Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Uganda 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Ethiopia 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nepal 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Burundi 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
Lao PDR 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Cambodia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mali 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Bangladesh 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Bhutan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Mozambique 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Somalia 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Benin 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Comoros 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Niger 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sudan 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
Myanmar 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Sierra Leone 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Guinea-Bissau 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Togo 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Ghana 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Kenya 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Afghanistan 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Sri Lanka 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Cabo Verde 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Equatorial Guinea 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Vietnam 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Liberia 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
El Salvador 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5
Maldives 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Kiribati 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Zambia 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Paraguay 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6
Vanuatu 0.4 0.9 0.4 0.4 0.5
Guatemala 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
Pakistan 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6
Honduras 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5
Swaziland 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5
Sao Tome and Principe 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Mauritania 0.5 0.4 0.2 1.8 1.7
Tonga 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7
Nicaragua 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Senegal 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5
Cote d'Ivoire 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8
Congo, Rep. 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7
Angola 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5
Papua New Guinea 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6
India 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7
Philippines 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Dominica 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8
Cameroon 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.2
Mauritius 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8
Grenada 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 1.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6
Bolivia 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7
Indonesia 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Samoa 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Costa Rica 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0
Yemen, Rep. 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9
Morocco 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Fiji 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8
Nigeria 0.9 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.8
Djibouti 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7
Thailand 0.9 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2
Botswana 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2
St. Lucia 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2
Belize 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4
Peru 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.2
Uruguay 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.6
Zimbabwe 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.6
Dominican Republic 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.6
Brazil 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Panama 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.2
Seychelles 1.5 2.2 2.4 3.0 2.9
Tunisia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6
Colombia 1.7 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
China 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.2
Guyana 1.9 1.9 1.4 1.8 1.9
Chile 1.9 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.1
Turkey 2.0 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.4
Macao SAR, China 2.1 2.5 2.8 3.0 2.9
Antigua and Barbuda 2.2 3.8 3.9 4.3 4.6
Jamaica 2.3 2.2 1.9 2.3 1.9
Malaysia 2.3 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.5
Ecuador 2.4 2.2 1.7 1.6 1.8
Lebanon 2.6 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.9
Iraq 2.6 2.9 3.0 3.2 4.1
French Polynesia 2.7 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.0
Albania 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.3
Portugal 2.9 2.7 3.0 3.1 3.3
Barbados 3.0 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.7
Syrian Arab Republic 3.2 2.8 2.8 3.2 3.1
Algeria 3.2 3.2 3.2 3.5 3.4
Cuba 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.4
Jordan 3.3 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.3 3.4 3.0 3.1 3.3
Mongolia 3.4 4.7 4.9 5.2 5.5
Argentina 3.6 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.8
Mexico 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.7
Korea, Rep. 4.1 4.4 4.4 4.6 5.3
Malta 4.1 3.6 4.3 5.4 5.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 4.1 4.2 4.7 5.1 5.2
Suriname 4.2 4.3 4.6 4.5 4.8
Cyprus 4.6 4.4 5.0 5.7 5.6
Spain 5.2 5.2 4.9 4.9 5.1
Venezuela, RB 5.5 5.8 6.2 6.1 6.2
Oman 5.6 5.8 6.3 5.8 6.3
Israel 5.7 5.9 6.2 6.3 6.8
Greece 5.8 6.1 5.9 6.3 6.8
New Zealand 6.0 6.7 7.1 7.4 7.7
Switzerland 6.1 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.2
Italy 6.5 6.6 6.5 6.8 6.9
Sweden 6.9 7.5 7.4 7.1 6.8
France 7.2 7.1 6.7 6.6 6.4
Austria 7.2 7.2 7.1 7.6 7.0
Ireland 7.2 7.6 8.1 8.5 8.5
Gabon 7.5 7.6 5.9 4.6 4.8
Iceland 7.6 6.7 7.3 7.5 7.4
Japan 7.8 7.6 7.5 7.4 8.1
Bermuda 7.9 7.9 7.4 10.0 11.1
Libya 7.9 8.4 8.8 8.2 9.0
Norway 8.0 8.4 8.1 8.4 7.9
Korea, Dem. Rep. 8.0 8.4 9.0 10.0 11.3
New Caledonia 8.0 9.5 9.1 9.3 9.7
Bahamas, The 8.1 6.4 5.9 5.8 6.2
Romania 8.4 8.5 8.8 9.2 9.2
Hungary 8.5 8.1 7.9 8.0 7.4
Finland 8.7 10.1 10.8 11.7 10.5
Brunei Darussalam 8.8 11.6 10.0 14.1 23.5
United Kingdom 9.4 9.9 10.0 10.1 10.0
Bulgaria 9.7 10.0 10.2 10.2 9.7
Denmark 9.9 11.7 11.4 11.3 10.7
Netherlands 10.1 10.2 10.0 10.4 10.0
Cayman Islands 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1
South Africa 10.4 10.4 10.3 10.0 10.2
Belgium 10.7 10.6 10.4 10.4 10.1
Greenland 10.8 9.6 6.1 4.3 10.0
Faeroe Islands 11.0 11.3 10.6 10.6 11.0
Poland 11.8 12.0 12.1 12.4 11.8
Palau 11.8 11.8 11.5 11.3 12.7
Singapore 12.2 12.2 12.8 11.7 12.7
Saudi Arabia 12.4 13.0 14.7 13.1 13.4
Trinidad and Tobago 15.2 17.7 14.7 14.7 13.2
Australia 15.2 15.3 15.0 15.7 15.8
Canada 15.8 15.5 14.8 15.5 16.1
Kuwait 17.2 16.9 19.4 16.4 16.4
United States 19.0 18.9 18.7 19.3 20.0
Bahrain 22.6 24.3 25.4 25.5 26.1
Luxembourg 24.4 25.0 24.5 23.4 23.9
Qatar 36.1 33.4 33.4 27.2 26.8
United Arab Emirates 36.3 37.1 33.1 31.5 30.1
Estonia
Tajikistan
Croatia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Czech Republic
Lesotho
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Montenegro
Slovak Republic
Curacao
Slovenia
San Marino
Namibia
Eritrea
Russian Federation
Serbia
Belarus
Isle of Man
Monaco
Macedonia, FYR
Armenia
Lithuania
Guam
Liechtenstein
West Bank and Gaza
Timor-Leste
Turks and Caicos Islands
Azerbaijan
Aruba 2.9 7.2 10.0
Latvia
Moldova
Turkmenistan
Puerto Rico
Tuvalu
Marshall Islands
Ukraine
South Sudan
Germany
Kazakhstan
Andorra
Uzbekistan
Georgia
Kyrgyz Republic
Northern Mariana Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
American Samoa
St. Martin (French part)
Kosovo

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