Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Uganda 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burundi 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Mali 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mozambique 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ethiopia 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Afghanistan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Sierra Leone 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Eritrea 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Lao PDR 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nepal 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
Comoros 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2
Sudan 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2
Cambodia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Liberia 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Myanmar 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bangladesh 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Benin 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Zambia 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.2
Togo 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3
Guinea-Bissau 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
Equatorial Guinea 0.3 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.9
Cameroon 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Kenya 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Ghana 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Cabo Verde 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
Swaziland 0.5 0.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Sao Tome and Principe 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Nigeria 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4
Sri Lanka 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Senegal 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Papua New Guinea 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5
Kiribati 0.3 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Vietnam 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Tajikistan 0.4 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Vanuatu 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Cote d'Ivoire 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4
Bhutan 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7
Nicaragua 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7
Congo, Rep. 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.3
Albania 0.7 0.6 0.5 0.6 1.0
Djibouti 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Guatemala 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Turks and Caicos Islands 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8
Honduras 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Pakistan 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Paraguay 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Samoa 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Armenia 1.1 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.0
Angola 0.9 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.7
El Salvador 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0 1.0
Philippines 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9
Georgia 0.5 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.0
Yemen, Rep. 0.7 1.0 1.0 0.7 0.8
Peru 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1
Namibia 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9
India 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1
Dominica 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2
Bolivia 1.2 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.2
Fiji 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0
Tonga 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.3
Morocco 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.2
Kyrgyz Republic 1.0 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.9
Mauritania 1.3 1.2 1.2 0.4 0.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.2 1.3 1.3 1.5 1.6
Zimbabwe 1.3 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3
Maldives 1.1 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.7
Marshall Islands 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
Indonesia 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.2
Costa Rica 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4
Belize 1.8 1.5 1.8 1.6 2.6
Grenada 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9
Colombia 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.9
Panama 1.1 1.6 2.0 2.0 1.9
Uruguay 1.4 1.7 1.7 1.7 2.0
Mauritius 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9 2.1
Brazil 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.0 1.7 4.1 5.2 4.8
Tunisia 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9
Botswana 2.2 1.9 1.9 2.3 2.1
Ecuador 2.0 2.1 1.5 1.8 1.7
Guyana 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3
Dominican Republic 2.0 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2
St. Lucia 2.1 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.2 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3
Cuba 2.3 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.3
Seychelles 2.5 2.6 5.4 5.6 6.4
French Polynesia 2.7 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.5
China 2.8 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6
Syrian Arab Republic 3.1 3.0 2.7 3.2 3.3
Thailand 2.8 3.1 3.2 2.8 3.0
Moldova 3.0 3.1 1.9 1.7 1.2
Turkey 2.9 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.2
Gabon 3.6 3.2 3.1 1.4 1.2
Barbados 3.1 3.2 3.4 4.3 4.5
Algeria 3.2 3.2 2.9 3.5 2.9
Jordan 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1
Iraq 3.8 3.3 3.1 3.2 3.1
Chile 2.9 3.3 3.8 3.8 4.0
Mongolia 3.4 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.2
Macao SAR, China 3.1 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.6
Mexico 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.7
Argentina 3.5 3.7 3.8 3.8 4.0
Latvia 3.9 3.9 3.4 3.3 2.9
Azerbaijan 4.4 4.1 3.8 4.0 3.6
Jamaica 3.9 4.1 4.2 3.8 3.8
Croatia 3.8 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.5
Lithuania 4.5 4.4 4.3 4.6 3.9
Uzbekistan 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.9 4.8
Lebanon 4.5 4.5 5.1 5.2 5.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.5 4.5 4.3 4.9 5.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.1 4.6 4.8 6.0 6.5
Antigua and Barbuda 4.7 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.6
Suriname 5.0 4.8 4.8 4.8 4.7
Portugal 5.2 5.0 5.3 5.7 6.3
Venezuela, RB 6.0 5.4 5.8 7.1 7.2
Romania 5.6 5.6 5.1 4.5 4.0
Switzerland 5.6 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.7
Bahamas, The 6.0 5.9 4.8 5.8 5.7
Malaysia 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.1 4.7
Spain 6.1 5.9 6.4 6.6 7.1
Belarus 6.1 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.6
Macedonia, FYR 5.5 5.9 5.3 6.3 5.8
Malta 5.7 6.0 6.7 5.7 6.2
Hungary 5.8 6.1 6.0 5.9 5.9
Sweden 5.7 6.5 5.9 6.0 5.8
Cyprus 6.5 6.6 6.6 7.0 7.0
Andorra 6.4 6.6 7.2 7.6 8.0
Palau 6.6 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.2
Bulgaria 6.9 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.4
France 6.6 6.8 6.3 6.8 6.1
Oman 7.4 6.9 7.1 7.6 9.5
Turkmenistan 8.3 7.3 7.0 6.0 7.8
Greece 7.4 7.5 7.8 8.1 8.0
Slovenia 7.2 7.5 8.0 7.7 7.7
Norway 8.0 7.6 7.7 8.2 9.2
Italy 7.6 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.7
New Zealand 7.4 7.7 8.2 7.9 8.5
Slovak Republic 7.9 7.7 7.5 7.7 7.5
Austria 7.8 7.9 8.0 8.2 8.0
Bermuda 7.8 7.9 7.9 7.6 8.1
Ukraine 8.7 8.1 6.7 6.6 6.7
Iceland 7.3 8.2 7.8 7.7 7.5
Korea, Rep. 8.3 8.9 9.4 7.9 8.6
New Caledonia 9.0 9.0 9.1 8.8 9.7
South Africa 9.0 9.0 9.1 8.9 8.6
Kazakhstan 10.5 9.0 8.5 8.3 7.8
Libya 9.7 9.1 9.1 9.1 8.8
Greenland 9.1 9.2 9.4 9.5 9.7
Poland 9.0 9.3 9.1 8.5 8.2
Israel 9.8 9.6 10.9 10.5 10.1
Japan 9.4 9.6 9.5 9.2 9.5
Ireland 9.1 9.8 9.9 10.3 10.7
United Kingdom 9.6 9.8 9.4 9.3 9.1
Germany 10.6 10.9 10.5 10.4 10.0
Russian Federation 11.2 11.0 10.5 10.3 10.5
Netherlands 10.7 11.5 11.0 10.7 10.3
Cayman Islands 11.6 11.6 11.4 11.3 10.6
Korea, Dem. Rep. 11.9 11.7 10.6 2.9 3.1
Belgium 11.1 11.8 11.4 11.7 11.3
Finland 10.3 12.0 11.7 11.1 10.7
Czech Republic 12.1 12.4 12.5 11.9 10.9
Estonia 11.2 12.7 12.5 11.9 11.1
Denmark 10.5 13.0 10.8 10.6 9.6
Saudi Arabia 12.7 13.7 11.3 10.8 11.5
Faeroe Islands 16.4 14.5 14.2 14.7 14.6
Singapore 13.4 15.1 18.2 14.6 12.6
Canada 15.7 15.8 16.1 17.1 16.9
United Arab Emirates 30.1 16.6 16.0 29.6 27.1
Trinidad and Tobago 16.7 17.3 15.3 15.3 18.0
Australia 17.0 18.0 18.0 18.5 17.2
Brunei Darussalam 18.7 18.5 18.8 18.9 14.2
United States 19.4 19.6 19.9 19.8 19.8
Luxembourg 20.4 20.4 18.9 17.3 17.9
Aruba 22.2 21.8 21.7 19.1 18.9
Bahrain 28.4 26.9 29.0 29.8 28.1
Kuwait 34.6 31.6 33.6 30.0 29.7
Qatar 61.5 62.1 68.5 58.9 54.9
Puerto Rico
Liechtenstein
Curacao
Lesotho
Serbia
Montenegro
West Bank and Gaza 0.1 0.2 0.2
Timor-Leste
St. Martin (French part)
South Sudan
Somalia 0.0
San Marino
Tuvalu
Guam
Isle of Man
Monaco
Northern Mariana Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kosovo
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 0.7 0.7 1.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa

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