Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Iceland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tajikistan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Turkmenistan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Qatar 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bahrain 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Uzbekistan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Saudi Arabia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Israel 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Brunei Darussalam 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Syrian Arab Republic 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Jordan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malta 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kyrgyz Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kuwait 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0
Algeria 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Azerbaijan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Iraq 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ukraine 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
United Arab Emirates 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kazakhstan 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Cyprus 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.7
Armenia 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.7 1.0
United Kingdom 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5
Korea, Rep. 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5
Belarus 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.3
Slovak Republic 0.8 0.8 0.7 2.2 2.6
Bulgaria 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8
Italy 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9
Trinidad and Tobago 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0
Moldova 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.2
Ireland 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9
Luxembourg 0.7 0.6 1.1 1.0 1.1
Japan 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0
Libya 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9
Singapore 0.5 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.8
Venezuela, RB 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.0
Netherlands 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6
Russian Federation 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.3
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Poland 2.2 2.1 2.2 4.5 4.7
Romania 1.0 1.4 2.3 2.5 2.8
Yemen, Rep. 3.1 2.5 2.3 2.7 2.6
Mongolia 2.3 2.0 2.4 2.6 3.1
Czech Republic 1.6 1.4 2.5 2.7 3.0
Lithuania 1.8 1.7 2.6 4.7 5.4
Hungary 2.3 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.0
Estonia 1.9 2.0 3.3 3.8 5.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.7
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.9 3.0 3.5 3.9 4.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.3 2.6 3.7 4.4 11.4
Spain 4.5 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.7
Argentina 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.9 4.4
United States 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.3 3.4
Croatia 3.5 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.8
Canada 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.8 4.3
Australia 4.6 4.6 4.0 4.6 4.5
Greece 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.2 4.2
Lebanon 5.3 4.4 4.3 3.1 3.0
Norway 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.5 5.0
Serbia 5.9 6.1 4.9 5.7 6.1
Morocco 4.6 5.2 4.9 4.8 4.5
Slovenia 4.7 4.8 5.2 4.9 4.7
France 4.9 5.3 5.3 5.0 4.8
New Zealand 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.9
Switzerland 6.1 6.5 6.4 6.7 6.5
Mexico 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.3
Macedonia, FYR 0.0 0.0 6.9 7.0 7.5
Denmark 6.6 6.4 7.0 7.2 6.9
Georgia 3.7 4.3 7.8 13.6 6.2
Malaysia 11.1 9.2 8.5 8.1 8.3
Austria 10.1 10.3 10.7 10.9 10.6
South Africa 11.4 11.2 12.2 11.6 11.4
Tunisia 12.9 13.3 12.2 12.8 12.4
Latvia 8.4 10.4 12.6 16.2 18.6
Sweden 11.7 11.8 12.9 13.7 13.2
Ecuador 14.1 14.1 13.3 14.4 12.8
Turkey 13.7 13.8 13.4 12.6 12.7
Portugal 14.8 14.7 13.5 13.8 13.5
Finland 16.1 14.5 15.1 15.8 15.8
Costa Rica 23.3 22.8 15.3 15.1 15.3
Jamaica 17.1 17.1 16.2 15.8 15.9
Namibia 16.6 16.7 16.9 16.5
Dominican Republic 24.0 24.0 21.3 18.0 16.7
Colombia 22.8 22.0 21.4 20.4 20.6
Uruguay 24.2 23.1 21.5 22.4 22.3
China 23.0 23.9 23.2 22.0 21.1
Chile 22.4 24.1 24.3 22.3 21.6
Panama 28.3 26.5 25.0 24.9 22.6
Albania 13.6 19.4 26.7 26.0 23.4
Peru 27.5 27.0 26.8 24.2 23.0
Bolivia 28.9 29.3 26.9 26.0 24.0
Brazil 34.1 33.0 32.3 31.4 31.6
Thailand 35.0 33.9 32.3 27.5 24.1
Botswana 33.4 35.2 32.7 33.8 35.0
Philippines 38.9 37.0 34.2 33.1 29.8
India 42.1 41.1 40.0 39.3 38.1
Indonesia 44.1 42.9 41.9 38.8 39.3
Pakistan 43.8 43.9 42.3 41.4 40.9
El Salvador 48.2 45.8 45.5 42.8 40.5
Cuba 39.6 42.1 46.9 40.6 39.3
Zimbabwe 50.8 48.9 48.3 51.3 52.6
Nicaragua 52.3 51.4 48.4 49.4 49.4
Bangladesh 53.9 54.8 52.8 50.2 49.3
Senegal 56.7 57.6 54.6 55.2 56.0
Honduras 63.0 62.6 60.2 59.0 57.0
Gabon 62.9 63.1 60.8 58.9 65.6
Congo, Rep. 61.1 61.0 62.4 63.2 71.6
Guatemala 68.8 68.2 66.5 65.7 61.6
Vietnam 69.8 70.2 68.6 66.3 62.5
Paraguay 72.5 73.7 69.3 64.8 62.4
Cote d'Ivoire 73.5 73.9 70.9 70.6 70.8
Sri Lanka 71.0 70.1 70.9 64.8 62.3
Angola 73.5 73.4 74.7 73.8 74.3
Zambia 74.3 74.2 74.9 76.6 77.9
Ghana 73.7 75.1 75.3 74.6 74.5
Nigeria 80.2 78.7 77.8 78.6 82.6
Kenya 77.3 78.4 78.9 79.4 80.7
Cameroon 76.7 78.0 79.3 78.8 78.7
Eritrea 80.6 76.8 74.5
Haiti 77.7 79.5 81.5 84.1 94.2
Sudan 81.8 83.1 84.3 88.0 85.4
Myanmar 84.5 84.2 85.0 80.8 78.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 84.7 85.8 87.0 88.2 90.8
Togo 82.8 84.8 88.1 92.0 85.2
Nepal 93.7 92.7 92.5 92.0 90.8
Tanzania 91.7 91.8 92.5 91.9 92.2
Mozambique 93.9 94.2 93.5 92.8 93.5
Benin 94.1 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.1
Ethiopia 95.4 95.6 96.7 96.1 95.7
Maldives
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Vanuatu
Cabo Verde
Montenegro
New Caledonia
Cayman Islands
Somalia
French Polynesia
Curacao
Guam
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
West Bank and Gaza
Isle of Man
Cambodia
Malawi
South Sudan
Niger
St. Lucia
Madagascar
Suriname
Northern Mariana Islands
Barbados
Macao SAR, China
Marshall Islands
Burundi
Monaco
Central African Republic
Grenada
Palau
Equatorial Guinea
Chad
Mali
Faeroe Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Papua New Guinea
Liechtenstein
Solomon Islands
Liberia
Mauritius
Lesotho
Belize
Burkina Faso
St. Kitts and Nevis
Middle East (developing only)
St. Martin (French part)
Puerto Rico
Mauritania
Lao PDR
Swaziland
Comoros
Djibouti
Guyana
Dominica
Guinea
Tonga
Timor-Leste
Tuvalu
Aruba
Bahamas, The
Rwanda
Guinea-Bissau
Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
Uganda
Sao Tome and Principe
Antigua and Barbuda
Bhutan
Andorra
Kiribati
American Samoa
Fiji
Greenland
Seychelles
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sierra Leone
Afghanistan
Bermuda
Gambia, The

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