Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria 13.8 13.0 16.3 13.5 9.1
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 23.0 18.9 13.3 15.2 16.5
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The
Bahrain
Bangladesh 40.5 39.7 40.7 41.0 34.5
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 24.8 19.6 16.9 26.5 21.0
Benin 28.9 30.8 21.8 45.5 33.2
Bermuda
Bhutan 36.5 38.2 36.7 39.5 42.7
Bolivia 18.6 35.2 22.1 28.5 30.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 16.0 18.4 21.5 24.3 26.8
Brazil 11.1 13.8 13.9 15.4 16.2
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 7.7 13.9 13.6 8.4 9.0
Burkina Faso 27.2 38.2 31.1 26.5 35.2
Burundi 33.3 38.4 40.2 34.1 37.6
Cabo Verde 46.6 33.2 28.0 45.6 29.4
Cambodia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cameroon 28.1 19.2 19.7 30.5 17.9
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 37.9 25.3 36.1 24.5 36.5
Chad 25.9 15.0 47.7 42.5 40.8
Chile
China 28.2 26.6 26.6 29.4 24.1
Colombia 16.1 18.2 17.8 17.2 17.8
Comoros 36.2 19.0 25.9 39.8 27.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 34.7 36.8 27.1 40.2 28.6
Congo, Rep. 16.7 18.0 17.3 17.2 21.0
Costa Rica 18.5 20.5 19.9 15.4 20.1
Cote d'Ivoire 23.6 19.5 18.7 19.7 16.1
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti 29.4 31.6 22.4 36.0 25.3
Dominica 18.4 20.8 26.8 27.9 40.5
Dominican Republic 17.1 17.6 16.7 18.9 15.2
Ecuador 22.7 18.8 17.6 19.3 23.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 25.2 18.7 20.3 18.9 23.9
El Salvador 22.0 27.2 26.4 26.0 37.1
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 26.3 24.0 29.7 27.8 25.9
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 17.9 15.7 17.5 18.8 17.7
Finland
France
French Polynesia
Gabon 13.8 23.2 18.0 15.3 16.2
Gambia, The 47.2 14.3 49.7 36.9 34.8
Georgia
Germany
Ghana 47.5 35.9 34.6 37.3 33.8
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 22.6 35.9 21.0 25.3 29.3
Guam
Guatemala 20.8 16.3 26.1 33.3 19.4
Guinea 24.2 29.7 26.9 36.2 35.0
Guinea-Bissau 36.1 15.8 29.3 42.2 36.9
Guyana 22.3 26.4 20.8 23.1 4.8
Haiti 27.3 42.4 40.7 42.9 0.0
Honduras 22.3 28.3 29.5 25.2 19.7
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary 14.1 13.1 14.1 12.7 14.0
Iceland
India 31.1 28.8 25.6 27.2 24.7
Indonesia 21.9 23.3 21.0 22.0 23.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica 18.2 15.0 19.1 17.8 21.8
Japan
Jordan 20.7 14.8 14.0 16.9 15.3
Kazakhstan
Kenya 26.4 24.9 28.3 35.1 28.5
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep.
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 32.2 31.2 25.1 34.2 35.0
Latvia
Lebanon 0.0 13.8 14.0 0.0 34.1
Lesotho 40.8 38.1 33.2 37.5 28.0
Liberia 33.1 27.0 25.8 23.3 0.0
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 26.0 32.7 37.2 34.4 32.3
Malawi 39.6 45.5 27.1 45.1 38.8
Malaysia 19.0 19.1 17.6 15.9 21.7
Maldives 32.9 41.3 24.5 28.3 16.4
Mali 37.0 43.0 34.9 26.5 39.3
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 24.2 29.8 25.2 35.8 34.2
Mauritius 15.1 17.1 18.4 18.5 18.0
Mexico 14.6 14.9 13.6 14.2 15.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 20.5 21.7 23.9 21.6 25.9
Mozambique 19.1 29.2 24.2 33.1 31.2
Myanmar 27.8 31.8 34.2 31.0 0.0
Namibia
Nepal 40.0 44.5 43.6 37.6 39.2
Netherlands
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua 13.1 11.8 10.5 16.4 9.5
Niger 30.7 31.6 43.4 35.9 31.2
Nigeria 14.8 14.9 19.5 15.8 19.0
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan 31.7 28.0 28.5 28.6 24.1
Palau
Panama 18.2 20.1 16.3 20.0 0.0
Papua New Guinea 26.2 21.0 17.4 21.4 22.3
Paraguay 18.6 18.1 16.4 26.1 36.1
Peru 16.9 17.4 15.2 18.1 11.6
Philippines 17.7 14.9 23.7 21.9 24.3
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania 26.5 26.5 26.5 25.0 0.0
Russian Federation
Rwanda 42.3 27.4 41.7 38.9 37.0
Samoa 15.0 41.7 34.9 49.4 22.0
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 21.1 29.3 45.0 42.5 33.0
Saudi Arabia
Senegal 23.5 27.3 29.9 28.8 31.8
Serbia 14.8 14.7 0.0 14.4 17.8
Seychelles 21.8 20.4 18.8 18.4 17.9
Sierra Leone 33.0 23.9 42.1 31.5 38.6
Singapore
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 32.1 48.0 24.7 39.5 0.0
Somalia 32.8 41.1 34.3 41.5 29.1
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 36.3 36.2 35.7 33.9 36.1
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia 20.0 17.9 22.4 18.9 23.9
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 33.4 15.3 44.6 35.8 27.1
Sudan 36.8 37.3 30.7 18.7 34.7
Suriname
Swaziland 22.8 19.4 24.0 27.3 49.7
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic 15.8 23.4 23.9 24.6 25.4
Tajikistan
Tanzania 6.7 41.4 40.9 27.7 33.8
Thailand 22.5 23.0 26.2 25.9 24.7
Timor-Leste
Togo 32.5 48.9 26.5 40.4 33.2
Tonga 0.0 31.3 34.6 43.4
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia 16.2 19.1 20.8 19.4 21.8
Turkey 15.6 16.6 15.9 16.8 16.1
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 41.8 38.7 16.0 27.1 40.7
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 0.0 19.3 37.7 20.0 39.6
Venezuela, RB 20.0 20.0 20.1 9.0 15.2
Vietnam 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 24.9 19.9 30.8 30.1 26.0
Zambia 18.1 39.1 30.4 30.9 20.8
Zimbabwe 24.8 26.4 459.2 306.2 101.4

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