Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Afghanistan
Albania 9 7 6 9 17
Algeria -333 -343 -380 -406 -411
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola -418 -469 -500 -510 -527
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina -17 -24 -30 -32 -33
Armenia 77 84 58 70 70
Aruba
Australia -90 -102 -92 -98 -108
Austria 67 67 70 69 69
Azerbaijan -1 -6 -23 -25 -38
Bahamas, The
Bahrain -175 -177 -180 -164 -153
Bangladesh 15 20 19 22 21
Barbados
Belarus 87 87 87 87 87
Belgium 78 78 78 76 77
Belize
Benin -2 -0 11 15 16
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia -68 -55 -44 -28 -27
Bosnia and Herzegovina 47 45 36 20 23
Botswana 27 29 33 35 35
Brazil 29 30 30 29 27
Brunei Darussalam -839 -712 -681 -651 -629
Bulgaria 56 55 54 51 49
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia 18 18 18 18
Cameroon -93 -78 -82 -87 -87
Canada -48 -51 -52 -53 -54
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 51 55 59 63 66
China -1 -2 -2 -1 -0
Colombia -86 -115 -129 -143 -153
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. -5 -5 -5 -5 -4
Congo, Rep. -1,246 -1,197 -1,377 -1,620 -1,798
Costa Rica 58 59 58 58 64
Cote d'Ivoire 20 16 10 8 8
Croatia 41 41 41 47 50
Cuba 49 53 52 55 54
Curacao
Cyprus 99 97 98 98 98
Czech Republic 19 22 23 22 24
Denmark 23 20 20 0 -2
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 82 84 84 86 88
Ecuador -248 -222 -195 -181 -158
Egypt, Arab Rep. -78 -70 -57 -48 -37
El Salvador 45 47 43 48 49
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 26 27 28 25 29
Estonia 35 35 31 31 37
Ethiopia 4 4 4 4 4
Faeroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 57 54 56 53 58
France 46 46 47 47 50
French Polynesia
Gabon -1,393 -1,357 -1,311 -1,310 -1,162
Gambia, The
Georgia 79 68 57 56 55
Germany 56 57 59 58 60
Ghana 17 19 19 21 27
Greece 59 59 61 61 62
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 28 28 23 19 20
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti 4 18 18 22 21
Honduras 37 41 40 39 43
Hong Kong SAR, China 100 100 100 100 100
Hungary 47 46 49 49 51
Iceland 32 31 32 31 30
India 12 13 14 14 17
Indonesia -75 -64 -64 -62 -67
Iran, Islamic Rep. -139 -135 -141 -118 -117
Iraq -18 -19 -24 -102 -290
Ireland 66 60 69 76 81
Isle of Man
Israel 97 96 97 97 97
Italy 80 82 81 81 82
Jamaica 84 85 85 85 87
Japan 81 80 80 79 78
Jordan 93 94 94 94 94
Kazakhstan -22 -22 -40 -66 -65
Kenya 15 16 17 16 17
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 9 9 8 6 8
Korea, Rep. 85 85 86 86 83
Kosovo
Kuwait -686 -673 -688 -680 -596
Kyrgyz Republic 48 47 52 51 60
Lao PDR
Latvia 72 69 68 63 59
Lebanon 95 96 96 96 96
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya -467 -452 -424 -419 -428
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 67 56 52 54 51
Luxembourg 99 99 99 99 98
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 39 36 43 41 39
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia -79 -84 -81 -65 -76
Maldives
Mali
Malta 100 100 100 100 100
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico -52 -55 -59 -61 -58
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 98 98 98 97 98
Monaco
Mongolia 14 17 18 19 18
Montenegro
Morocco 90 90 90 91 92
Mozambique 6 6 6 7 -2
Myanmar 4 7 8 8 2
Namibia 76 72 76 78 75
Nepal 8 9 9 10 10
Netherlands 4 6 -2 7 12
New Caledonia
New Zealand 13 15 11 10 16
Nicaragua 35 37 38 39 44
Niger
Nigeria -118 -118 -125 -130 -123
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway -639 -686 -811 -783 -719
Oman -679 -698 -701 -666 -663
Pakistan 23 23 25 27 27
Palau
Panama 67 70 67 68 75
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay -50 -54 -59 -61 -59
Peru 2 9 12 11 15
Philippines 49 53 54 56 54
Poland -1 0 4 2 8
Portugal 81 84 81 82 84
Puerto Rico
Qatar -261 -254 -242 -296 -331
Romania 26 30 31 30 29
Russian Federation -51 -52 -53 -55 -60
Rwanda
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia -437 -434 -407 -424 -408
Senegal 43 43 43 46 47
Serbia 9 10 24 26 24
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore 99 99 99 99 99
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 69 72 72 73 72
Slovenia 49 51 54 54 53
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa -31 -30 -27 -32 -36
South Sudan
Spain 67 69 67 70 71
Sri Lanka 31 32 37 38 39
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 14 13 12 12 10
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden 37 37 38 35 33
Switzerland 53 53 56 55 55
Syrian Arab Republic -172 -173 -152 -138 -119
Tajikistan 38 40 37 42 44
Tanzania 6 9 8 8 6
Thailand 44 46 46 43 40
Timor-Leste
Togo 14 13 19 14 16
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago -95 -98 -78 -88 -74
Tunisia 5 8 3 -2 1
Turkey 53 57 59 60 59
Turkmenistan -147 -140 -175 -65 -45
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine 47 50 51 48 45
United Arab Emirates -413 -395 -354 -377 -371
United Kingdom -13 -19 -19 -22 -23
United States 19 20 21 22 22
Uruguay 51 61 65 64 58
Uzbekistan 1 -14 -11 -14 -9
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB -235 -282 -302 -325 -301
Vietnam -17 -21 -24 -26 -31
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. -461 -406 -401 -393 -370
Zambia 8 8 7 9 7
Zimbabwe 12 15 16 17 17

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