Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Bahrain 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Turkmenistan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tajikistan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Qatar 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iceland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Macedonia, FYR 0.0 0.0 6.9 7.0 7.5
United Arab Emirates 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Oman 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Uzbekistan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Saudi Arabia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Syrian Arab Republic 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Israel 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Algeria 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Kuwait 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0
Jordan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kyrgyz Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Azerbaijan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malta 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Iraq 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Brunei Darussalam 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ukraine 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Kazakhstan 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Armenia 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.7 1.0
United Kingdom 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Belarus 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.3
Cyprus 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.7
Singapore 0.5 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.8
Bulgaria 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8
Moldova 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5
Italy 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9
Luxembourg 0.7 0.6 1.1 1.0 1.1
Korea, Rep. 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5
Slovak Republic 0.8 0.8 0.7 2.2 2.6
Romania 1.0 1.4 2.3 2.5 2.8
Ireland 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9
Trinidad and Tobago 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0
Libya 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9
Japan 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0
Venezuela, RB 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.0
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6
Russian Federation 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.3
Netherlands 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Czech Republic 1.6 1.4 2.5 2.7 3.0
Lithuania 1.8 1.7 2.6 4.7 5.4
Estonia 1.9 2.0 3.3 3.8 5.4
Poland 2.2 2.1 2.2 4.5 4.7
Mongolia 2.3 2.0 2.4 2.6 3.1
Hungary 2.3 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.3 2.6 3.7 4.4 11.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.9 3.0 3.5 3.9 4.3
Yemen, Rep. 3.1 2.5 2.3 2.7 2.6
United States 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.3 3.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.7
Croatia 3.5 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.8
Georgia 3.7 4.3 7.8 13.6 6.2
Argentina 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.9 4.4
Canada 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.8 4.3
Greece 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.2 4.2
Spain 4.5 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.7
Morocco 4.6 5.2 4.9 4.8 4.5
Australia 4.6 4.6 4.0 4.6 4.5
Slovenia 4.7 4.8 5.2 4.9 4.7
France 4.9 5.3 5.3 5.0 4.8
Norway 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.5 5.0
Lebanon 5.3 4.4 4.3 3.1 3.0
New Zealand 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.9
Serbia 5.9 6.1 4.9 5.7 6.1
Switzerland 6.1 6.5 6.4 6.7 6.5
Denmark 6.6 6.4 7.0 7.2 6.9
Mexico 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.3
Latvia 8.4 10.4 12.6 16.2 18.6
Austria 10.1 10.3 10.7 10.9 10.6
Malaysia 11.1 9.2 8.5 8.1 8.3
South Africa 11.4 11.2 12.2 11.6 11.4
Sweden 11.7 11.8 12.9 13.7 13.2
Tunisia 12.9 13.3 12.2 12.8 12.4
Albania 13.6 19.4 26.7 26.0 23.4
Turkey 13.7 13.8 13.4 12.6 12.7
Ecuador 14.1 14.1 13.3 14.4 12.8
Portugal 14.8 14.7 13.5 13.8 13.5
Finland 16.1 14.5 15.1 15.8 15.8
Jamaica 17.1 17.1 16.2 15.8 15.9
Chile 22.4 24.1 24.3 22.3 21.6
Colombia 22.8 22.0 21.4 20.4 20.6
China 23.0 23.9 23.2 22.0 21.1
Costa Rica 23.3 22.8 15.3 15.1 15.3
Dominican Republic 24.0 24.0 21.3 18.0 16.7
Uruguay 24.2 23.1 21.5 22.4 22.3
Peru 27.5 27.0 26.8 24.2 23.0
Panama 28.3 26.5 25.0 24.9 22.6
Bolivia 28.9 29.3 26.9 26.0 24.0
Botswana 33.4 35.2 32.7 33.8 35.0
Brazil 34.1 33.0 32.3 31.4 31.6
Thailand 35.0 33.9 32.3 27.5 24.1
Philippines 38.9 37.0 34.2 33.1 29.8
Cuba 39.6 42.1 46.9 40.6 39.3
India 42.1 41.1 40.0 39.3 38.1
Pakistan 43.8 43.9 42.3 41.4 40.9
Indonesia 44.1 42.9 41.9 38.8 39.3
El Salvador 48.2 45.8 45.5 42.8 40.5
Zimbabwe 50.8 48.9 48.3 51.3 52.6
Nicaragua 52.3 51.4 48.4 49.4 49.4
Bangladesh 53.9 54.8 52.8 50.2 49.3
Senegal 56.7 57.6 54.6 55.2 56.0
Congo, Rep. 61.1 61.0 62.4 63.2 71.6
Gabon 62.9 63.1 60.8 58.9 65.6
Honduras 63.0 62.6 60.2 59.0 57.0
Guatemala 68.8 68.2 66.5 65.7 61.6
Vietnam 69.8 70.2 68.6 66.3 62.5
Sri Lanka 71.0 70.1 70.9 64.8 62.3
Paraguay 72.5 73.7 69.3 64.8 62.4
Angola 73.5 73.4 74.7 73.8 74.3
Cote d'Ivoire 73.5 73.9 70.9 70.6 70.8
Ghana 73.7 75.1 75.3 74.6 74.5
Zambia 74.3 74.2 74.9 76.6 77.9
Cameroon 76.7 78.0 79.3 78.8 78.7
Kenya 77.3 78.4 78.9 79.4 80.7
Haiti 77.7 79.5 81.5 84.1 94.2
Nigeria 80.2 78.7 77.8 78.6 82.6
Sudan 81.8 83.1 84.3 88.0 85.4
Togo 82.8 84.8 88.1 92.0 85.2
Myanmar 84.5 84.2 85.0 80.8 78.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 84.7 85.8 87.0 88.2 90.8
Tanzania 91.7 91.8 92.5 91.9 92.2
Nepal 93.7 92.7 92.5 92.0 90.8
Mozambique 93.9 94.2 93.5 92.8 93.5
Benin 94.1 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.1
Ethiopia 95.4 95.6 96.7 96.1 95.7
West Bank and Gaza
Cayman Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Belize
Namibia 16.6 16.7 16.9 16.5
Guam
Montenegro
Central African Republic
Mali
Chad
New Caledonia
Tuvalu
Maldives
Vanuatu
Malawi
Mauritania
Monaco
Dominica
Mauritius
St. Kitts and Nevis
Guyana
Eritrea 80.6 76.8 74.5
Niger
Madagascar
Northern Mariana Islands
Tonga
Cambodia
Guinea
Cabo Verde
Aruba
Macao SAR, China
Grenada
Palau
Fiji
Comoros
French Polynesia
Solomon Islands
Bermuda
Papua New Guinea
Liechtenstein
Somalia
St. Martin (French part)
South Sudan
Marshall Islands
Isle of Man
Swaziland
St. Lucia
Liberia
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Burundi
Suriname
Lesotho
Equatorial Guinea
Puerto Rico
Barbados
Faeroe Islands
Burkina Faso
Middle East (developing only)
Timor-Leste
Lao PDR
Rwanda
Bahamas, The
Samoa
Guinea-Bissau
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Uganda
Kiribati
Antigua and Barbuda
Curacao
Andorra
Djibouti
American Samoa
Seychelles
Greenland
Sierra Leone
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Bhutan
Afghanistan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Gambia, The

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