Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria 11.1 18.1 16.9 24.0 18.6
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 4.0
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 50.3 50.9 48.3 27.4 17.8
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The
Bahrain
Bangladesh 10.2 13.2 13.2 10.8 10.9
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 5.7 4.3 3.5 2.7 3.1
Benin 6.1 7.6 5.1 4.8 5.7
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 23.0 16.2 15.4 17.9 14.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 2.3 2.6 1.9 2.0 1.6
Brazil 31.1 31.1 25.6 34.4 13.5
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 1.9 3.0 3.6 4.6 7.0
Burkina Faso 7.6 7.5 6.4 5.9 8.2
Burundi 8.3 10.0 15.7 13.3 14.0
Cabo Verde 9.2 5.7 7.8 8.3 4.3
Cambodia
Cameroon 8.3 9.2 11.9 12.4 8.4
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 5.4 6.8 6.4 5.6 5.6
Chad 2.5 1.5 2.1 1.8 1.9
Chile
China 4.0 3.5 4.5 4.6 6.4
Colombia 26.6 17.4 20.3 22.0 23.2
Comoros 8.9 3.9 5.0 2.3 3.4
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 13.6 17.4 13.6 14.0 11.2
Costa Rica 29.0 18.9 13.0 14.2 8.9
Cote d'Ivoire 23.7 21.1 16.6 14.7 17.9
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica 4.5 3.3 2.8 2.4 2.5
Dominican Republic 13.9 15.9 9.3 9.6 5.9
Ecuador 24.9 28.9 15.2 14.1 17.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 18.9 22.0 10.7 15.8 17.7
El Salvador 10.3 8.9 9.6 8.3 7.5
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 7.6 8.1 10.2 13.9 11.4
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 5.0 4.7 5.0 4.2 3.2
Finland
France
French Polynesia
Gabon 3.7 6.2 5.2 7.1 6.4
Gambia, The 5.7 10.6 6.6 5.6 4.2
Georgia
Germany
Ghana 12.9 13.8 12.9 13.1 12.8
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 2.9 1.8 2.5 3.2 2.2
Guam
Guatemala 11.6 14.6 14.9 9.9 9.1
Guinea 3.4 8.1 6.1 5.2
Guinea-Bissau 32.5 32.1 43.8 36.8 26.5
Guyana 21.3
Haiti 6.7 6.1 6.0 6.6 7.5
Honduras 14.4 14.5 13.6 15.7 7.2
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland
India 14.7 16.6 17.2 15.8 19.6
Indonesia 11.9 16.9 15.6 15.7 15.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 1.7 3.2 1.8 2.6 2.4
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica 22.7 20.6 17.2 14.1 11.3
Japan
Jordan 12.0 14.5 15.3 16.4 12.3
Kazakhstan
Kenya 14.8 13.4 16.8 16.5 14.6
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep.
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 1.4 2.1 2.1 2.7 2.9
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.6 1.6
Liberia 5.3 3.9 2.5
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 16.6 16.9 27.5 20.6 24.5
Malawi 16.3 19.3 14.1 12.0 12.9
Malaysia 9.0 9.3 7.9 6.7 4.6
Maldives 4.0 2.8 2.2 2.2 1.5
Mali 9.7 8.4 7.2 7.7 6.3
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 9.2 8.9 9.3 9.3 7.7
Mauritius 7.5 4.9 3.7 3.8 3.5
Mexico 30.2 29.6 23.5 21.9 20.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 23.5 23.5 19.7 18.2 23.6
Mozambique 16.2 22.2 10.9 14.0 16.3
Myanmar 19.9 23.3 24.3 18.4 24.6
Namibia
Nepal 2.9 3.8 4.3 5.3 7.4
Netherlands
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua 11.4 8.5 8.0 6.5 1.8
Niger 16.3 14.2 14.6 16.5 10.9
Nigeria 12.7 15.0 8.3 20.9 17.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan 14.5 13.8 12.8 12.6 12.5
Palau
Panama 5.3 5.6 4.2 0.3 0.1
Papua New Guinea 13.5 11.4 11.6 10.3 10.8
Paraguay 11.9 11.3 13.4 11.0 4.6
Peru 13.3 10.5 8.1 6.0 5.2
Philippines 22.2 18.8 19.5 18.7 17.4
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania 6.1 6.3 5.3 2.9 1.4
Russian Federation
Rwanda 4.1 3.1 5.4 6.3 7.9
Samoa 8.4 8.4 6.0 3.7 2.7
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 13.8 3.7 9.2 10.1 36.3
Saudi Arabia
Senegal 10.5 12.5 14.4 13.7 15.0
Serbia
Seychelles 3.4 4.5 4.9 4.1 5.4
Sierra Leone 5.4 12.6 4.3 5.0 1.0
Singapore
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.5 3.6
Somalia 6.9 24.0 10.3 5.7 20.4
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 9.5 10.1 9.8 9.0 8.2
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.9 1.1
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.7 1.6 1.5 1.2 1.5
Sudan 15.4 17.3 12.0 20.2 6.1
Suriname
Swaziland 3.4 3.2 2.6 2.0 1.6
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Tanzania 12.4 13.5 17.1 15.1 11.4
Thailand 13.3 11.0 8.4 7.1 6.0
Timor-Leste
Togo 12.4 10.9 7.5 14.1 7.6
Tonga 0.9 1.1 1.0 1.3 1.1
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia 10.0 11.9 11.2 9.5 9.6
Turkey 17.3 19.1 17.1 17.8 16.3
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 13.4 11.9 13.0 16.3 16.6
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 1.1 1.3 1.6 2.1 1.8
Venezuela, RB 19.2 27.4 21.3 24.6 19.8
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 7.5 19.6 8.2 6.2 4.3
Zimbabwe 12.0 11.3 10.4 9.5 8.9

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