Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Bahrain 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tajikistan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Qatar 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Brunei Darussalam 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Kuwait 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Turkmenistan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Oman 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Saudi Arabia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Uzbekistan 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Syrian Arab Republic 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Israel 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Iceland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
United Arab Emirates 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Jordan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Iraq 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malta 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kyrgyz Republic 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Azerbaijan 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Ukraine 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Kazakhstan 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Algeria 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.1
Korea, Rep. 0.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4
Cyprus 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
Trinidad and Tobago 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.5
Armenia 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
Singapore 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9
United Kingdom 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8
Libya 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Ireland 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.0
Italy 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.3
Russian Federation 1.3 1.1 1.1 1.0 1.2
Venezuela, RB 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Japan 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Luxembourg 1.2 1.0 1.1 1.4 1.4
Bulgaria 0.9 1.0 1.3 2.1 2.4
Belgium 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.7
Moldova 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.9
Slovak Republic 1.6 1.9 2.0 1.9 2.2
Germany 1.6 1.6 2.0 2.2 2.1
Yemen, Rep. 2.3 2.2 2.1 2.0 1.7
Netherlands 1.6 1.8 2.1 2.2 2.3
Lebanon 2.7 2.6 2.3 2.4 2.3
Belarus 1.6 2.2 2.4 2.6 2.9
Czech Republic 2.5 2.5 2.7 3.0 3.8
Hungary 3.1 2.9 2.9 3.0 3.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.4 3.2 3.2 3.0 3.0
United States 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3 3.2
Spain 3.7 3.8 3.6 3.6 3.5
Mongolia 3.1 3.6 3.9 3.8 3.8
Greece 4.1 4.1 3.9 3.7 3.8
Slovenia 4.3 4.2 4.0 4.1 3.6
Poland 4.6 4.2 4.1 4.4 4.3
Serbia 5.3 4.4 4.2 4.2 5.8
Canada 4.3 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.7
Morocco 4.6 4.5 4.4 4.4 4.2
Argentina 4.9 4.8 4.5 5.0 4.9
France 4.8 4.8 4.6 4.5 4.4
Norway 4.9 4.9 4.9 5.2 5.8
Australia 4.6 4.9 5.0 4.8 4.7
Croatia 3.8 5.3 5.1 4.7 4.2
Korea, Dem. Rep. 4.6 5.3 5.3 5.8 5.4
New Zealand 5.9 5.5 5.5 5.9 6.2
Lithuania 5.3 5.4 5.8 6.1 7.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10.4 9.2 6.1 5.1 5.3
Malaysia 7.8 7.2 6.3 6.6 6.7
Switzerland 6.7 6.9 6.4 6.6 6.9
Mexico 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.1
Macedonia, FYR 7.5 6.3 6.9 5.3 6.7
Romania 3.7 5.3 7.5 7.4 7.8
Denmark 7.4 7.0 7.8 7.9 8.7
Ecuador 11.5 10.8 8.5 9.7 10.4
Turkey 11.5 10.5 10.0 9.7 9.7
Austria 10.8 11.0 10.7 10.2 11.5
Estonia 6.4 10.6 10.7 9.9 10.8
South Africa 11.0 11.0 10.9 11.3 11.3
Costa Rica 15.9 16.1 10.9 7.6 6.9
Portugal 12.6 12.3 12.1 11.1 10.8
Dominican Republic 15.2 14.3 13.0 10.7 11.4
Tunisia 12.9 13.0 13.2 12.6 12.7
Colombia 20.4 19.3 14.2 13.5 15.2
Jamaica 14.8 14.5 14.8 13.0 13.1
Sweden 14.3 14.8 15.6 15.3 14.8
Bolivia 21.9 18.4 16.6 15.7 16.3
Namibia 17.1 16.5 16.8 16.4 17.4
Uruguay 19.8 17.1 16.9 15.1 13.8
Chile 21.4 20.5 18.2 18.7 18.1
Finland 17.4 17.0 18.2 18.8 19.4
China 19.6 19.1 19.1 18.9 18.5
Thailand 23.0 21.2 20.2 20.6 20.6
Panama 19.8 20.8 20.5 17.8 18.2
Peru 21.3 20.4 21.0 19.5 18.2
Albania 23.7 21.2 23.7 21.0 15.0
Latvia 21.9 23.2 23.8 24.0 25.7
Georgia 18.1 25.5 23.8 23.1 24.2
Philippines 27.4 25.8 23.9 22.6 21.5
Brazil 29.5 28.0 27.4 26.6 26.8
Cuba 32.8 34.5 32.3 29.6 30.8
Botswana 33.8 34.6 33.6 31.4 30.5
Indonesia 36.0 35.0 34.4 35.4 34.0
India 36.4 35.6 34.6 34.2 32.7
El Salvador 38.2 40.2 36.9 36.4 35.3
Pakistan 40.2 39.0 38.7 38.7 37.6
Bangladesh 45.4 43.5 43.1 42.0 42.3
Nicaragua 49.4 50.4 51.7 50.9 48.1
Senegal 54.4 54.6 52.9 51.6 50.3
Vietnam 58.8 55.9 53.5 51.7 51.2
Zimbabwe 52.4 53.3 54.5 54.3 51.8
Honduras 53.7 53.7 55.7 52.0 44.2
Sri Lanka 61.1 58.3 58.1 56.3 55.4
Guatemala 60.3 59.4 59.1 54.8 56.9
Gabon 61.6 60.1 60.2 58.0 60.9
Paraguay 61.1 63.1 60.5 57.8 55.3
Cote d'Ivoire 72.8 66.7 66.8 68.3 58.8
Ghana 73.1 72.3 70.4 68.9 68.4
Eritrea 73.2 72.1 74.9 71.2 70.7
Angola 76.2 75.6 75.5 77.2 75.1
Congo, Rep. 67.3 71.7 75.7 79.3 81.5
Myanmar 77.4 76.3 76.0 75.3 73.2
Haiti 80.9 80.9 76.7 78.1 76.3
Zambia 78.7 80.7 79.1 80.1 82.2
Cameroon 79.5 79.8 79.3 79.2 80.6
Kenya 79.2 78.5 79.6 78.7 78.9
Benin 95.0 85.6 81.6 81.7 77.8
Cambodia 82.0 82.1 81.6 81.6 80.5
Nigeria 83.5 82.6 81.6 83.6 82.7
Sudan 86.1 86.3 85.1 84.7 76.9
Togo 85.2 80.1 85.1 83.2 81.0
Nepal 90.0 89.8 88.9 88.5 85.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 89.6 89.7 91.0 91.7 92.4
Tanzania 89.8 90.3 91.2 92.4 93.0
Mozambique 93.1 93.0 92.0 92.7 92.7
Ethiopia 95.3 95.1 95.3 95.2 95.4
Monaco
Guam
Bermuda
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Dominica
French Polynesia
New Caledonia
Bhutan
Isle of Man
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Chad
Niger
Tonga
Mauritius
Antigua and Barbuda
Northern Mariana Islands
Curacao
Mauritania
South Sudan
Marshall Islands
St. Lucia
Mali
Suriname
Palau
Guinea-Bissau
Maldives
Timor-Leste
Papua New Guinea
Comoros
Malawi
Tuvalu
Madagascar
Andorra
Macao SAR, China
Vanuatu
Liechtenstein
West Bank and Gaza
Liberia
Montenegro
Puerto Rico
Cayman Islands
Belize
St. Kitts and Nevis
Lesotho
St. Martin (French part)
Middle East (developing only)
Central African Republic
Rwanda
Swaziland
Samoa
Guyana
San Marino
Guinea
Sao Tome and Principe
Grenada
Barbados
Greenland
Lao PDR
Aruba
Burkina Faso
Gambia, The
Seychelles
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sierra Leone
Uganda
Burundi
Fiji
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Faeroe Islands
Bahamas, The
American Samoa
Kiribati
Equatorial Guinea
Solomon Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Somalia
Afghanistan
Cabo Verde
Djibouti

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