Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Afghanistan
Albania 13.8 12.9 13.2 12.9 13.0
Algeria 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 78.5 78.9 78.4 76.9 76.8
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 4.9 4.0 4.1 3.8 3.4
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 5.4 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6
Austria 8.1 9.2 9.5 13.6 11.6
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The
Bahrain 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bangladesh 62.0 60.6 55.7 55.3 54.3
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.9
Belize
Benin 89.0 90.5 91.6 91.7 93.6
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 36.5 39.2 29.7 31.7 28.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 47.7 45.0 44.0 43.3 41.6
Brazil 39.1 37.7 37.9 36.8 36.4
Brunei Darussalam 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Bulgaria 1.3 1.3 0.7 0.6 0.6
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 75.4 76.1 76.6 76.2 75.4
Canada 4.4 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.0
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 23.3 23.1 23.4 21.5 19.3
China 27.3 26.6 25.6 24.6 24.4
Colombia 25.6 23.8 23.4 23.4 23.5
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. 85.1 86.2 85.7 85.4 86.1
Congo, Rep. 54.9 57.1 57.5 61.2 60.1
Costa Rica 28.5 27.4 26.0 26.2 23.1
Cote d'Ivoire 71.9 67.3 68.3 69.8 69.9
Croatia
Cuba 31.2 32.2 31.1 32.5 33.9
Curacao
Cyprus 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5
Czech Republic 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Denmark 4.8 5.1 5.8 6.1 6.5
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 30.8 29.2 25.5 22.0 21.7
Ecuador 18.9 18.1 18.9 18.5 18.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.3
El Salvador 58.9 53.7 52.2 48.9 47.4
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 96.6 96.3 95.7 95.8 95.7
Faeroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 14.4 13.9 13.5 14.3 14.9
France 5.3 5.1 5.2 4.9 4.9
French Polynesia
Gabon 48.6 48.5 51.2 48.4 56.0
Gambia, The
Georgia
Germany 1.5 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2
Ghana 75.7 75.5 72.3 76.6 73.7
Greece 2.6 2.7 2.8 2.6 2.2
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 68.7 73.3 71.8 70.3 70.5
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti 85.8 81.6 80.5 79.3 78.3
Honduras 67.7 66.0 65.2 63.3 61.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Hungary 2.0 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.6
Iceland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
India 48.9 47.8 46.7 44.9 43.4
Indonesia 50.5 46.4 45.7 45.3 43.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Iraq 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ireland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Isle of Man
Israel 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Italy 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7
Jamaica 13.9 13.8 13.6 13.7 13.0
Japan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Jordan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kazakhstan
Kenya 80.0 76.1 75.8 76.5 76.4
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.6 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7
Korea, Rep. 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kosovo
Kuwait 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Latvia
Lebanon 4.6 4.2 4.0 5.4 5.6
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya 1.3 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.8
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia 13.4 12.3 12.6 12.3 11.6
Maldives
Mali
Malta 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius
Mexico 6.6 7.0 6.9 6.6 6.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia 2.5 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.1
Montenegro
Morocco 5.3 5.3 5.2 5.0 4.7
Mozambique 92.2 92.2 92.0 92.0 92.0
Myanmar 79.3 78.1 82.7 83.2 83.7
Namibia
Nepal 95.7 94.6 94.9 94.7 95.5
Netherlands 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.6
New Caledonia
New Zealand 4.7 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.6
Nicaragua 52.4 49.3 50.2 53.1 50.5
Niger
Nigeria 80.7 81.9 81.3 81.1 80.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.4
Oman 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pakistan 50.2 49.5 46.4 45.5 44.4
Palau
Panama 28.1 26.8 25.1 26.7 28.6
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay 73.8 73.5 74.3 72.7 70.0
Peru 33.3 30.4 27.8 26.5 27.5
Philippines 45.0 45.7 43.1 41.1 39.5
Poland 1.5 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.9
Portugal 8.4 8.4 8.5 8.2 11.9
Puerto Rico
Qatar 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Romania 1.8 1.6 1.4 1.3 0.9
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Senegal 58.9 56.7 53.7 56.9 57.7
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore 0.0 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa 9.6 9.4 9.7 9.8 11.0
South Sudan
Spain 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 4.1
Sri Lanka 71.1 71.1 70.4 71.1 72.0
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 84.2 84.6 87.5 83.8 85.2
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden 11.4 11.0 11.4 11.3 11.6
Switzerland 3.4 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.8
Syrian Arab Republic 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tajikistan
Tanzania 91.7 91.4 91.6 91.9 91.9
Thailand 43.3 44.5 42.5 39.0 38.8
Timor-Leste
Togo 87.9 83.2 82.8 83.6 83.6
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 0.8 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.0
Tunisia 13.7 14.3 14.5 14.1 14.3
Turkey 19.7 18.6 16.8 16.7 16.1
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
United Kingdom 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3
United States 3.7 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.5
Uruguay 28.0 29.5 28.1 23.7 23.4
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4
Vietnam 69.6 68.0 65.9 66.9 70.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 4.0 3.7 3.3 3.1 3.2
Zambia 69.5 70.5 71.2 69.6 71.7
Zimbabwe 56.6 54.9 51.6 52.2 52.2

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