Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan
Albania 9.6 10.0 10.1 8.6 9.0
Algeria 12.0 11.8 12.0 11.6 11.7
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina
Armenia 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.5
Aruba
Australia 5.8 5.9 6.0 6.1 6.2
Austria 9.6 9.9 10.1 10.5 10.8
Azerbaijan 2.2 2.4 2.6 3.0 3.2
Bahamas, The
Bahrain 4.0 3.7 3.6 3.8 3.8
Bangladesh 11.2 11.2 11.3 11.6 11.8
Barbados
Belarus 2.2 2.4 2.7 2.9 3.0
Belgium 5.9 6.1 6.1 6.3 6.5
Belize
Benin 4.3 4.4 4.7 4.7 5.8
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 8.1 7.8 8.1 8.3 6.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 7.5 6.6 6.1 6.8 5.4
Botswana 10.5 10.8 9.6 10.2 10.1
Brazil 10.8 10.7 10.4 10.3 10.7
Brunei Darussalam 10.5 10.0 10.0 10.1 10.4
Bulgaria 3.1 3.4 3.7 3.8 3.9
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia 4.2 4.3 4.0 4.5 4.9
Cameroon 5.6 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.1
Canada 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.5 4.6
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 9.7 9.3 9.2 8.6 9.0
China 3.1 3.4 3.7 3.9 4.0
Colombia 11.4 12.2 11.7 12.5 13.0
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.3 2.1 2.0 1.9 1.8
Congo, Rep. 17.6 18.3 19.0 19.0 17.8
Costa Rica 12.6 13.2 14.3 14.0 13.1
Cote d'Ivoire 7.8 8.0 8.4 7.1 7.2
Croatia 8.6 8.5 8.4 8.4 8.9
Cuba 9.0 9.0 9.6 9.8 9.7
Curacao
Cyprus 9.3 9.7 9.5 9.9 9.7
Czech Republic 4.8 4.7 4.9 5.3 5.3
Denmark 9.0 10.0 10.4 11.2 11.9
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 9.8 9.5 10.1 10.4 10.0
Ecuador 10.8 10.9 11.0 11.6 10.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.3 11.4 11.1 11.5 12.7
El Salvador 10.2 9.6 9.7 9.6 9.4
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 5.1 5.6 8.7 8.4 8.0
Estonia 2.9 3.3 3.8 4.0 4.5
Ethiopia 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Faeroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 4.6 4.8 5.0 5.2 5.5
France 7.4 7.8 7.9 8.2 8.4
French Polynesia
Gabon 15.8 16.5 16.0 15.0 14.6
Gambia, The
Georgia 3.2 4.1 4.5 5.1 5.0
Germany 8.0 8.2 8.5 8.8 9.0
Ghana 5.4 5.4 5.3 5.4 5.6
Greece 10.0 10.1 10.0 10.2 10.1
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 11.0 10.9 10.6 10.0 10.0
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti 7.0 7.1 7.4
Honduras 6.8 6.6 6.3 7.0 7.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 19.8 22.0 15.8 13.1 16.7
Hungary 5.9 6.2 6.6 6.8 7.3
Iceland 3.3 3.4 3.4 3.1 3.1
India 5.4 5.4 5.6 5.7 5.8
Indonesia 9.4 9.5 8.5 8.2 7.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 7.2 6.5 6.5 5.9 6.4
Iraq 4.4 4.6 8.3 12.8 11.1
Ireland 9.0 9.6 9.8 10.4 11.1
Isle of Man
Israel 8.4 8.3 8.4 9.0 9.0
Italy 11.9 11.9 11.8 11.8 12.0
Jamaica 6.3 6.3 5.9 5.8 5.5
Japan 8.0 8.0 8.0 7.8 7.9
Jordan 7.3 7.4 7.3 7.6 7.6
Kazakhstan 2.8 3.3 3.3 3.7 4.0
Kenya 5.0 5.0 4.9 4.9 4.8
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 5.2 5.0 5.2 5.2 5.2
Kuwait 9.0 9.1 8.3 7.6 7.6
Kyrgyz Republic 3.0 3.5 3.4 4.0 4.4
Lao PDR
Latvia 4.6 5.1 5.6 6.2 6.8
Lebanon 8.4 7.3 7.7 7.3 8.1
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya 7.5 7.4
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 3.7 4.3 4.4 5.1 5.9
Luxembourg 8.3 9.1 10.0 10.4 10.6
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 5.2 5.8 5.6 6.2 6.6
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia 8.5 7.9 7.7 8.0 7.6
Maldives
Mali
Malta 11.4 10.7 12.7 12.2 14.6
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius 13.5 13.9 13.8 13.6 13.3
Mexico 9.5 9.8 10.0 9.9 10.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 2.2 2.4 2.4 2.7 2.9
Monaco
Mongolia 4.4 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.7
Montenegro
Morocco 12.3 11.7 12.4 11.8 11.9
Mozambique 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.4
Myanmar
Namibia 10.5 10.6 10.6 11.0 11.6
Nepal 4.4 4.5 4.5 4.5 4.5
Netherlands 7.6 8.2 8.5 9.0 9.1
New Caledonia
New Zealand 6.3 6.1 6.3 6.4 6.3
Nicaragua 6.3 6.3 6.5 6.8 6.9
Niger
Nigeria 4.1 4.0 4.1 4.0 4.1
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 10.2 10.1 10.0 9.7 10.1
Oman 13.9 13.7 13.9 13.4 12.9
Pakistan 7.7 7.6 7.6 7.4 7.6
Palau
Panama 11.7 12.0 11.1 11.7 11.8
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay 8.0 7.7 7.8 8.0 8.4
Peru 13.5 14.8 14.1 13.4 13.8
Philippines 8.4 8.4 8.1 8.2 8.2
Poland 4.4 4.8 5.4 5.8 6.3
Portugal 11.4 11.3 11.0 10.6 10.9
Puerto Rico
Qatar 5.9
Romania 5.1 5.1 5.5 6.2 6.3
Russian Federation 2.7 2.9 2.8 2.9 3.1
Rwanda
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 7.6 8.2 7.9 7.7 7.7
Senegal 8.3 8.1 8.1 8.2 7.9
Serbia 3.4 3.4 3.5 4.2 4.2
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore 8.6 8.3 9.0 10.5 11.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 4.1 4.3 4.6 4.6 4.6
Slovenia 5.9 6.0 6.3 6.7 7.0
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.0
South Sudan
Spain 10.4 10.2 10.1 10.1 10.1
Sri Lanka 12.6 12.9 13.3 13.0 12.5
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 5.0 5.4 5.6 5.2 5.8
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden 5.4 5.7 5.8 6.2 6.9
Switzerland 12.9 13.0 13.2 13.4 14.1
Syrian Arab Republic
Tajikistan 2.8 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.4
Tanzania 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.7 3.7
Thailand 8.5 8.1 8.0 7.8 8.0
Timor-Leste
Togo 3.2 3.7 3.4 3.0 3.0
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 2.3 2.7 2.5 2.3 2.3
Tunisia 9.9 10.1 9.7 10.0 10.1
Turkey 10.8 11.1 11.1 10.9 10.8
Turkmenistan 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.5 1.6
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.8
United Arab Emirates 8.4 9.3 8.9 9.0 9.6
United Kingdom 7.5 8.0 8.2 8.4 8.7
United States 5.2 5.3 5.5 5.6 5.7
Uruguay 13.8 14.8 15.0 13.5 13.8
Uzbekistan 1.2 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.2
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 6.1 6.5 6.2 6.2 6.2
Vietnam 7.0 7.0 6.9 7.1 7.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 16.4 16.3 16.1 14.8 14.8
Zambia 3.4 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.6
Zimbabwe 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.1 3.2

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