Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
St. Lucia 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.4 2.1
Vanuatu 1.6 2.0 4.2 3.0 2.5
Tonga 3.2 3.5 3.5 4.0 3.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 4.0 3.5 3.3 2.9 3.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.1 7.3 3.6 5.6 3.3
Solomon Islands 4.5 5.6 10.1 6.7 9.2
Botswana 5.4 4.3 3.9 4.2 3.3
Lesotho 6.7 4.7 3.5 5.1 4.7
Nepal 7.1 8.6 9.1 11.0 16.0
Panama 7.3 8.3 7.6 0.6 0.3
Seychelles 7.9 9.0 8.9 9.6 12.8
China 8.4 9.7 9.6 9.6 11.4
Liberia 8.6 6.9 3.7
Lao PDR 9.2 10.6 11.5 13.5 20.2
Swaziland 9.7 9.1 8.8 5.8 4.4
Bulgaria 10.2 15.6 17.2 22.2 26.8
Gambia, The 10.3 33.2 20.4 15.6 14.2
Rwanda 10.5 8.4 13.4 13.0 18.5
Comoros 10.6 7.6 5.9 2.6 3.8
Dominica 11.2 8.5 11.9 8.6 9.5
Maldives 11.2 12.1 6.5 7.5 6.3
Grenada 11.4 8.2 7.1 8.0 5.1
Gabon 11.6 16.6 6.9 9.4 7.5
Fiji 11.7 11.5 11.8 10.1 8.5
Belize 13.4 11.0 9.6 8.3 7.9
Central African Republic 14.2 15.1 14.1 13.8 15.7
Haiti 14.3 17.3 20.2 22.7 23.9
Benin 14.4 16.2 8.9 9.2 8.8
Sierra Leone 14.9 39.7 9.0 11.8 4.2
Cabo Verde 15.7 12.6 16.2 17.0 11.5
Somalia 15.7 65.8 39.5 9.2 47.6
Zambia 15.7 52.1 19.0 15.1 13.3
Chad 17.5 5.4 4.1 4.2 5.9
Burkina Faso 17.6 18.2 12.5 13.7 15.2
Sudan 18.0 44.5 21.1 29.9 11.6
Romania 18.7 18.7 21.9 33.3 16.9
Sri Lanka 19.5 25.3 27.8 25.9 22.2
Burundi 20.4 24.5 41.3 33.3 36.4
Nicaragua 21.7 15.3 22.6 13.3 5.5
Senegal 22.2 27.8 34.4 33.4 30.3
Mali 22.3 22.3 20.3 24.3 19.7
Dominican Republic 23.0 26.6 19.9 18.1 15.9
Ghana 23.6 28.3 45.8 56.6 50.5
Mauritius 23.7 14.4 10.4 14.1 9.7
Paraguay 24.1 27.8 29.9 26.6 9.5
Ethiopia 24.6 29.7 36.9 44.9 40.8
Venezuela, RB 25.1 45.4 37.8 43.7 24.6
Jordan 25.1 31.4 33.4 41.6 24.9
Mauritania 25.4 22.3 27.3 27.8 21.2
Bangladesh 25.8 39.5 38.0 30.6 29.4
Honduras 26.2 30.7 36.9 37.1 15.7
India 26.8 37.6 36.2 34.2 33.6
Tunisia 27.5 32.0 32.9 24.6 24.8
Samoa 27.9 32.3 25.2 18.9 13.9
Guyana 28.0
Peru 28.1 21.5 13.7 9.7 9.0
El Salvador 28.2 27.9 28.3 21.8 18.7
Togo 28.4 29.3 16.9 23.4 16.2
Indonesia 28.9 37.5 37.2 40.4 38.7
Guatemala 29.0 33.4 31.5 29.2 21.4
Zimbabwe 29.0 31.1 32.3 28.5 22.4
Sao Tome and Principe 29.8 9.8 39.2 21.4 62.8
Cameroon 30.2 26.1 30.8 29.1 17.3
Malaysia 30.4 21.8 21.2 24.8 15.1
Thailand 31.9 30.1 21.9 20.2 16.3
Philippines 32.0 34.3 36.8 31.9 26.1
Mozambique 32.4 51.8 19.7 23.2 25.1
Papua New Guinea 32.5 26.9 25.4 29.0 32.8
Nigeria 32.8 38.0 14.1 30.4 24.7
Ecuador 33.2 43.4 34.2 40.1 35.8
Niger 34.0 30.6 29.5 34.9 27.8
Congo, Rep. 34.3 46.2 45.0 46.1 27.9
Cote d'Ivoire 34.8 35.4 38.4 32.4 33.2
Algeria 36.4 58.8 56.2 80.3 69.1
Kenya 38.7 35.6 39.8 39.0 36.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 38.7 42.3 22.9 32.1 36.5
Tanzania 39.0 34.4 39.2 31.9 33.0
Brazil 39.3 46.5 41.8 45.9 36.5
Pakistan 39.6 39.3 36.4 34.5 30.1
Malawi 39.8 53.7 37.4 30.9 30.9
Turkey 40.3 41.0 41.2 41.9 37.6
Jamaica 40.5 48.0 45.9 41.2 31.5
Uganda 41.7 40.7 47.9 75.7 67.6
Madagascar 42.2 52.3 56.7 52.4 50.2
Colombia 43.2 34.4 40.3 47.5 51.6
Costa Rica 43.2 36.5 23.3 25.4 18.3
Morocco 45.2 51.0 42.4 32.4 40.7
Mexico 45.2 45.8 34.2 38.9 34.2
Myanmar 46.2 54.6 94.8 100.6 44.2
Bolivia 50.3 37.4 34.3 54.9 33.5
Guinea-Bissau 52.0 77.2 69.8 61.0 54.2
Argentina 60.3 83.1 74.5 44.5 36.4
Ireland
Italy
Bahrain
Iraq
Timor-Leste
Japan
Qatar
Croatia
South Africa
Kazakhstan
Cuba
Tuvalu
Kiribati
Equatorial Guinea
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Belarus
Korea, Rep.
Slovak Republic
Kosovo
St. Kitts and Nevis
Kuwait
Syrian Arab Republic
Kyrgyz Republic
American Samoa
Iceland
United Kingdom
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Isle of Man
Afghanistan
Portugal
Hungary
Russian Federation
Chile
Israel
Libya
Singapore
Liechtenstein
Azerbaijan
Lithuania
Spain
Luxembourg
St. Martin (French part)
Macao SAR, China
Sweden
Macedonia, FYR
France
Hong Kong SAR, China
Andorra
Curacao
Turkmenistan
Cyprus
Ukraine
Cayman Islands
Uruguay
Canada
Georgia
Malta
Bhutan
Marshall Islands
Poland
Czech Republic
Puerto Rico
Cambodia
Bermuda
French Polynesia
Belgium
Barbados
San Marino
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Saudi Arabia
Moldova
Serbia
Monaco
Bahamas, The
Mongolia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Montenegro
Slovenia
Guinea 12.6 27.2 22.1 16.1
Austria
Denmark
South Sudan
Guam
Australia
Vietnam
Aruba
Suriname
Armenia
West Bank and Gaza
Estonia
Antigua and Barbuda
New Caledonia
Switzerland
New Zealand
Tajikistan
Djibouti
Finland
Greenland
Angola 8.4
Greece
Trinidad and Tobago
Northern Mariana Islands
Eritrea
Norway
Turks and Caicos Islands
Oman
Faeroe Islands
Germany
United Arab Emirates
Palau
United States
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Uzbekistan
Namibia
Albania
Brunei Darussalam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Netherlands
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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