Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Afghanistan
Albania -2 -4 -3 -3 0
Algeria -353 -355 -320 -349 -335
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola -204 -215 -263 -332 -403
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 1 -3 2 6 3
Armenia
Aruba
Australia -64 -76 -84 -92 -73
Austria 67 67 67 66 62
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The
Bahrain -210 -167 -255 -267 -223
Bangladesh 15 15 16 16 15
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium 72 68 68 69 72
Belize
Benin 9 -10 -14 -12 -7
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia -86 -87 -95 -101 -101
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 22 22 24 25 24
Brazil 22 21 25 25 27
Brunei Darussalam -865 -801 -899 -867 -1,035
Bulgaria 67 69 68 67 66
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon -189 -180 -175 -173 -153
Canada -21 -25 -22 -25 -29
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 30 29 30 32 38
China -6 -7 -7 -4 -3
Colombia -16 -25 -51 -76 -73
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. -3 -7 -7 -5 -4
Congo, Rep. -793 -740 -772 -808 -944
Costa Rica 49 53 54 56 56
Cote d'Ivoire -3 -3 7 10 15
Croatia
Cuba 62 62 60 62 61
Curacao
Cyprus 99 99 99 99 100
Czech Republic 12 13 13 13 13
Denmark 79 74 67 58 56
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 57 66 67 71 74
Ecuador -166 -182 -191 -82 -182
Egypt, Arab Rep. -98 -99 -81 -89 -79
El Salvador 21 23 28 29 31
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 3 3 3 4 4
Faeroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 56 60 58 64 59
France 56 54 52 51 51
French Polynesia
Gabon -472 -594 -559 -547 -513
Gambia, The
Georgia
Germany 43 41 44 44 44
Ghana 15 18 16 20 15
Greece 61 61 57 55 57
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 24 26 16 20 22
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti 13 13 16 18 19
Honduras 30 27 28 28 30
Hong Kong SAR, China 99 99 99 99 100
Hungary 46 45 46 45 46
Iceland 31 29 31 32 30
India 4 6 5 6 6
Indonesia -111 -94 -88 -83 -81
Iran, Islamic Rep. -140 -128 -88 -133 -150
Iraq -397 -428 -456 -599 -652
Ireland 56 67 70 67 69
Isle of Man
Israel 99 96 96 96 97
Italy 82 82 81 82 82
Jamaica 86 85 85 86 86
Japan 84 82 81 81 82
Jordan 100 100 99 99 99
Kazakhstan
Kenya 18 18 19 19 19
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 12 12 11 9 12
Korea, Rep. 75 73 70 68 71
Kosovo
Kuwait -430 -333 -328 -321 -311
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Latvia
Lebanon 92 93 94 94 92
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya -541 -474 -464 -401 -455
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg 99 99 99 99 99
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia -111 -114 -127 -129 -133
Maldives
Mali
Malta 100 100 100 100 100
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico -87 -78 -72 -72 -69
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia 20 21 16 14
Montenegro
Morocco 84 84 85 86 87
Mozambique 7 7 8 7 7
Myanmar -2 -1 -0 -1 0
Namibia
Nepal 5 4 5 4 4
Netherlands -5 -9 1 4 13
New Caledonia
New Zealand 24 20 12 14 12
Nicaragua 34 33 38 38 36
Niger
Nigeria -104 -109 -106 -92 -99
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway -261 -264 -258 -310 -369
Oman -896 -1,167 -1,423 -1,279 -1,422
Pakistan 20 19 18 18 19
Palau
Panama 63 61 62 65 61
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay 22 11 -17 -34 -32
Peru -35 -39 -29 -17 -6
Philippines 29 31 31 36 37
Poland -8 -3 -1 1 0
Portugal 84 82 85 84 83
Puerto Rico
Qatar -365 -275 -275 -241 -253
Romania 14 16 19 24 23
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia -478 -336 -522 -353 -373
Senegal 44 41 43 46 42
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore 100 100 99 99 99
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 80 77 75 75 75
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa -19 -27 -25 -20 -20
South Sudan
Spain 64 63 61 62 62
Sri Lanka 26 24 24 26 25
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 14 15 15 12 15
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden 44 43 41 39 40
Switzerland 61 57 59 56 56
Syrian Arab Republic -17 -24 -23 -45 -64
Tajikistan
Tanzania 7 7 8 7 7
Thailand 42 33 33 32 34
Timor-Leste
Togo 13 11 16 17 16
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago -159 -152 -136 -140 -127
Tunisia -66 -57 -55 -47 -38
Turkey 45 44 44 47 48
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates -432 -362 -370 -363 -372
United Kingdom -8 -19 -21 -18 -13
United States 10 12 12 14 16
Uruguay 44 44 40 43 56
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB -208 -192 -198 -204 -226
Vietnam 12 10 11 13 9
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 96 96 77 55 -239
Zambia 8 7 6 10 12
Zimbabwe 12 13 13 11 10

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