Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Bahrain 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Turkmenistan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tajikistan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Qatar 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iceland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Macedonia, FYR 0.0 0.0 6.9 7.0 7.5
United Arab Emirates 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Oman 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Uzbekistan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Saudi Arabia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Syrian Arab Republic 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Israel 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Algeria 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Kuwait 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0
Jordan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kyrgyz Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Azerbaijan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malta 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Iraq 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Brunei Darussalam 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ukraine 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Kazakhstan 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Armenia 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.7 1.0
United Kingdom 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Belarus 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.3
Cyprus 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.7
Singapore 0.5 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.8
Bulgaria 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8
Moldova 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5
Italy 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9
Luxembourg 0.7 0.6 1.1 1.0 1.1
Korea, Rep. 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5
Slovak Republic 0.8 0.8 0.7 2.2 2.6
Romania 1.0 1.4 2.3 2.5 2.8
Ireland 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9
Trinidad and Tobago 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0
Libya 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9
Japan 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0
Venezuela, RB 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.0
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6
Russian Federation 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.3
Netherlands 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Czech Republic 1.6 1.4 2.5 2.7 3.0
Lithuania 1.8 1.7 2.6 4.7 5.4
Estonia 1.9 2.0 3.3 3.8 5.4
Poland 2.2 2.1 2.2 4.5 4.7
Mongolia 2.3 2.0 2.4 2.6 3.1
Hungary 2.3 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.3 2.6 3.7 4.4 11.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.9 3.0 3.5 3.9 4.3
Yemen, Rep. 3.1 2.5 2.3 2.7 2.6
United States 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.3 3.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.7
Croatia 3.5 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.8
Georgia 3.7 4.3 7.8 13.6 6.2
Argentina 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.9 4.4
Canada 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.8 4.3
Greece 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.2 4.2
Spain 4.5 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.7
Morocco 4.6 5.2 4.9 4.8 4.5
Australia 4.6 4.6 4.0 4.6 4.5
Slovenia 4.7 4.8 5.2 4.9 4.7
France 4.9 5.3 5.3 5.0 4.8
Norway 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.5 5.0
Lebanon 5.3 4.4 4.3 3.1 3.0
New Zealand 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.9
Serbia 5.9 6.1 4.9 5.7 6.1
Switzerland 6.1 6.5 6.4 6.7 6.5
Denmark 6.6 6.4 7.0 7.2 6.9
Mexico 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.3
Latvia 8.4 10.4 12.6 16.2 18.6
Austria 10.1 10.3 10.7 10.9 10.6
Malaysia 11.1 9.2 8.5 8.1 8.3
South Africa 11.4 11.2 12.2 11.6 11.4
Sweden 11.7 11.8 12.9 13.7 13.2
Tunisia 12.9 13.3 12.2 12.8 12.4
Albania 13.6 19.4 26.7 26.0 23.4
Turkey 13.7 13.8 13.4 12.6 12.7
Ecuador 14.1 14.1 13.3 14.4 12.8
Portugal 14.8 14.7 13.5 13.8 13.5
Finland 16.1 14.5 15.1 15.8 15.8
Jamaica 17.1 17.1 16.2 15.8 15.9
Chile 22.4 24.1 24.3 22.3 21.6
Colombia 22.8 22.0 21.4 20.4 20.6
China 23.0 23.9 23.2 22.0 21.1
Costa Rica 23.3 22.8 15.3 15.1 15.3
Dominican Republic 24.0 24.0 21.3 18.0 16.7
Uruguay 24.2 23.1 21.5 22.4 22.3
Peru 27.5 27.0 26.8 24.2 23.0
Panama 28.3 26.5 25.0 24.9 22.6
Bolivia 28.9 29.3 26.9 26.0 24.0
Botswana 33.4 35.2 32.7 33.8 35.0
Brazil 34.1 33.0 32.3 31.4 31.6
Thailand 35.0 33.9 32.3 27.5 24.1
Philippines 38.9 37.0 34.2 33.1 29.8
Cuba 39.6 42.1 46.9 40.6 39.3
India 42.1 41.1 40.0 39.3 38.1
Pakistan 43.8 43.9 42.3 41.4 40.9
Indonesia 44.1 42.9 41.9 38.8 39.3
El Salvador 48.2 45.8 45.5 42.8 40.5
Zimbabwe 50.8 48.9 48.3 51.3 52.6
Nicaragua 52.3 51.4 48.4 49.4 49.4
Bangladesh 53.9 54.8 52.8 50.2 49.3
Senegal 56.7 57.6 54.6 55.2 56.0
Congo, Rep. 61.1 61.0 62.4 63.2 71.6
Gabon 62.9 63.1 60.8 58.9 65.6
Honduras 63.0 62.6 60.2 59.0 57.0
Guatemala 68.8 68.2 66.5 65.7 61.6
Vietnam 69.8 70.2 68.6 66.3 62.5
Sri Lanka 71.0 70.1 70.9 64.8 62.3
Paraguay 72.5 73.7 69.3 64.8 62.4
Angola 73.5 73.4 74.7 73.8 74.3
Cote d'Ivoire 73.5 73.9 70.9 70.6 70.8
Ghana 73.7 75.1 75.3 74.6 74.5
Zambia 74.3 74.2 74.9 76.6 77.9
Cameroon 76.7 78.0 79.3 78.8 78.7
Kenya 77.3 78.4 78.9 79.4 80.7
Haiti 77.7 79.5 81.5 84.1 94.2
Nigeria 80.2 78.7 77.8 78.6 82.6
Sudan 81.8 83.1 84.3 88.0 85.4
Togo 82.8 84.8 88.1 92.0 85.2
Myanmar 84.5 84.2 85.0 80.8 78.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 84.7 85.8 87.0 88.2 90.8
Tanzania 91.7 91.8 92.5 91.9 92.2
Nepal 93.7 92.7 92.5 92.0 90.8
Mozambique 93.9 94.2 93.5 92.8 93.5
Benin 94.1 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.1
Ethiopia 95.4 95.6 96.7 96.1 95.7
Montenegro
Central African Republic
Chad
Bahamas, The
Isle of Man
Solomon Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Namibia 16.6 16.7 16.9 16.5
Monaco
Guinea
Greenland
Guyana
Cayman Islands
Guam
New Caledonia
Bhutan
Mali
Djibouti
Maldives
Malawi
Suriname
Niger
Belize
Gambia, The
Mauritius
Northern Mariana Islands
Faeroe Islands
Madagascar
Tuvalu
Cambodia
Antigua and Barbuda
Macao SAR, China
Vanuatu
Palau
West Bank and Gaza
Comoros
Mauritania
Papua New Guinea
Bermuda
St. Kitts and Nevis
Somalia
St. Martin (French part)
South Sudan
Marshall Islands
Dominica
Liechtenstein
St. Lucia
Liberia
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Cabo Verde
Lesotho
Swaziland
Puerto Rico
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea 80.6 76.8 74.5
Barbados
Burundi
Burkina Faso
Timor-Leste
Afghanistan
Tonga
Rwanda
Samoa
Fiji
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Uganda
Lao PDR
Aruba
Kosovo
Guinea-Bissau
Curacao
Andorra
Seychelles
American Samoa
Sierra Leone
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kiribati
Grenada
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
French Polynesia

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