Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Tajikistan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Turkmenistan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bahrain 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Qatar 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Iceland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Macedonia, FYR 0.0 0.0 6.9 7.0 7.5
United Arab Emirates 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Oman 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Uzbekistan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Saudi Arabia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Israel 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Syrian Arab Republic 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kyrgyz Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Jordan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Azerbaijan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malta 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Brunei Darussalam 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Algeria 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Ukraine 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Iraq 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kazakhstan 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Armenia 0.2 0.2 0.4 0.7 1.0
Kuwait 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.0 0.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
United Kingdom 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5 0.7
Cyprus 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.7
Belarus 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 1.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5
Luxembourg 0.7 0.6 1.1 1.0 1.1
Bulgaria 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.8
Korea, Rep. 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5
Italy 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9
Moldova 0.6 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.2
Slovak Republic 0.8 0.8 0.7 2.2 2.6
Trinidad and Tobago 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0
Ireland 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9
Libya 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 0.9
Japan 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.0
Venezuela, RB 1.3 1.3 1.1 1.2 1.0
Singapore 0.5 1.3 1.1 0.9 0.8
Russian Federation 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.6 1.3
Netherlands 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Germany 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5 1.6
Romania 1.0 1.4 2.3 2.5 2.8
Czech Republic 1.6 1.4 2.5 2.7 3.0
Belgium 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.4
Lithuania 1.8 1.7 2.6 4.7 5.4
Mongolia 2.3 2.0 2.4 2.6 3.1
Estonia 1.9 2.0 3.3 3.8 5.4
Poland 2.2 2.1 2.2 4.5 4.7
Yemen, Rep. 3.1 2.5 2.3 2.7 2.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.3 2.6 3.7 4.4 11.4
Hungary 2.3 2.6 2.9 2.9 3.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.9 3.0 3.5 3.9 4.3
United States 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.3 3.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.3 3.5 3.4 3.4 3.7
Argentina 3.7 3.8 3.7 3.9 4.4
Canada 3.9 4.0 4.0 3.8 4.3
Croatia 3.5 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.8
Spain 4.5 4.1 3.7 3.9 3.7
Greece 4.2 4.1 4.3 4.2 4.2
Georgia 3.7 4.3 7.8 13.6 6.2
Lebanon 5.3 4.4 4.3 3.1 3.0
Norway 4.9 4.6 4.4 4.5 5.0
Australia 4.6 4.6 4.0 4.6 4.5
Slovenia 4.7 4.8 5.2 4.9 4.7
Morocco 4.6 5.2 4.9 4.8 4.5
France 4.9 5.3 5.3 5.0 4.8
New Zealand 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.7 5.9
Serbia 5.9 6.1 4.9 5.7 6.1
Denmark 6.6 6.4 7.0 7.2 6.9
Switzerland 6.1 6.5 6.4 6.7 6.5
Mexico 7.0 6.9 6.9 6.8 6.3
Malaysia 11.1 9.2 8.5 8.1 8.3
Austria 10.1 10.3 10.7 10.9 10.6
Latvia 8.4 10.4 12.6 16.2 18.6
South Africa 11.4 11.2 12.2 11.6 11.4
Sweden 11.7 11.8 12.9 13.7 13.2
Tunisia 12.9 13.3 12.2 12.8 12.4
Turkey 13.7 13.8 13.4 12.6 12.7
Ecuador 14.1 14.1 13.3 14.4 12.8
Finland 16.1 14.5 15.1 15.8 15.8
Portugal 14.8 14.7 13.5 13.8 13.5
Namibia 16.6 16.7 16.9 16.5
Jamaica 17.1 17.1 16.2 15.8 15.9
Albania 13.6 19.4 26.7 26.0 23.4
Colombia 22.8 22.0 21.4 20.4 20.6
Costa Rica 23.3 22.8 15.3 15.1 15.3
Uruguay 24.2 23.1 21.5 22.4 22.3
China 23.0 23.9 23.2 22.0 21.1
Dominican Republic 24.0 24.0 21.3 18.0 16.7
Chile 22.4 24.1 24.3 22.3 21.6
Panama 28.3 26.5 25.0 24.9 22.6
Peru 27.5 27.0 26.8 24.2 23.0
Bolivia 28.9 29.3 26.9 26.0 24.0
Brazil 34.1 33.0 32.3 31.4 31.6
Thailand 35.0 33.9 32.3 27.5 24.1
Botswana 33.4 35.2 32.7 33.8 35.0
Philippines 38.9 37.0 34.2 33.1 29.8
India 42.1 41.1 40.0 39.3 38.1
Cuba 39.6 42.1 46.9 40.6 39.3
Indonesia 44.1 42.9 41.9 38.8 39.3
Pakistan 43.8 43.9 42.3 41.4 40.9
El Salvador 48.2 45.8 45.5 42.8 40.5
Zimbabwe 50.8 48.9 48.3 51.3 52.6
Nicaragua 52.3 51.4 48.4 49.4 49.4
Bangladesh 53.9 54.8 52.8 50.2 49.3
Senegal 56.7 57.6 54.6 55.2 56.0
Congo, Rep. 61.1 61.0 62.4 63.2 71.6
Honduras 63.0 62.6 60.2 59.0 57.0
Gabon 62.9 63.1 60.8 58.9 65.6
Guatemala 68.8 68.2 66.5 65.7 61.6
Sri Lanka 71.0 70.1 70.9 64.8 62.3
Vietnam 69.8 70.2 68.6 66.3 62.5
Angola 73.5 73.4 74.7 73.8 74.3
Paraguay 72.5 73.7 69.3 64.8 62.4
Cote d'Ivoire 73.5 73.9 70.9 70.6 70.8
Zambia 74.3 74.2 74.9 76.6 77.9
Ghana 73.7 75.1 75.3 74.6 74.5
Cameroon 76.7 78.0 79.3 78.8 78.7
Kenya 77.3 78.4 78.9 79.4 80.7
Nigeria 80.2 78.7 77.8 78.6 82.6
Haiti 77.7 79.5 81.5 84.1 94.2
Sudan 81.8 83.1 84.3 88.0 85.4
Myanmar 84.5 84.2 85.0 80.8 78.8
Togo 82.8 84.8 88.1 92.0 85.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 84.7 85.8 87.0 88.2 90.8
Tanzania 91.7 91.8 92.5 91.9 92.2
Nepal 93.7 92.7 92.5 92.0 90.8
Mozambique 93.9 94.2 93.5 92.8 93.5
Benin 94.1 95.0 95.0 95.0 95.1
Ethiopia 95.4 95.6 96.7 96.1 95.7
Guinea
St. Martin (French part)
Maldives
Afghanistan
Cabo Verde
Bahamas, The
Burundi
Montenegro
New Caledonia
Barbados
Faeroe Islands
Swaziland
Malawi
Mauritius
Niger
Uganda
Gambia, The
Greenland
Northern Mariana Islands
Kiribati
French Polynesia
St. Kitts and Nevis
Burkina Faso
Cambodia
Madagascar
Djibouti
Palau
Marshall Islands
Cayman Islands
Guyana
Papua New Guinea
Turks and Caicos Islands
Macao SAR, China
Antigua and Barbuda
Central African Republic
American Samoa
Chad
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Liechtenstein
Mali
Liberia
South Sudan
Puerto Rico
Curacao
Lesotho
St. Lucia
Middle East (developing only)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Bhutan
Suriname
Rwanda
Isle of Man
Samoa
Dominica
San Marino
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Sao Tome and Principe
Timor-Leste
Bermuda
Tonga
Lao PDR
Guinea-Bissau
Comoros
Fiji
Seychelles
Tuvalu
Sierra Leone
Aruba
Andorra
Guam
Mauritania
Grenada
Belize
Vanuatu
Monaco
Equatorial Guinea
Solomon Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Somalia
Eritrea 80.6 76.8 74.5
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)

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