Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan
Albania 6 9 17 39 44
Algeria -380 -406 -410 -415 -427
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola -500 -510 -527 -502 -483
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina -29 -33 -33 -32 -35
Armenia 58 70 70 64 68
Aruba
Australia -92 -98 -108 -101 -116
Austria 69 69 69 66 66
Azerbaijan -23 -25 -38 -73 -67
Bahamas, The
Bahrain -139 -122 -117 -118 -110
Bangladesh 19 22 21 18 17
Barbados
Belarus 87 87 87 85 86
Belgium 78 76 77 76 77
Belize
Benin 11 15 16 22 27
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia -40 -26 -25 -14 -37
Bosnia and Herzegovina 36 20 23 21 29
Botswana 34 36 36 38 40
Brazil 30 29 27 24 21
Brunei Darussalam -681 -651 -629 -683 -726
Bulgaria 53 51 49 50 47
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia 18 18 18 20 20
Cameroon -82 -87 -87 -82 -77
Canada -52 -53 -54 -49 -48
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 59 63 66 68 66
China -2 -1 -0 2 3
Colombia -129 -143 -153 -194 -180
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. -6 -6 -5 -6 -7
Congo, Rep. -1,377 -1,620 -1,778 -1,960 -1,960
Costa Rica 58 58 64 61 58
Cote d'Ivoire 11 8 8 14 11
Croatia 41 47 50 55 54
Cuba 52 55 54 48 44
Curacao 100 100 100 100 100
Cyprus 98 98 98 98 98
Czech Republic 23 22 24 26 25
Denmark 20 0 -2 -24 -49
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 85 87 89 88 89
Ecuador -161 -152 -139 -165 -154
Egypt, Arab Rep. -57 -49 -37 -39 -31
El Salvador 43 48 49 47 47
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 28 25 29 29 28
Estonia 31 31 37 38 33
Ethiopia 4 4 4 4 4
Faroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 56 53 58 53 54
France 47 47 50 49 48
French Polynesia
Gabon -1,326 -1,325 -1,174 -1,077 -930
Gambia, The
Georgia 57 56 55 52 54
Germany 59 58 60 59 60
Ghana 19 21 27 27 29
Greece 61 61 62 63 63
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 23 19 20 21 25
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti 18 22 21 22 23
Honduras 40 39 43 49 49
Hong Kong SAR, China 100 100 100 100 100
Hungary 49 49 51 53 54
Iceland 31 30 28 24 23
India 14 15 17 20 20
Indonesia -64 -62 -67 -66 -53
Iran, Islamic Rep. -141 -118 -117 -94 -106
Iraq -24 -99 -292 -493 -417
Ireland 69 76 81 82 84
Isle of Man
Israel 97 97 97 96 96
Italy 81 81 82 83 84
Jamaica 85 85 87 87 85
Japan 80 79 78 79 80
Jordan 94 94 94 94 94
Kazakhstan -40 -66 -65 -84 -120
Kenya 16 16 17 17 18
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 8 6 8 4 5
Korea, Rep. 86 86 83 82 82
Kuwait -688 -680 -596 -495 -508
Kyrgyz Republic 52 51 60 46 41
Lao PDR
Latvia 68 63 59 59 63
Lebanon 96 96 96 97 96
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya -424 -419 -428 -377 -377
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 52 54 51 54 53
Luxembourg 99 99 98 98 98
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 43 41 39 40 42
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia -83 -66 -77 -71 -59
Maldives
Mali
Malta 100 100 100 100 100
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius 65 64 65 76 74
Mexico -59 -61 -58 -50 -53
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 98 97 98 97 97
Monaco
Mongolia 18 19 18 19 19
Montenegro
Morocco 83 84 85 87 88
Mozambique 6 7 -2 -3 -1
Myanmar 8 8 2 -10 -20
Namibia 69 71 68 66 62
Nepal 9 10 10 13 12
Netherlands -2 7 12 17 21
New Caledonia
New Zealand 11 10 16 16 16
Nicaragua 38 39 44 47 46
Niger 13
Nigeria -131 -138 -131 -121 -130
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway -812 -784 -720 -697 -771
Oman -700 -664 -662 -667 -685
Pakistan 25 27 27 28 27
Palau
Panama 67 68 75 71 71
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay -59 -61 -59 -64 -78
Peru 12 11 15 22 23
Philippines 55 56 54 52 51
Poland 4 2 8 10 11
Portugal 81 82 84 86 84
Puerto Rico
Qatar -242 -296 -331 -372 -445
Romania 31 30 29 23 22
Russian Federation -53 -55 -60 -58 -58
Rwanda
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia -419 -438 -421 -373 -386
Senegal 43 46 47 49 50
Serbia 24 26 24 14 13
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore 99 99 99 99 99
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 72 73 72 69 64
Slovenia 55 54 53 55 52
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa -28 -32 -34 -33 -34
South Sudan
Spain 67 70 71 74 74
Sri Lanka 37 38 39 40 43
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 12 12 10 -3 -50
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden 38 35 33 34 36
Switzerland 56 55 55 52 52
Syrian Arab Republic -152 -138 -120 -121 -112
Tajikistan 37 42 44 38 41
Tanzania 8 8 6 5 6
Thailand 46 43 40 41 39
Timor-Leste
Togo 19 14 16 19 16
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago -78 -88 -74 -73 -93
Tunisia 3 -2 1 5 9
Turkey 59 60 59 61 66
Turkmenistan -175 -65 -45 -78 -209
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine 51 48 45 44 43
United Arab Emirates -354 -377 -371 -338 -361
United Kingdom -19 -22 -23 -27 -22
United States 21 22 22 24 27
Uruguay 65 64 58 72 67
Uzbekistan -11 -14 -9 -8 -8
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB -335 -361 -333 -314 -321
Vietnam -24 -26 -31 -36 -39
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. -401 -393 -370 -342 -364
Zambia 7 9 7 5 5
Zimbabwe 16 17 17 18 13

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