Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan
Albania 12.9 13.2 12.9 13.0 13.6
Algeria 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 78.9 78.4 76.9 76.8 73.5
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 4.0 4.1 3.8 3.4 3.7
Armenia 0.2
Aruba
Australia 4.8 4.7 4.7 4.6 4.6
Austria 9.2 9.5 13.6 11.6 10.1
Azerbaijan 0.1
Bahamas, The
Bahrain 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bangladesh 60.6 55.7 55.3 54.3 53.9
Barbados
Belarus 0.4
Belgium 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.9 1.6
Belize
Benin 90.5 91.6 91.7 93.6 94.1
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 39.2 29.7 31.7 28.3 28.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 2.3
Botswana 46.3 45.4 44.6 42.9 34.5
Brazil 37.7 37.9 36.8 36.4 34.1
Brunei Darussalam 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1
Bulgaria 1.3 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 76.1 76.6 76.2 75.4 76.7
Canada 4.5 4.4 4.2 4.0 3.9
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 23.1 23.4 21.5 19.3 22.4
China 26.6 25.6 24.6 24.4 23.0
Colombia 23.8 23.4 23.4 23.5 22.8
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. 86.2 85.7 85.4 86.1 84.7
Congo, Rep. 57.1 57.5 61.2 60.1 61.1
Costa Rica 27.4 26.0 26.2 23.1 23.3
Cote d'Ivoire 67.1 68.0 69.1 69.3 73.1
Croatia 3.5
Cuba 32.2 31.1 32.5 33.9 39.6
Curacao
Cyprus 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Czech Republic 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.6
Denmark 5.1 5.8 6.1 6.5 6.6
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic 27.2 23.5 19.6 19.1 21.4
Ecuador 18.1 18.9 18.5 18.8 15.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 3.7 3.6 3.6 3.3 3.3
El Salvador 53.7 52.2 48.9 47.4 48.2
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia 1.9
Ethiopia 96.5 95.9 96.0 95.9 95.7
Faeroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 13.9 13.5 14.3 14.9 16.1
France 5.1 5.2 4.9 4.9 4.9
French Polynesia
Gabon 49.5 53.1 51.2 56.0 62.9
Gambia, The
Georgia 3.7
Germany 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.4
Ghana 75.5 72.3 76.6 73.7 73.7
Greece 2.7 2.8 2.6 2.2 4.2
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 73.3 71.8 70.3 70.5 68.8
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana
Haiti 81.6 80.5 79.3 78.3 77.7
Honduras 66.0 65.2 63.3 61.8 63.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6
Hungary 1.8 1.7 1.5 1.6 2.3
Iceland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
India 47.8 46.7 44.9 43.4 42.2
Indonesia 46.4 45.7 45.3 43.6 44.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3
Iraq 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ireland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.1
Isle of Man
Israel 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Italy 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.6
Jamaica 13.8 13.6 13.7 13.0 17.1
Japan 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.1
Jordan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Kazakhstan 0.2
Kenya 76.1 75.7 76.5 76.3 77.3
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.9
Korea, Rep. 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.8
Kuwait 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Kyrgyz Republic 0.1
Lao PDR
Latvia 8.4
Lebanon 4.2 4.0 5.4 5.6 5.3
Lesotho
Liberia
Libya 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.1
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 1.8
Luxembourg 0.6 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.7
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR 0.0
Madagascar
Malawi
Malaysia 11.6 11.9 11.7 10.9 10.5
Maldives
Mali
Malta 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius 51.0 49.9 45.1 43.7 43.4
Mexico 7.0 6.9 6.6 6.3 7.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 0.6
Monaco
Mongolia 2.3 2.2 2.0 2.1 2.3
Montenegro
Morocco 14.4 14.3 13.9 13.1 13.1
Mozambique 92.2 92.0 92.0 92.0 93.9
Myanmar 78.1 82.7 83.2 83.7 84.5
Namibia
Nepal 94.6 94.9 94.7 95.5 93.7
Netherlands 0.2 0.2 0.6 0.6 1.5
New Caledonia
New Zealand 4.7 4.9 4.8 4.6 5.9
Nicaragua 49.2 50.1 53.0 50.4 52.2
Niger
Nigeria 80.5 79.8 79.6 79.0 78.9
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.4 4.9
Oman 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Pakistan 49.5 46.4 45.5 44.4 43.8
Palau
Panama 26.8 25.1 26.7 28.6 28.3
Papua New Guinea
Paraguay 73.5 74.3 72.7 70.0 72.5
Peru 30.4 27.8 26.5 27.5 27.5
Philippines 45.7 43.1 41.1 39.5 38.7
Poland 2.0 1.8 1.8 1.9 2.2
Portugal 8.4 8.5 8.2 11.9 14.8
Puerto Rico
Qatar 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Romania 1.6 1.4 1.3 0.9 1.0
Russian Federation 1.4
Rwanda
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Senegal 56.7 53.7 56.9 57.7 56.7
Serbia 5.9
Seychelles
Sierra Leone
Singapore 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.6
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Slovenia 4.7
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa 9.4 9.7 9.8 11.0 11.4
South Sudan
Spain 0.6 0.6 0.6 4.1 4.5
Sri Lanka 71.1 70.4 71.1 72.0 71.0
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 84.6 87.5 83.8 85.2 81.8
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden 11.0 11.4 11.3 11.6 11.7
Switzerland 3.5 3.7 3.7 3.8 6.1
Syrian Arab Republic 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Tajikistan 0.0
Tanzania 91.4 91.6 91.9 91.9 91.7
Thailand 44.5 42.5 39.0 38.8 35.0
Timor-Leste
Togo 83.2 82.8 83.6 83.6 82.8
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.1
Tunisia 14.3 14.5 14.1 14.3 12.9
Turkey 18.6 16.8 16.8 16.1 13.7
Turkmenistan 0.0
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine 0.1
United Arab Emirates 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
United Kingdom 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.3
United States 3.8 4.0 3.8 3.5 3.3
Uruguay 29.5 28.1 23.7 23.4 24.2
Uzbekistan 0.0
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5 1.3
Vietnam 68.0 65.9 66.9 70.1 69.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 3.7 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.1
Zambia 71.1 71.7 70.1 72.1 74.5
Zimbabwe 54.9 51.6 52.2 52.2 50.8

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