Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Uzbekistan 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
Mozambique 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.4
Ethiopia 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Ukraine 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8
Turkmenistan 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.6
Belarus 2.2 2.4 2.7 2.9 3.0
Azerbaijan 2.2 2.4 2.6 3.0 3.2
Moldova 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.7 2.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8
Trinidad and Tobago 2.3 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.3
Russian Federation 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.1
Kazakhstan 2.8 3.3 3.3 3.7 4.0
Tajikistan 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.4
Estonia 2.9 3.3 3.8 4.0 4.5
Kyrgyz Republic 3.0 3.5 3.4 4.0 4.4
Bulgaria 3.1 3.4 3.7 3.8 3.9
China 3.1 3.4 3.7 3.9 4.0
Zimbabwe 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.1
Togo 3.2 3.7 3.4 3.0 3.0
Georgia 3.2 4.1 4.5 5.1 5.0
Iceland 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.2 3.0
Serbia 3.4 3.4 3.5 4.2 4.2
Zambia 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6
Tanzania 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7
Lithuania 3.7 4.3 4.4 5.1 5.9
South Africa 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.8 4.0
Bahrain 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.8
Canada 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.5 4.6
Nigeria 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.1
Slovak Republic 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.6 4.6
Armenia 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.5
Cambodia 4.2 4.3 4.0 4.5 4.9
Benin 4.3 4.4 4.7 4.7 5.8
Mongolia 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.7
Iraq 4.4 4.5 8.4 12.7 11.0
Poland 4.4 4.8 5.4 5.8 6.3
Nepal 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Latvia 4.6 5.1 5.6 6.2 6.8
Finland 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.2 5.5
Czech Republic 4.8 4.7 4.9 5.3 5.3
Kenya 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8
Sudan 5.0 5.4 5.6 5.2 5.8
Romania 5.1 5.1 5.5 6.2 6.3
Eritrea 5.1 5.6 8.7 8.4 8.0
Korea, Rep. 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.2 5.2
United States 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.6 5.7
Macedonia, FYR 5.2 5.8 5.6 6.2 6.6
Sweden 5.4 5.7 5.8 6.2 6.9
Ghana 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.4 6.8
India 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.9 6.0
Cameroon 5.6 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.1
Australia 5.8 5.9 6.0 6.1 6.2
Belgium 5.9 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.5
Hungary 5.9 6.2 6.6 6.8 7.3
Slovenia 5.9 6.0 6.3 6.7 7.0
New Zealand 6.3 6.1 6.3 6.4 6.3
Nicaragua 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.8 6.9
Jamaica 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.8 5.5
Venezuela, RB 6.8 7.3 6.9 6.8 6.9
Honduras 6.8 6.6 6.3 7.0 7.3
Vietnam 7.0 7.0 6.9 7.1 7.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 7.2 6.5 6.5 5.9 6.4
Jordan 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.6 7.6
France 7.4 7.8 7.9 8.2 8.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.5 6.5 6.1 6.7 5.4
United Kingdom 7.5 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.7
Saudi Arabia 7.6 8.2 7.9 7.7 7.7
Netherlands 7.6 8.2 8.5 9.0 9.1
Pakistan 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.6
Cote d'Ivoire 7.8 8.0 8.4 7.1 7.2
Japan 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.8 7.9
Paraguay 8.0 7.7 7.8 8.0 8.4
Bolivia 8.0 7.7 8.0 8.2 7.5
Germany 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.8 9.0
Senegal 8.3 8.1 8.1 8.2 7.9
Luxembourg 8.3 9.1 10.0 10.4 10.5
Lebanon 8.4 7.3 7.7 7.3 8.1
Israel 8.4 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.0
Philippines 8.4 8.4 8.1 8.2 8.2
United Arab Emirates 8.4 9.3 8.9 9.0 9.6
Malaysia 8.5 7.9 7.7 8.0 7.6
Thailand 8.5 8.1 8.0 7.8 8.0
Croatia 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.4 8.9
Singapore 8.6 8.3 9.0 10.5 11.1
Cuba 9.0 9.0 9.6 9.8 9.7
Kuwait 9.0 9.1 8.3 7.6 7.6
Denmark 9.0 10.0 10.4 11.2 11.9
Ireland 9.0 9.5 9.8 10.3 11.0
Cyprus 9.3 9.7 9.5 9.9 9.7
Indonesia 9.4 9.5 8.5 8.2 7.9
Mexico 9.5 9.8 10.0 9.9 10.5
Albania 9.6 10.0 10.1 8.6 9.0
Austria 9.6 9.9 10.1 10.5 10.8
Dominican Republic 9.6 9.3 9.8 10.2 9.8
Chile 9.7 9.3 9.2 8.6 9.0
Namibia 9.8 10.0 9.9 10.3 11.2
Tunisia 9.9 10.1 9.7 10.0 10.1
Greece 10.0 10.1 10.0 10.2 10.1
Norway 10.2 10.1 9.9 9.7 10.1
El Salvador 10.2 9.6 9.7 9.6 9.4
Spain 10.4 10.2 10.1 10.1 10.1
Botswana 10.5 10.8 9.6 10.2 10.0
Brunei Darussalam 10.5 10.0 10.0 10.1 10.4
Brazil 10.8 10.6 10.4 10.2 10.6
Turkey 10.8 11.1 11.1 10.9 10.8
Ecuador 10.8 10.9 11.0 11.6 10.6
Guatemala 11.0 10.9 10.6 10.0 10.0
Bangladesh 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.6 11.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.3 11.4 11.1 11.5 12.7
Portugal 11.4 11.3 11.0 10.6 10.9
Colombia 11.4 12.2 11.7 12.5 13.0
Malta 11.4 10.7 12.8 12.3 14.6
Panama 11.7 12.0 11.1 11.7 11.8
Italy 11.9 11.9 11.8 11.8 12.0
Algeria 12.0 11.8 12.0 11.6 11.7
Morocco 12.4 11.7 12.4 11.8 11.9
Sri Lanka 12.6 12.9 13.3 13.0 12.5
Costa Rica 12.6 13.2 14.3 14.0 13.1
Switzerland 12.9 13.0 13.2 13.4 14.1
Mauritius 13.5 13.9 13.8 13.6 13.3
Peru 13.5 14.8 14.1 13.4 13.8
Uruguay 13.8 14.8 15.0 13.5 13.8
Oman 13.9 13.7 13.9 13.4 12.9
Gabon 15.8 16.5 16.0 15.0 14.6
Yemen, Rep. 16.4 16.3 16.1 14.8 14.8
Congo, Rep. 17.6 18.3 19.0 19.0 20.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 19.8 22.0 15.8 13.1 16.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Montenegro
Djibouti
Mali
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Lesotho
Myanmar
Burkina Faso
Afghanistan
Somalia
Lao PDR
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
New Caledonia
Malawi
Maldives
Sierra Leone
Monaco
Isle of Man
Niger 5.8
South Sudan
Comoros
St. Lucia
Northern Mariana Islands
Suriname
Kiribati
Argentina
Liberia
Andorra
Equatorial Guinea
Libya 7.5 7.4
Guinea
Burundi
Liechtenstein
Seychelles
Papua New Guinea
Marshall Islands
Faroe Islands
Madagascar
Barbados
Solomon Islands
Timor-Leste
Gambia, The
Tonga
Greenland
Bermuda
St. Kitts and Nevis
Syrian Arab Republic
St. Martin (French part)
Mauritania
Bhutan
Aruba
Swaziland
Guyana
Macao SAR, China
Tuvalu
Belize
Fiji
Grenada
Chad
Guam
French Polynesia
Bahamas, The
Puerto Rico
Haiti 7.0 7.1 7.4
Qatar 5.9
Turks and Caicos Islands
Central African Republic
Uganda
Cayman Islands
Guinea-Bissau
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Rwanda
Samoa
Vanuatu
San Marino
American Samoa
Sao Tome and Principe
West Bank and Gaza
Dominica
Cabo Verde
Palau

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