Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.8 2.3
Maldives 0.8 3.4 5.3 9.6 22.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.1 1.4 3.1 2.5 3.6
Lesotho 1.5 1.5 2.3 4.7 3.6
Botswana 1.9 1.6 2.2 3.0 3.7
Comoros 2.9 4.3 3.8 6.4 26.0
Nepal 2.9 3.7 6.8 7.0 6.4
Zimbabwe 3.8 6.4 13.2 36.9 26.2
Rwanda 3.9 4.4 4.7 5.9 6.9
Swaziland 3.9 4.1 5.3 5.6 6.3
Nigeria 4.1 9.2 16.2 23.6 32.9
Central African Republic 4.9 6.1 5.1 12.8 16.3
Sao Tome and Principe 5.2 15.7 20.9 24.6 21.8
Grenada 6.0 3.7 7.1 11.6 12.2
Fiji 6.0 5.4 6.8 8.0 10.2
Panama 6.2 5.7 6.8 6.7 8.5
Mali 6.2 10.4 10.3 9.7 13.3
Gambia, The 6.2 10.5 20.2 17.0 10.9
Malaysia 6.3 8.2 10.7 11.6 14.1
Somalia 6.3 18.5 7.9 13.7 20.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.8 5.6 5.4 4.6 4.1
Mauritius 7.6 15.5 17.3 23.2 25.2
Ethiopia 7.8 10.9 13.1 18.8 20.7
El Salvador 8.0 10.1 15.5 22.3 25.7
Guatemala 8.3 9.4 11.9 16.4 22.5
Benin 8.4 4.9 12.9 17.6 16.4
Chad 8.4 8.7 2.8 1.1 5.2
Liberia 8.7 8.6 10.2 11.0 13.1
Togo 9.2 18.1 18.8 16.5 23.7
Burkina Faso 9.8 9.4 10.8 11.5 12.4
Haiti 9.9 14.5 10.6 9.1 11.1
Congo, Rep. 10.6 20.4 19.9 28.6 26.6
India 11.6 13.1 16.1 19.4 21.7
Jordan 12.3 14.5 14.1 19.4 20.6
Romania 12.6 15.2 23.3 15.2 15.6
Ghana 13.1 14.3 15.6 30.4 21.7
Cameroon 13.3 16.6 21.5 19.0 20.4
Sri Lanka 13.4 15.5 18.2 19.0 15.3
Papua New Guinea 13.8 19.0 25.2 30.1 40.0
Tunisia 16.3 16.8 18.2 21.6 25.3
Colombia 16.6 22.8 30.4 39.5 30.9
Uganda 17.4 24.9 18.2 23.4 30.3
Mauritania 17.6 22.6 18.6 15.2 20.2
Gabon 17.7 13.5 13.0 10.8 12.8
Tanzania 18.2 18.9 24.9 29.5 24.6
Thailand 18.9 20.3 20.6 24.0 25.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.0 22.4 23.7 28.6 32.8
Madagascar 19.4 27.6 28.7 23.0 31.0
Jamaica 19.7 25.6 26.5 29.9 33.1
Samoa 20.7 25.6 18.3 19.4 21.0
Kenya 21.0 27.0 30.5 33.8 34.8
Niger 21.9 31.9 55.6 37.1 27.0
Bangladesh 22.1 18.4 21.4 21.8 23.5
Honduras 22.2 27.0 32.3 26.2 24.3
Paraguay 22.4 24.8 22.2 19.7 21.7
Guyana 23.2 26.3 21.2 24.5 24.7
Nicaragua 23.7 39.8 45.8 22.1 19.3
Myanmar 24.5 21.8 30.5 32.0 39.5
Zambia 25.4 36.0 31.1 29.1 25.0
Sudan 25.6 24.0 32.3 27.9 21.8
Pakistan 26.2 25.9 26.7 35.1 35.8
Venezuela, RB 27.2 23.3 29.6 26.9 25.2
Philippines 27.3 34.6 43.9 37.2 33.7
Sierra Leone 27.5 37.3 27.7 23.7 25.4
Malawi 27.8 36.0 35.0 29.3 31.1
Algeria 28.2 28.6 31.8 34.7 37.7
Dominican Republic 29.2 26.3 34.9 30.3 19.7
Costa Rica 30.4 28.7 22.9 61.5 33.5
Senegal 31.2 18.2 13.7 12.0 17.6
Ecuador 34.2 46.9 78.7 29.9 38.0
Bolivia 35.5 36.2 59.7 51.9 63.9
Seychelles 36.2 6.2 2.9 4.5 5.8
Argentina 38.0 45.8 50.2 69.9 63.6
Cote d'Ivoire 38.7 52.6 54.1 49.9 37.5
Turkey 43.8 39.9 37.4 39.5 33.0
Morocco 44.2 51.0 58.4 52.9 35.9
Peru 44.8 59.4 49.0 34.4 30.2
Mexico 45.8 47.8 52.5 46.8 46.6
Brazil 63.6 66.6 82.1 54.9 45.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Guinea-Bissau 32.6 33.3 28.4
Belize 6.7
Austria
Estonia
Trinidad and Tobago
Eritrea
Belgium
Hong Kong SAR, China
Antigua and Barbuda
Hungary
Switzerland
Iceland
New Zealand
Equatorial Guinea
Palau
Indonesia 14.0 18.1 18.8 21.9
Puerto Rico
Belarus
Saudi Arabia
Iraq
Slovenia
Ireland
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
Cambodia
Israel
Guam
Italy
Croatia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Oman
Japan
Georgia
Greenland
Poland
Kazakhstan
China 8.6 10.9 8.0
Greece
San Marino
Kiribati
Serbia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Korea, Rep.
Aruba
Kuwait
St. Martin (French part)
Kyrgyz Republic
Armenia
Lao PDR 11.6
Tajikistan
Dominica 2.5 2.8 5.6 11.0
Cabo Verde 1.2 4.4 7.8 16.2
Middle East (developing only)
French Polynesia
Andorra
New Caledonia
West Bank and Gaza
Cuba
Faeroe Islands
Bahamas, The
Liechtenstein
Norway
Lithuania
Germany
Luxembourg
Azerbaijan
Macao SAR, China
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Macedonia, FYR
Angola
Djibouti
Portugal
Denmark
Qatar
Vietnam
Russian Federation
Brunei Darussalam
Chile
Czech Republic
Australia
Malta
Bermuda
Marshall Islands
Bhutan
Cyprus
Singapore
Bahrain
Slovak Republic
South Sudan
Albania
Guinea
South Africa
St. Kitts and Nevis
Spain
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
St. Lucia 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.1
Monaco
Afghanistan
Mongolia
Suriname
Montenegro
Sweden
Turks and Caicos Islands
Syrian Arab Republic
Bulgaria 0.7 1.7 3.0 4.1
Canada
United Arab Emirates
Timor-Leste
United States
Tonga
France
Burundi
Finland
Turkmenistan
Mozambique 7.8
Tuvalu
Curacao
Ukraine
Namibia
United Kingdom
Uzbekistan
Uruguay
Netherlands
Vanuatu 0.9 2.1 1.6
Barbados
American Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Libya
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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