Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Uzbekistan 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.2
Mozambique 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.5 1.6
Turkmenistan 1.4 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.5
Ukraine 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7
Ethiopia 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.5 2.4 2.2 2.2 2.0
Moldova 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.7
Azerbaijan 1.8 2.2 2.4 2.6 3.0
Belarus 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.7 2.9
Trinidad and Tobago 2.9 2.5 2.7 2.5 2.3
Russian Federation 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.9
Tajikistan 3.3 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0
Estonia 2.9 2.8 3.2 3.7 3.9
Zimbabwe 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.1
Kazakhstan 2.4 2.8 3.3 3.3 3.7
Iceland 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.0
China 2.9 3.1 3.4 3.6 3.8
Zambia 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5
Serbia 4.0 3.4 3.4 3.5 4.2
Bulgaria 3.1 3.2 3.4 3.7 3.8
Kyrgyz Republic 3.2 3.0 3.5 3.4 4.0
Togo 3.3 3.2 3.7 3.4 3.0
South Africa 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8
Tanzania 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.6
Nigeria 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.8
Mongolia 3.0 3.7 3.9 4.0 4.1
Georgia 2.9 3.2 4.1 4.5 5.1
Armenia 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.6
Benin 4.5 4.1 4.1 4.4 4.4
Canada 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.5
Lithuania 3.8 3.7 4.3 4.4 5.1
Slovak Republic 3.9 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.6
Cambodia 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.0 4.5
Iraq 3.7 4.3 4.5 8.1 12.4
Nepal 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5
Czech Republic 4.8 4.8 4.7 4.9 5.3
Finland 4.8 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.2
Poland 4.3 4.4 4.8 5.4 5.7
Bahrain 4.9 5.1 4.8 4.7 5.1
Kenya 5.0 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9
Korea, Rep. 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.2
Latvia 4.4 4.6 5.1 5.5 6.3
Romania 5.1 5.2 5.2 5.4 6.0
Ghana 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
United States 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.6
India 5.1 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.7
Eritrea 4.9 5.1 5.6 8.7 8.4
Sweden 5.4 5.4 5.7 5.8 6.2
Sudan 5.1 5.3 5.7 5.9 5.5
Cameroon 5.5 5.7 5.8 5.9 6.1
Australia 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.0 6.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.7 6.3 5.9 5.9 5.3
Macedonia, FYR 6.2 5.3 5.9 5.7 6.3
Slovenia 6.0 5.9 6.0 6.3 6.7
New Zealand 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.2 6.3
Angola 5.4 5.8 6.1 6.5 6.3
Belgium 6.2 5.9 6.2 6.2 6.4
Hungary 6.0 5.9 6.2 6.5 6.8
Jamaica 6.7 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.8
Nicaragua 6.2 6.4 6.4 6.6 6.9
Venezuela, RB 6.6 6.1 6.5 6.2 6.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.7 7.5 6.6 6.1 6.8
Honduras 6.6 6.8 6.6 6.3 7.0
Vietnam 6.7 7.0 7.0 6.9 7.1
Lebanon 8.4 8.4 7.3 7.7 7.3
Jordan 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.6
Bolivia 8.4 7.9 7.5 7.6 8.0
Pakistan 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.4
Paraguay 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.8 8.0
Saudi Arabia 7.5 7.3 7.8 7.6 7.4
France 7.7 7.4 7.8 7.9 8.2
United Kingdom 7.6 7.5 7.9 8.1 8.3
Malaysia 8.6 8.5 7.9 7.7 8.1
Japan 7.9 7.9 8.0 8.0 7.8
Senegal 8.3 8.3 8.0 8.1 8.1
Thailand 8.8 8.3 8.1 7.7 7.5
Cote d'Ivoire 8.3 7.9 8.2 8.6 7.3
Netherlands 7.7 7.6 8.2 8.4 8.9
Israel 8.1 8.3 8.2 8.3 8.9
Germany 8.2 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.8
Singapore 8.4 8.5 8.2 9.0 10.5
Philippines 8.2 8.4 8.4 8.1 8.2
Croatia 8.3 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.4
Cuba 9.0 8.9 9.0 9.6 9.8
Indonesia 8.6 8.9 9.0 8.0 7.7
Kuwait 8.7 8.9 9.1 8.2 7.5
Cyprus 9.5 8.7 9.1 8.9 9.3
Luxembourg 8.4 8.4 9.1 10.1 10.5
Dominican Republic 9.3 9.5 9.2 9.2 9.6
Chile 10.1 9.7 9.3 9.3 8.6
United Arab Emirates 9.1 8.5 9.3 9.0 9.1
El Salvador 9.6 10.2 9.6 9.7 9.6
Tunisia 9.3 9.6 9.8 9.4 9.7
Mexico 9.2 9.5 9.8 10.0 9.9
Austria 9.9 9.6 9.9 10.0 10.4
Ireland 9.6 9.6 9.9 10.2 10.9
Norway 9.3 10.1 10.0 9.9 9.6
Denmark 9.9 9.0 10.0 10.4 11.2
Brunei Darussalam 10.3 10.5 10.0 10.0 10.1
Greece 10.0 10.0 10.1 10.0 10.2
Albania 9.4 9.7 10.2 10.6 8.7
Spain 10.0 10.4 10.2 10.1 10.1
Brazil 10.8 10.5 10.3 10.1 9.9
Botswana 9.4 10.2 10.5 9.3 9.9
Malta 10.8 11.4 10.7 12.7 12.2
Namibia 11.0 10.6 10.7 10.6 11.6
Bangladesh 10.4 10.8 10.9 11.0 11.4
Guatemala 11.0 11.0 10.9 10.6 10.0
Turkey 11.0 10.8 11.1 11.1 11.0
Portugal 10.9 11.4 11.3 10.9 10.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.4 11.2 11.4 11.1 11.5
Sri Lanka 12.4 11.4 11.7 12.1 11.8
Algeria 11.2 11.9 11.8 11.9 11.5
Italy 11.7 11.9 11.9 11.8 11.8
Panama 12.1 11.7 12.0 11.1 11.7
Ecuador 13.0 12.2 12.1 11.8 12.0
Colombia 11.5 11.4 12.2 11.7 12.5
Morocco 12.2 13.1 12.4 13.2 12.4
Switzerland 13.1 12.9 13.0 13.2 13.4
Costa Rica 12.6 12.6 13.2 14.3 14.0
Oman 13.9 13.9 13.8 14.0 13.5
Uruguay 14.1 13.5 14.4 14.7 13.2
Peru 13.5 13.5 14.8 14.1 13.4
Gabon 15.6 15.5 16.2 15.7 14.7
Yemen, Rep. 16.0 16.4 16.3 16.1 14.8
Congo, Rep. 16.5 17.6 18.3 19.2 19.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 18.7 19.8 22.0 15.8 13.3
Guyana
Monaco
Liberia
Comoros
Swaziland
Montenegro
Argentina
Mauritius
Solomon Islands
Mauritania
St. Martin (French part)
Myanmar
Belize
Lesotho
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Afghanistan
Andorra
Lao PDR
Dominica
New Caledonia
French Polynesia
Chad
St. Kitts and Nevis
Kosovo
Bhutan
Niger
Malawi
Guinea
Haiti 7.0 7.1
Uganda
Bahamas, The
Faeroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
Grenada
Marshall Islands
Antigua and Barbuda
Fiji
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Palau
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Libya 7.6
Liechtenstein
Papua New Guinea
Somalia
Gambia, The
South Sudan
Mali
Equatorial Guinea
Korea, Dem. Rep.
St. Lucia
Cabo Verde
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Kiribati
Suriname
Puerto Rico
Bermuda
Qatar
Syrian Arab Republic
Burundi
Barbados
Burkina Faso
Timor-Leste
Rwanda
Tonga
Samoa
Guinea-Bissau
San Marino
Guam
Sao Tome and Principe
Tuvalu
Macao SAR, China
Aruba
Djibouti
Greenland
Maldives
Madagascar
Seychelles
Vanuatu
Sierra Leone
American Samoa
Isle of Man
West Bank and Gaza
Cayman Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Central African Republic

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