Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Uzbekistan 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1
Mozambique 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4
Ethiopia 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5
Turkmenistan 1.6 1.4 1.7 1.5 1.6
Ukraine 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Moldova 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.4
Azerbaijan 2.0 1.8 2.2 2.4 2.6
Belarus 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.7
Georgia 2.3 2.9 3.2 4.1 4.5
Kazakhstan 2.4 2.4 2.8 3.3 3.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Estonia 2.5 2.8 2.7 3.1 3.6
Tanzania 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.6
China 2.7 2.8 3.0 3.3 3.6
Trinidad and Tobago 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.7 2.5
Russian Federation 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.8
Mongolia 2.9 3.0 3.7 3.9 4.0
Zimbabwe 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.3
Kyrgyz Republic 2.9 3.2 3.0 3.5 3.4
Togo 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.7 3.4
Zambia 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.3
Tajikistan 3.4 3.3 2.8 2.9 2.9
Bulgaria 3.4 3.2 2.9 3.2 3.5
Iceland 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4
South Africa 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.7
Slovak Republic 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.3 4.6
Nigeria 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.0 4.6 7.5 6.5 6.1
Canada 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.4
Lithuania 4.0 3.9 3.8 4.3 4.4
Poland 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.7 5.3
Serbia 4.1 3.8 3.4 3.6 3.6
Czech Republic 4.2 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.5
Kenya 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Finland 4.3 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.8
Nepal 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5
Benin 4.4 4.5 4.1 4.1 4.4
Latvia 4.4 4.5 4.8 5.3 5.6
Bahrain 4.7 4.9 5.1 4.8 4.7
Armenia 4.7 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.3
Sudan 4.9 5.1 5.3 5.7 5.9
Angola 4.9 5.4 5.8 6.1 6.5
United States 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.5
Eritrea 5.0 4.9 5.1 5.6 8.7
Sweden 5.0 5.2 5.1 5.4 5.5
Romania 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.3
India 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.7
Cameroon 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6
Korea, Rep. 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.2
Ghana 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Australia 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.8 5.7 6.3 5.9 5.9
Nicaragua 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.5
New Zealand 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.2
Venezuela, RB 6.0 6.6 6.1 6.5 6.2
Belgium 6.0 6.1 5.8 6.1 6.1
Slovenia 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.2
Hungary 6.2 6.1 5.9 6.2 6.6
Vietnam 6.5 6.7 7.0 7.0 6.9
Macedonia, FYR 6.6 6.4 5.5 6.1 5.9
Singapore 6.7 8.4 8.5 8.2 9.0
Honduras 6.8 6.6 6.8 6.6 6.3
United Kingdom 6.9 7.1 7.1 7.6 7.8
Jamaica 7.0 6.7 6.3 6.3 5.9
Netherlands 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.7 7.9
Luxembourg 7.2 8.3 8.3 9.0 9.9
Jordan 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.3
Cote d'Ivoire 7.4 7.9 7.6 7.8 8.2
Saudi Arabia 7.6 7.5 7.3 7.8 7.6
Pakistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.6
France 7.8 7.7 7.3 7.7 7.8
Israel 7.9 8.1 8.3 8.1 8.2
Germany 7.9 8.0 7.8 8.0 8.2
Japan 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.0 8.0
Ireland 8.0 8.9 9.0 9.4 9.6
Albania 8.0 9.6 9.8 10.4 10.8
Cyprus 8.1 9.8 9.0 9.4 9.2
Paraguay 8.3 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.8
Philippines 8.3 8.2 8.4 8.4 8.1
Senegal 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.0 8.1
Dominican Republic 8.3 8.4 8.6 8.3 8.3
Malaysia 8.4 8.6 8.5 7.9 7.7
Indonesia 8.7 8.6 8.9 9.0 8.0
Cuba 8.7 9.0 8.9 9.0 9.6
Thailand 8.8 8.8 8.3 8.1 7.7
Botswana 8.9 9.3 10.2 10.5 9.3
Bolivia 9.0 8.4 7.9 7.5 7.6
United Arab Emirates 9.1 9.1 8.5 9.3 9.0
Lebanon 9.1 8.4 8.4 7.3 7.7
Norway 9.1 9.3 10.1 10.0 9.9
Tunisia 9.2 9.3 9.5 9.7 9.4
Kuwait 9.2 9.4 9.6 9.8 8.9
Bangladesh 9.3 8.9 9.3 9.4 9.5
Denmark 9.4 9.7 8.8 9.9 10.2
Mexico 9.4 9.2 9.5 9.8 10.0
El Salvador 9.6 9.6 10.2 9.6 9.7
Malta 9.6 11.0 11.7 10.9 13.0
Greece 9.7 9.9 9.8 9.7 9.6
Chile 9.8 10.1 9.7 9.3 9.3
Austria 9.8 9.7 9.3 9.6 9.8
Spain 10.0 9.8 10.2 10.0 9.9
Brazil 10.7 10.8 10.5 10.3 10.1
Portugal 11.0 10.4 10.8 10.7 10.4
Guatemala 11.0 11.0 11.0 10.9 10.6
Colombia 11.1 11.5 11.4 12.2 11.7
Algeria 11.1 11.2 11.9 11.8 11.9
Turkey 11.2 11.0 10.9 11.1 11.2
Oman 11.3 11.6 11.6 11.5 11.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.5 11.4 11.2 11.4 11.1
Brunei Darussalam 11.8 10.3 10.5 10.0 10.0
Namibia 11.8 11.1 10.7 10.8 10.7
Italy 11.9 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.3
Sri Lanka 12.0 12.4 11.4 11.7 12.1
Panama 12.1 12.1 11.7 12.0 11.1
Costa Rica 12.3 12.6 12.6 13.2 14.3
Switzerland 12.4 12.6 12.4 12.5 12.6
Morocco 13.1 12.4 13.2 12.5 13.2
Peru 13.4 13.6 13.5 14.9 14.1
Ecuador 13.8 12.6 11.9 11.8 11.5
Uruguay 15.3 14.1 13.5 14.4 14.7
Gabon 16.2 15.6 15.5 16.2 15.7
Congo, Rep. 16.9 16.5 17.6 18.3 19.2
Yemen, Rep. 17.2 16.0 16.4 16.3 16.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 18.1 18.7 19.8 22.0 15.8
Maldives
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Malawi
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Somalia
Fiji
Guinea-Bissau
Monaco
Faeroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Montenegro
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Madagascar
Burkina Faso
Equatorial Guinea
Tonga
Myanmar
Antigua and Barbuda
Marshall Islands
Sierra Leone
Macao SAR, China
Cambodia 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.0
Gambia, The
South Sudan
New Caledonia
Mauritius
French Polynesia
Suriname
Dominica
Syrian Arab Republic
Niger
Timor-Leste
Isle of Man
Mauritania
Djibouti
Northern Mariana Islands
Mali
Liechtenstein
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Libya
Seychelles
Liberia
Central African Republic
Palau
Cayman Islands
Lesotho
Solomon Islands
Papua New Guinea
Cabo Verde
Curacao
Guam
St. Lucia
St. Kitts and Nevis
Afghanistan
St. Martin (French part)
Greenland
Burundi
Lao PDR
Swaziland
Puerto Rico
Kiribati
Qatar
Guinea
Guyana
Bhutan
Barbados
Bermuda
Tuvalu
Belize
Comoros
Haiti 7.0
Rwanda
Turks and Caicos Islands
Samoa
Uganda
San Marino
Bahamas, The
Argentina
Aruba
Sao Tome and Principe
Grenada
Vanuatu
Kosovo
Andorra
Chad
West Bank and Gaza
Iraq
American Samoa
Croatia 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.2

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