Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria 58.4 55.6 76.9 67.6 63.3
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 7.1
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The
Bahrain
Bangladesh 21.5 21.8 21.6 19.3 22.5
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 9.0 7.3 6.1 5.6 5.7
Benin 13.5 6.3 5.8 6.6 8.4
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 23.8 25.5 42.9 28.5 28.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 4.2 3.9 4.2 3.3 4.3
Brazil 29.6 27.4 34.2 24.5 15.9
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria 15.6 17.1 21.9 26.3 18.6
Burkina Faso
Burundi 20.1 35.1 29.0 32.9 40.7
Cabo Verde 12.1 15.3 16.1 11.2 8.9
Cambodia
Cameroon 12.2 15.9 11.8 7.1 12.5
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 8.3 8.9 7.5 7.5
Chad 3.4 3.0 3.0 2.5 2.3
Chile
China 8.2 7.7 8.2 9.8 9.7
Colombia 28.0 34.0 39.8 38.5 34.7
Comoros 6.5 4.1 1.3 2.3 2.5
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 40.0 39.5 40.8 23.9 30.8
Costa Rica 28.3 13.6 17.3 14.6 21.2
Cote d'Ivoire
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti
Dominica 4.5 4.7 4.6 5.9 4.8
Dominican Republic 19.4 11.8 12.8 9.1 7.6
Ecuador 37.6 24.5 31.0 28.6 26.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.0 14.6 24.0 28.5 23.3
El Salvador 18.6 21.1 18.0 15.1 18.6
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 23.4 32.3 40.7 36.1 33.2
Faroe Islands
Fiji 9.7 11.0 9.3 8.0 8.9
Finland
France
French Polynesia
Gabon 14.7 4.6 6.8 4.8 3.8
Gambia, The 10.5 9.5 10.6 17.3
Georgia
Germany
Ghana 14.9 17.2 21.0 22.9 19.9
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 5.4 5.9 6.7 3.9 3.4
Guam
Guatemala 26.5 27.8 25.2 18.5 12.4
Guinea 9.3 23.7 20.3 14.1 17.8
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti 6.3 8.5 10.0 12.3 5.3
Honduras 19.4 25.6 27.7 12.5 30.5
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland
India 21.8 19.2 18.5 20.8 23.5
Indonesia 29.4 30.1 32.5 30.4 24.9
Iran, Islamic Rep.
Iraq
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica 33.7 26.5 24.9 19.7 20.1
Japan
Jordan
Kazakhstan
Kenya 18.8 24.0 23.9 22.1 22.7
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Korea, Rep.
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 9.0 18.0 8.0
Latvia
Lebanon
Lesotho 4.2 3.2 4.8 4.5 4.1
Liberia 6.1 2.9
Libya
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 34.2 43.4 38.0 35.7 31.9
Malawi 37.6 21.4 16.7 18.3 22.4
Malaysia 13.4 14.7 19.3 12.0 10.6
Maldives 11.4 5.7 6.6 5.6 4.0
Mali
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 16.7 22.4 23.4 16.4 24.8
Mauritius 7.3 6.4 10.1 6.0 4.5
Mexico 36.0 28.9 31.0 26.3 18.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 34.9 29.8 24.8 33.6 23.2
Mozambique
Myanmar 57.7 57.5 48.8 66.3 17.9
Namibia
Nepal 6.9 7.4 9.4 12.8 11.6
Netherlands
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua 14.0 21.9 11.9 4.8 3.4
Niger
Nigeria 31.0 11.7 28.2 24.1 22.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan 24.9 22.6 23.5 20.8 19.8
Palau
Panama 7.1 5.9 0.6 0.3 2.5
Papua New Guinea 9.8 12.1 18.1 14.7 18.2
Paraguay 25.3 27.6 24.8 8.9 7.6
Peru 14.7 10.2 6.2 5.9 4.2
Philippines 21.6 25.4 24.1 17.9 22.2
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania 15.4 18.4 30.3 15.0 0.0
Russian Federation
Rwanda 6.5 10.4 9.7 13.7 10.2
Samoa 21.7 12.8 9.3 9.1 8.7
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe 9.8 36.8 18.7 54.4 28.6
Saudi Arabia
Senegal
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 9.2 7.5 11.1 3.2 7.7
Singapore
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 3.2 3.7 6.1 8.8 10.3
Somalia
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 16.2 17.8 17.3 16.0 11.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.7 2.0 1.9 2.2 3.4
St. Lucia 1.1 1.3 1.3 1.9 2.1
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.8 3.1 2.7 2.9 3.1
Sudan 35.7 13.7 13.1 6.9 4.5
Suriname
Swaziland 7.3 7.5 5.0 4.0 5.3
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan
Tanzania 22.0 29.3 24.9 28.9 25.1
Thailand 15.8 12.2 12.2 8.8 10.4
Timor-Leste
Togo
Tonga 3.5 3.5 4.0 3.1 3.5
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia 28.9 29.4 22.5 22.5 23.0
Turkey 31.1 31.9 34.3 32.4 29.6
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 13.8
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 1.2 3.2 1.6 1.6 1.6
Venezuela, RB
Vietnam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 21.1 18.5 15.1 12.0 12.6
Zimbabwe 22.2 22.7 21.8 17.6 18.2

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