Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Uzbekistan 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1
Mozambique 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.6
Ethiopia 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Turkmenistan 1.4 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.5
Ukraine 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.4 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9
Moldova 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.7
Azerbaijan 1.8 2.2 2.4 2.6 3.0
Belarus 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.7 2.9
Trinidad and Tobago 2.9 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.3
Russian Federation 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.9
Tajikistan 3.3 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0
Estonia 2.9 2.8 3.2 3.7 3.9
Zimbabwe 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.1
Kazakhstan 2.4 2.8 3.3 3.3 3.7
Iceland 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.0
Zambia 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5
Serbia 4.0 3.4 3.4 3.5 4.2
China 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.7 3.9
Bulgaria 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.7 3.8
Kyrgyz Republic 3.2 3.0 3.5 3.4 4.0
Bahrain 3.8 4.0 3.7 3.6 3.8
Togo 3.3 3.2 3.7 3.4 3.0
South Africa 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8
Tanzania 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.7
Nigeria 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.0
Georgia 2.9 3.2 4.1 4.5 5.1
Armenia 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.6
Benin 4.5 4.1 4.1 4.4 4.4
Canada 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.5
Slovak Republic 3.9 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.6
Cambodia 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.0 4.5
Iraq 3.7 4.3 4.5 8.1 12.4
Nepal 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5
Mongolia 3.6 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.9
Czech Republic 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.9 5.3
Finland 4.8 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.2
Poland 4.3 4.4 4.8 5.4 5.7
Kenya 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9
Korea, Rep. 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.2
Latvia 4.4 4.6 5.1 5.5 6.1
Romania 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.4 6.0
United States 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.6
India 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.7
Ghana 5.4 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.4
Sudan 4.8 5.0 5.4 5.6 5.2
Eritrea 4.9 5.1 5.6 8.7 8.4
Sweden 5.4 5.4 5.7 5.8 6.2
Cameroon 5.5 5.6 5.8 5.9 6.1
Macedonia, FYR 6.1 5.2 5.8 5.6 6.2
Australia 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.0 6.1
Slovenia 6.0 5.9 6.0 6.3 6.7
Angola 5.4 5.8 6.1 6.5 6.3
New Zealand 6.3 6.3 6.1 6.3 6.4
Belgium 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.2 6.4
Hungary 6.0 5.9 6.2 6.5 6.8
Jamaica 6.7 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.8
Nicaragua 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 6.3 6.9 6.4 6.5 5.8
Venezuela, RB 6.6 6.1 6.5 6.2 6.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.7 7.5 6.6 6.1 6.8
Honduras 6.6 6.8 6.6 6.3 7.0
Vietnam 6.7 7.0 7.0 6.9 7.1
Lebanon 8.4 8.4 7.3 7.7 7.3
Jordan 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.6
Pakistan 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.4
Malaysia 8.3 8.3 7.6 7.4 7.8
Paraguay 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.8 8.0
Bolivia 8.2 8.1 7.8 8.1 8.3
France 7.7 7.4 7.8 7.9 8.2
United Kingdom 7.6 7.5 7.9 8.1 8.3
Cote d'Ivoire 8.2 7.8 8.0 8.4 7.1
Japan 7.9 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.8
Senegal 8.3 8.3 8.0 8.1 8.1
Thailand 8.8 8.3 8.1 7.7 7.5
Netherlands 7.7 7.6 8.2 8.4 8.9
Israel 8.1 8.3 8.2 8.3 8.9
Saudi Arabia 7.9 7.6 8.2 7.9 7.7
Germany 8.2 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.8
Singapore 8.4 8.6 8.3 9.0 10.5
Philippines 8.2 8.4 8.4 8.1 8.2
Croatia 8.3 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.4
Cuba 9.0 9.0 9.0 9.6 9.8
Kuwait 8.8 9.0 9.1 8.3 7.6
Luxembourg 8.4 8.4 9.1 10.1 10.5
United Arab Emirates 9.0 8.4 9.3 8.9 9.0
Chile 10.0 9.7 9.3 9.2 8.6
Dominican Republic 9.6 9.8 9.5 10.1 10.4
Indonesia 9.1 9.4 9.5 8.5 8.2
El Salvador 9.6 10.2 9.6 9.7 9.6
Cyprus 10.2 9.3 9.7 9.5 9.9
Tunisia 9.3 9.6 9.8 9.4 9.7
Mexico 9.2 9.5 9.9 10.0 9.9
Austria 9.9 9.6 9.9 10.0 10.4
Denmark 9.9 9.0 10.0 10.4 11.2
Brunei Darussalam 10.3 10.5 10.0 10.0 10.1
Ireland 9.3 9.5 10.0 10.2 10.8
Greece 10.0 10.0 10.1 10.0 10.2
Norway 9.4 10.2 10.1 10.0 9.7
Albania 9.4 9.7 10.2 10.6 8.7
Spain 10.0 10.4 10.2 10.1 10.1
Namibia 10.9 10.5 10.6 10.6 11.0
Brazil 11.2 10.8 10.7 10.4 10.3
Malta 10.8 11.4 10.7 12.7 12.2
Botswana 9.7 10.5 10.8 9.6 10.2
Ecuador 11.2 10.8 10.9 11.0 11.6
Guatemala 11.0 11.0 10.9 10.6 10.0
Turkey 11.0 10.8 11.1 11.1 10.9
Bangladesh 10.7 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.6
Portugal 10.9 11.4 11.3 11.0 10.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.4 11.3 11.4 11.1 11.5
Morocco 11.2 12.1 11.5 12.2 11.5
Sri Lanka 12.3 11.4 11.7 12.1 11.8
Algeria 11.2 11.9 11.8 11.9 11.5
Italy 11.7 11.9 11.9 11.8 11.8
Panama 12.1 11.7 12.0 11.1 11.7
Colombia 11.5 11.4 12.2 11.7 12.5
Switzerland 13.1 12.9 13.0 13.2 13.4
Costa Rica 12.6 12.6 13.2 14.3 14.0
Oman 13.8 13.9 13.7 13.9 13.4
Mauritius 13.0 13.5 13.9 13.8 13.6
Uruguay 14.4 13.8 14.8 15.0 13.5
Peru 13.5 13.5 14.8 14.1 13.4
Yemen, Rep. 16.0 16.4 16.3 16.1 14.8
Gabon 15.9 15.8 16.5 16.1 15.0
Congo, Rep. 16.5 17.6 18.3 19.0 19.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 18.7 19.8 22.0 15.8 13.1
Bahamas, The
Montenegro
Malawi
Comoros
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Isle of Man
Belize
Myanmar
Uganda
Liechtenstein
Somalia
Chad
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Vanuatu
Barbados
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Kiribati
Mauritania
Sierra Leone
Djibouti
Gambia, The
French Polynesia
South Sudan
Marshall Islands
St. Lucia
Libya 7.5
Suriname
Dominica
Syrian Arab Republic
Lithuania
Macao SAR, China
Equatorial Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Palau
Turks and Caicos Islands
Mali
Monaco
Papua New Guinea
Guyana
Liberia
Greenland
Maldives
Solomon Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Bhutan
Burundi
Lao PDR
Afghanistan
St. Kitts and Nevis
Puerto Rico
St. Martin (French part)
Qatar
Bermuda
Burkina Faso
Swaziland
Grenada
Madagascar
Rwanda
Taiwan, China
Samoa
Curacao
San Marino
Timor-Leste
Sao Tome and Principe
Tonga
Haiti 7.0 7.1
Guinea
Faeroe Islands
Aruba
Guam
Tuvalu
Seychelles
Argentina
Niger
Cabo Verde
Antigua and Barbuda
Northern Mariana Islands
Andorra
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
American Samoa
New Caledonia
Central African Republic
West Bank and Gaza
Fiji
Cayman Islands
Lesotho

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