Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Burundi 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Afghanistan 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Uganda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mozambique 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mali 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Ethiopia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sierra Leone 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Nepal 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Guinea-Bissau 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1
Lao PDR 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Comoros 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Sudan 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2
Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Haiti 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2
Liberia 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2
Cambodia 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Myanmar 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Eritrea 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Benin 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Bangladesh 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Gambia, The 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Cameroon 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
West Bank and Gaza 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3
Zambia 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Togo 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Congo, Rep. 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.3 0.3
Kenya 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Equatorial Guinea 0.3 0.6 0.3 0.9 0.9
Nigeria 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.6
Ghana 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Sao Tome and Principe 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Senegal 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Cabo Verde 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
Kiribati 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Tajikistan 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Sri Lanka 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5
Mauritania 1.2 1.2 0.4 0.4 0.4
Cote d'Ivoire 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.4 0.4
Vanuatu 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Angola 0.8 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Albania 0.6 0.5 0.6 1.0 1.0
Papua New Guinea 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5
Djibouti 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5
Vietnam 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.7
Nicaragua 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Bhutan 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
Yemen, Rep. 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8
Pakistan 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 0.7 0.7 1.1 1.3
Samoa 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Honduras 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8
Guatemala 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8
Turks and Caicos Islands 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8 0.8
Fiji 1.1 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.1
Paraguay 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.7
Tonga 0.8 1.0 0.9 1.1 1.0
Philippines 0.9 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9
El Salvador 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Indonesia 1.3 1.4 1.0 1.2 1.2
Namibia 1.0 1.0 1.1 0.9 0.9
India 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1
Armenia 0.8 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.1
Dominica 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.5
Peru 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2
Georgia 0.9 1.0 1.1 1.0 1.0
Morocco 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.2
Zimbabwe 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.1
Swaziland 0.3 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.1
Kyrgyz Republic 1.2 1.2 1.2 0.9 0.9
Maldives 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.7 1.7
Marshall Islands 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.5
Gabon 3.2 3.1 1.4 1.2 0.9
Costa Rica 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.4
Bolivia 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.2 1.2 1.5 1.5 1.4
Belize 1.4 1.8 1.6 2.5 2.8
Colombia 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.4 1.4
Moldova 3.1 1.9 1.7 1.2 1.0
Uruguay 1.7 1.7 1.7 2.0 1.6
Grenada 1.6 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.9
Ecuador 2.0 1.5 1.8 1.7 1.7
Brazil 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.8 1.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.6 1.7 1.9 1.9 2.1
Mauritius 1.7 1.7 1.9 2.1 2.3
Tunisia 1.8 1.8 1.9 1.9 2.1
St. Lucia 2.2 2.1 2.0 2.1 2.1
Panama 1.7 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.9
Dominican Republic 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.2 2.3
Cuba 2.5 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.3
Guyana 2.1 2.2 2.2 2.3 2.2
Botswana 1.9 2.0 2.3 2.1 2.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 2.4 2.3 2.3 2.3 2.3
French Polynesia 2.6 2.7 2.6 2.5 2.7
China 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.6 2.7
Thailand 3.1 3.2 2.8 2.9 3.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina 1.1 2.2 2.8 2.7 3.6
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 2.9 3.1 3.4
Jordan 3.3 3.2 3.2 3.1 3.2
Syrian Arab Republic 3.0 2.7 3.2 3.3 3.1
Iraq 3.3 3.2 3.3 3.2 3.1
Turkey 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.4
Mongolia 3.5 3.3 3.3 3.2 3.1
Latvia 3.9 3.4 3.3 2.9 2.6
Algeria 3.3 3.0 3.5 3.0 2.8
Macao SAR, China 3.5 3.6 3.7 3.6 3.8
Mexico 3.6 3.7 3.8 3.8 3.7
Argentina 3.6 3.8 3.8 4.0 3.8
Jamaica 4.1 4.2 3.8 3.8 4.0
Chile 3.4 3.9 3.9 4.1 3.9
Azerbaijan 4.1 3.8 4.0 3.6 3.7
Barbados 3.2 3.4 4.3 4.5 4.4
Antigua and Barbuda 4.6 4.7 4.5 4.6 4.4
Croatia 4.1 4.2 4.5 4.5 4.4
Romania 5.6 5.1 4.5 4.0 4.0
Lithuania 4.4 4.3 4.6 3.9 3.5
Suriname 4.7 4.6 4.6 4.5 4.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.5 4.3 4.9 5.9 5.7
Uzbekistan 4.5 4.3 4.9 4.9 4.9
Malaysia 5.9 5.7 5.1 4.7 5.4
Lebanon 4.5 5.1 5.3 5.2 4.7
Seychelles 2.5 5.3 5.5 6.3 6.9
Malta 6.0 6.7 5.7 6.2 5.4
Portugal 5.0 5.3 5.7 6.3 6.1
Belarus 5.9 5.9 5.7 5.6 5.3
Hungary 6.0 5.9 5.8 5.7 5.5
Bahamas, The 5.9 4.8 5.8 5.7 5.6
Switzerland 5.6 5.8 5.9 5.7 5.4
Bulgaria 6.8 6.2 5.9 5.4 5.3
Sweden 6.3 5.9 6.0 5.8 5.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 4.6 4.8 6.0 6.5 6.1
Turkmenistan 7.3 7.0 6.0 7.8 7.9
Palau 6.6 6.5 6.3 6.2 6.1
France 6.3 5.9 6.3 6.2 6.0
Macedonia, FYR 6.0 5.4 6.4 5.9 6.0
Ukraine 8.1 6.7 6.6 6.7 6.5
Spain 5.9 6.4 6.6 7.1 7.3
Cyprus 6.6 6.6 7.0 7.0 7.3
Venezuela, RB 5.4 5.8 7.1 7.2 6.2
Oman 6.8 7.0 7.4 9.3 9.8
Slovak Republic 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.3 6.7
Andorra 6.6 7.1 7.6 8.0 8.0
Bermuda 7.9 7.9 7.6 8.1 8.0
Slovenia 7.5 8.0 7.7 7.7 7.2
Iceland 8.2 7.8 7.7 7.5 7.7
Italy 7.5 7.6 7.7 7.8 7.9
New Zealand 7.7 8.2 7.9 8.5 8.5
Korea, Rep. 8.9 9.4 7.9 8.6 9.5
Austria 7.9 7.9 8.0 7.7 7.8
Greece 7.6 7.9 8.2 8.1 8.5
Norway 7.2 7.8 8.3 9.2 8.6
Kazakhstan 9.0 8.5 8.3 7.8 8.6
Poland 9.2 9.0 8.4 8.2 7.8
New Caledonia 8.9 9.1 8.8 9.7 10.8
Libya 8.9 8.9 8.8 8.5 8.8
South Africa 9.0 9.1 8.9 8.6 8.4
United Kingdom 9.5 9.0 9.1 9.0 9.2
Japan 9.6 9.5 9.2 9.5 9.6
Greenland 9.2 9.4 9.5 9.7 9.5
Israel 9.4 9.6 9.6 9.2 9.6
Russian Federation 10.9 10.3 10.1 10.4 10.6
Saudi Arabia 13.4 10.9 10.2 10.9 13.9
Ireland 9.6 9.9 10.4 10.7 10.8
Germany 10.9 10.5 10.4 10.0 10.1
Netherlands 11.3 10.8 10.7 10.4 10.4
Finland 12.0 11.7 11.1 10.7 10.1
Denmark 13.7 11.6 11.2 10.4 9.6
Cayman Islands 11.6 11.4 11.3 10.6 10.9
Belgium 11.6 11.3 11.6 11.3 11.2
Czech Republic 12.2 12.4 11.9 10.9 12.1
Estonia 13.3 13.1 11.9 11.1 10.9
Faroe Islands 13.8 13.4 14.0 13.9 14.8
Singapore 15.1 18.2 14.6 12.6 12.2
Trinidad and Tobago 17.3 15.3 15.3 18.0 18.8
Canada 16.2 16.5 16.7 16.9 17.4
Australia 16.5 16.5 16.9 17.2 17.2
Luxembourg 20.4 18.9 17.3 17.9 18.9
Brunei Darussalam 17.1 17.3 17.6 13.1 18.5
United States 19.5 19.7 19.6 19.7 20.2
Aruba 21.6 21.5 19.6 19.7 25.5
Kuwait 30.6 32.6 29.3 29.2 27.8
Bahrain 26.9 29.0 29.8 28.1 28.0
United Arab Emirates 16.6 16.0 29.8 27.2 36.9
Qatar 62.2 68.7 59.1 55.0 58.5
Montenegro
Curacao
Lesotho
Liechtenstein
Timor-Leste
Serbia
Puerto Rico
San Marino
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Isle of Man
Tuvalu
South Sudan
Monaco
Northern Mariana Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
St. Martin (French part)
Guam
Somalia 0.1
American Samoa

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