Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Uzbekistan 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1
Mozambique 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4
Turkmenistan 1.6 1.4 1.7 1.5 1.6
Ukraine 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Ethiopia 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Moldova 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.4
Azerbaijan 2.0 1.8 2.2 2.4 2.6
Belarus 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.7
Tanzania 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.6
Trinidad and Tobago 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.7 2.5
Russian Federation 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.8
Tajikistan 3.4 3.3 2.8 2.9 2.9
Estonia 2.5 2.8 2.7 3.1 3.6
Bulgaria 3.4 3.2 2.9 3.2 3.5
Zimbabwe 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.3
Kazakhstan 2.4 2.4 2.8 3.3 3.3
China 2.7 2.8 3.0 3.3 3.6
Zambia 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.3
Iceland 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4
Kyrgyz Republic 2.9 3.2 3.0 3.5 3.4
Serbia 4.1 3.8 3.4 3.6 3.6
South Africa 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.7
Togo 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.7 3.4
Nigeria 3.9 3.8 3.9 3.8 3.9
Mongolia 2.9 3.0 3.7 3.9 4.0
Georgia 2.3 2.9 3.2 4.1 4.5
Armenia 4.7 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.3
Benin 4.4 4.5 4.1 4.1 4.4
Canada 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.4
Kenya 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Lithuania 4.0 3.9 3.8 4.3 4.4
Slovak Republic 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.3 4.6
Cambodia 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.0
Czech Republic 4.2 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.5
Nepal 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5
Finland 4.3 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.8
Poland 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.7 5.3
Bahrain 4.7 4.9 5.1 4.8 4.7
Korea, Rep. 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.2
Romania 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.3
Latvia 4.4 4.5 4.8 5.3 5.6
Ghana 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
United States 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.5
Sweden 5.0 5.2 5.1 5.4 5.5
India 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.7
Cameroon 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6
Eritrea 5.0 4.9 5.1 5.6 8.7
Sudan 4.9 5.1 5.3 5.7 5.9
Australia 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.8 5.7 6.3 5.9 5.9
Slovenia 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.2
New Zealand 6.0 6.1 6.1 6.0 6.2
Belgium 6.0 6.1 5.8 6.1 6.1
Angola 4.9 5.4 5.8 6.1 6.5
Macedonia, FYR 6.6 6.4 5.5 6.1 5.9
Hungary 6.2 6.1 5.9 6.2 6.6
Jamaica 7.0 6.7 6.3 6.3 5.9
Nicaragua 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.0 4.6 7.5 6.5 6.1
Venezuela, RB 6.0 6.6 6.1 6.5 6.2
Honduras 6.8 6.6 6.8 6.6 6.3
Vietnam 6.5 6.7 7.0 7.0 6.9
Lebanon 9.1 8.4 8.4 7.3 7.7
Jordan 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.3
Bolivia 9.0 8.4 7.9 7.5 7.6
Pakistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.6
United Kingdom 6.9 7.1 7.1 7.6 7.8
Paraguay 8.3 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.8
Netherlands 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.7 7.9
France 7.8 7.7 7.3 7.7 7.8
Cote d'Ivoire 7.4 7.9 7.6 7.8 8.2
Saudi Arabia 7.6 7.5 7.3 7.8 7.6
Malaysia 8.4 8.6 8.5 7.9 7.7
Japan 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.0 8.0
Germany 7.9 8.0 7.8 8.0 8.2
Senegal 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.0 8.1
Thailand 8.8 8.8 8.3 8.1 7.7
Israel 7.9 8.1 8.3 8.1 8.2
Singapore 6.7 8.4 8.5 8.2 9.0
Dominican Republic 8.3 8.4 8.6 8.3 8.3
Croatia 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.2
Philippines 8.3 8.2 8.4 8.4 8.1
Cuba 8.7 9.0 8.9 9.0 9.6
Indonesia 8.7 8.6 8.9 9.0 8.0
Luxembourg 7.2 8.3 8.3 9.0 9.9
Chile 9.8 10.1 9.7 9.3 9.3
United Arab Emirates 9.1 9.1 8.5 9.3 9.0
Cyprus 8.1 9.8 9.0 9.4 9.2
Ireland 8.0 8.9 9.0 9.4 9.6
Bangladesh 9.3 8.9 9.3 9.4 9.5
El Salvador 9.6 9.6 10.2 9.6 9.7
Austria 9.8 9.7 9.3 9.6 9.8
Tunisia 9.2 9.3 9.5 9.7 9.4
Greece 9.7 9.9 9.8 9.7 9.6
Kuwait 9.2 9.4 9.6 9.8 8.9
Mexico 9.4 9.2 9.5 9.8 10.0
Denmark 9.4 9.7 8.8 9.9 10.2
Spain 10.0 9.8 10.2 10.0 9.9
Brunei Darussalam 11.8 10.3 10.5 10.0 10.0
Norway 9.1 9.3 10.1 10.0 9.9
Brazil 10.7 10.8 10.5 10.3 10.1
Albania 8.0 9.6 9.8 10.4 10.8
Botswana 8.9 9.3 10.2 10.5 9.3
Portugal 11.0 10.4 10.8 10.7 10.4
Namibia 11.8 11.1 10.7 10.8 10.7
Malta 9.6 11.0 11.7 10.9 13.0
Guatemala 11.0 11.0 11.0 10.9 10.6
Turkey 11.2 11.0 10.9 11.1 11.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.5 11.4 11.2 11.4 11.1
Oman 11.3 11.6 11.6 11.5 11.7
Italy 11.9 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.3
Sri Lanka 12.0 12.4 11.4 11.7 12.1
Algeria 11.1 11.2 11.9 11.8 11.9
Ecuador 13.8 12.6 11.9 11.8 11.5
Panama 12.1 12.1 11.7 12.0 11.1
Colombia 11.1 11.5 11.4 12.2 11.7
Switzerland 12.4 12.6 12.4 12.5 12.6
Morocco 13.1 12.4 13.2 12.5 13.2
Costa Rica 12.3 12.6 12.6 13.2 14.3
Uruguay 15.3 14.1 13.5 14.4 14.7
Peru 13.4 13.6 13.5 14.9 14.1
Gabon 16.2 15.6 15.5 16.2 15.7
Yemen, Rep. 17.2 16.0 16.4 16.3 16.1
Congo, Rep. 16.9 16.5 17.6 18.3 19.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 18.1 18.7 19.8 22.0 15.8
Equatorial Guinea
Guam
Monaco
Seychelles
Comoros
Swaziland
Montenegro
Mauritania
Maldives
Libya
Djibouti
St. Kitts and Nevis
Myanmar
Belize
Malawi
Turks and Caicos Islands
Isle of Man
Guyana
Iraq
Guinea
New Caledonia
Solomon Islands
Madagascar
Grenada
Fiji
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Niger
Lesotho
Cayman Islands
Greenland
Northern Mariana Islands
Mali
Dominica
Uganda
Macao SAR, China
Haiti 7.0
Kiribati
Guinea-Bissau
Palau
Sierra Leone
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Papua New Guinea
Lao PDR
Liechtenstein
Somalia
Mauritius
South Sudan
St. Martin (French part)
Liberia
Bhutan
St. Lucia
Cabo Verde
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
French Polynesia
Suriname
Curacao
Bermuda
Andorra
Syrian Arab Republic
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Barbados
Bahamas, The
Timor-Leste
Afghanistan
Tonga
Rwanda
Faeroe Islands
Samoa
Gambia, The
San Marino
Tuvalu
Marshall Islands
Aruba
Sao Tome and Principe
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Vanuatu
Burundi
American Samoa
Kosovo
West Bank and Gaza
Burkina Faso
Chad
Central African Republic

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