Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Uzbekistan 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1
Mozambique 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4
Ethiopia 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.5
Turkmenistan 1.6 1.4 1.7 1.5 1.6
Ukraine 1.8 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.4 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0
Moldova 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.4 2.4
Trinidad and Tobago 2.7 2.9 2.5 2.7 2.5
Azerbaijan 2.0 1.8 2.2 2.4 2.6
Tanzania 2.6 2.5 2.6 2.7 2.6
Belarus 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.4 2.7
Russian Federation 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 2.8
Tajikistan 3.4 3.3 2.8 2.9 2.9
Kazakhstan 2.4 2.4 2.8 3.3 3.3
Zimbabwe 2.9 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.3
Zambia 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.3
Kyrgyz Republic 2.9 3.2 3.0 3.5 3.4
Togo 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.7 3.4
Iceland 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4
Bulgaria 3.4 3.2 2.9 3.2 3.5
Estonia 2.5 2.8 2.7 3.1 3.6
Serbia 4.1 3.8 3.4 3.6 3.6
China 2.7 2.8 3.0 3.3 3.6
South Africa 3.6 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.7
Nigeria 3.9 3.9 3.9 3.8 3.9
Cambodia 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.0
Mongolia 2.9 3.0 3.7 3.9 4.0
Kenya 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2 4.2
Armenia 4.7 4.3 4.2 4.1 4.3
Benin 4.4 4.5 4.1 4.1 4.4
Lithuania 4.0 3.9 3.8 4.3 4.4
Canada 4.0 4.1 4.1 4.2 4.4
Czech Republic 4.2 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.5
Nepal 4.3 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.5
Georgia 2.3 2.9 3.2 4.1 4.5
Slovak Republic 3.8 3.9 4.1 4.3 4.6
Bahrain 4.7 4.9 5.1 4.8 4.7
Finland 4.3 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.8
Korea, Rep. 5.3 5.2 5.2 5.0 5.2
Poland 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.7 5.3
Ghana 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3 5.3
Romania 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.1 5.3
United States 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.5
Sweden 5.0 5.2 5.1 5.4 5.5
Cameroon 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6
Latvia 4.4 4.5 4.8 5.3 5.6
India 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.5 5.7
Jamaica 7.0 6.7 6.3 6.3 5.9
Macedonia, FYR 6.6 6.4 5.5 6.1 5.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 5.8 5.7 6.3 5.9 5.9
Sudan 4.9 5.1 5.3 5.7 5.9
Australia 5.8 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 4.0 4.6 7.5 6.5 6.1
Belgium 6.0 6.1 5.8 6.1 6.1
New Zealand 6.1 6.2 6.2 6.1 6.2
Slovenia 6.1 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.2
Venezuela, RB 6.0 6.6 6.1 6.5 6.2
Honduras 6.8 6.6 6.8 6.6 6.3
Angola 4.9 5.4 5.8 6.1 6.5
Nicaragua 5.9 6.1 6.3 6.3 6.5
Hungary 6.2 6.1 5.9 6.2 6.6
Vietnam 6.5 6.7 7.0 7.0 6.9
Haiti 7.0
Jordan 7.4 7.3 7.3 7.4 7.3
Saudi Arabia 7.6 7.5 7.3 7.8 7.6
Bolivia 9.0 8.4 7.9 7.5 7.6
Pakistan 7.7 7.7 7.7 7.6 7.6
Lebanon 9.1 8.4 8.4 7.3 7.7
Thailand 8.8 8.8 8.3 8.1 7.7
Malaysia 8.4 8.6 8.5 7.9 7.7
France 7.8 7.7 7.3 7.7 7.8
Paraguay 8.3 8.1 8.0 7.7 7.8
United Kingdom 6.9 7.1 7.1 7.6 7.8
Netherlands 7.2 7.2 7.2 7.7 7.9
Japan 7.9 7.9 7.9 8.0 8.0
Indonesia 8.7 8.6 8.9 9.0 8.0
Senegal 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.0 8.1
Philippines 8.3 8.2 8.4 8.4 8.1
Cote d'Ivoire 7.4 7.9 7.6 7.8 8.2
Germany 7.9 8.0 7.8 8.0 8.2
Israel 7.9 8.1 8.3 8.1 8.2
Croatia 8.2 8.4 8.3 8.2
Dominican Republic 8.3 8.4 8.6 8.3 8.3
Eritrea 5.0 4.9 5.1 5.6 8.7
Kuwait 9.2 9.4 9.6 9.8 8.9
Singapore 6.7 8.4 8.5 8.2 9.0
United Arab Emirates 9.1 9.1 8.5 9.3 9.0
Cyprus 8.1 9.8 9.0 9.4 9.2
Chile 9.8 10.1 9.7 9.3 9.3
Botswana 8.9 9.3 10.2 10.5 9.3
Tunisia 9.2 9.3 9.5 9.7 9.4
Bangladesh 9.3 8.9 9.3 9.4 9.5
Cuba 8.7 9.0 8.9 9.0 9.6
Greece 9.7 9.9 9.8 9.7 9.6
Ireland 8.0 8.9 9.0 9.4 9.6
El Salvador 9.6 9.6 10.2 9.6 9.7
Austria 9.8 9.7 9.3 9.6 9.8
Norway 9.1 9.3 10.1 10.0 9.9
Spain 10.0 9.8 10.2 10.0 9.9
Luxembourg 7.2 8.3 8.3 9.0 9.9
Mexico 9.4 9.2 9.5 9.8 10.0
Brunei Darussalam 11.8 10.3 10.5 10.0 10.0
Brazil 10.7 10.8 10.5 10.3 10.1
Denmark 9.4 9.7 8.8 9.9 10.2
Portugal 11.0 10.4 10.8 10.7 10.4
Guatemala 11.0 11.0 11.0 10.9 10.6
Namibia 11.8 11.1 10.7 10.8 10.7
Albania 8.0 9.6 9.8 10.4 10.8
Panama 12.1 12.1 11.7 12.0 11.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.5 11.4 11.2 11.4 11.1
Turkey 11.2 11.0 10.9 11.1 11.2
Italy 11.9 11.3 11.4 11.5 11.3
Ecuador 13.8 12.6 11.9 11.8 11.5
Oman 11.3 11.6 11.6 11.5 11.7
Colombia 11.1 11.5 11.4 12.2 11.7
Algeria 11.1 11.2 11.9 11.8 11.9
Sri Lanka 12.0 12.4 11.4 11.7 12.1
Switzerland 12.4 12.6 12.4 12.5 12.6
Malta 9.5 10.9 11.5 10.8 12.9
Morocco 13.1 12.4 13.2 12.5 13.2
Peru 13.4 13.6 13.5 14.9 14.1
Costa Rica 12.3 12.6 12.6 13.2 14.3
Uruguay 15.3 14.1 13.5 14.4 14.7
Gabon 16.2 15.6 15.5 16.2 15.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 18.1 18.7 19.8 22.0 15.8
Yemen, Rep. 17.2 16.0 16.4 16.3 16.1
Congo, Rep. 16.9 16.5 17.6 18.3 19.2
Turks and Caicos Islands
Guinea-Bissau
Bhutan
Montenegro
Lao PDR
Kosovo
Libya
Mauritius
Monaco
Myanmar
St. Kitts and Nevis
Mauritania
Liechtenstein
Antigua and Barbuda
Bahamas, The
Korea, Dem. Rep.
French Polynesia
Guinea
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
New Caledonia
Solomon Islands
Comoros
Dominica
Marshall Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Niger
Swaziland
Gambia, The
Belize
Northern Mariana Islands
Guyana
Djibouti
Liberia
Mali
Uganda
Chad
Argentina
Palau
Andorra
Maldives
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Papua New Guinea
Kiribati
Fiji
Somalia
Malawi
South Sudan
Madagascar
Curacao
Central African Republic
St. Lucia
Faeroe Islands
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Macao SAR, China
Suriname
Qatar
Bermuda
Cayman Islands
Syrian Arab Republic
Cabo Verde
Barbados
Iraq
Timor-Leste
Samoa
Tonga
San Marino
Isle of Man
Sao Tome and Principe
Equatorial Guinea
Burundi
Tuvalu
Grenada
Aruba
Burkina Faso
Lesotho
Seychelles
Afghanistan
Sierra Leone
Vanuatu
Greenland
American Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
West Bank and Gaza
Rwanda
Puerto Rico
Guam

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