Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Mozambique 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.6
Uzbekistan 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2
Turkmenistan 1.4 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.5
Ethiopia 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6
Ukraine 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Azerbaijan 1.8 2.2 2.4 2.6 3.0
Moldova 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.7
Belarus 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.7 2.9
Kazakhstan 2.4 2.8 3.3 3.3 3.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.0
Russian Federation 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.9
Zimbabwe 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.1
Trinidad and Tobago 2.9 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.3
Estonia 2.9 2.8 3.2 3.7 3.9
China 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.6 3.8
Georgia 2.9 3.2 4.1 4.5 5.1
Mongolia 3.0 3.7 3.9 4.0 4.1
Bulgaria 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.7 3.8
Zambia 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5
Kyrgyz Republic 3.2 3.0 3.5 3.4 4.0
Togo 3.3 3.2 3.7 3.4 3.0
Iceland 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.0
Tajikistan 3.3 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0
Tanzania 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.6
South Africa 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8
Iraq 3.7 4.3 4.5 8.1 12.4
Nigeria 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.8
Lithuania 3.8 3.7 4.3 4.4 5.1
Slovak Republic 3.9 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.6
Serbia 4.0 3.4 3.4 3.5 4.2
Canada 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.5
Cambodia 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.0 4.5
Armenia 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.6
Poland 4.3 4.4 4.8 5.4 5.7
Nepal 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5
Latvia 4.4 4.6 5.1 5.5 6.3
Benin 4.5 4.1 4.1 4.4 4.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.7 7.5 6.6 6.1 6.8
Czech Republic 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.9 5.3
Finland 4.8 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.2
Eritrea 4.9 5.1 5.6 8.7 8.4
Bahrain 4.9 5.1 4.8 4.7 5.1
Kenya 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9
United States 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.6
Romania 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.4 6.0
Sudan 5.1 5.3 5.7 5.9 5.5
India 5.1 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.7
Korea, Rep. 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.2
Ghana 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Angola 5.4 5.8 6.1 6.5 6.3
Sweden 5.4 5.4 5.7 5.8 6.2
Cameroon 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.7 6.3 5.9 5.9 5.3
Australia 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.0 6.1
Slovenia 6.0 5.9 6.0 6.3 6.7
Hungary 6.0 5.9 6.2 6.5 6.8
New Zealand 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.2 6.3
Nicaragua 6.2 6.4 6.4 6.6 6.9
Belgium 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.2 6.4
Macedonia, FYR 6.2 5.3 5.9 5.7 6.3
Venezuela, RB 6.6 6.1 6.5 6.2 6.2
Honduras 6.6 6.8 6.6 6.3 7.0
Jamaica 6.7 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.8
Vietnam 6.7 7.0 7.0 6.9 7.1
Jordan 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.6
Saudi Arabia 7.5 7.3 7.8 7.6 7.4
United Kingdom 7.6 7.5 7.9 8.1 8.3
Netherlands 7.7 7.6 8.2 8.4 8.9
Pakistan 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.4
France 7.7 7.4 7.8 7.9 8.2
Japan 7.9 7.9 8.0 8.0 7.8
Paraguay 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.8 8.0
Israel 8.1 8.3 8.2 8.3 8.9
Germany 8.2 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.8
Philippines 8.2 8.4 8.4 8.1 8.2
Senegal 8.3 8.3 8.0 8.1 8.1
Cote d'Ivoire 8.3 7.9 8.2 8.6 7.3
Croatia 8.3 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.4
Bolivia 8.4 7.9 7.5 7.6 8.0
Luxembourg 8.4 8.4 9.1 10.1 10.5
Singapore 8.4 8.5 8.2 9.0 10.5
Lebanon 8.4 8.4 7.3 7.7 7.3
Indonesia 8.6 8.9 9.0 8.0 7.7
Malaysia 8.6 8.5 7.9 7.7 8.1
Kuwait 8.7 8.9 9.1 8.2 7.5
Thailand 8.8 8.3 8.1 7.7 7.5
Cuba 9.0 8.9 9.0 9.6 9.8
United Arab Emirates 9.1 8.5 9.3 9.0 9.1
Mexico 9.2 9.5 9.8 10.0 9.9
Norway 9.3 10.1 10.0 9.9 9.6
Dominican Republic 9.3 9.5 9.2 9.2 9.6
Tunisia 9.3 9.6 9.8 9.4 9.7
Botswana 9.4 10.2 10.5 9.3 9.9
Albania 9.4 9.7 10.2 10.6 8.7
Cyprus 9.5 8.7 9.1 8.9 9.3
Ireland 9.6 9.6 9.9 10.2 10.9
El Salvador 9.6 10.2 9.6 9.7 9.6
Denmark 9.9 9.0 10.0 10.4 11.2
Austria 9.9 9.6 9.9 10.0 10.4
Spain 10.0 10.4 10.2 10.1 10.1
Greece 10.0 10.0 10.1 10.0 10.2
Chile 10.1 9.7 9.3 9.3 8.6
Brunei Darussalam 10.3 10.5 10.0 10.0 10.1
Bangladesh 10.4 10.8 10.9 11.0 11.4
Brazil 10.8 10.5 10.3 10.1 9.9
Malta 10.8 11.4 10.7 12.7 12.2
Portugal 10.9 11.4 11.3 10.9 10.6
Guatemala 11.0 11.0 10.9 10.6 10.0
Turkey 11.0 10.8 11.1 11.1 11.0
Namibia 11.0 10.6 10.7 10.6 11.6
Algeria 11.2 11.9 11.8 11.9 11.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.4 11.2 11.4 11.1 11.5
Colombia 11.5 11.4 12.2 11.7 12.5
Italy 11.7 11.9 11.9 11.8 11.8
Panama 12.1 11.7 12.0 11.1 11.7
Morocco 12.2 13.1 12.4 13.2 12.4
Sri Lanka 12.4 11.4 11.7 12.1 11.8
Costa Rica 12.6 12.6 13.2 14.3 14.0
Ecuador 13.0 12.2 12.1 11.8 12.0
Switzerland 13.1 12.9 13.0 13.2 13.4
Peru 13.5 13.5 14.8 14.1 13.4
Oman 13.9 13.9 13.8 14.0 13.5
Uruguay 14.1 13.5 14.4 14.7 13.2
Gabon 15.6 15.5 16.2 15.7 14.7
Yemen, Rep. 16.0 16.4 16.3 16.1 14.8
Congo, Rep. 16.5 17.6 18.3 19.2 19.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 18.7 19.8 22.0 15.8 13.3
Aruba
South Sudan
Libya 7.6
Sierra Leone
Montenegro
Isle of Man
Mali
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Dominica
Monaco
Myanmar
Equatorial Guinea
Liberia
Tuvalu
Djibouti
Antigua and Barbuda
Lesotho
Madagascar
New Caledonia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Afghanistan
Somalia
Curacao
Macao SAR, China
Niger
Marshall Islands
Faeroe Islands
Bahamas, The
Northern Mariana Islands
Guinea-Bissau
Lao PDR
Liechtenstein
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Andorra
Maldives
Mauritius
Palau
Seychelles
Fiji
Burundi
Kiribati
Burkina Faso
St. Lucia
Solomon Islands
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Mauritania
Suriname
Gambia, The
Bhutan
St. Kitts and Nevis
Syrian Arab Republic
St. Martin (French part)
Belize
Greenland
Timor-Leste
Swaziland
Tonga
Malawi
Comoros
Bermuda
Kosovo
Grenada
French Polynesia
Barbados
Puerto Rico
Guam
Qatar
Guinea
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Turks and Caicos Islands
Chad
Uganda
Rwanda
Guyana
Samoa
Argentina
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Vanuatu
Central African Republic
American Samoa
Cayman Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Cabo Verde
Haiti 7.0 7.1
Papua New Guinea

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