Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria 58.8 56.2 80.3 69.1 65.1
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 8.4 8.1
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The
Bahrain
Bangladesh 38.5 37.3 30.7 29.6 34.2
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 11.0 9.6 8.3 7.9 7.2
Benin 16.2 8.9 9.2 8.8 9.9
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 37.4 34.3 54.9 33.5 39.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 4.3 3.9 4.2 3.3 4.3
Brazil 46.5 41.8 45.9 36.5 22.6
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 15.6 17.2 22.2 26.8 19.4
Burkina Faso 18.3 12.5 13.7 15.2 9.4
Burundi 24.5 41.3 33.3 36.4 43.4
Cabo Verde 12.6 16.2 17.0 11.5 9.1
Cambodia
Cameroon 26.1 30.8 29.1 17.3 20.5
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 15.1 14.1 13.8 15.7 13.2
Chad 5.4 4.1 4.2 5.9 4.3
Chile
China 9.7 9.6 9.6 11.4 11.7
Colombia 34.4 40.3 47.5 51.6 43.3
Comoros 7.6 5.9 2.6 3.8 2.9
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 46.2 45.0 46.1 27.9 34.6
Costa Rica 36.5 23.3 25.4 18.3 24.5
Cote d'Ivoire 35.4 38.4 32.4 33.2 35.4
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica 8.5 11.9 8.6 9.5 6.6
Dominican Republic 26.6 19.9 18.1 15.9 12.5
Ecuador 43.4 34.2 40.1 35.9 33.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 42.4 22.9 32.1 36.5 28.7
El Salvador 27.9 28.3 21.8 18.7 21.7
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 29.7 36.9 44.9 40.8 39.0
Faroe Islands
Fiji 11.5 11.8 10.1 8.5 9.1
Finland
France
French Polynesia
Gabon 16.6 6.9 9.4 7.5 6.4
Gambia, The 33.2 20.4 15.6 14.2 22.2
Georgia
Germany
Ghana 28.3 45.8 56.6 50.5 38.4
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 8.2 7.1 8.0 5.1 4.3
Guam
Guatemala 33.4 31.5 29.2 21.4 15.4
Guinea 12.6 27.2 22.1 16.1 20.1
Guinea-Bissau 77.2 69.8 61.0 54.2 32.3
Guyana
Haiti 17.3 20.2 22.7 23.9 11.9
Honduras 30.7 36.9 37.1 15.7 38.3
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland
India 35.6 33.3 31.4 31.5 32.9
Indonesia 37.5 37.2 40.4 38.7 33.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 7.3 3.6 5.6 3.3 3.2
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica 48.0 45.9 41.2 31.5 27.8
Japan
Jordan 31.4 33.4 41.6 24.9 24.4
Kazakhstan
Kenya 35.6 39.8 39.0 36.6 35.4
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep.
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 10.6 11.5 13.5 20.2 8.6
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 4.7 3.5 5.1 4.7 4.2
Liberia 6.9 3.7
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 52.3 56.7 52.4 50.2 45.9
Malawi 53.7 37.4 30.9 30.9 29.3
Malaysia 21.8 21.2 24.8 15.1 12.6
Maldives 12.1 6.5 7.5 6.3 4.8
Mali 22.3 20.3 24.3 19.7 15.3
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 22.3 27.3 27.8 21.2 30.7
Mauritius 14.4 10.4 14.1 9.7 8.5
Mexico 45.8 34.2 38.9 34.2 21.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 51.0 42.4 32.4 40.7 28.4
Mozambique 51.8 19.7 23.2 25.1 22.2
Myanmar 69.7 73.4 58.0 67.7 18.2
Namibia
Nepal 8.6 9.1 11.0 16.0 15.1
Netherlands
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua 15.3 22.6 13.3 5.5 5.0
Niger 30.6 29.5 34.9 27.8 17.8
Nigeria 38.0 14.1 30.4 24.7 22.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan 39.3 36.4 34.5 30.1 27.5
Palau
Panama 8.3 7.6 0.6 0.3 6.2
Papua New Guinea 26.9 25.4 29.0 32.8 37.2
Paraguay 27.8 29.9 26.6 9.5 8.4
Peru 21.5 13.7 9.7 9.0 11.1
Philippines 34.3 36.8 31.9 26.1 27.6
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania 18.7 21.9 33.3 16.9 0.3
Russian Federation
Rwanda 8.4 13.4 13.0 18.5 14.3
Samoa 32.3 25.2 18.9 13.9 10.6
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 9.8 39.2 21.4 62.8 34.8
Saudi Arabia
Senegal 27.8 34.4 33.4 30.3 21.1
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 39.7 9.0 11.8 4.2 10.0
Singapore
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 5.6 10.1 6.7 9.2 11.8
Somalia 65.8 39.5 9.2 47.6
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 25.3 27.8 25.9 22.2 16.1
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia 1.1 1.4 1.4 2.1 2.2
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 3.5 3.3 2.9 3.1 3.3
Sudan 44.5 21.1 29.9 11.6 9.7
Suriname
Swaziland 9.1 8.8 5.8 4.4 5.4
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Tanzania 34.4 39.2 31.9 33.0 32.9
Thailand 30.1 21.9 20.2 16.3 16.9
Timor-Leste
Togo 29.3 16.9 23.4 16.2 12.3
Tonga 3.5 3.5 4.0 3.1 3.5
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia 32.0 32.9 24.6 24.8 27.0
Turkey 41.0 41.2 41.9 37.6 33.8
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 40.7 47.9 75.7 67.1 82.9
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 2.0 4.2 3.0 2.5 2.3
Venezuela, RB
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 11.1
Zambia 52.1 19.0 15.1 13.3 14.7
Zimbabwe 31.1 32.3 28.5 22.4 23.1

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