Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Uzbekistan 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2
Mozambique 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5
Ukraine 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Ethiopia 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6
Turkmenistan 1.4 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.5
Belarus 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.7 2.9
Azerbaijan 1.8 2.2 2.4 2.6 3.0
Moldova 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.9
Trinidad and Tobago 2.9 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.3
Tanzania 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.6
Estonia 2.8 2.7 3.1 3.6 3.8
Russian Federation 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.9
Kazakhstan 2.4 2.8 3.3 3.3 3.7
Tajikistan 3.3 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0
Bulgaria 3.2 2.9 3.2 3.5 3.9
Kyrgyz Republic 3.2 3.0 3.5 3.4 4.0
China 2.8 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.8
Zimbabwe 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.1
Togo 3.3 3.2 3.7 3.4 3.0
Georgia 2.9 3.2 4.1 4.5 5.1
Iceland 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.1
Zambia 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.4
Serbia 3.8 3.4 3.6 3.6 4.4
South Africa 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.7 3.7
Mongolia 3.0 3.7 3.9 4.0 4.1
Lithuania 3.9 3.8 4.3 4.4 5.1
Nigeria 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.8
Canada 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.5
Benin 4.5 4.1 4.1 4.4 4.4
Slovak Republic 3.9 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.6
Armenia 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.6
Cambodia 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.0 4.5
Kenya 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Poland 4.2 4.3 4.7 5.3 5.6
Nepal 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5
Czech Republic 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.5 4.9
Finland 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.8 5.0
Latvia 4.5 4.8 5.3 5.6 6.4
Bahrain 4.9 5.1 4.8 4.7 5.1
Eritrea 4.9 5.1 5.6 8.7 8.4
Romania 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.3 6.0
Sweden 5.2 5.1 5.4 5.5 5.9
United States 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.6
Korea, Rep. 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.2
Sudan 5.1 5.3 5.7 5.9 5.5
Ghana 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Cameroon 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.8
India 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.7 5.8
Macedonia, FYR 6.4 5.5 6.1 5.9 6.6
Australia 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.0 6.1
Angola 5.4 5.8 6.1 6.5 6.3
Slovenia 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.2 6.6
Belgium 6.1 5.8 6.1 6.1 6.2
Hungary 6.1 5.9 6.2 6.6 6.8
New Zealand 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.2 6.3
Venezuela, RB 6.6 6.1 6.5 6.2 6.2
Nicaragua 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.7 6.3 5.9 5.9 5.3
Jamaica 6.7 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.8
Honduras 6.6 6.8 6.6 6.3 7.0
Vietnam 6.7 7.0 7.0 6.9 7.1
United Kingdom 7.1 7.1 7.6 7.8 8.0
Netherlands 7.2 7.2 7.7 7.9 8.4
Jordan 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.6
Saudi Arabia 7.5 7.3 7.8 7.6 7.4
France 7.7 7.3 7.7 7.8 8.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.6 7.5 6.5 6.1 6.7
Cote d'Ivoire 7.9 7.6 7.8 8.2 7.0
Pakistan 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.4
Germany 8.0 7.8 8.0 8.2 8.5
Bolivia 8.4 7.9 7.5 7.6 8.0
Japan 7.9 7.9 8.0 8.0 7.8
Paraguay 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.8 8.0
Senegal 8.3 8.3 8.0 8.1 8.1
Israel 8.1 8.3 8.1 8.2 8.7
Luxembourg 8.3 8.3 9.0 9.9 10.3
Thailand 8.8 8.3 8.1 7.7 7.5
Lebanon 8.4 8.4 7.3 7.7 7.3
Philippines 8.2 8.4 8.4 8.1 8.2
Croatia 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.2 8.2
United Arab Emirates 9.1 8.5 9.3 9.0 9.1
Singapore 8.4 8.5 8.2 9.0 10.5
Malaysia 8.6 8.5 7.9 7.7 8.1
Dominican Republic 8.4 8.6 8.3 8.3 8.6
Denmark 9.7 8.8 9.9 10.2 10.9
Indonesia 8.6 8.9 9.0 8.0 7.7
Cuba 9.0 8.9 9.0 9.6 9.8
Cyprus 9.8 9.0 9.4 9.2 9.6
Ireland 8.9 9.0 9.4 9.6 10.4
Bangladesh 8.9 9.3 9.4 9.5 9.8
Austria 9.7 9.3 9.6 9.8 10.2
Mexico 9.2 9.5 9.8 10.0 9.9
Tunisia 9.3 9.5 9.7 9.4 9.6
Kuwait 9.4 9.6 9.8 8.9 8.1
Chile 10.1 9.7 9.3 9.3 8.6
Greece 9.9 9.8 9.7 9.6 9.9
Albania 9.6 9.8 10.4 10.8 8.9
Norway 9.3 10.1 10.0 9.9 9.6
Botswana 9.3 10.2 10.5 9.3 9.9
El Salvador 9.6 10.2 9.6 9.7 9.6
Spain 9.8 10.2 10.0 9.9 9.9
Brazil 10.8 10.5 10.3 10.1 9.9
Brunei Darussalam 10.3 10.5 10.0 10.0 10.1
Namibia 11.1 10.7 10.8 10.7 11.7
Portugal 10.4 10.8 10.7 10.4 10.1
Turkey 11.0 10.9 11.1 11.2 11.0
Guatemala 11.0 11.0 10.9 10.6 10.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.4 11.2 11.4 11.1 11.5
Colombia 11.5 11.4 12.2 11.7 12.5
Sri Lanka 12.4 11.4 11.7 12.1 11.8
Italy 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.3 11.3
Oman 11.6 11.6 11.5 11.7 11.2
Malta 11.0 11.7 10.9 13.0 12.5
Panama 12.1 11.7 12.0 11.1 11.7
Ecuador 12.6 11.9 11.8 11.5 11.6
Algeria 11.2 11.9 11.8 11.9 11.5
Switzerland 12.6 12.4 12.5 12.6 12.8
Costa Rica 12.6 12.6 13.2 14.3 14.0
Morocco 12.4 13.2 12.5 13.2 12.4
Uruguay 14.1 13.5 14.4 14.7 13.2
Peru 13.6 13.5 14.9 14.1 13.3
Gabon 15.6 15.5 16.2 15.7 14.7
Yemen, Rep. 16.0 16.4 16.3 16.1 14.8
Congo, Rep. 16.5 17.6 18.3 19.2 19.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 18.7 19.8 22.0 15.8 13.3
Burundi
Isle of Man
Dominica
Monaco
St. Kitts and Nevis
Djibouti
Iraq
Montenegro
Vanuatu
Mauritius
Kiribati
Mauritania
Gambia, The
Myanmar
Belize
Marshall Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Mali
Curacao
West Bank and Gaza
New Caledonia
Solomon Islands
Maldives
Fiji
Malawi
St. Martin (French part)
Niger
Swaziland
Madagascar
Bhutan
Northern Mariana Islands
Barbados
Macao SAR, China
Guam
Liechtenstein
Uganda
Libya 7.6
Guinea-Bissau
Liberia
American Samoa
Lesotho
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Papua New Guinea
Burkina Faso
Comoros
Somalia
Afghanistan
South Sudan
Lao PDR
French Polynesia
Equatorial Guinea
St. Lucia
Kosovo
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Puerto Rico
Suriname
Qatar
Greenland
Faeroe Islands
Syrian Arab Republic
Chad
Bermuda
Rwanda
Timor-Leste
Samoa
Tonga
San Marino
Grenada
Sao Tome and Principe
Bahamas, The
Central African Republic
Tuvalu
Aruba
Guinea
Cayman Islands
Cabo Verde
Argentina
Seychelles
Antigua and Barbuda
Sierra Leone
Andorra
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Haiti 7.0 7.1
Guyana
Palau

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