Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Afghanistan
Albania -1 8 -3 -3 -0
Algeria -357 -351 -337 -332 -335
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola -394 -387 -397 -441 -387
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina -2 -5 -6 -9 -14
Armenia 98 98 93 83
Aruba
Australia -72 -83 -96 -98 -92
Austria 64 67 68 66 66
Azerbaijan 8 16 3 1
Bahamas, The
Bahrain -221 -209 -221 -212 -198
Bangladesh 15 16 14 14 15
Barbados
Belarus 93 92 91 90
Belgium 73 73 74 75 76
Belize
Benin -5 -7 -7 -3 -4
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia -93 -89 -88 -77 -72
Bosnia and Herzegovina 34 32 18 16
Botswana 25 28 27 30 29
Brazil 26 26 27 27 29
Brunei Darussalam -886 -806 -738 -734 -750
Bulgaria 67 66 61 57 58
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon -135 -120 -113 -113 -99
Canada -26 -31 -37 -38 -43
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 43 43 42 44 48
China -6 -1 -5 -3 -0
Colombia -89 -99 -89 -91 -85
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. -4 -2 -2 -2 -2
Congo, Rep. -1,026 -1,028 -1,002 -1,076 -1,178
Costa Rica 59 59 59 59 58
Cote d'Ivoire 25 22 22 21 21
Croatia 43 35 35 34
Cuba 61 55 53 46 49
Curacao
Cyprus 100 100 100 100 100
Czech Republic 14 17 14 17 15
Denmark 46 42 38 30 27
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 77 75 75 78 80
Ecuador -177 -179 -180 -192 -237
Egypt, Arab Rep. -74 -70 -72 -70 -73
El Salvador 32 31 37 38 42
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 19 23
Estonia 45 47 32 35
Ethiopia 4 4 4 3 3
Faeroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 59 57 61 55 58
France 50 50 50 48 47
French Polynesia
Gabon -779 -1,138 -1,206 -1,116 -1,121
Gambia, The
Georgia 84 84 83 77
Germany 44 47 51 52 55
Ghana 18 17 15 15 16
Greece 58 57 58 60 59
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 22 23 24 25 24
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti 19 20 19 17 14
Honduras 31 29 29 32 33
Hong Kong SAR, China 100 99 100 100 100
Hungary 47 49 47 45 47
Iceland 30 33 30 32 32
India 7 8 8 11 12
Indonesia -83 -71 -77 -74 -64
Iran, Islamic Rep. -150 -171 -161 -166 -162
Iraq -610 -460 -19 -19 -18
Ireland 60 65 67 69 66
Isle of Man
Israel 97 96 96 97 96
Italy 83 83 83 82 81
Jamaica 87 83 83 84 84
Japan 83 83 82 82 81
Jordan 98 95 95 96 95
Kazakhstan -24 -23 -14 -20
Kenya 19 18 17 17 16
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 12 13 11 12 12
Korea, Rep. 72 76 78 82 84
Kosovo
Kuwait -320 -453 -273 -573 -762
Kyrgyz Republic 67 64 63 59
Lao PDR
Latvia 86 85 82 78
Lebanon 92 93 94 93 95
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya -432 -555 -621 -592 -533
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 69 71 60 58
Luxembourg 99 99 99 99 99
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 49 44 43 45
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia -128 -120 -95 -81 -73
Maldives
Mali
Malta 100 100 100 100 100
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico -62 -59 -58 -56 -56
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 99 99 99 98
Monaco
Mongolia 14 20 15 13 18
Montenegro
Morocco 89 89 89 90 90
Mozambique 7 5 5 6 6
Myanmar 0 0 0 0 3
Namibia 65 69 72
Nepal 3 5 6 6 7
Netherlands 7 8 3 1 1
New Caledonia
New Zealand 10 10 8 9 10
Nicaragua 31 30 29 32 33
Niger
Nigeria -115 -113 -112 -111 -112
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway -437 -467 -504 -565 -559
Oman -1,252 -808 -576 -666 -650
Pakistan 19 20 18 19 21
Palau
Panama 59 59 63 66 65
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay -36 -49 -54 -43 -47
Peru -7 -9 -3 -3 -2
Philippines 39 40 41 44 45
Poland 1 -1 1 1 4
Portugal 84 80 80 84 82
Puerto Rico
Qatar -296 -324 -288 -288 -267
Romania 28 34 30 26 27
Russian Federation -47 -40 -43 -41
Rwanda
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia -376 -519 -569 -505 -484
Senegal 42 43 42 45 44
Serbia 30 26 20 10
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore 99 99 99 99 99
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 75 75 75 75 72
Slovenia 46 44 43 49
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa -23 -26 -23 -30 -30
South Sudan
Spain 61 62 63 65 64
Sri Lanka 23 24 25 25 30
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 14 17 16 15 11
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden 39 37 35 37 37
Switzerland 58 58 58 57 55
Syrian Arab Republic -105 -113 -133 -154 -162
Tajikistan 62 64 60 48
Tanzania 7 7 7 6 6
Thailand 34 37 35 36 41
Timor-Leste
Togo 16 17 14 11 7
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago -132 -111 -106 -89 -85
Tunisia -40 -16 -30 -21 -8
Turkey 48 51 51 51 54
Turkmenistan -317 -388 -370 -447
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine 46 53 49 48
United Arab Emirates -393 -440 -442 -499 -458
United Kingdom -1 -1 -1 -1 -4
United States 17 14 15 16 20
Uruguay 63 49 55 53 53
Uzbekistan 17 18 10 9
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB -224 -242 -262 -228 -270
Vietnam 3 -2 -12 -16 -17
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. -271 -273 -237 -167 -279
Zambia 14 9 8 11 8
Zimbabwe 10 8 9 11 11

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