Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Cambodia 1.1 1.0 1.1 2.3 1.7
Vanuatu 1.2 1.4 0.8 1.5 1.6
Azerbaijan 1.2 6.6 2.3 5.3 6.4
Fiji 2.1 1.6 2.1 2.5 2.4
Belarus 2.3 2.4 2.8 4.2 4.9
Swaziland 2.6 2.3 2.2 3.0 2.2
Maldives 3.1 7.0 3.7 4.0 4.2
Yemen, Rep. 3.5 3.8 11.2 6.6 5.9
St. Lucia 3.6 3.7 4.2 4.9 7.9
Solomon Islands 3.9 2.5 6.0 4.8 7.1
Syrian Arab Republic 3.9 9.4 6.9 7.7 6.8
Vietnam 4.1 7.5 9.0 10.0 7.5
Macedonia, FYR 4.4 8.8 10.8 10.7 8.3
Kazakhstan 4.6 6.2 14.4 19.6 32.4
Albania 4.7 8.5 5.6 4.1 3.7
Botswana 5.2 2.8 2.6 2.2 2.0
Paraguay 5.4 6.9 5.9 8.5 11.2
Djibouti 5.4 3.1 2.2 4.4 6.9
Lesotho 5.6 6.5 8.5 10.2 7.5
Dominica 5.6 7.8 7.0 6.9 7.4
Samoa 5.8 5.4 4.6 5.7
Grenada 6.1 5.1 6.7 5.3 6.0
Ukraine 6.1 6.6 11.4 16.1 18.4
Benin 6.3 9.2 10.0 11.0 13.6
Mauritius 6.4 7.8 8.1 6.1 17.0
Lao PDR 6.5 6.3 6.2 7.8 8.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 6.6 7.6 7.2 8.0 7.2
Nepal 6.6 7.0 8.1 8.2 7.6
Sudan 7.1 9.0 9.8 6.8 13.5
Dominican Republic 7.2 6.4 5.0 4.7 5.7
Cabo Verde 7.7 10.5 16.2 15.3 10.7
Moldova 8.2 11.2 21.5 29.5 20.0
China 8.8 8.7 8.7 11.6 9.1
Malaysia 8.9 7.4 7.2 5.0 5.6
Sri Lanka 9.3 9.2 9.9 13.3 12.1
Armenia 9.6 5.1 13.3 13.2 9.2
Togo 9.7 10.2 7.4 8.5 6.6
Panama 10.2 15.9 7.3 8.3 9.4
Turkmenistan 10.2 22.1
Madagascar 10.2 26.2 14.7 17.2 9.7
Gabon 10.6 13.1 14.1 18.8 9.9
Mongolia 10.7 10.0 5.6 4.5 6.6
South Africa 11.6 17.2 12.2 12.1 9.9
Myanmar 11.6 7.7 5.1 4.9 0.4
Costa Rica 12.2 10.4 7.8 6.7 8.1
Gambia, The 12.5 11.8
Thailand 12.6 15.5 18.4 21.8 16.3
Belize 12.8 11.7 13.8 10.8 15.3
Kyrgyz Republic 13.1 11.4 18.8 21.2 30.2
Nigeria 13.1 8.7 13.1 7.6 8.8
Philippines 13.6 9.5 10.9 14.6 16.0
Guatemala 13.6 11.3 10.2 10.8 9.7
Bangladesh 13.8 12.0 10.4 10.9 10.6
El Salvador 14.2 9.5 14.4 10.4 9.9
Guyana 14.4 17.3 19.2 12.5 10.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 14.5 12.2 13.0 12.8 9.8
Niger 14.7 20.2 16.2 9.5 8.0
Guinea 14.9 21.0 19.8 17.4 20.7
Malawi 15.9 14.4 14.9 14.1 13.5
Haiti 16.2 10.2 9.0 9.9 9.2
Papua New Guinea 16.3 20.5 14.8 9.7 12.9
Tunisia 17.8 17.1 16.7 17.4 21.9
Uganda 18.1 20.1 20.8 18.5 10.6
Angola 18.4 19.2 41.4 27.0 20.9
Jamaica 18.8 17.6 13.8 16.4 18.5
Tanzania 18.8 12.6 19.0 17.9 11.9
Bulgaria 19.8 15.6 21.9 20.7 18.2
Rwanda 19.8 14.6 17.1 27.3 25.7
Cameroon 20.1 20.3 21.1 24.8 20.8
Senegal 20.2 18.7 22.0 15.8 16.3
Congo, Rep. 20.7 7.7 3.1 1.5 1.7
Mali 21.1 12.8 12.3 15.0 14.1
Kenya 22.4 15.6 14.9 15.8 21.0
Mauritania 22.7 24.7 27.8
Ecuador 23.1 30.5 34.2 41.3 30.5
Turkey 23.4 22.3 26.4 38.9 38.9
Mozambique 25.0 18.3 16.1 15.1 9.4
Ghana 25.4 30.0 18.7 17.2 16.0
Jordan 25.9 22.6 22.2 13.7 20.1
Cote d'Ivoire 26.5 22.5 25.7 26.8 22.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 27.1 31.0 18.1 17.4 9.7
India 27.6 26.3 24.8 18.6 17.1
Nicaragua 30.1 35.9 26.4 19.1 25.6
Pakistan 30.7 40.3 24.6 32.1 28.1
Bolivia 31.2 31.6 29.5 28.8 39.8
Honduras 31.4 25.2 22.4 21.2 9.9
Morocco 34.5 32.4 28.5 29.2 25.3
Mexico 36.5 33.1 21.7 23.2 31.6
Indonesia 37.1 30.3 32.3 30.6 22.8
Peru 37.3 38.2 26.2 30.6 27.9
Guinea-Bissau 38.9 15.3
Colombia 39.0 29.8 31.3 41.6 29.8
Ethiopia 41.6 10.0 12.2 16.3 13.7
Brazil 43.7 59.8 80.8 115.3 85.9
Romania 46.9 32.7 24.7 37.1 20.1
Burundi 54.0 30.3 42.3 48.7 40.9
Sierra Leone 59.0 30.6 44.5 87.8 76.4
French Polynesia
Ireland
Kiribati
United Arab Emirates
Switzerland
Czech Republic
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep.
Trinidad and Tobago
Kuwait
Palau
Bermuda
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Saudi Arabia
Barbados
Afghanistan
Isle of Man
Faeroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liberia
Hungary
Libya
Iceland
Liechtenstein
Poland
Lithuania
Iraq
Luxembourg
San Marino
Belgium
Serbia
Macao SAR, China
Bahrain
Israel
France
Tajikistan
Estonia
Chile
Japan
Greenland
Bahamas, The
Cayman Islands
Uzbekistan
United States
Venezuela, RB
Hong Kong SAR, China
Canada
Bhutan
Finland
Australia
Austria
Denmark
Italy
Portugal
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Qatar
Singapore
Russian Federation
Slovak Republic
Aruba
Curacao
Sao Tome and Principe 28.4 32.9 26.5 25.4
Cuba
Cyprus
Spain
Seychelles
St. Kitts and Nevis
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Eritrea 0.2 2.9 5.3 4.3
Slovenia
Montenegro
Somalia
St. Martin (French part)
South Sudan
Brunei Darussalam
Croatia
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Georgia 6.1 23.4 15.3 12.5
Guam
Equatorial Guinea
Suriname
Namibia
Sweden
Burkina Faso 18.8
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Netherlands
Comoros
New Caledonia
Timor-Leste
New Zealand
Tonga
Greece
Chad
Germany
Central African Republic
Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.2 14.2
Tuvalu
Northern Mariana Islands
Andorra
Norway
United Kingdom
Oman
Uruguay
Malta
American Samoa
Marshall Islands
Algeria
Zambia 19.4 21.0 16.5 21.2
West Bank and Gaza
Latvia
Lebanon
Zimbabwe

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