Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria 18.1 16.9 24.0 18.6 15.0
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 4.0 3.6
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The
Bahrain
Bangladesh 12.9 13.0 10.8 11.0 9.1
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 4.3 3.5 2.7 3.1 2.4
Benin 7.6 5.1 4.8 5.7 4.4
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 16.2 15.4 17.9 14.4 14.7
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 2.6 1.9 2.0 1.6 1.6
Brazil 31.1 25.6 34.4 13.5 6.3
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 3.0 3.6 4.6 7.0 7.2
Burkina Faso 7.5 6.4 5.9 8.2 4.2
Burundi 10.0 15.7 13.3 14.0 14.4
Cabo Verde 5.7 7.8 8.3 4.3 3.2
Cambodia
Cameroon 9.2 11.9 12.4 8.4 9.8
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 6.8 6.4 5.6 5.6 5.3
Chad 1.5 2.1 1.8 1.9 1.8
Chile
China 3.5 4.5 4.6 6.4 5.4
Colombia 17.4 20.3 22.0 23.2 18.9
Comoros 3.9 5.0 2.3 3.4 2.3
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 17.4 13.6 14.0 11.2 10.8
Costa Rica 18.9 13.0 14.2 8.9 10.0
Cote d'Ivoire 21.1 16.6 14.7 17.9 18.0
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica 3.3 2.8 2.4 2.5 2.2
Dominican Republic 15.9 9.3 9.6 5.9 4.5
Ecuador 28.9 15.2 14.1 17.2 14.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 22.0 10.7 15.8 17.7 12.4
El Salvador 8.9 9.6 8.3 7.5 8.7
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 8.1 10.2 13.9 11.4 9.7
Faroe Islands
Fiji 4.7 5.0 4.2 3.2 2.9
Finland
France
French Polynesia
Gabon 6.2 5.2 7.1 6.4 4.9
Gambia, The 10.6 6.6 5.6 4.2 7.2
Georgia
Germany
Ghana 13.8 12.9 13.1 12.8 11.0
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 1.8 2.5 3.2 2.2 1.7
Guam
Guatemala 14.6 14.9 9.9 9.1 7.3
Guinea 3.4 8.1 6.1 5.2 7.0
Guinea-Bissau 32.1 43.8 36.8 26.5 23.3
Guyana
Haiti 6.1 6.0 6.6 7.5 4.9
Honduras 14.5 13.6 15.7 7.2 17.3
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland
India 15.2 15.6 14.3 18.5 19.5
Indonesia 16.9 15.6 15.7 15.1 13.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.2 1.8 2.6 2.4 2.1
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica 20.6 17.2 14.1 11.3 10.9
Japan
Jordan 14.5 15.3 16.4 12.3 14.6
Kazakhstan
Kenya 13.4 16.8 16.5 14.6 14.9
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep.
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 2.1 2.1 2.7 2.9 2.8
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.5
Liberia 3.9 2.5
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 16.9 27.5 20.6 24.5 21.0
Malawi 19.3 14.1 12.0 12.9 10.3
Malaysia 9.3 7.9 6.7 4.6 3.4
Maldives 2.8 2.2 2.2 1.5 1.5
Mali 8.4 7.2 7.7 6.3 5.4
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 8.9 9.3 9.3 7.7 10.0
Mauritius 4.9 3.7 3.8 3.5 2.7
Mexico 29.6 23.5 21.9 20.5 14.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 23.5 19.7 18.2 23.6 14.0
Mozambique 22.1 10.8 13.9 16.1 12.5
Myanmar 23.3 24.3 18.4 24.6 4.0
Namibia
Nepal 3.8 4.3 5.3 7.4 6.2
Netherlands
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua 8.5 8.0 6.5 1.8 3.3
Niger 14.2 14.6 16.5 10.9 6.5
Nigeria 15.0 8.3 20.9 17.6 14.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan 13.8 12.8 12.6 12.5 12.0
Palau
Panama 5.6 4.2 0.3 0.1 4.0
Papua New Guinea 11.4 11.6 10.3 10.8 10.9
Paraguay 11.3 13.4 11.0 4.6 3.5
Peru 10.5 8.1 6.0 5.2 5.7
Philippines 18.8 19.5 18.7 17.4 13.6
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania 6.3 5.3 2.9 1.4 0.2
Russian Federation
Rwanda 3.1 5.4 6.3 7.9 7.7
Samoa 8.4 6.0 3.7 2.7 2.6
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 3.7 9.2 10.1 36.3 21.0
Saudi Arabia
Senegal 12.5 14.4 13.7 15.0 8.3
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 12.6 4.3 5.0 1.0 4.4
Singapore
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 2.8 2.9 3.5 3.6 3.8
Somalia 24.0 10.3 5.7 20.4
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 10.1 9.8 9.0 8.2 7.1
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia 0.6 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.1
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.6 1.5 1.2 1.5 1.4
Sudan 17.3 12.0 20.2 6.1 6.6
Suriname
Swaziland 3.2 2.6 2.0 1.6 1.2
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Tanzania 13.5 17.1 15.1 11.4 11.3
Thailand 11.0 8.4 7.1 6.0 6.5
Timor-Leste
Togo 10.9 7.5 14.1 7.6 6.2
Tonga 1.1 1.0 1.3 1.1 1.1
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia 11.9 11.2 9.5 9.6 8.4
Turkey 19.1 17.1 17.8 16.3 15.5
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 11.9 13.0 16.3 16.5 20.6
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 1.3 1.6 2.1 1.8 1.4
Venezuela, RB
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 5.8
Zambia 19.6 8.2 6.2 4.3 5.6
Zimbabwe 11.3 10.4 9.5 8.9 9.9

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