Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Somalia 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Uganda 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cambodia 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mali 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sierra Leone 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burundi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ethiopia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Lao PDR 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mozambique 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nepal 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Afghanistan 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Myanmar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Liberia 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2
Bangladesh 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Benin 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Sudan 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Comoros 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Togo 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Kenya 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Guinea-Bissau 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Ghana 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Cabo Verde 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Sri Lanka 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Swaziland 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.1
Cameroon 0.7 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3
Zambia 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Kiribati 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Vietnam 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Cote d'Ivoire 0.7 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Sao Tome and Principe 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Angola 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Bhutan 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.4
Vanuatu 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Senegal 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Papua New Guinea 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Equatorial Guinea 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.5 0.2
Nicaragua 0.4 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5
Paraguay 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Honduras 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5
Pakistan 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
El Salvador 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.7
Congo, Rep. 0.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Nigeria 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Guatemala 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Djibouti 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Albania 2.8 2.3 1.2 0.7 0.7
Namibia 0.0 0.7 0.7 0.7
Philippines 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7
Samoa 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9
Dominica 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9
India 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Peru 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9 1.0
Tonga 0.7 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.1
Bolivia 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.1
Fiji 0.9 1.1 0.9 1.0 1.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.0 0.8
Morocco 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1
Indonesia 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.2
Yemen, Rep. 0.9 0.8 0.8 1.1 0.7
Maldives 0.6 0.7 0.8 1.1 0.9
Marshall Islands 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2
Costa Rica 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2
Armenia 1.2 0.9
Grenada 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3
Tajikistan 1.3 0.9
Mauritania 1.4 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.6
Brazil 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
St. Lucia 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.6
Guyana 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.5
Dominican Republic 1.5 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6
Zimbabwe 1.6 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.4
Mauritius 1.0 1.4 1.4 1.6 1.6
Panama 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.6 1.5
Uruguay 1.6 1.3 1.5 1.6 1.4
Tunisia 1.7 1.6 1.9 1.8 1.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.6 1.6 1.8 1.8 2.0
Colombia 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.8 1.8
Belize 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.8 1.9
Thailand 1.4 1.7 1.8 2.0 2.3
Ecuador 2.0 1.7 1.6 2.1 2.2
Gabon 6.3 5.1 1.5 2.1 3.2
Botswana 1.3 1.6 1.5 2.3 2.3
Seychelles 3.4 1.6 2.0 2.3 2.2
China 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.4
Kyrgyz Republic 2.4 1.8
Chile 2.5 2.6 2.4 2.4 2.5
Turkey 2.6 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.8
Macao SAR, China 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.9 3.1
Cuba 3.4 3.1 2.8 2.9 2.7
Algeria 3.1 3.0 3.0 3.0 2.9
French Polynesia 3.1 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.0
Georgia 3.1 2.0
Jordan 3.0 3.3 2.8 3.3 3.1
Iraq 4.3 3.0 2.6 3.3 3.5
Jamaica 2.8 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.4
Syrian Arab Republic 2.9 3.0 3.4 3.4 3.5
Argentina 3.6 3.5 3.5 3.6 3.5
Mexico 4.3 3.7 3.7 3.7 3.6
Barbados 3.8 4.1 4.6 3.8 4.3
Croatia 3.8 3.5
Malaysia 2.8 3.1 3.7 3.9 4.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.5 3.7 4.0 3.9 4.0
Lebanon 3.0 3.4 3.5 4.0 4.0
Antigua and Barbuda 4.6 4.9 4.7 4.6 4.7
Portugal 4.1 4.2 4.4 4.8 4.7
Mongolia 4.9 4.6 5.5 4.9 4.1
Suriname 4.6 4.5 5.1 5.0 5.1
Venezuela, RB 5.7 6.2 5.7 5.1 5.9
Latvia 5.2 4.7
Uzbekistan 5.3 5.4
Macedonia, FYR 5.4 5.2
Romania 9.2 6.8 6.0 5.4 5.3
Malta 6.2 6.2 5.8 5.7 7.3
Moldova 5.7 4.2
Hungary 7.3 6.1 6.1 5.7 5.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.3 4.8 5.0 5.8 6.0
Lithuania 6.0 4.8
Spain 5.8 5.6 5.8 6.0 5.6
Oman 5.8 6.3 6.2 6.1 6.6
Slovenia 6.3 6.6
Switzerland 5.9 6.4 6.2 6.3 5.9
Sweden 6.5 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.0
Bulgaria 9.8 8.7 6.7 6.4 8.0
Korea, Rep. 5.6 5.8 6.0 6.5 7.3
Cyprus 5.8 6.1 6.1 6.6 6.7
Bahamas, The 7.7 7.6 6.8 6.7 6.3
France 6.7 6.8 7.3 6.7 6.6
Norway 8.8 7.4 7.5 6.9 7.5
Bermuda 13.3 10.1 8.6 6.9 8.2
Iceland 7.5 7.8 6.9 7.0 7.6
New Zealand 7.7 7.1 6.9 7.1 7.5
Palau 15.4 15.6 15.2 7.2 6.7
Turkmenistan 7.2 6.9
Greece 7.4 7.2 6.6 7.3 7.2
Italy 7.2 7.4 7.5 7.4 7.2
Austria 7.1 7.9 8.5 7.7 7.6
Azerbaijan 7.8 6.6
Israel 7.0 7.2 6.9 8.1 8.6
Libya 9.0 8.6 9.8 8.4 8.5
Slovak Republic 8.5 7.6
Belarus 8.6 7.3
Greenland 8.6 10.0 9.9 8.8 9.1
Ireland 8.5 8.9 8.9 8.8 8.7
South Africa 9.9 9.5 9.6 8.9 9.1
Japan 8.3 8.9 8.9 9.0 8.9
Poland 11.2 9.6 9.5 9.3 9.2
Finland 10.6 10.4 10.7 9.5 10.0
New Caledonia 10.3 9.7 10.4 10.0 9.7
United Kingdom 10.2 10.0 10.2 10.0 9.7
Denmark 9.5 9.7 11.9 10.5 11.0
Netherlands 11.0 10.9 10.9 10.6 10.8
Germany 11.6 11.1 10.8
Cayman Islands 11.0 10.1 10.5 11.4 11.6
Belgium 10.8 10.9 11.8 11.4 10.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 11.8 12.1 12.2 12.3 12.4
Ukraine 12.3 10.5
Czech Republic 13.5 12.8
Faeroe Islands 12.0 13.0 12.5 14.1 15.6
Russian Federation 14.4 13.2
Estonia 15.0 11.9
Singapore 14.3 15.4 15.1 15.6 16.5
Kazakhstan 15.9 13.5
Canada 16.1 16.2 15.9 16.4 16.6
Saudi Arabia 13.0 13.4 16.0 16.5 17.7
Australia 16.5 16.8 16.3 16.8 17.1
Trinidad and Tobago 13.3 13.9 17.1 17.0 13.5
United States 20.1 19.1 19.1 19.2 19.4
Bahrain 24.4 24.0 22.6 20.3 28.3
Brunei Darussalam 25.4 25.0 22.0 21.4 20.0
Aruba 10.6 29.6 29.8 25.3 24.4
Luxembourg 25.6 26.2 27.4 26.9 27.1
United Arab Emirates 31.9 28.8 29.9 28.9 31.1
Qatar 30.9 24.7 36.4 54.7 62.4
Eritrea
Timor-Leste
Guam
Puerto Rico
Andorra
Kosovo
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Isle of Man
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Northern Mariana Islands
Serbia
Curacao
St. Martin (French part)
San Marino
Kuwait 17.4 23.5 5.1
Lesotho
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Liechtenstein
Montenegro
Turks and Caicos Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Tuvalu
Monaco
American Samoa

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