Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria 3.6 4.0 3.7 4.0 4.8
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 0.5 0.5
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The
Bahrain
Bangladesh 9.9 10.0 11.3 13.5 15.6
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 24.4 23.2 21.3 22.6 23.4
Benin 7.2 7.8 7.8 7.6 8.8
Bermuda
Bhutan 16.0 16.8 15.1 18.6 22.8
Bolivia 18.2 18.7 22.0 28.2 28.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 52.7 55.0 53.5 53.2 54.6
Brazil 13.9 16.1 12.1 12.3 12.7
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 11.3 10.1 8.5 5.3 2.5
Burkina Faso 11.4 11.8 12.3 16.0 15.4
Burundi 21.3 22.7 22.4 20.8 21.6
Cabo Verde 19.6 19.8 17.8 16.4 16.1
Cambodia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cameroon 18.3 21.3 19.2 17.0 16.8
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 15.6 14.6 13.8 16.8 21.5
Chad 19.3 18.3 18.0 25.2 26.3
Chile
China 10.4 14.9 19.2 27.9 31.2
Colombia 36.1 40.5 39.5 39.4 40.7
Comoros 3.2 2.9 2.8 3.1 2.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 1.6 1.7 2.0 2.4 3.2
Congo, Rep. 3.0 3.6 4.5 4.5 4.0
Costa Rica 22.2 25.3 24.9 25.0 30.7
Cote d'Ivoire 19.1 22.8 23.2 21.9 22.7
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti 3.6 8.3 11.1 14.1 16.8
Dominica 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dominican Republic 17.8 19.1 18.7 19.5 21.1
Ecuador 32.9 32.7 30.0 29.2 29.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 5.6 6.2 5.7 6.0 8.3
El Salvador 33.1 35.2 33.9 33.3 32.3
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 4.1 4.0 3.8 4.0 4.4
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 49.2 51.2 52.8 57.1 60.8
Finland
France
French Polynesia
Gabon 3.0 2.4 2.5 3.4 3.7
Gambia, The 15.0 20.1 19.1 18.9 19.8
Georgia
Germany
Ghana 11.2 10.3 10.2 9.0 8.3
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Guam
Guatemala 37.7 40.1 43.3 43.2 44.2
Guinea 5.9 6.7 6.5 7.2 7.5
Guinea-Bissau 23.7 26.1 25.2 25.0 26.3
Guyana 24.4 25.8 25.1 21.0 14.8
Haiti 17.6 16.1 17.0 18.0 17.8
Honduras 37.7 38.7 37.9 36.8 33.5
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland
India 4.6 5.1 6.9 7.2 8.2
Indonesia 18.7 21.3 23.8 24.6 27.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 14.9 13.9 9.9 7.7 6.4
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica 25.3 28.9 27.4 27.4 27.8
Japan
Jordan 8.7 10.0 8.5 7.4 8.2
Kazakhstan
Kenya 32.1 31.4 28.3 26.9 24.4
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep.
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 3.9 3.4 3.4 5.2 7.0
Latvia
Lebanon 11.0 12.4 10.2 10.1 9.2
Lesotho 9.5 8.1 7.3 6.6 5.6
Liberia 21.2 23.1 21.7 22.0 22.6
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 5.2 6.2 6.6 7.6 8.7
Malawi 22.3 25.3 23.8 22.3 21.9
Malaysia 8.0 8.6 9.8 11.2 15.0
Maldives 0.9 4.1 7.7 9.8 12.4
Mali 8.9 10.9 12.4 13.3 15.3
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 5.6 6.2 5.3 4.7 4.2
Mauritius 34.1 33.9 29.9 28.9 25.1
Mexico 10.4 12.0 13.1 14.5 18.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Morocco 12.4 14.6 14.4 14.8 15.4
Mozambique 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.8 4.8
Myanmar 5.7 5.4 5.8 6.3 7.6
Namibia
Nepal 31.1 27.0 26.2 28.3 32.9
Netherlands
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua 11.5 11.6 11.4 10.6 10.3
Niger 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5
Nigeria 11.9 17.6 16.4 9.9 10.4
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan 11.5 13.2 16.2 20.9 25.9
Palau
Panama 24.7 24.7 23.2 23.1 23.4
Papua New Guinea 28.0 28.0 30.9 30.3 37.9
Paraguay 31.2 32.3 32.0 29.9 36.4
Peru 14.1 15.9 15.5 14.9 15.0
Philippines 19.7 20.0 19.4 20.2 23.6
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania 32.5 49.1 58.0 0.0 0.0
Russian Federation
Rwanda 15.2 14.9 14.4 15.8 14.9
Samoa 30.5 31.7 33.6 35.9 43.9
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 13.9 20.8 29.7 38.8 43.6
Saudi Arabia
Senegal 8.0 8.1 8.2 9.5 8.6
Serbia 45.5 24.5 66.6 61.2 56.5
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 3.3 3.1 3.7 3.7 3.5
Singapore
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 3.9 3.0 3.3 6.0 7.3
Somalia 7.3 7.7 7.1 6.8 7.2
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 8.4 8.8 9.9 11.3 13.9
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 22.5 17.0 14.6 12.1 9.5
Sudan 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.3 1.2
Suriname
Swaziland 39.1 42.6 42.2 39.9 35.1
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic 3.5 3.5 3.1 2.9 3.4
Tajikistan
Tanzania 7.8 8.4 7.0 6.5 6.0
Thailand 31.2 30.5 26.0 25.1 28.2
Timor-Leste
Togo 7.3 7.1 6.6 7.7 7.5
Tonga 36.8 35.8 41.5 43.3 45.5
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia 16.5 19.3 19.1 21.2 22.7
Turkey 20.2 21.8 19.7 19.5 18.9
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 29.4 26.5 26.0 22.9 21.6
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 21.2 23.3 19.7 28.2 30.8
Venezuela, RB
Vietnam 0.0 0.0 4.4 0.2 0.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 2.0 1.9 1.8 1.7 1.6
Zambia 15.0 16.0 15.8 16.4 17.6
Zimbabwe 14.3 16.8 18.0 18.0 18.1

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