Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Oman -1,252 -808 -576 -666 -650
Congo, Rep. -1,026 -1,028 -1,002 -1,076 -1,178
Brunei Darussalam -886 -806 -738 -734 -750
Gabon -779 -1,138 -1,206 -1,116 -1,121
Iraq -610 -460 -19 -19 -18
Norway -437 -467 -504 -565 -559
Libya -432 -555 -621 -592 -533
Angola -394 -387 -397 -441 -387
United Arab Emirates -393 -440 -442 -499 -458
Saudi Arabia -376 -519 -569 -505 -484
Algeria -357 -351 -337 -332 -335
Kuwait -320 -453 -273 -573 -762
Qatar -296 -324 -288 -288 -267
Yemen, Rep. -271 -273 -237 -167 -279
Venezuela, RB -224 -242 -262 -228 -270
Bahrain -221 -209 -221 -212 -198
Ecuador -177 -179 -180 -192 -237
Iran, Islamic Rep. -150 -171 -161 -166 -162
Cameroon -135 -120 -113 -113 -99
Trinidad and Tobago -132 -111 -106 -89 -85
Malaysia -128 -120 -95 -81 -73
Nigeria -115 -113 -112 -111 -112
Syrian Arab Republic -105 -113 -133 -154 -162
Bolivia -93 -89 -88 -77 -72
Colombia -89 -99 -89 -91 -85
Indonesia -83 -71 -77 -74 -64
Egypt, Arab Rep. -74 -70 -72 -70 -73
Australia -72 -83 -96 -98 -92
Mexico -62 -59 -58 -56 -56
Tunisia -40 -16 -30 -21 -8
Paraguay -36 -49 -54 -43 -47
Canada -26 -31 -37 -38 -43
South Africa -23 -26 -23 -30 -30
Peru -7 -9 -3 -3 -2
China -6 -1 -5 -3 -0
Benin -5 -7 -7 -3 -4
Congo, Dem. Rep. -4 -2 -2 -2 -2
Argentina -2 -5 -6 -9 -14
United Kingdom -1 -1 -1 -1 -4
Albania -1 8 -3 -3 -0
Myanmar 0 0 0 0 3
Poland 1 -1 1 1 4
Vietnam 3 -2 -12 -16 -17
Nepal 3 5 6 6 7
Ethiopia 4 4 4 3 3
Tanzania 7 7 7 6 6
Mozambique 7 5 5 6 6
India 7 8 8 11 12
Netherlands 7 8 3 1 1
Zimbabwe 10 8 9 11 11
New Zealand 10 10 8 9 10
Korea, Dem. Rep. 12 13 11 12 12
Czech Republic 14 17 14 17 15
Zambia 14 9 8 11 8
Sudan 14 17 16 15 11
Mongolia 14 20 15 13 18
Bangladesh 15 16 14 14 15
Togo 16 17 14 11 7
United States 17 14 15 16 20
Ghana 18 17 15 15 16
Kenya 19 18 17 17 16
Pakistan 19 20 18 19 21
Haiti 19 20 19 17 14
Guatemala 22 23 24 25 24
Sri Lanka 23 24 25 25 30
Cote d'Ivoire 25 22 22 21 21
Botswana 25 28 27 30 29
Brazil 26 26 27 27 29
Romania 28 34 30 26 27
Iceland 30 33 30 32 32
Nicaragua 31 30 29 32 33
Honduras 31 29 29 32 33
El Salvador 32 31 37 38 42
Thailand 34 37 35 36 41
Philippines 39 40 41 44 45
Sweden 39 37 35 37 37
Senegal 42 43 42 45 44
Chile 43 43 42 44 48
Germany 44 47 51 52 55
Denmark 46 42 38 30 27
Hungary 47 49 47 45 47
Turkey 48 51 51 51 54
France 50 50 50 48 47
Switzerland 58 58 58 57 55
Greece 58 57 58 60 59
Panama 59 59 63 66 65
Costa Rica 59 59 59 59 58
Finland 59 57 61 55 58
Ireland 60 65 67 69 66
Cuba 61 55 53 46 49
Spain 61 62 63 65 64
Uruguay 63 49 55 53 53
Austria 64 67 68 66 66
Bulgaria 67 66 61 57 58
Korea, Rep. 72 76 78 82 84
Belgium 73 73 74 75 76
Slovak Republic 75 75 75 75 72
Dominican Republic 77 75 75 78 80
Italy 83 83 83 82 81
Japan 83 83 82 82 81
Portugal 84 80 80 84 82
Jamaica 87 83 83 84 84
Morocco 89 89 89 90 90
Lebanon 92 93 94 93 95
Israel 97 96 96 97 96
Jordan 98 95 95 96 95
Luxembourg 99 99 99 99 99
Singapore 99 99 99 99 99
Cyprus 100 100 100 100 100
Hong Kong SAR, China 100 99 100 100 100
Malta 100 100 100 100 100
Cabo Verde
Kyrgyz Republic 67 64 63 59
Seychelles
Macao SAR, China
Barbados
Macedonia, FYR 49 44 43 45
St. Lucia
Madagascar
Bermuda
Malawi
Lithuania 69 71 60 58
Kosovo
South Sudan
Maldives
Suriname
Mali
Timor-Leste
West Bank and Gaza
Tuvalu
Sao Tome and Principe
Vanuatu
Marshall Islands
Lao PDR
Mauritania
Latvia 86 85 82 78
Mauritius
Liechtenstein
Kiribati
Chad
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Moldova 99 99 99 98
Cayman Islands
Monaco
Burundi
Kazakhstan -24 -23 -14 -20
Tonga
Montenegro
Turkmenistan -317 -388 -370 -447
Liberia
Ukraine 46 53 49 48
Lesotho
Azerbaijan 8 16 3 1
Isle of Man
Armenia 98 98 93 83
Namibia 65 69 72
Andorra
Afghanistan
San Marino
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Djibouti
Slovenia 46 44 43 49
Serbia 30 26 20 10
Somalia
Sierra Leone
Guyana
New Caledonia
Curacao
Guinea-Bissau
Solomon Islands
Guinea
Croatia 43 35 35 34
Niger
Comoros
Guam
St. Kitts and Nevis
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Grenada
Central African Republic
Greenland
Swaziland
Georgia 84 84 83 77
Cambodia
Palau
Tajikistan 62 64 60 48
Gambia, The
Burkina Faso
Papua New Guinea
Bosnia and Herzegovina 34 32 18 16
French Polynesia
Bhutan
Fiji
Belize
Faeroe Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Estonia 45 47 32 35
Uganda
Eritrea 19 23
Belarus 93 92 91 90
Puerto Rico
Bahamas, The
Equatorial Guinea
Uzbekistan 17 18 10 9
Dominica
Aruba
Russian Federation -47 -40 -43 -41
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Rwanda
Antigua and Barbuda
Samoa
American Samoa

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