Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
St. Lucia 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.4
Vanuatu 1.6 1.6 2.0 4.2 3.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.6 4.0 3.5 3.3 2.9
Tonga 3.2 3.5 3.5 4.0
Botswana 3.7 5.4 4.3 3.9 4.2
Lesotho 3.6 6.7 4.7 3.5 5.1
Chad 5.2 17.5 5.4 4.1 4.2
Solomon Islands 2.3 4.5 5.6 10.1 6.7
Liberia 13.1 8.6 6.9 3.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.1 4.1 7.3 3.6 5.6
Comoros 26.0 10.6 7.6 5.9 2.6
Grenada 12.2 11.4 8.2 7.1 8.0
Panama 8.5 7.3 8.3 7.6 0.6
Rwanda 6.9 10.5 8.4 13.4 13.0
Dominica 11.0 11.2 8.5 11.9 8.6
Nepal 6.4 7.1 8.6 9.1 11.0
Seychelles 5.8 7.9 9.0 8.9 9.6
Swaziland 6.3 9.7 9.1 8.8 5.8
China 8.0 8.4 9.7 9.6 9.6
Sao Tome and Principe 21.8 29.8 9.8 39.2 21.4
Lao PDR 11.6 9.2 10.6 11.5 13.5
Belize 6.7 13.4 11.0 9.6 8.3
Fiji 10.2 11.7 11.5 11.8 10.1
Maldives 22.6 11.2 12.1 6.5 7.5
Cabo Verde 16.2 15.7 12.6 16.2 17.0
Guinea 12.6 27.2 22.1
Mauritius 25.2 23.7 14.4 10.4 14.1
Central African Republic 16.3 14.2 15.1 14.1 13.8
Nicaragua 19.3 21.7 15.3 22.6 13.3
Bulgaria 4.1 10.2 15.6 17.2 22.2
Benin 16.4 14.4 16.2 8.9 9.2
Gabon 12.8 11.6 16.6 6.9 9.4
Haiti 11.1 14.3 17.3 20.2 22.7
Burkina Faso 12.4 17.6 18.2 12.5 13.7
Romania 15.6 18.7 18.7 21.9 33.3
Peru 30.2 28.1 21.5 13.7 9.7
Malaysia 14.1 30.4 21.8 21.2 24.8
Mali 13.3 22.3 22.3 20.3 24.3
Mauritania 20.2 25.4 22.3 27.3 27.8
Burundi 20.4 24.5 41.3 33.3
Sri Lanka 15.3 19.5 25.3 27.8 25.9
Cameroon 20.4 30.2 26.1 30.8 29.1
Dominican Republic 19.7 23.0 26.6 19.9 18.1
Papua New Guinea 40.0 32.5 26.9 25.4 29.0
Senegal 17.6 22.2 27.8 34.4 33.4
Paraguay 21.7 24.1 27.8 29.9 26.6
El Salvador 25.7 28.2 27.9 28.3 21.8
Ghana 21.7 23.6 28.3 45.8 56.6
Togo 23.7 28.4 29.3 16.9 23.4
Ethiopia 20.7 24.6 29.7 36.9 44.9
Thailand 25.7 31.9 30.1 21.9 20.2
Niger 27.0 34.0 30.6 29.5 34.9
Honduras 24.3 26.2 30.7 36.9 37.1
Zimbabwe 26.2 29.0 31.1 32.3 28.5
Jordan 20.6 25.1 31.4 33.4 41.6
Tunisia 25.3 27.5 32.0 32.9 24.6
Samoa 21.0 27.9 32.3 25.2 18.9
Gambia, The 10.9 10.3 33.2 20.4 15.6
Guatemala 22.5 29.0 33.4 31.5 29.2
Philippines 33.7 32.0 34.3 36.8 31.9
Colombia 30.9 43.2 34.4 40.3 47.5
Tanzania 24.6 39.0 34.4 39.2 31.9
Cote d'Ivoire 37.5 34.8 35.4 38.4 32.4
Kenya 34.8 38.7 35.6 39.8 39.0
Costa Rica 33.5 43.2 36.5 23.3 25.4
Bolivia 63.9 50.3 37.4 34.3 54.9
Indonesia 21.9 28.9 37.5 37.2 40.4
India 21.7 26.8 37.6 36.2 34.2
Nigeria 32.9 32.8 38.0 14.1 30.4
Pakistan 35.8 39.6 39.3 36.4 34.5
Bangladesh 23.5 25.8 39.5 38.0 30.6
Sierra Leone 25.4 14.9 39.7 9.0 11.8
Uganda 30.3 41.7 40.7 47.9 75.7
Turkey 33.0 40.3 41.0 41.2 41.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.8 38.7 42.3 22.9 32.1
Ecuador 38.0 33.2 43.4 34.2 40.1
Sudan 21.8 18.0 44.5 21.1 29.9
Venezuela, RB 25.2 25.1 45.4 37.8 43.7
Mexico 46.6 45.2 45.8 34.2 38.9
Congo, Rep. 26.6 34.3 46.2 45.0 46.1
Brazil 45.6 39.3 46.5 41.8 45.9
Jamaica 33.1 40.5 48.0 45.9 41.2
Morocco 35.9 45.2 51.0 42.4 32.4
Zambia 25.0 15.7 52.1 19.0 15.1
Madagascar 31.0 42.2 52.3 56.7 52.4
Malawi 31.1 39.8 53.7 37.4 30.9
Mozambique 7.8 34.5 54.6 23.5 27.1
Algeria 37.7 36.4 58.8 56.2 80.3
Somalia 20.1 15.7 65.8 39.5 9.2
Myanmar 40.7 57.7 69.7 73.4 58.0
Guinea-Bissau 28.4 52.0 77.2 69.8 61.0
Argentina 63.6 60.3 83.1 74.5 44.5
United Kingdom
Italy
Saudi Arabia
Ireland
Japan
Puerto Rico
Syrian Arab Republic
Slovenia
Iraq
Kazakhstan
Estonia
Congo, Dem. Rep.
West Bank and Gaza
Kiribati
Bahamas, The
Korea, Dem. Rep.
France
Korea, Rep.
South Sudan
Kosovo
Suriname
Kuwait
Timor-Leste
Kyrgyz Republic
Tuvalu
Iceland
Albania
Hungary
Poland
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Chile
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Cayman Islands
Serbia
Libya
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
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Armenia
Luxembourg
Antigua and Barbuda
Macao SAR, China
Sweden
Macedonia, FYR
Faeroe Islands
Hong Kong SAR, China
Czech Republic
Guyana 24.7 28.0
Turkmenistan
Canada
Ukraine
Cambodia
Uruguay
Brunei Darussalam
Vietnam
Malta
Isle of Man
Marshall Islands
Portugal
Bahrain
Qatar
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Croatia
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Greenland
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Djibouti
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St. Martin (French part)
Netherlands
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Belgium
United States
Belarus
Uzbekistan
Barbados
Denmark
Georgia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Curacao
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon

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