Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria 37.7 36.4 58.8 56.2 80.3
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 63.6 60.3 83.1 74.5 44.5
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The
Bahrain
Bangladesh 23.5 25.8 39.5 38.0 30.6
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 6.7 13.4 11.0 9.6 8.3
Benin 16.4 14.4 16.2 8.9 9.2
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 63.9 50.3 37.4 34.3 54.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 3.7 5.4 4.3 3.9 4.2
Brazil 45.6 39.3 46.5 41.8 45.9
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 4.1 10.2 15.6 17.2 22.2
Burkina Faso 12.4 17.6 18.2 12.5 13.7
Burundi 20.4 24.5 41.3 33.3
Cabo Verde 16.2 15.7 12.6 16.2 17.0
Cambodia
Cameroon 20.4 30.2 26.1 30.8 29.1
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 16.3 14.2 15.1 14.1 13.8
Chad 5.2 17.5 5.4 4.1 4.2
Chile
China 8.0 8.4 9.7 9.6 9.6
Colombia 30.9 43.2 34.4 40.3 47.5
Comoros 26.0 10.6 7.6 5.9 2.6
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 26.6 34.3 46.2 45.0 46.1
Costa Rica 33.5 43.2 36.5 23.3 25.4
Cote d'Ivoire 37.5 34.8 35.4 38.4 32.4
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica 11.0 11.2 8.5 11.9 8.6
Dominican Republic 19.7 23.0 26.6 19.9 18.1
Ecuador 38.0 33.2 43.4 34.2 40.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.8 38.7 42.3 22.9 32.1
El Salvador 25.7 28.2 27.9 28.3 21.8
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 20.7 24.6 29.7 36.9 44.9
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 10.2 11.7 11.5 11.8 10.1
Finland
France
French Polynesia
Gabon 12.8 11.6 16.6 6.9 9.4
Gambia, The 10.9 10.3 33.2 20.4 15.6
Georgia
Germany
Ghana 21.7 23.6 28.3 45.8 56.6
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 12.2 11.4 8.2 7.1 8.0
Guam
Guatemala 22.5 29.0 33.4 31.5 29.2
Guinea 12.6 27.2 22.1
Guinea-Bissau 28.4 52.0 77.2 69.8 61.0
Guyana 24.7 28.0
Haiti 11.1 14.3 17.3 20.2 22.7
Honduras 24.3 26.2 30.7 36.9 37.1
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland
India 21.7 26.8 37.6 36.2 34.2
Indonesia 21.9 28.9 37.5 37.2 40.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.1 4.1 7.3 3.6 5.6
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica 33.1 40.5 48.0 45.9 41.2
Japan
Jordan 20.6 25.1 31.4 33.4 41.6
Kazakhstan
Kenya 34.8 38.7 35.6 39.8 39.0
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep.
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 11.6 9.2 10.6 11.5 13.5
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 3.6 6.7 4.7 3.5 5.1
Liberia 13.1 8.6 6.9 3.7
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 31.0 42.2 52.3 56.7 52.4
Malawi 31.1 39.8 53.7 37.4 30.9
Malaysia 14.1 30.4 21.8 21.2 24.8
Maldives 22.6 11.2 12.1 6.5 7.5
Mali 13.3 22.3 22.3 20.3 24.3
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 20.2 25.4 22.3 27.3 27.8
Mauritius 25.2 23.7 14.4 10.4 14.1
Mexico 46.6 45.2 45.8 34.2 38.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 35.9 45.2 51.0 42.4 32.4
Mozambique 7.8 34.5 54.6 23.5 27.1
Myanmar 40.7 57.7 69.7 73.4 58.0
Namibia
Nepal 6.4 7.1 8.6 9.1 11.0
Netherlands
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua 19.3 21.7 15.3 22.6 13.3
Niger 27.0 34.0 30.6 29.5 34.9
Nigeria 32.9 32.8 38.0 14.1 30.4
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan 35.8 39.6 39.3 36.4 34.5
Palau
Panama 8.5 7.3 8.3 7.6 0.6
Papua New Guinea 40.0 32.5 26.9 25.4 29.0
Paraguay 21.7 24.1 27.8 29.9 26.6
Peru 30.2 28.1 21.5 13.7 9.7
Philippines 33.7 32.0 34.3 36.8 31.9
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania 15.6 18.7 18.7 21.9 33.3
Russian Federation
Rwanda 6.9 10.5 8.4 13.4 13.0
Samoa 21.0 27.9 32.3 25.2 18.9
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 21.8 29.8 9.8 39.2 21.4
Saudi Arabia
Senegal 17.6 22.2 27.8 34.4 33.4
Serbia
Seychelles 5.8 7.9 9.0 8.9 9.6
Sierra Leone 25.4 14.9 39.7 9.0 11.8
Singapore
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 2.3 4.5 5.6 10.1 6.7
Somalia 20.1 15.7 65.8 39.5 9.2
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 15.3 19.5 25.3 27.8 25.9
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.4 1.4
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.6 4.0 3.5 3.3 2.9
Sudan 21.8 18.0 44.5 21.1 29.9
Suriname
Swaziland 6.3 9.7 9.1 8.8 5.8
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Tanzania 24.6 39.0 34.4 39.2 31.9
Thailand 25.7 31.9 30.1 21.9 20.2
Timor-Leste
Togo 23.7 28.4 29.3 16.9 23.4
Tonga 3.2 3.5 3.5 4.0
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia 25.3 27.5 32.0 32.9 24.6
Turkey 33.0 40.3 41.0 41.2 41.9
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 30.3 41.7 40.7 47.9 75.7
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 1.6 1.6 2.0 4.2 3.0
Venezuela, RB 25.2 25.1 45.4 37.8 43.7
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 25.0 15.7 52.1 19.0 15.1
Zimbabwe 26.2 29.0 31.1 32.3 28.5

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