Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Somalia 0.0
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ethiopia 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Uganda 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mali 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burundi 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mozambique 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Afghanistan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Sierra Leone 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Lao PDR 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Eritrea 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nepal 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
Cambodia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Myanmar 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Sudan 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Liberia 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Comoros 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Bangladesh 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Benin 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Togo 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Zambia 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
Guinea-Bissau 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
Kenya 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Cabo Verde 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
Kiribati 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Equatorial Guinea 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.9
Cameroon 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Sri Lanka 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Nigeria 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4
Ghana 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Sao Tome and Principe 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Vanuatu 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Senegal 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Vietnam 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Tajikistan 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Swaziland 0.5 0.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Georgia 0.5 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.0
Bhutan 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7
Cote d'Ivoire 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4
Congo, Rep. 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.3
Nicaragua 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7
Djibouti 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Albania 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 1.0
Pakistan 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Honduras 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Turks and Caicos Islands 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8
Guatemala 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Yemen, Rep. 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.8
Samoa 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Paraguay 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Philippines 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9
Angola 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7
El Salvador 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0
India 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1
Kyrgyz Republic 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.0 1.7 4.1 5.2 4.8
Namibia 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9
Peru 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1
Panama 1.1 1.6 2.0 2.0 1.9
Armenia 1.1 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.0
Fiji 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0
Maldives 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.7
Dominica 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2
Morocco 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2
Tonga 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.3
Indonesia 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.6
Bolivia 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2
Mauritania 1.3 1.2 1.2 0.4 0.5
Marshall Islands 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Zimbabwe 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3
Costa Rica 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Uruguay 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.7 2.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.9
Grenada 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9
Brazil 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9
Colombia 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.4
Mauritius 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9 2.1
Tunisia 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Belize 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.6 2.6
Ecuador 2.0 2.1 1.5 1.8 1.7
Dominican Republic 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
Guyana 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3
St. Lucia 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
Botswana 2.2 1.9 1.9 2.3 2.1
Cuba 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.3
Seychelles 2.5 2.6 5.4 5.6 6.4
French Polynesia 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.5
China 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Thailand 2.8 3.1 3.2 2.8 3.0
Turkey 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.2
Chile 2.9 3.3 3.8 3.8 4.0
Moldova 3.0 3.1 1.9 1.7 1.2
Syrian Arab Republic 3.1 3.0 2.7 3.2 3.3
Macao SAR, China 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.6
Barbados 3.1 3.2 3.4 4.3 4.5
Algeria 3.2 3.2 2.9 3.5 2.9
Jordan 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Mexico 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.7
Mongolia 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.2
Argentina 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.8 4.0
Gabon 3.6 3.2 3.1 1.4 1.2
Croatia 3.8 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.5
Iraq 3.8 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.1
Latvia 3.9 3.9 3.4 3.3 2.9
Jamaica 3.9 4.1 4.2 3.8 3.8
Azerbaijan 4.4 4.1 3.8 4.0 3.6
Uzbekistan 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.9 4.8
Lithuania 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.6 3.9
Lebanon 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.2 5.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.9 5.9
Antigua and Barbuda 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.6
Suriname 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.1 4.6 4.8 6.0 6.5
Portugal 5.2 5.0 5.3 5.7 6.3
Macedonia, FYR 5.5 5.9 5.3 6.3 5.8
Switzerland 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.7
Romania 5.6 5.6 5.1 4.5 4.0
Malta 5.7 6.0 6.7 5.7 6.2
Sweden 5.7 6.5 5.9 6.0 5.8
Hungary 5.8 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9
Malaysia 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.1 4.7
Bahamas, The 6.0 5.9 4.8 5.8 5.7
Venezuela, RB 6.0 5.4 5.8 7.1 7.2
Belarus 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.6
Spain 6.1 5.9 6.4 6.6 7.1
Andorra 6.4 6.6 7.2 7.6 8.0
Cyprus 6.5 6.6 6.6 7.0 7.0
Palau 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.2
France 6.6 6.8 6.3 6.8 6.1
Bulgaria 6.9 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.4
Slovenia 7.2 7.5 8.0 7.7 7.7
Iceland 7.3 8.2 7.8 7.7 7.5
Oman 7.4 6.9 7.1 7.6 9.5
New Zealand 7.4 7.7 8.2 7.9 8.5
Greece 7.4 7.5 7.8 8.1 8.0
Italy 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.7
Austria 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.2 8.0
Bermuda 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.6 8.1
Slovak Republic 7.9 7.7 7.5 7.7 7.5
Norway 8.0 7.6 7.7 8.2 9.2
Turkmenistan 8.3 7.3 7.0 6.0 7.8
Korea, Rep. 8.3 8.9 9.4 7.9 8.6
Ukraine 8.7 8.1 6.7 6.6 6.7
New Caledonia 9.0 9.0 9.1 8.8 9.7
Poland 9.0 9.3 9.1 8.5 8.2
South Africa 9.0 9.0 9.1 8.9 8.6
Greenland 9.1 9.2 9.4 9.5 9.7
Ireland 9.1 9.8 9.9 10.3 10.7
Japan 9.4 9.6 9.5 9.2 9.5
United Kingdom 9.6 9.8 9.4 9.3 9.1
Libya 9.7 9.1 9.1 9.1 8.8
Israel 9.8 9.6 10.9 10.5 10.1
Finland 10.3 12.0 11.7 11.1 10.7
Denmark 10.5 13.0 10.8 10.6 9.6
Kazakhstan 10.5 9.0 8.5 8.3 7.8
Germany 10.6 10.9 10.5 10.4 10.0
Netherlands 10.7 11.5 11.0 10.7 10.3
Belgium 11.1 11.8 11.4 11.7 11.3
Russian Federation 11.2 11.0 10.5 10.3 10.5
Estonia 11.2 12.7 12.5 11.9 11.1
Cayman Islands 11.6 11.6 11.4 11.3 10.6
Korea, Dem. Rep. 11.9 11.7 10.6 2.9 3.1
Czech Republic 12.1 12.4 12.5 11.9 10.9
Saudi Arabia 12.7 13.7 11.3 10.8 11.5
Singapore 13.4 15.1 18.2 14.6 12.6
Canada 15.7 15.8 16.1 17.1 16.9
Faeroe Islands 16.4 14.5 14.2 14.7 14.6
Trinidad and Tobago 16.7 17.3 15.3 15.3 18.0
Australia 17.0 18.0 18.0 18.5 17.2
Brunei Darussalam 18.7 18.5 18.8 18.9 14.2
United States 19.4 19.6 19.9 19.8 19.8
Luxembourg 20.4 20.4 18.9 17.3 17.9
Aruba 22.2 21.8 21.7 19.1 18.9
Bahrain 28.4 26.9 29.0 29.8 28.1
United Arab Emirates 30.1 16.6 16.0 29.6 27.1
Kuwait 34.6 31.6 33.6 30.0 29.7
Qatar 61.5 62.1 68.5 58.9 54.9
Timor-Leste
Curacao
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 0.7 0.7 1.1
Tuvalu
Guam
San Marino
Isle of Man
Puerto Rico
Northern Mariana Islands
Liechtenstein
West Bank and Gaza 0.1 0.2 0.2
St. Martin (French part)
Montenegro
Lesotho
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Serbia
Monaco
Kosovo
American Samoa

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