Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Uzbekistan 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
Mozambique 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.4
Ethiopia 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Turkmenistan 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.6
Ukraine 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8
Moldova 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.7 2.9
Azerbaijan 2.2 2.4 2.6 3.0 3.2
Belarus 2.2 2.4 2.7 2.9 3.0
Trinidad and Tobago 2.3 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.3
Russian Federation 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.1
Tajikistan 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.4
Zimbabwe 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.1
Kazakhstan 2.8 3.3 3.3 3.7 4.0
Estonia 2.9 3.3 3.8 4.0 4.5
Zambia 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6
Bulgaria 3.1 3.4 3.7 3.8 3.9
Serbia 3.4 3.4 3.5 4.2 4.2
China 3.1 3.4 3.7 3.9 4.0
Iceland 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.2 3.0
Kyrgyz Republic 3.0 3.5 3.4 4.0 4.4
Bahrain 3.9 3.6 3.6 3.8 3.8
Togo 3.2 3.7 3.4 3.0 3.0
South Africa 3.8 3.7 3.8 3.8 4.0
Tanzania 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7
Nigeria 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.1
Georgia 3.2 4.1 4.5 5.1 5.0
Armenia 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.5
Canada 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.5 4.6
Lithuania 3.7 4.3 4.4 5.1 5.9
Slovak Republic 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.6 4.6
Cambodia 4.2 4.3 4.0 4.5 4.9
Benin 4.3 4.4 4.7 4.7 5.8
Iraq 4.4 4.5 8.4 12.7 11.0
Nepal 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Mongolia 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.7
Czech Republic 4.8 4.7 4.9 5.3 5.3
Finland 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.2 5.5
Poland 4.4 4.8 5.4 5.8 6.3
Kenya 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8
Korea, Rep. 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.2 5.2
Latvia 4.6 5.1 5.6 6.2 6.8
Romania 5.1 5.1 5.5 6.2 6.3
United States 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.6 5.7
Ghana 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.4 6.8
Sudan 5.0 5.4 5.6 5.2 5.8
Eritrea 5.1 5.6 8.7 8.4 8.0
India 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.9 6.0
Sweden 5.4 5.7 5.8 6.2 6.9
Cameroon 5.6 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.1
Macedonia, FYR 5.2 5.8 5.6 6.2 6.6
Australia 5.8 5.9 6.0 6.1 6.2
Slovenia 5.9 6.0 6.3 6.7 7.0
Belgium 5.9 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.5
New Zealand 6.3 6.1 6.3 6.4 6.3
Hungary 5.9 6.2 6.6 6.8 7.3
Jamaica 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.8 5.5
Nicaragua 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.8 6.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 7.2 6.5 6.5 5.9 6.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.5 6.5 6.1 6.7 5.4
Honduras 6.8 6.6 6.3 7.0 7.3
Vietnam 7.0 7.0 6.9 7.1 7.2
Venezuela, RB 6.8 7.3 6.9 6.8 6.9
Lebanon 8.4 7.3 7.7 7.3 8.1
Jordan 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.6 7.6
Pakistan 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.6
Paraguay 8.0 7.7 7.8 8.0 8.4
Bolivia 8.0 7.7 8.0 8.2 7.5
France 7.4 7.8 7.9 8.2 8.4
Malaysia 8.5 7.9 7.7 8.0 7.6
Cote d'Ivoire 7.8 8.0 8.4 7.1 7.2
United Kingdom 7.5 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.7
Japan 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.8 7.9
Senegal 8.3 8.1 8.1 8.2 7.9
Thailand 8.5 8.1 8.0 7.8 8.0
Netherlands 7.6 8.2 8.5 9.0 9.1
Saudi Arabia 7.6 8.2 7.9 7.7 7.7
Germany 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.8 9.0
Israel 8.4 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.0
Singapore 8.6 8.3 9.0 10.5 11.1
Philippines 8.4 8.4 8.1 8.2 8.2
Croatia 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.4 8.9
Cuba 9.0 9.0 9.6 9.8 9.7
Luxembourg 8.3 9.1 10.0 10.4 10.5
Kuwait 9.0 9.1 8.3 7.6 7.6
United Arab Emirates 8.4 9.3 8.9 9.0 9.6
Chile 9.7 9.3 9.2 8.6 9.0
Dominican Republic 9.6 9.3 9.8 10.2 9.8
Ireland 9.0 9.5 9.8 10.3 11.0
Indonesia 9.4 9.5 8.5 8.2 7.9
El Salvador 10.2 9.6 9.7 9.6 9.4
Cyprus 9.3 9.7 9.5 9.9 9.7
Mexico 9.5 9.8 10.0 9.9 10.5
Austria 9.6 9.9 10.1 10.5 10.8
Albania 9.6 10.0 10.1 8.6 9.0
Denmark 9.0 10.0 10.4 11.2 11.9
Brunei Darussalam 10.5 10.0 10.0 10.1 10.4
Namibia 9.8 10.0 9.9 10.3 11.2
Greece 10.0 10.1 10.0 10.2 10.1
Tunisia 9.9 10.1 9.7 10.0 10.1
Norway 10.2 10.1 9.9 9.7 10.1
Spain 10.4 10.2 10.1 10.1 10.1
Brazil 10.8 10.6 10.4 10.2 10.6
Malta 11.4 10.7 12.8 12.3 14.6
Botswana 10.5 10.8 9.6 10.2 10.0
Ecuador 10.8 10.9 11.0 11.6 10.6
Guatemala 11.0 10.9 10.6 10.0 10.0
Turkey 10.8 11.1 11.1 10.9 10.8
Bangladesh 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.6 11.8
Portugal 11.4 11.3 11.0 10.6 10.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.3 11.4 11.1 11.5 12.7
Morocco 12.4 11.7 12.4 11.8 11.9
Algeria 12.0 11.8 12.0 11.6 11.7
Italy 11.9 11.9 11.8 11.8 12.0
Panama 11.7 12.0 11.1 11.7 11.8
Colombia 11.4 12.2 11.7 12.5 13.0
Sri Lanka 12.6 12.9 13.3 13.0 12.5
Switzerland 12.9 13.0 13.2 13.4 14.1
Costa Rica 12.6 13.2 14.3 14.0 13.1
Oman 13.9 13.7 13.9 13.4 12.9
Mauritius 13.5 13.9 13.8 13.6 13.3
Uruguay 13.8 14.8 15.0 13.5 13.8
Peru 13.5 14.8 14.1 13.4 13.8
Yemen, Rep. 16.4 16.3 16.1 14.8 14.8
Gabon 15.8 16.5 16.0 15.0 14.6
Congo, Rep. 17.6 18.3 19.0 19.0 20.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 19.8 22.0 15.8 13.1 16.7
Andorra
Montenegro
Bermuda
Libya 7.5 7.4
Bhutan
Liberia
Uganda
Myanmar
Guinea-Bissau
Lesotho
St. Kitts and Nevis
Chad
Liechtenstein
Afghanistan
French Polynesia
New Caledonia
Mauritania
Monaco
Solomon Islands
Lao PDR
Guam
Niger 5.8
St. Martin (French part)
Cabo Verde
Swaziland
Northern Mariana Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Comoros
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Seychelles
Macao SAR, China
Guyana
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Marshall Islands
Haiti 7.0 7.1 7.4
Kiribati
Sierra Leone
Palau
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Mali
Guinea
Papua New Guinea
Somalia
Curacao
South Sudan
Maldives
Malawi
Barbados
St. Lucia
Madagascar
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Equatorial Guinea
Suriname
Gambia, The
Belize
Greenland
Syrian Arab Republic
Bahamas, The
Grenada
Burundi
Timor-Leste
Isle of Man
Tonga
Puerto Rico
Faroe Islands
Qatar 5.9
Aruba
Burkina Faso
Tuvalu
Djibouti
Argentina
Rwanda
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Samoa
San Marino
Vanuatu
Sao Tome and Principe
American Samoa
Dominica
West Bank and Gaza
Central African Republic
Fiji
Cayman Islands

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