Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Chad 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nepal 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Uganda 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
Ethiopia 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burundi 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1
Cambodia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Lao PDR 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mali 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1
Central African Republic 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Burkina Faso 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Malawi 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Mozambique 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Rwanda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Tanzania 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Madagascar 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Bangladesh 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Bhutan 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
Somalia 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Haiti 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Niger 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Comoros 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Togo 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Benin 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Myanmar 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sudan 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.1
Sierra Leone 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Guinea-Bissau 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Kenya 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Equatorial Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Gambia, The 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Sri Lanka 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Cabo Verde 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Ghana 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Afghanistan 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2
Liberia 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.3
Kiribati 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Vietnam 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Maldives 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6
Mauritania 0.4 0.2 1.8 1.7 1.4
El Salvador 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5
Zambia 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Senegal 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5
Paraguay 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Guatemala 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Honduras 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6
Pakistan 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Tonga 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7
Philippines 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6
Angola 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5
Sao Tome and Principe 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.4
Nicaragua 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.4
Solomon Islands 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5
Papua New Guinea 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.5
Congo, Rep. 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.6
Swaziland 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5
Cameroon 0.6 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.7
Grenada 0.6 0.7 0.7 1.0 1.1
India 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.7
Dominica 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8
Bolivia 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.8
Mauritius 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.8 1.0
Samoa 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7
Cote d'Ivoire 0.7 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.7
Indonesia 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7
Morocco 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9
Fiji 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.9
Nigeria 0.8 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.5
Costa Rica 0.8 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0
Djibouti 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7
Yemen, Rep. 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Vanuatu 0.9 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4
Thailand 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.2 1.4
Botswana 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2 1.3
Peru 1.0 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.0
St. Lucia 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.2
Uruguay 1.1 1.0 1.2 1.6 1.6
Dominican Republic 1.1 1.2 1.4 1.4 1.5
Belize 1.2 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.6
Zimbabwe 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.6 1.6
Panama 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.2 1.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 1.2 1.4 1.3 1.6 1.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3
Brazil 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.5
Colombia 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.6
Tunisia 1.6 1.6 1.5 1.6 1.7
Chile 1.8 1.8 1.8 2.1 2.5
China 1.9 1.9 2.0 2.2 2.2
Guyana 1.9 1.4 1.8 1.9 1.6
Ecuador 2.2 1.7 1.6 1.8 2.0
Turkey 2.2 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.6
Jamaica 2.2 1.9 2.3 1.9 2.8
Seychelles 2.2 2.4 3.0 2.9 3.4
Malaysia 2.3 2.5 2.4 2.5 2.8
Macao SAR, China 2.5 2.8 3.0 2.9 3.0
Albania 2.7 2.7 2.4 2.3 2.8
Portugal 2.7 3.0 3.1 3.3 4.1
Syrian Arab Republic 2.8 2.8 3.2 3.1 2.9
Iraq 2.9 3.0 3.2 4.1 4.3
Lebanon 3.0 2.9 3.0 2.9 3.0
Algeria 3.2 3.2 3.5 3.4 3.1
Cuba 3.2 3.3 3.3 3.4 3.4
Jordan 3.2 3.4 3.4 3.2 3.0
Argentina 3.3 3.4 3.7 3.8 3.6
Barbados 3.3 3.6 3.7 3.7 3.8
French Polynesia 3.3 3.4 3.3 3.0 3.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.4 3.0 3.1 3.3 3.5
Malta 3.6 4.3 5.4 5.8 6.2
Mexico 3.7 3.7 3.8 3.7 4.3
Antigua and Barbuda 3.8 3.9 4.3 4.6 4.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 4.2 4.7 5.1 5.2 5.3
Suriname 4.3 4.6 4.5 4.8 4.6
Korea, Rep. 4.4 4.4 4.6 5.3 5.6
Cyprus 4.4 5.0 5.7 5.6 5.8
Mongolia 4.7 4.9 5.2 5.5 4.9
Spain 5.2 4.9 4.9 5.1 5.8
Oman 5.8 6.3 5.8 6.3 5.8
Venezuela, RB 5.8 6.2 6.1 6.2 5.7
Israel 5.9 6.2 6.3 6.8 7.0
Greece 6.1 5.9 6.3 6.8 7.4
Switzerland 6.2 6.5 6.2 6.2 5.9
Bahamas, The 6.4 5.9 5.8 6.2 7.7
Italy 6.6 6.5 6.8 6.9 7.2
New Zealand 6.7 7.1 7.4 7.7 7.7
Iceland 6.7 7.3 7.5 7.4 7.5
France 7.1 6.7 6.6 6.4 6.7
Austria 7.2 7.1 7.6 7.0 7.1
Sweden 7.5 7.4 7.1 6.8 6.5
Ireland 7.6 8.1 8.5 8.5 8.5
Japan 7.6 7.5 7.4 8.1 8.3
Gabon 7.6 5.9 4.6 4.8 6.3
Bermuda 7.9 7.4 10.0 11.1 13.3
Hungary 8.1 7.9 8.0 7.4 7.3
Libya 8.4 8.8 8.2 9.0 9.0
Korea, Dem. Rep. 8.4 9.0 10.0 11.3 11.8
Romania 8.5 8.8 9.2 9.2 9.2
Norway 8.9 9.0 9.2 8.9 9.9
New Caledonia 9.4 8.9 9.1 9.5 10.2
Greenland 9.6 6.1 4.3 10.0 8.6
United Kingdom 9.9 10.0 10.1 10.0 10.2
Bulgaria 10.0 10.2 10.2 9.7 9.8
Cayman Islands 10.1 10.1 10.1 10.1 11.0
Finland 10.1 10.8 11.7 10.5 10.6
Netherlands 10.2 10.0 10.4 10.0 11.0
South Africa 10.4 10.3 10.0 10.2 9.9
Belgium 10.6 10.4 10.4 10.1 10.8
Faeroe Islands 11.3 10.6 10.6 11.0 12.0
Brunei Darussalam 11.6 10.0 14.1 23.5 25.4
Denmark 11.7 11.5 11.4 10.7 9.5
Palau 11.8 11.5 11.3 12.7 15.4
Poland 12.0 12.1 12.4 11.8 11.2
Singapore 12.2 12.8 11.7 12.7 14.3
Saudi Arabia 13.0 14.7 13.1 13.4 13.0
Australia 15.3 15.0 15.7 15.8 16.5
Canada 16.3 15.5 16.2 17.0 16.9
Kuwait 16.9 19.4 16.4 16.4 17.4
Trinidad and Tobago 17.7 14.7 14.7 13.2 13.3
United States 18.9 18.7 19.4 20.0 20.1
Bahrain 24.3 25.4 25.5 26.1 24.4
Luxembourg 25.0 24.5 23.4 23.9 25.6
Qatar 33.4 33.4 27.2 26.8 30.9
United Arab Emirates 37.1 33.1 31.5 30.1 31.9
Marshall Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Serbia
Croatia
Kazakhstan
Puerto Rico
Eritrea
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Curacao
Slovak Republic
Armenia
Slovenia
Russian Federation
Northern Mariana Islands
Andorra
San Marino
Czech Republic
Taiwan, China
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Estonia
Isle of Man
Timor-Leste
Tajikistan
Aruba 2.9 7.2 10.0 10.6
Macedonia, FYR
Kyrgyz Republic
Azerbaijan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Georgia
South Sudan
Germany
Turkmenistan
Namibia
Tuvalu
Guam
Ukraine
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Bosnia and Herzegovina
St. Martin (French part)
Uzbekistan
Montenegro
Latvia
Monaco
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Moldova
American Samoa
Belarus
Lesotho

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