 25.2
Chile
China 11.4 10.4 14.9 19.2 27.9
Colombia 33.8 36.1 40.5 39.5 39.4
Comoros 3.9 3.2 2.9 2.8 3.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.2 1.6 1.7 2.0 2.4
Congo, Rep. 2.5 3.0 3.6 4.5 4.5
Costa Rica 17.6 22.2 25.3 24.9 25.0
Cote d'Ivoire 19.5 19.1 22.8 23.2 21.9
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti 0.8 3.6 8.3 11.1 14.1
Dominica 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dominican Republic 16.3 17.8 19.1 18.7 19.5
Ecuador 34.4 32.9 32.7 30.0 29.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 4.6 5.6 6.2 5.7 6.0
El Salvador 30.2 33.1 35.2 33.9 33.3
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 4.1 4.1 4.0 3.8 4.0
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 45.8 49.2 51.2 52.8 57.1
Finland
France
French Polynesia
Gabon 3.8 3.0 2.4 2.5 3.4
Gambia, The 11.4 15.0 20.1 19.1 18.9
Georgia
Germany
Ghana 12.3 11.2 10.3 10.2 9.0
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guam
Guatemala 37.6 37.7 40.1 43.3 43.2
Guinea 4.7 5.9 6.7 6.5 7.2
Guinea-Bissau 22.4 23.7 26.1 25.2 25.0
Guyana 23.8 24.3 25.8 25.1 21.0
Haiti 18.6 17.6 16.1 17.0 18.0
Honduras 35.2 37.7 38.7 37.9 36.8
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary 32.4 26.1 23.9 22.5 21.3
Iceland
India 8.7 9.9 10.5 10.8 10.1
Indonesia 16.7 18.7 21.3 23.8 24.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 14.4 14.9 13.9 9.9 7.7
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica 21.5 25.3 28.9 27.4 27.4
Japan
Jordan 7.6 8.7 10.0 8.5 7.4
Kazakhstan
Kenya 32.1 32.1 31.4 28.3 26.9
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep.
Kosovo 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 4.3 3.9 3.4 3.4 5.2
Latvia
Lebanon 9.9 11.0 12.4 10.2 10.1
Lesotho 10.7 9.5 8.1 7.3 6.6
Liberia 19.7 21.2 23.1 22.3 22.0
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 3.8 5.2 6.2 6.6 7.6
Malawi 22.3 22.3 25.3 23.8 22.3
Malaysia 7.9 8.0 8.6 9.8 11.2
Maldives 4.2 0.9 4.1 7.7 9.8
Mali 7.7 8.9 10.9 12.4 13.3
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 5.5 5.6 6.2 5.3 4.7
Mauritius 30.2 34.1 33.9 29.9 28.9
Mexico 7.8 10.4 12.0 13.1 14.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 10.2 12.4 14.6 14.4 14.8
Mozambique 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.8
Myanmar 7.5 6.0 5.7 5.6 6.1
Namibia
Nepal 33.4 31.1 27.0 26.2 28.3
Netherlands
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua 12.8 11.5 11.6 11.4 10.6
Niger 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6
Nigeria 11.1 11.9 17.6 16.4 9.9
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan 10.8 11.5 13.2 16.2 20.9
Palau
Panama 20.1 24.7 24.7 23.2 23.5
Papua New Guinea 29.0 28.0 28.0 30.9 30.3
Paraguay 28.8 31.2 32.3 32.0 29.9
Peru 12.4 14.1 15.9 15.5 14.9
Philippines 22.8 19.7 20.0 19.4 20.2
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania 28.1 32.5 49.1 58.0 0.0
Russian Federation
Rwanda 13.2 15.2 14.9 14.4 15.8
Samoa 28.2 30.5 31.7 33.6 35.9
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 13.2 13.9 20.8 29.7 38.8
Saudi Arabia
Senegal 8.3 8.0 8.1 8.2 9.5
Serbia 35.0 45.5 24.5 66.6 61.2
Seychelles 17.7 19.4 20.3 22.9 24.4
Sierra Leone 3.8 3.3 3.1 3.7 3.7
Singapore
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 4.9 3.9 3.0 3.3 6.0
Somalia 6.9 7.3 7.7 7.1 6.8
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 8.4 8.4 8.8 9.9 11.3
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 24.5 22.5 17.0 14.6 12.1
Sudan 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.3
Suriname
Swaziland 34.8 37.6 40.7 40.4 38.1
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic 3.4 3.5 3.5 3.1 2.9
Tajikistan
Tanzania 6.3 7.8 8.4 7.0 6.4
Thailand 29.8 31.2 30.5 26.0 25.1
Timor-Leste
Togo 7.6 7.3 7.1 6.6 7.7
Tonga 37.5 36.8 35.8 41.5 43.3
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia 13.3 16.5 19.3 19.1 21.2
Turkey 18.0 20.2 21.8 19.7 19.5
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 29.8 29.4 26.5 26.0 22.9
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 28.3 21.2 23.3 19.7 28.2
Venezuela, RB 0.3 8.3 0.5 0.9 2.0
Vietnam 0.0 0.0 0.0 4.4 0.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7
Zambia 14.3 15.0 16.0 15.8 16.4
Zimbabwe 11.8 14.3 16.8 18.0 18.0

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