Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria 11.4 9.0 7.8 11.2 9.1
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 8.6 10.3
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The
Bahrain
Bangladesh 40.7 41.0 34.3 36.9 35.3
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 16.5 24.2 17.2 22.4 10.0
Benin 21.8 45.2 33.2 35.7 39.2
Bermuda
Bhutan 36.7 39.5 19.0 39.5 0.0
Bolivia 22.0 26.6 30.3 27.8 29.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 20.8 24.3 26.8 22.5 15.3
Brazil 13.1 14.6 11.6 11.9 11.9
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 9.5 6.7 5.4 5.1 3.5
Burkina Faso 31.1 26.5 31.1 31.6 27.9
Burundi 40.2 34.1 37.1 35.0 40.3
Cabo Verde 28.0 45.6 29.4 45.6 42.6
Cambodia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cameroon 16.8 21.0 14.5 15.7 15.2
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 36.1 24.5 36.5 36.5 37.6
Chad 47.7 41.0 40.8 40.7 31.0
Chile
China 14.8 15.4 14.9 18.0 16.6
Colombia 15.2 13.5 13.2 13.8 16.8
Comoros 25.9 39.8 27.9 29.8 29.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 25.6 39.7 28.0 30.4 23.8
Congo, Rep. 13.7 10.0 9.6 10.6 16.0
Costa Rica 19.4 14.9 20.0 17.4 15.4
Cote d'Ivoire 17.1 19.2 15.9 19.2 20.0
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti 22.4 36.0 25.3 35.0 39.7
Dominica 25.8 27.9 40.5 22.4 25.1
Dominican Republic 15.7 18.2 15.2 16.6 24.4
Ecuador 13.2 16.3 18.4 13.5 17.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.5 14.1 18.3 15.5 25.8
El Salvador 26.4 24.5 36.1 14.6 29.8
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 26.7 21.6 22.6 21.8 21.7
Faroe Islands
Fiji 15.3 18.8 15.5 14.6 24.7
Finland
France
French Polynesia
Gabon 13.0 12.8 14.4 15.4 17.9
Gambia, The 49.7 36.9 34.8 41.4 42.0
Georgia
Germany
Ghana 24.6 35.3 33.0 31.4 32.0
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 17.1 25.3 29.3 19.9 20.2
Guam
Guatemala 22.4 31.0 18.3 13.8 19.0
Guinea 26.7 36.2 31.5 33.4 30.5
Guinea-Bissau 24.6 42.2 36.9 43.3 28.1
Guyana 14.1 14.9 6.8 20.6 39.7
Haiti 40.7 42.9 0.0 34.7 38.8
Honduras 28.9 24.2 19.1 16.6 21.5
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland
India 19.5 22.6 17.8 19.1 21.8
Indonesia 15.8 19.7 21.1 21.5 22.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 19.0 0.0 9.4 9.6 9.5
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica 11.6 14.7 19.5 19.1 18.0
Japan
Jordan 15.7 12.9 13.4 19.4 20.2
Kazakhstan
Kenya 20.8 24.0 23.0 27.4 24.9
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep.
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 25.1 34.2 35.0 34.6 39.9
Latvia
Lebanon 12.9 0.0 23.3 0.0 0.0
Lesotho 28.6 30.9 27.0 28.3 24.3
Liberia 25.8 23.3 0.0 0.0 24.8
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 36.7 34.4 31.5 37.0 36.2
Malawi 27.1 42.3 37.6 36.3 38.9
Malaysia 14.1 14.8 17.5 12.1 20.9
Maldives 22.1 28.3 11.6 27.8 37.3
Mali 34.9 26.5 39.3 33.4 30.0
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 23.3 35.8 34.2 28.0 31.2
Mauritius 17.0 18.5 15.1 16.5 17.9
Mexico 12.2 13.0 13.1 15.0 13.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Morocco 17.9 18.5 20.6 17.4 19.9
Mozambique 21.9 30.5 31.1 37.7 34.6
Myanmar 31.4 30.8 0.0 20.0 13.7
Namibia
Nepal 41.6 32.3 38.9 38.5 38.5
Netherlands
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua 10.4 15.9 9.6 14.2 12.1
Niger 43.4 35.9 31.3 29.2 31.9
Nigeria 15.7 13.9 15.8 18.7 19.0
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan 26.9 25.8 23.9 23.7 22.6
Palau
Panama 16.4 16.3 3.1 15.2 8.3
Papua New Guinea 16.0 20.7 15.7 14.3 16.2
Paraguay 14.5 20.7 22.0 17.8 34.4
Peru 12.4 16.3 11.3 16.0 9.1
Philippines 23.4 21.4 22.4 20.8 21.9
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania 27.8 25.0 0.0 0.0 10.7
Russian Federation
Rwanda 41.7 38.9 34.1 34.5 33.9
Samoa 34.9 49.4 22.0 37.9 39.8
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 43.4 42.5 33.0 26.8 35.7
Saudi Arabia
Senegal 27.6 28.7 31.8 32.3 33.2
Serbia 0.0 14.4 11.8 19.2 16.0
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 42.1 31.5 38.6 18.5 19.7
Singapore
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 24.7 39.5 0.0 0.0 17.7
Somalia 34.3 41.5 29.1 40.3 46.1
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 32.4 31.9 34.8 27.7 35.0
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia 20.4 18.9 23.9 13.4 24.1
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 44.6 35.8 27.1 27.1 20.7
Sudan 30.7 18.7 34.7 38.3 49.9
Suriname
Swaziland 22.3 27.3 49.7 40.5 0.0
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic 22.3 24.0 24.1 25.8 22.7
Tajikistan
Tanzania 35.0 27.5 28.7 30.5 35.1
Thailand 18.5 19.4 17.0 12.9 22.4
Timor-Leste
Togo 26.5 40.4 33.2 33.6 39.5
Tonga 31.3 34.6 43.4 31.2 39.7
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia 17.2 15.7 19.2 16.1 14.6
Turkey 12.5 11.5 14.2 12.3 10.2
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 12.0 20.6 37.1 19.3 33.2
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 37.7 14.5 39.6 35.9 0.0
Venezuela, RB
Vietnam 0.0 0.0 0.0 23.1 9.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 17.1 27.4 23.2 28.5 28.6
Zambia 23.5 29.6 17.0 18.5 15.8
Zimbabwe 332.0 163.2 49.0 24.9 21.9

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