Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan
Albania 7 6 9 17 39
Algeria -343 -380 -406 -411 -415
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola -469 -500 -510 -527 -502
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina -24 -30 -32 -33 -33
Armenia 84 58 70 70 64
Aruba
Australia -102 -92 -98 -108 -101
Austria 67 70 69 69 66
Azerbaijan -6 -23 -25 -38 -73
Bahamas, The
Bahrain -177 -180 -164 -153 -157
Bangladesh 20 19 22 21 18
Barbados
Belarus 87 87 87 87 85
Belgium 78 78 76 77 76
Belize
Benin -0 11 15 16 22
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia -55 -44 -28 -27 -16
Bosnia and Herzegovina 45 36 20 23 21
Botswana 29 33 35 35 37
Brazil 30 30 29 27 24
Brunei Darussalam -712 -681 -651 -629 -683
Bulgaria 55 54 51 49 50
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia 18 18 18 18 20
Cameroon -78 -82 -87 -87 -82
Canada -51 -52 -53 -54 -49
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 55 59 63 66 68
China -2 -2 -1 -0 2
Colombia -115 -129 -143 -153 -194
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. -5 -5 -5 -4 -5
Congo, Rep. -1,197 -1,377 -1,620 -1,798 -1,983
Costa Rica 59 58 58 64 61
Cote d'Ivoire 16 10 8 8 14
Croatia 41 41 47 50 55
Cuba 53 52 55 54 47
Curacao
Cyprus 97 98 98 98 98
Czech Republic 22 23 22 24 26
Denmark 20 20 0 -2 -24
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 84 84 86 88 87
Ecuador -222 -195 -181 -158 -176
Egypt, Arab Rep. -70 -57 -48 -37 -39
El Salvador 47 43 48 49 47
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 27 28 25 29 29
Estonia 35 31 31 37 38
Ethiopia 4 4 4 4 4
Faeroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 54 56 53 58 53
France 46 47 47 50 49
French Polynesia
Gabon -1,357 -1,311 -1,310 -1,162 -1,065
Gambia, The
Georgia 68 57 56 55 52
Germany 57 59 58 60 59
Ghana 19 19 21 27 26
Greece 59 61 61 62 63
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 28 23 19 20 21
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti 18 18 22 21 22
Honduras 41 40 39 43 49
Hong Kong SAR, China 100 100 100 100 100
Hungary 46 49 49 51 53
Iceland 31 32 31 30 26
India 13 14 14 17 20
Indonesia -64 -64 -62 -67 -66
Iran, Islamic Rep. -135 -141 -118 -117 -94
Iraq -19 -24 -102 -290 -493
Ireland 60 69 76 81 81
Isle of Man
Israel 96 97 97 97 96
Italy 82 81 81 82 83
Jamaica 85 85 85 87 87
Japan 80 80 79 78 80
Jordan 94 94 94 94 94
Kazakhstan -22 -40 -66 -65 -84
Kenya 16 17 16 17 17
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 9 8 6 8 4
Korea, Rep. 85 86 86 83 82
Kosovo
Kuwait -673 -688 -680 -596 -495
Kyrgyz Republic 47 52 51 60 46
Lao PDR
Latvia 69 68 63 59 59
Lebanon 96 96 96 96 97
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya -452 -424 -419 -428 -377
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 56 52 54 51 54
Luxembourg 99 99 99 98 98
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 36 43 41 39 40
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia -84 -81 -65 -76 -71
Maldives
Mali
Malta 100 100 100 100 100
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico -55 -59 -61 -58 -50
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 98 98 97 98 97
Monaco
Mongolia 17 18 19 18 19
Montenegro
Morocco 90 90 91 92 94
Mozambique 6 6 7 -2 -3
Myanmar 7 8 8 2 -10
Namibia 72 76 78 75 72
Nepal 9 9 10 10 13
Netherlands 6 -2 7 12 17
New Caledonia
New Zealand 15 11 10 16 16
Nicaragua 37 38 39 44 47
Niger
Nigeria -118 -125 -130 -123 -115
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway -686 -811 -783 -719 -696
Oman -698 -701 -666 -663 -667
Pakistan 23 25 27 27 28
Palau
Panama 70 67 68 75 71
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay -54 -59 -61 -59 -64
Peru 9 12 11 15 22
Philippines 53 54 56 54 52
Poland 0 4 2 8 10
Portugal 84 81 82 84 86
Puerto Rico
Qatar -254 -242 -296 -331 -371
Romania 30 31 30 29 23
Russian Federation -52 -53 -55 -60 -58
Rwanda
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia -434 -407 -424 -408 -361
Senegal 43 43 46 47 49
Serbia 10 24 26 24 14
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore 99 99 99 99 99
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 72 72 73 72 69
Slovenia 51 54 54 53 55
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa -30 -27 -32 -36 -33
South Sudan
Spain 69 67 70 71 74
Sri Lanka 32 37 38 39 40
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 13 12 12 10 -3
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden 37 38 35 33 34
Switzerland 53 56 55 55 52
Syrian Arab Republic -173 -152 -138 -119 -119
Tajikistan 40 37 42 44 38
Tanzania 9 8 8 6 5
Thailand 46 46 43 40 41
Timor-Leste
Togo 13 19 14 16 19
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago -98 -78 -88 -74 -73
Tunisia 8 3 -2 1 5
Turkey 57 59 60 59 61
Turkmenistan -140 -175 -65 -45 -78
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine 50 51 48 45 44
United Arab Emirates -395 -354 -377 -371 -338
United Kingdom -19 -19 -22 -23 -27
United States 20 21 22 22 24
Uruguay 61 65 64 58 72
Uzbekistan -14 -11 -14 -9 -8
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB -282 -302 -325 -301 -285
Vietnam -21 -24 -26 -31 -36
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. -406 -401 -393 -370 -342
Zambia 8 7 9 7 5
Zimbabwe 15 16 17 17 18

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