Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Somalia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Namibia 0.0 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nepal 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Uganda 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cambodia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Burundi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mali 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Lao PDR 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ethiopia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mozambique 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sierra Leone 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Myanmar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Benin 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Cameroon 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3
Bangladesh 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Comoros 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Togo 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Sudan 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
Sri Lanka 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Afghanistan 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Liberia 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Bhutan 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Kenya 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Guinea-Bissau 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Cabo Verde 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Ghana 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Kiribati 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Zambia 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Equatorial Guinea 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.2 0.1
Vietnam 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4
Sao Tome and Principe 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Senegal 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Angola 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3
Nigeria 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.4
Vanuatu 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Cote d'Ivoire 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
El Salvador 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8
Swaziland 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.1 0.5
Congo, Rep. 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.8
Papua New Guinea 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.5
Solomon Islands 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Honduras 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6
Paraguay 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7
Guatemala 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Nicaragua 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.6
Pakistan 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Djibouti 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Philippines 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8
Maldives 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.9 0.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9 1.1
Samoa 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7
India 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
Tonga 0.8 1.0 0.7 0.9 1.0
Bolivia 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.2
Yemen, Rep. 0.8 0.8 1.1 0.7 0.8
Dominica 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0
Indonesia 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2
Morocco 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1
Costa Rica 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.6
Peru 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0
Marshall Islands 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.3
Panama 1.1 1.3 1.6 1.5 1.6
Fiji 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.1
Grenada 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4
St. Lucia 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8
Dominican Republic 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.6
Uruguay 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.4 1.3
Mauritania 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.4
Mauritius 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.5
Brazil 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5 1.5
Zimbabwe 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4 1.5
Guyana 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.9
Botswana 1.6 1.5 2.2 2.3 2.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.6 1.8 1.8 2.0 2.1
Seychelles 1.6 2.0 2.3 2.2 2.5
Tunisia 1.6 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8
Belize 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.9 1.8
Ecuador 1.7 1.6 2.1 2.2 1.2
Thailand 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.3 2.5
Colombia 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9
China 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.6
Albania 2.3 1.2 0.7 0.7 0.6
Chile 2.5 2.3 2.4 2.5 2.7
Turkey 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.7
Macao SAR, China 2.9 3.0 2.9 3.1 3.3
Iraq 3.0 2.6 3.3 3.5 3.8
Syrian Arab Republic 3.0 3.4 3.4 3.5 3.5
Algeria 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9 3.0
Malaysia 3.1 3.7 3.9 4.7 4.7
Cuba 3.2 2.8 2.9 2.7 3.0
French Polynesia 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0 2.5
Jordan 3.3 2.8 3.3 3.1 3.4
Jamaica 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.4 3.5
Lebanon 3.4 3.5 4.0 4.0 4.3
Argentina 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5 3.6
Mexico 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.6 3.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.7 4.0 3.9 4.0 4.5
Barbados 4.1 4.6 3.8 4.3 2.9
Portugal 4.2 4.4 4.8 4.7 4.8
Suriname 4.5 5.1 5.0 5.1 5.0
Mongolia 4.6 5.5 4.9 4.1 3.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 4.8 5.0 5.8 6.0 5.2
Antigua and Barbuda 4.9 4.6 4.6 4.7 4.7
Gabon 5.1 1.5 2.1 3.2 3.2
Spain 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.6 5.9
Korea, Rep. 5.8 6.0 6.5 7.3 7.7
Sweden 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9 6.3
Cyprus 6.1 6.1 6.6 6.7 6.7
Malta 6.2 5.8 5.7 7.3 6.6
Venezuela, RB 6.2 5.7 5.1 5.9 6.0
Oman 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.6 7.3
Switzerland 6.3 6.3 6.2 5.9 5.9
France 6.4 6.7 6.2 6.1 5.7
Hungary 6.7 6.4 5.8 6.0 5.7
Romania 6.8 6.0 5.4 5.3 5.1
New Zealand 7.1 6.9 7.1 7.5 7.3
Greece 7.3 7.2 7.3 7.2 7.4
Italy 7.4 7.5 7.4 7.2 7.2
Norway 7.4 7.4 6.9 7.4 7.1
Austria 7.5 7.9 7.2 7.2 7.2
Bahamas, The 7.6 6.8 6.7 6.3 6.1
Israel 7.8 7.5 8.4 8.6 9.0
Iceland 7.8 6.9 7.0 7.5 7.6
Libya 8.6 9.8 8.4 8.5 9.5
Bulgaria 8.7 6.7 6.4 8.0 6.4
Japan 8.9 8.9 9.0 8.9 9.4
Ireland 8.9 8.9 8.7 8.7 9.1
South Africa 9.1 9.3 8.4 8.6 8.8
New Caledonia 9.5 10.2 9.9 9.6 9.1
Poland 9.7 9.5 9.2 9.2 8.7
United Kingdom 9.7 9.9 9.7 9.5 9.4
Denmark 9.8 11.7 10.5 11.0 11.7
Greenland 10.0 9.9 8.8 9.1 9.1
Bermuda 10.1 8.6 6.9 8.2 8.0
Cayman Islands 10.1 10.5 11.4 11.6 12.2
Finland 10.4 10.7 9.4 9.9 11.2
Netherlands 10.6 11.0 10.7 10.8 10.7
Belgium 10.6 11.1 11.1 10.7 11.1
Korea, Dem. Rep. 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4 12.1
Faeroe Islands 13.0 12.5 13.0 14.7 13.2
Saudi Arabia 13.4 16.0 16.5 17.7 17.0
Trinidad and Tobago 13.9 17.1 17.0 13.5 15.9
Singapore 15.4 15.1 15.6 16.5 19.1
Australia 15.5 15.1 15.3 15.7 15.6
Palau 15.6 15.2 7.2 6.7 6.5
Canada 15.7 15.1 15.4 15.5 15.7
United States 19.3 19.1 19.1 19.4 19.4
Kuwait 23.5 5.1
Brunei Darussalam 24.2 21.0 20.2 18.9 17.4
Qatar 24.7 36.4 54.7 62.4 61.0
Bahrain 25.5 24.2 21.9 29.3 29.1
Luxembourg 26.2 27.4 27.0 27.1 25.3
United Arab Emirates 28.8 29.9 28.9 31.1 32.8
Aruba 29.6 29.8 25.3 24.4 23.0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Czech Republic 13.4 12.9 12.2
Slovak Republic 8.3 8.1 7.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Slovenia 6.3 6.6 6.7
Georgia 3.1 2.0 1.3
Curacao
Macedonia, FYR 5.4 5.2 5.3
Lesotho
Russian Federation 14.0 13.1 11.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tajikistan 1.3 0.9 0.4
Serbia
Croatia 3.8 3.5 3.6
Guam
Eritrea 0.1
South Sudan
Kyrgyz Republic 2.4 1.8 1.3
Isle of Man
Belarus 8.6 7.3 6.4
Montenegro
Timor-Leste
Germany 11.6 11.1 10.8 10.6
Latvia 5.2 4.7 4.5
Monaco
Azerbaijan 7.8 6.6 5.6
St. Martin (French part)
Turkmenistan 7.5 7.1 8.4
Liechtenstein
Tuvalu
Puerto Rico
Ukraine 12.3 10.5 8.6
Moldova 5.7 4.2 3.3
Lithuania 6.0 4.8 4.7
Uzbekistan 5.4 5.5 5.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Kazakhstan 15.9 13.5 12.4
Armenia 1.2 0.9 0.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.0 0.8 0.9
Middle East (developing only)
Andorra
West Bank and Gaza
Estonia 15.0 12.6 12.5
San Marino
American Samoa

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