Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria 11.5 11.4 9.0 7.8 11.2
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 8.6
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 9.7 10.2 11.3 15.1 13.1
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The
Bahrain
Bangladesh 37.8 40.6 40.9 34.3 36.9
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 18.6 16.5 24.2 17.2 22.4
Benin 30.8 21.8 45.2 33.2 35.7
Bermuda
Bhutan 38.2 36.7 39.5 19.0 39.5
Bolivia 33.7 22.0 26.6 30.3 27.8
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 18.0 20.8 24.3 26.8 22.5
Brazil 12.7 13.1 14.6 11.6 11.9
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 7.7 9.5 6.7 5.4 5.1
Burkina Faso 38.2 31.1 26.5 31.1 31.6
Burundi 37.8 40.2 34.1 37.1 35.0
Cabo Verde 33.2 28.0 45.6 29.4 45.6
Cambodia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cameroon 17.5 16.8 21.0 14.5 15.7
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 24.4 36.1 24.5 36.5 36.5
Chad 15.0 47.7 41.0 40.8 40.7
Chile
China 11.8 14.8 15.4 14.9 18.0
Colombia 12.1 15.2 13.5 13.2 13.8
Comoros 19.0 25.9 39.8 27.9 29.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 35.3 25.6 39.7 28.0 30.4
Congo, Rep. 7.4 13.7 10.0 9.6 10.6
Costa Rica 18.5 19.4 14.9 20.0 17.4
Cote d'Ivoire 16.1 17.1 19.2 15.9 19.2
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti 31.6 22.4 36.0 25.3 35.0
Dominica 20.8 25.8 27.9 40.5 22.4
Dominican Republic 17.4 15.7 18.2 15.2 16.6
Ecuador 13.8 13.2 16.3 18.4 13.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 13.1 15.5 14.1 18.3 15.5
El Salvador 27.0 26.4 24.5 36.1 14.6
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 19.7 26.7 21.6 22.6 21.8
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 13.6 15.3 18.8 15.5 14.6
Finland
France
French Polynesia
Gabon 10.1 13.0 12.8 14.4 15.4
Gambia, The 14.3 49.7 36.9 34.8 41.4
Georgia
Germany
Ghana 33.0 24.6 35.3 33.0 31.4
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 34.9 17.1 25.3 29.3 19.9
Guam
Guatemala 15.0 22.4 31.0 18.3 13.8
Guinea 29.1 26.7 36.2 31.5 33.4
Guinea-Bissau 15.8 24.6 42.2 36.9 43.3
Guyana 25.8 14.1 14.9 6.8 20.6
Haiti 42.4 40.7 42.9 0.0 34.7
Honduras 24.3 28.9 24.2 19.1 16.6
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary 9.1 9.8 9.0 9.9 9.2
Iceland
India 23.9 19.5 22.6 17.8 19.1
Indonesia 17.5 15.8 19.6 21.1 21.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.0 19.0 0.0 9.4 9.6
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica 10.9 11.6 14.7 19.5 19.1
Japan
Jordan 11.7 15.7 12.9 13.4 19.4
Kazakhstan
Kenya 19.4 20.8 24.0 23.0 27.4
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep.
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 31.2 25.1 34.2 35.0 34.6
Latvia
Lebanon 13.8 12.9 0.0 23.3 0.0
Lesotho 34.1 28.6 30.9 27.0 28.3
Liberia 27.0 25.8 23.3 0.0 0.0
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 31.8 36.7 34.4 31.5 37.0
Malawi 44.4 27.1 42.3 37.6 36.3
Malaysia 20.9 14.1 14.8 17.5 12.1
Maldives 25.3 22.1 28.3 11.6 27.8
Mali 42.1 34.9 26.5 39.3 33.4
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 29.8 23.3 35.8 34.2 28.0
Mauritius 18.8 17.0 18.5 15.1 16.5
Mexico 12.6 12.2 13.0 13.1 15.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Middle East (developing only)
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 18.6 17.9 18.5 20.6 17.4
Mozambique 28.8 21.9 30.5 31.1 37.7
Myanmar 27.5 29.6 31.4 30.8 0.0
Namibia
Nepal 42.5 41.7 32.3 38.8 38.5
Netherlands
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua 11.8 10.4 15.9 9.6 14.2
Niger 31.3 43.4 35.9 31.2 29.2
Nigeria 13.2 15.7 13.9 15.8 18.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan 26.8 26.8 25.8 23.9 23.7
Palau
Panama 14.8 16.4 16.3 3.1 15.2
Papua New Guinea 13.0 16.0 20.7 15.7 14.3
Paraguay 15.3 14.5 20.7 22.0 17.8
Peru 20.9 12.4 16.3 11.3 16.0
Philippines 10.7 23.4 21.4 22.4 20.8
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania 18.2 27.8 25.0 0.0 0.0
Russian Federation
Rwanda 26.5 41.7 38.9 34.1 34.5
Samoa 41.7 34.9 49.4 22.0 37.9
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 29.3 43.4 42.5 33.0 26.8
Saudi Arabia
Senegal 23.5 27.6 28.7 31.8 32.3
Serbia 14.7 0.0 14.4 11.8 19.2
Seychelles 17.5 14.8 11.2 12.6 19.9
Sierra Leone 23.9 42.1 31.5 38.6 18.5
Singapore
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 29.2 24.7 39.5 0.0 0.0
Somalia 41.1 34.3 41.5 29.1 40.3
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 36.0 32.4 31.9 34.8 27.7
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia 17.9 20.4 18.9 23.9 13.4
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 15.3 44.6 35.8 27.1 27.1
Sudan 37.3 30.7 18.7 34.7 38.3
Suriname
Swaziland 19.4 22.3 27.3 49.7 40.5
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic 23.1 22.3 24.0 24.1 25.8
Tajikistan
Tanzania 23.0 35.0 27.5 28.7 30.5
Thailand 18.5 18.5 19.4 17.0 12.9
Timor-Leste
Togo 48.9 26.5 40.4 33.2 33.6
Tonga 0.0 31.3 34.6 43.4 31.2
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia 16.0 17.2 15.7 19.2 16.1
Turkey 11.5 12.5 11.5 14.2 12.3
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 30.8 12.0 20.6 37.1 19.3
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 19.3 37.7 14.5 39.6 35.9
Venezuela, RB 12.8 16.6 8.0 7.2 11.9
Vietnam 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 23.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 15.7 17.1 27.4 23.2 28.5
Zambia 38.8 23.5 29.6 17.0 18.5
Zimbabwe 24.4 332.0 163.2 76.7 24.9

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