Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria 11.2 11.1 18.1 16.9 24.0
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 46.2 50.3 50.9 48.3 27.4
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The
Bahrain
Bangladesh 10.0 10.2 13.2 13.2 10.8
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 4.2 5.7 4.3 3.5 2.7
Benin 8.3 6.1 7.6 5.1 4.8
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 42.9 23.0 16.2 15.4 17.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 1.8 2.3 2.6 1.9 2.0
Brazil 31.0 31.1 31.1 25.6 34.4
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 1.8 1.9 3.0 3.6 4.6
Burkina Faso 5.0 7.6 7.5 6.4 5.9
Burundi 8.3 10.0 15.7 13.3
Cabo Verde 9.3 9.2 5.7 7.8 8.3
Cambodia
Cameroon 10.3 8.3 9.2 11.9 12.4
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 5.8 5.4 6.8 6.4 5.6
Chad 0.6 2.5 1.5 2.1 1.8
Chile
China 3.5 4.0 3.5 4.5 4.6
Colombia 17.7 26.6 17.4 20.3 22.0
Comoros 16.8 8.9 3.9 5.0 2.3
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 8.6 13.6 17.4 13.6 14.0
Costa Rica 20.4 29.0 18.9 13.0 14.2
Cote d'Ivoire 26.1 23.7 21.1 16.6 14.7
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica 3.7 4.5 3.3 2.8 2.4
Dominican Republic 12.0 13.9 15.9 9.3 9.6
Ecuador 30.3 24.9 28.9 15.2 14.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.8 18.9 22.0 10.7 15.8
El Salvador 10.9 10.3 8.9 9.6 8.3
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 7.4 7.6 8.1 10.2 13.9
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 5.1 5.0 4.7 5.0 4.2
Finland
France
French Polynesia
Gabon 3.9 3.7 6.2 5.2 7.1
Gambia, The 5.8 5.7 10.6 6.6 5.6
Georgia
Germany
Ghana 11.1 12.9 13.8 12.9 13.1
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 4.4 2.9 1.8 2.5 3.2
Guam
Guatemala 9.2 11.6 14.6 14.9 9.9
Guinea 3.4 8.1 6.1
Guinea-Bissau 20.5 32.5 32.1 43.8 36.8
Guyana 18.3 21.3
Haiti 6.5 6.7 6.1 6.0 6.6
Honduras 13.6 14.4 14.5 13.6 15.7
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland
India 12.6 14.7 16.6 17.2 15.8
Indonesia 11.6 11.9 16.9 15.6 15.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.1 1.7 3.2 1.8 2.6
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica 21.1 22.7 20.6 17.2 14.1
Japan
Jordan 10.2 12.0 14.5 15.3 16.4
Kazakhstan
Kenya 13.9 14.8 13.4 16.8 16.5
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep.
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 2.1 1.4 2.1 2.1 2.7
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 1.0 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.6
Liberia 6.6 5.3 3.9 2.5
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 15.8 16.6 16.9 27.5 20.6
Malawi 13.3 16.3 19.3 14.1 12.0
Malaysia 7.9 9.0 9.3 7.9 6.7
Maldives 6.0 4.0 2.8 2.2 2.2
Mali 6.8 9.7 8.4 7.2 7.7
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 10.9 9.2 8.9 9.3 9.3
Mauritius 8.3 7.5 4.9 3.7 3.8
Mexico 31.0 30.2 29.6 23.5 21.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 25.8 23.5 23.5 19.7 18.2
Mozambique 2.3 16.2 22.2 10.9 14.0
Myanmar 15.9 19.9 23.3 24.3 18.4
Namibia
Nepal 2.8 2.9 3.8 4.3 5.3
Netherlands
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua 11.3 11.4 8.5 8.0 6.5
Niger 13.3 16.3 14.2 14.6 16.5
Nigeria 15.7 12.7 15.0 8.3 20.9
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan 16.0 14.5 13.8 12.8 12.6
Palau
Panama 4.9 5.3 5.6 4.2 0.3
Papua New Guinea 15.8 13.5 11.4 11.6 10.3
Paraguay 9.4 11.9 11.3 13.4 11.0
Peru 15.4 13.3 10.5 8.1 6.0
Philippines 24.1 22.2 18.8 19.5 18.7
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania 4.6 6.1 6.3 5.3 2.9
Russian Federation
Rwanda 3.4 4.1 3.1 5.4 6.3
Samoa 6.8 8.4 8.4 6.0 3.7
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 5.9 13.8 3.7 9.2 10.1
Saudi Arabia
Senegal 10.9 10.5 12.5 14.4 13.7
Serbia
Seychelles 3.0 3.4 4.5 4.9 4.1
Sierra Leone 9.4 5.4 12.6 4.3 5.0
Singapore
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 1.5 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.5
Somalia 12.2 6.9 24.0 10.3 5.7
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 8.3 9.5 10.1 9.8 9.0
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.9
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.9 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.2
Sudan 12.1 15.4 17.3 12.0 20.2
Suriname
Swaziland 3.4 3.4 3.2 2.6 2.0
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Tanzania 11.6 12.4 13.5 17.1 15.1
Thailand 11.7 13.3 11.0 8.4 7.1
Timor-Leste
Togo 12.2 12.4 10.9 7.5 14.1
Tonga 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.3
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia 9.5 10.0 11.9 11.2 9.5
Turkey 18.7 17.3 19.1 17.1 17.8
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 11.7 13.4 11.9 13.0 16.3
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 1.2 1.1 1.3 1.6 2.1
Venezuela, RB 15.2 19.2 27.4 21.3 24.6
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 11.4 7.5 19.6 8.2 6.2
Zimbabwe 13.4 12.0 11.3 10.4 9.5

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