Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Malaysia -0.5 -0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1
Costa Rica -0.1 -0.1 0.1 -0.1 0.1
Korea, Rep. -0.0 -0.0 -0.0 -0.0
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.0
Saudi Arabia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Brazil 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Argentina 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Venezuela, RB 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Mexico 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 -0.0
Turkey 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Uruguay 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Barbados 0.2 0.2 0.6 -0.1 0.0
Colombia 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.2
Cuba 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1
Cyprus 0.2
South Africa 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Chile 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
China 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Trinidad and Tobago 0.3 0.6 0.2 0.4 -0.0
Slovenia 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.3
Mauritius 0.4 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.4
Thailand 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.6
India 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
Indonesia 0.5 0.4 1.4 1.6 1.1
Panama 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.1 0.1
Oman 0.6 0.7 4.1 0.4 0.4
Croatia 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Dominican Republic 0.6 0.4 0.6 0.9 0.2
Nigeria 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.4
Kazakhstan 0.6 0.6 1.0 1.1 1.1
Peru 0.6 0.7 0.9 0.9 0.8
Uzbekistan 0.6 1.0 1.1 0.9 1.4
Tunisia 0.7 1.0 0.7 1.1 1.1
Algeria 0.7 0.5 0.9 0.3 0.4
Antigua and Barbuda 0.8 0.8 1.6 1.7 1.3
Jamaica 0.9 1.0 0.2 -0.3 0.1
Paraguay 1.0 1.2 0.9 1.0 1.2
Turkmenistan 1.0 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.3
Ecuador 1.0 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9
Philippines 1.0 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6
Guatemala 1.2 1.5 1.2 1.6 1.4
Syrian Arab Republic 1.6 1.4 1.1 1.5 0.9
Morocco 1.6 1.3 1.4 1.8 1.2
Botswana 1.6 2.5 2.2 1.2 0.6
Pakistan 1.6 1.5 1.7 1.2 1.0
Lebanon 1.7 1.6 2.0 1.1 1.1
Swaziland 1.9 1.5 2.1 1.8 0.8
Malta 2.0 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Bahrain 2.2 2.5 3.3 1.0 0.7
Israel 2.2
Fiji 2.2 2.2 2.3 1.9 1.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.3 2.1 1.9 1.3 1.0
Macedonia, FYR 2.4 2.7 3.0 7.7 6.8
Sudan 2.5 1.2 1.9 2.4 1.9
Gabon 2.6 0.8 1.1 1.2 0.3
Bangladesh 2.6 2.0 2.3 2.3 2.1
El Salvador 3.0 2.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 3.1 2.8 2.2 3.1 0.9
Azerbaijan 3.1 4.7 2.7 3.7 2.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.2 2.5 2.3 1.8 1.4
Belize 3.3 2.2 2.3 6.7 1.9
Sri Lanka 3.5 2.2 2.7 1.7 1.7
Vietnam 3.9 3.8 4.4 5.0 5.1
Seychelles 3.9 3.1 4.1 2.2 4.0
Grenada 4.2 3.1 2.0 2.9 3.4
Gambia, The 4.3 5.0 4.8 4.4 6.6
Zimbabwe 4.5 4.1 4.3 3.8 2.8
Cameroon 4.5 5.4 5.4 4.3 4.3
Namibia 4.6 4.0 4.6 4.7 3.9
Yemen, Rep. 4.8 5.7 6.6 6.6 3.5
Kenya 5.0 3.5 3.0 2.4 4.1
Albania 6.7 7.0 9.6 14.0 8.5
St. Lucia 7.3 4.5 1.0 3.9 1.5
Maldives 7.5 5.4 4.9 5.5 3.2
Jordan 7.7 6.7 5.3 5.4 6.5
Angola 7.8 5.5 6.4 8.2 4.1
Guinea 7.9 10.4 10.4 7.0 5.2
Papua New Guinea 8.1 7.5 10.3 6.8 8.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 8.2 1.8 5.7 4.4 1.6
Nepal 8.6 8.2 8.2 6.9 7.0
Cote d'Ivoire 8.6 4.1 8.0 3.8 3.6
Lesotho 9.1 7.7 5.6 2.9 3.6
Madagascar 9.2 24.1 13.1 9.7 8.4
Honduras 9.4 6.7 6.3 15.7 6.5
Ghana 9.6 7.3 9.6 8.0 12.4
Ethiopia 9.6 6.8 8.5 8.4 8.4
French Polynesia 10.2 10.3 9.8 9.3
Georgia 10.2 6.6 5.5 8.3 5.3
Tajikistan 10.7 9.6 12.5 11.6 15.0
Togo 10.8 8.5 8.2 4.6 5.5
New Caledonia 11.0 10.3 10.7 10.3
Uganda 11.2 13.0 10.0 10.1 14.0
Bolivia 11.4 9.0 7.6 7.2 5.9
Senegal 11.5 9.2 10.1 10.6 9.4
Cambodia 12.2 9.9 11.0 8.1 11.2
Benin 12.4 9.9 8.4 7.9 9.5
Solomon Islands 12.6 7.4 9.2 8.3 15.7
Suriname 12.6 8.3 6.3 4.3 3.9
Niger 12.9 18.3 14.2 9.4 11.7
Kyrgyz Republic 12.9 14.1 15.3 24.1 16.7
Burundi 12.9 5.9 7.8 9.4 10.5
Tanzania 13.5 12.5 10.8 10.3 10.6
Kiribati 13.8 14.0 15.1 18.7 16.3
Vanuatu 14.1 11.9 16.0 14.2 17.7
Tonga 14.2 12.7 12.6 10.5 9.9
West Bank and Gaza 14.4 14.3 12.8 11.6 14.2
Mongolia 15.0 21.5 18.1 21.0 19.2
Burkina Faso 16.1 15.1 14.3 13.2 6.9
Equatorial Guinea 16.4 6.1 7.6 3.9 3.1
Comoros 16.8 14.0 18.6 9.6 9.2
Central African Republic 17.1 9.9 12.6 11.9 8.4
Lao PDR 17.7 19.3 22.2 20.6 16.9
Armenia 17.8 9.6 9.9 11.0 11.0
Zambia 17.9 15.0 10.5 19.2 23.1
Mali 17.9 16.2 12.1 12.2 11.0
Chad 18.5 14.9 10.0 12.3 9.6
Mauritania 18.5 16.8 11.8 15.5 17.1
Djibouti 19.0 16.6 15.4 13.7 12.7
Dominica 19.8 6.4 7.9 4.1 5.1
Sierra Leone 20.1 14.2 16.7 11.4 29.3
Bhutan 20.4 19.6 17.4 19.2 12.1
Guyana 21.8 39.3 14.3 13.7 17.5
Malawi 21.9 13.1 25.4 25.8 26.1
Eritrea 23.0 18.0 22.3 21.4 25.0
Nicaragua 23.4 10.0 13.5 14.4 11.4
Cabo Verde 23.4 22.8 25.1 23.2 17.8
Mozambique 25.8 22.9 21.9 15.8 18.8
Congo, Rep. 29.5 16.2 4.4 8.5 1.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 33.2 25.0 18.6 23.8 12.1
Rwanda 34.0 12.5 17.8 20.7 18.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 49.2 41.8 35.2 47.5 42.4
Marshall Islands 53.9 47.6 36.0 44.0 38.9
Palau 56.3 32.8 75.8 24.4 27.6
Guinea-Bissau 71.8 49.0 49.8 24.9 22.7
Denmark
New Zealand
Moldova 3.3 2.4 9.0 9.4
Isle of Man
Montenegro
Andorra
Brunei Darussalam
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao
Norway
Ukraine
Bulgaria
Finland
Bermuda
South Sudan
Monaco
Italy
Hungary
Iraq
Netherlands
Cayman Islands
Greenland
Timor-Leste 39.2
Luxembourg
Aruba
Lithuania
Tuvalu
Belgium
United Kingdom
Belarus
Germany
Poland
Faroe Islands
Portugal
Myanmar
Puerto Rico
Spain
Qatar
Japan
Romania
St. Martin (French part)
Russian Federation
Ireland
Sweden
Canada
Samoa 9.6 13.3 8.9 10.1
Switzerland
San Marino
Iceland
Sao Tome and Principe
Austria
Liechtenstein
Haiti
Libya
Australia
Serbia 0.4 0.6 3.9 17.3
Guam
Liberia 28.8 22.4 28.1 15.8
Turks and Caicos Islands
Afghanistan
Greece
Singapore
United Arab Emirates
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
United States
Slovak Republic
American Samoa
Latvia
France
Kuwait
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Somalia
Estonia
Bahamas, The
Czech Republic

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